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Myocardial Infarction News

Wrongly Focusing On The Airway Can Cost Athletes' Lives in Cardiac Arrest

Posted 2 days 22 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 – Athletes are dying from cardiac arrests that occur during play because teammates, coaches and other bystanders don't know how to best save their lives, a new study claims. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) applied immediately can give these athletes a fighting chance, but onlookers failed to provide CPR in three out of five cases, according to a review of more than two dozen game videos. Bystanders instead most often tried to keep the athlete from swallowing his or her tongue, acting on the widespread misconception that this must be done to prevent a person in cardiac arrest from asphyxiating, said lead researcher Dana Viskin. She is with the Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center and Sackler School of Medicine at Tel Aviv University in Israel. "Athletes, especially professional athletes, are receiving poor CPR because the first responders – that is, their fellow ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiac Arrest, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiogenic Shock, Asystole, Post MI Syndrome

Death Risk From Triathlons May Be Higher Than Thought

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 – Could some triathlon participants be pushing themselves too hard? New research suggests the odds that an athlete will die during these tests of endurance are higher than previously believed. "We identified a total of 135 deaths and cardiac arrests in U.S. triathlons from the inception of the sport in 1985 through 2016," said study lead author Dr. Kevin Harris. Most were due to undiagnosed heart issues. "The vast majority of the deaths occurred in the swim," added Harris, a cardiologist with the Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital. Researchers also discovered that race-related fatalities most often involved middle-aged or older men. And the investigators found that sudden death, cardiac arrest, and trauma-related death during triathlons are not rare. Overall, risk of dying during a triathlon was 1.74 for every 100,000 athletes – the ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease

'Upside' to Diabetes Really Isn't

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 – Type 2 diabetes can reduce your chances for a rare but potentially fatal weakness of blood vessels, a new study says. But while this may sound like good news, it's not. Swedish investigators found that type 2 diabetes significantly decreases the long-term risks of aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection, two conditions that can lead to internal bleeding due to rupture of blood vessels. But the mechanism that reduces risk for these rare conditions also increases your risk of developing hardened arteries, a much more serious health problem that can lead to heart attack and stroke. "We have to make sure people don't think, 'Oh, good, I have diabetes type 2, this is good news – because it's not," said Dr. Derek Brinster, director of aortic surgery at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "You are at high risk if you have diabetes type 2 for dying earlier than you ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Aortic Aneurysm, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Aortic Insufficiency

Calcium in Arteries May Best Predict Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke

Posted 1 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 31, 2017 – People with no calcium buildup in their arteries seem to have a significantly lower risk of heart attack and stroke, a new study finds. Calcium collects in the arteries after plaque builds up and hardens over time, the study authors explained. For the study, researchers looked at nearly 6,200 people, aged 45 to 84, and found that those whose arteries were free of calcium deposits had a less than 3 percent chance of heart attack or stroke over the next decade. That's well below the 7.5 percent heart risk level used as a guideline to begin treatment with cholesterol-lowering statin drugs, the researchers noted. The study finding held true even among people who had other risk factors, such as diabetes, high blood pressure or high levels of bad cholesterol. About half of the study participants showed no calcium deposits in their arteries. "The event rates when ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Heart Attack, High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Insulin Resistance, Zocor, Lovastatin, Pre-Diabetes, Myocardial Infarction, Rosuvastatin, Pravachol, Diabetes Mellitus, Livalo, Red Yeast Rice

Bystander CPR Less Likely in Black Neighborhoods

Posted 30 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 – If your heart suddenly stops beating, the racial makeup of the neighborhood may determine the likelihood of receiving CPR from a passer-by or having access to a public defibrillator, researchers say. These lifesaving treatments for cardiac arrest occur less often in black neighborhoods in the United States, researchers discovered. Delaying CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) can dramatically reduce the odds of surviving cardiac arrest. "We have known that there are differences in the rates of survival from cardiac arrest between blacks and whites, but it was surprising to see how the demographics of a neighborhood affected outcomes of residents who experience cardiac arrest," said Dr. Monique Starks, the study's lead author. She's a cardiologist at the Duke Clinical Research Institute in Durham, N.C. "This is absolutely a call to action to improve and expand ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Cardiac Arrest, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Oxygen Therapy Doesn't Boost Heart Attack Survival

Posted 30 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 – Oxygen therapy is a routine treatment for people suspected of having a heart attack, but a new study suggests there may be no benefit for these patients. That was true even for patients who were older, smoked or had diabetes or heart disease, according to the Swedish researchers. The "study questions the current practice of routine oxygen therapy for all patients with suspected [heart attack]," said lead author Dr. Robin Hofmann, a cardiologist from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. Patients who may have had a heart attack and are having trouble breathing, not getting adequate oxygen or have heart failure are often treated with oxygen therapy, in which oxygen is delivered through a mask or tubes in the nose, the researchers explained. "ESC [European Society of Cardiology] guidelines have gradually shifted towards more restrictive use of oxygen," said ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Oxygen, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Sleepless Nights Do No Favors for Your Heart

Posted 30 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 – Poor sleep won't simply leave you bleary-eyed. It's also linked with stroke and reduced blood supply to the heart, a new study suggests. "Poor sleep" includes too short or too long sleep, difficulty falling asleep and difficulty maintaining sleep, said lead researcher Dr. Nobuo Sasaki. "Poor sleep is associated with cardiovascular diseases ... but the kind of sleep disturbances that are most risky is not well documented," said Sasaki, of the Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Casualty Council in Japan. The researchers set out to investigate sleep problems linked to heart attack and angina (coronary artery disease), and stroke. Coronary artery disease is caused by narrowed heart arteries. This means less blood and oxygen reach the heart, raising the risk for heart attack and chest pain known as angina, according to the American Heart Association. The observational study ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Lisinopril, Fatigue, Amlodipine, Losartan, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Benicar, Diovan, Diltiazem, Norvasc, Verapamil, Ramipril, Sleep Apnea, Nifedipine, Cozaar, Valsartan, Micardis, Enalapril

As Temperatures Fall, Heart Attacks May Rise

Posted 30 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 29, 2017 – If the cold weather makes you shiver, your blood vessels and heart may be quivering, too – and that may be enough to trigger a heart attack in some people, new research suggests. The study found that more heart attacks occur when temperatures drop below freezing, suggesting people with plaques in their coronary arteries may not cope well with the body's response to cold. "There is seasonal variation in the occurrence of heart attack, with incidence declining in summer and peaking in winter," said study first author Moman Mohammad, a doctoral student from Lund University in Sweden. "It is unclear whether this is due to colder temperatures or behavioral changes," Mohammad said. The body responds to cold by narrowing superficial blood vessels, reducing heat conduction in the skin and raising blood pressure, the researchers explained. The body also shivers and ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Heart Attack, Cold Symptoms, Pseudoephedrine, Minoxidil, Phenylephrine, Nitroglycerin, Myocardial Infarction, Imdur, Ranexa, Alprostadil, Isosorbide Mononitrate, Muse, Hydralazine, Edex, Ephedrine, Caverject, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Nitrostat, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

New Drug, Canakinumab, May Fight Heart Disease in Whole New Way

Posted 28 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 28, 2017 – Move over, statins: New research finds that a medication aimed at dampening the body's inflammatory response may be a new tool to curb heart disease. The findings were presented Sunday at the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Congress in Barcelona, Spain, and published in two major medical journals, The Lancet and the New England Journal of Medicine. The trial focused on a new drug called canakinumab, which lowered by 15 percent the overall rate of heart events such as heart attack, stroke and cardiovascular death in people who'd already had a heart attack. The people in the study also had high levels of a compound called C-reactive protein in their blood – a marker that is indicative of a heightened inflammatory response. For years, heart researchers have wondered if a drug that lowered inflammation might help curb heart disease. Cardiologists had mixed ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Zocor, Lovastatin, Myocardial Infarction, Rosuvastatin, Hypertriglyceridemia, Pravachol, Livalo, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Red Yeast Rice, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Lescol

After Heart Attack, Just 1 in 3 Go for Rehab: CDC

Posted 24 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 – Only one in three heart attack survivors in the United States goes for outpatient cardiac rehabilitation, government health officials report. Despite guidelines that recommend rehab for reducing the risk of future heart attacks, it's greatly underused, according to statistics released Thursday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Each year, about 790,000 U.S. adults have heart attacks, of which 210,000 are repeat heart attacks, the CDC report said. Exercise counseling, healthy heart lifestyle advice and stress-reduction tips – which are part of cardiac rehab – help reduce those odds of recurrence. There's another advantage as well: extended medical supervision after discharge, the researchers said. The report was led by Dr. Jing Fang, of the CDC's division for heart disease and stroke prevention. Fang's team analyzed health survey data ... Read more

Related support groups: Lisinopril, Metoprolol, Heart Disease, Atenolol, Losartan, Heart Attack, Benicar, Diovan, Bystolic, Angina, Ramipril, Bisoprolol, Cozaar, Valsartan, Micardis, Enalapril, Benazepril, Avapro, Toprol-XL, Atacand

More Support for Tight Blood Pressure Control

Posted 23 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 23, 2017 – For people at increased risk of heart disease, intensive blood pressure control may be just as safe as standard treatment, a new study finds. Experts said the results bolster the case for more aggressive treatment of high blood pressure. Two years ago, a U.S. government-funded trial called SPRINT challenged the standard approach to treating high blood pressure. Intensive control meant using medication to get patients' systolic pressure – the top number – below 120 mm Hg. That was a big change from standard treatment, where the aim is to get below 140 mm Hg, or in some cases 150. Driving down blood pressure to lower levels had major benefits for people at increased risk of heart attack. That included people age 75 and older, and patients with existing heart disease or multiple risk factors for it such as smoking and high cholesterol. Overall, the aggressive ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Lisinopril, Hypertension, Metoprolol, Smoking, Heart Disease, Atenolol, Losartan, Heart Attack, High Cholesterol, Propranolol, Hydrochlorothiazide, Benicar, Diovan, Smoking Cessation, Bystolic, Carvedilol, Ramipril, Bisoprolol, Coreg

Heart Risks May Rise After Cancer Diagnosis

Posted 15 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 15, 2017 – As if people newly diagnosed with cancer don't have enough to worry about, a new study suggests the diagnosis may put their hearts at risk, too. The study found that newly diagnosed cancer patients are at increased risk for a condition called arterial thromboembolism, which occurs when blood flow is blocked by a clot that's traveled from another part of the body, such as the legs. The potential heart threat is higher "especially during the first six months after diagnosis," said a team led by Dr. Babak Navi, of Weill Cornell Medicine's department of neurology in New York City. Looking through a 2002-2011 database of about 140,000 cancer patients and an equal number of people without cancer, Navi's team found that cancer patients had twice the risk of an arterial thromboembolism in the six months after cancer diagnosis than patients without cancer. The study ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Breast Cancer, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Lung Cancer, Transient Ischemic Attack, Colorectal Cancer, Zocor, Lovastatin, Myocardial Infarction, Rosuvastatin, Pravachol, Livalo, Red Yeast Rice, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis

Health Tip: Preparing for an Emergency

Posted 31 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Whether it's a natural disaster, fire or man-made activity, you and your family should be prepared for an emergency. The Red Cross says you should: Understand the types of emergencies that are possible in your area. Develop and rehearse an evacuation plan for your family. Have at least one person in your household who is trained in emergency first aid and CPR. Participate in helping your community prepare for emergencies. Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

More U.S. Airports Offer Hands-Only CPR Training

Posted 26 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 – Hands-only CPR training is now available at kiosks in three more major U.S. airports, bringing the total number to seven. The three airports are Cleveland Hopkins International, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International, and Orlando International, according to the American Heart Association (AHA). Since 2016, more than 20,000 visitors have learned hands-only CPR from the kiosks at O'Hare International in Chicago, Indianapolis International, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International and Baltimore-Washington International, the AHA said. "Only 46 percent of people who suffer an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest receive bystander CPR before professional help arrives," said Dr. Clifton Callaway, a volunteer on the AHA's Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee and a professor of emergency medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. "The airport kiosks have proven to be an ... Read more

Related support groups: Lisinopril, Metoprolol, Atenolol, Losartan, Heart Attack, Propranolol, Benicar, Diovan, Bystolic, Carvedilol, Ramipril, Bisoprolol, Coreg, Cozaar, Valsartan, Micardis, Enalapril, Inderal, Benazepril, Minoxidil

Reducing Repeat Hospitalizations Doesn't Harm Patients: Study

Posted 18 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 – Under Obamacare, efforts were made to cut the number of times patients needed to head back to the hospital after discharge. But would a reduction in these "readmissions" leave patients more vulnerable at home, raising death rates? A new study suggests that didn't happen. Reducing hospital readmission rates for heart attack, heart failure and pneumonia didn't increase death rates, the researchers said. As part of the Affordable Care Act, U.S. hospitals face significant financial penalties if they have too many readmissions. Since enactment of the health care law, also known as Obamacare, readmission rates within 30 days after patient discharge have been significantly reduced. To find out how that might affect death rates, researchers analyzed data on Medicare patients hospitalized for heart attack, heart failure or pneumonia between 2008 and 2014. Reductions in ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Pneumonia, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Myocardial Infarction, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

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