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Workers Unprepared for Heart Emergencies on the Job: Survey

Posted 18 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 26, 2017 – If your heart stops suddenly while you're on the job, would your co-workers be able to help? Don't bet your life on it. Two American Heart Association (AHA) surveys find most American workers are untrained in CPR and first aid. Half have no idea where to find a defibrillator to deliver a shock to try to restore normal heart rhythm to someone suffering cardiac arrest. "The data suggests these untrained employees may be relying on their untrained peers in the event of an emergency, leaving employees with a false sense of security that someone in the workplace will be qualified and able to respond, when that is clearly not the case," said Dr. Michael Kurz. He co-chairs the AHA's Systems of Care Subcommittee. The heart association surveyed more than 3,000 workers in various fields and found 55 percent can't get first aid or CPR/automated external defibrillator (AED) ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiac Arrest, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Asystole, Post MI Syndrome

Secondhand Smoke Still Plagues Some Cancer Survivors

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 – The number of nonsmoking cancer survivors exposed to secondhand smoke is down significantly in the United States, but it's too soon to breathe easy. A new review of federal data on nearly 700 nonsmoking adult cancer survivors found 15.7 percent reporting exposure to secondhand smoke in 2011-2012, down from nearly 40 percent in 1999-2000. However, exposure rates were higher among those with a history of smoking-related cancer and those living below the federal poverty level. Rates of secondhand tobacco exposure among nonsmoking cancer survivors are similar to that of the general population, the study found. "This is concerning," said study author Dr. Oladimeji Akinboro, chief medical resident at Montefiore New Rochelle Hospital in New Rochelle, N.Y., "because those who have had or have cancer represent a group of people whose health outcomes are adversely ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Smoking, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Smoking Cessation, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Diesel Pollution May Damage the Heart

Posted 26 May 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 – Pollution from diesel engines may cause heart damage, a British study suggests. "There is strong evidence that particulate matter emitted mainly from diesel road vehicles is associated with increased risk of heart attack, heart failure and death," said lead author Dr. Nay Aung, a cardiologist and research fellow at Queen Mary University of London. Aung's team reviewed data from more than 4,200 people in the United Kingdom. The study participants had undergone magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the heart. The researchers then calculated average diesel pollution exposure based on the study participants' home addresses. Although the study wasn't designed to prove cause-and-effect, the researchers think the pollution stimulates an inflammatory response. "Inhalation of fine particulate matter [PM2.5, which refers to atmospheric particulate matter with a diameter less ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Myocardial Infarction, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Chances of Successful CPR Dwindle as Seniors Age

Posted 23 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 – A new study finds that older Americans have little CPR training, and they are less likely to get CPR when they suffer cardiac arrest at home. "The new data affirms the need for targeted training in the older population," said senior study author Dr. Benjamin Abella, an associate professor of emergency medicine at the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine. "There is a striking relationship between age and CPR training and delivery that is really important to better understand," Abella said in a university news release. The researchers estimate that more than 350,000 Americans suffer from cardiac arrest outside the hospital every year, and only a third receive CPR. With cardiac arrest, the heart suddenly stops beating, and speedy resuscitation is critical. The researchers reached some of their conclusions by examining responses to telephone ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiogenic Shock, Post MI Syndrome

Study Casts Doubt on Need for Statins in the 'Healthy Old'

Posted 22 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 – Senior citizens with no history of heart problems appear to gain no health benefit from cholesterol-lowering statin drugs, a new study suggests. People 65 and older treated with pravastatin (Pravachol) as part of a major clinical trial had about the same risk of death as people in a placebo group, according to the results. They also appeared to suffer strokes and heart attacks at about the same rate. "Our study shows there may not be any benefit for taking a statin therapy for primary prevention for people who are over the age of 65," said Dr. Benjamin Han. Statins might even pose a risk to people 75 and older, added Han, an assistant professor of medicine and population health at New York University School of Medicine. "There was some suggestion the statin group had a little bit higher mortality than the placebo group" at that age, Han said. But, this result was ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Disease, High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Pravachol, Livalo, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Red Yeast Rice, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Lescol, Ischemic Heart Disease, Lescol XL

Heart Attack Risk Spikes After Respiratory Infection, Study Finds

Posted 16 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 – The risk of heart attack increases sharply after a respiratory infection, a new study finds. But the absolute risk that any one episode will cause a heart attack is low, the Australian researchers added. The researchers looked at 578 people who suffered a heart attack and found that 17 percent had experienced symptoms of respiratory infection within seven days before the heart attack, and 21 percent within the prior month. The risk of a heart attack is 17 times higher in the week after a respiratory infection, the University of Sydney team concluded. In a second analysis, the researchers focused on upper-respiratory tract infections, such as the common cold, sore throat, hay fever and sinus infections. "For those participants who reported milder upper-respiratory tract infection symptoms, the risk increase was less, but was still elevated by 13-fold," study ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Sinusitis, Heart Attack, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Sore Throat, Myocardial Infarction, Sinus Symptoms, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Heart Health Might Be a Matter of Geography

Posted 16 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 – The county you call home may have a lot to do with your chances of dying from heart disease or stroke, a new U.S. study reveals. Although deaths from cardiovascular disease have been dropping overall for the past 35 years in the United States, there are still pockets across the country where these death rates are unusually high, the researchers said. Poverty and lack of access to quality care may doom many Americans to early deaths, the study authors suggested. "In some counties, the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease is extremely low, while in other counties the risk continues to be very high," said lead researcher Dr. Gregory Roth. He is an assistant professor of cardiology at the University of Washington. In Pitkin County in Colorado, for example, about 35 people out of 100,000 died from heart disease in 2014 – the lowest death rate in the United ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Atrial Fibrillation, Arrhythmia, Aortic Aneurysm, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Endocarditis, Bacterial Endocarditis Prevention, Bacterial Endocarditis Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Many Under 40 May Not Need Regular Cholesterol Checks: Study

Posted 15 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 – Many adults under 40 may not need to have routine cholesterol screenings, a new study suggests. To come to this conclusion, the researchers looked at the real world implications of two conflicting sets of guidelines on cholesterol testing. One, from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA), says that all adults older than 20 should have a cholesterol screening. They also suggest a repeat test every four to six years. The other guidelines come from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, a government-funded, independent panel of medical experts. They say many adults can go longer before their first cholesterol test – until age 35 for men, and age 45 for women. The exception would be people with a major risk factor for heart problems – such as high blood pressure, smoking or a family history of early heart disease. Those patients ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Hypertension, Smoking, Heart Attack, High Cholesterol, Smoking Cessation, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Body Cooling May Help Brain After Cardiac Arrest

Posted 10 May 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 – Cooling the body may reduce the risk of brain damage for cardiac arrest patients in a coma, a leading group of U.S. neurologists says. The new guideline from the American Academy of Neurology recommends that families of these patients ask if their loved one qualifies for body cooling. "People who are in a coma after being resuscitated from cardiac arrest require complex neurologic and medical care, and neurologists can play a key role in improving outcomes by providing body cooling," said guideline committee chair Dr. Romergryko Geocadin. This guideline recommends that cooling be used more often for patients who qualify, said Geocadin, who is with Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore. In cardiac arrest, the heart suddenly stops beating. This means blood and oxygen no longer flow to the brain. The longer the heart goes without beating, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Diagnosis and Investigation, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Common Painkillers Tied to Slight Rise in Heart Attack Risk

Posted 10 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 – Commonly used painkillers such as Motrin, Advil and Aleve might increase your risk for heart attack, even in the first week of use, a new study suggests. Overall, these drugs and others known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase the risk of a heart attack by 20 to 50 percent, compared with not using them, researchers found. For most people, however, this represents only a small increased risk – about 1 percent a year, the researchers said. Still, "from the viewpoint of public health, even small increases in risk of heart attack are important because use of NSAIDs is so widespread," said lead researcher Michele Bally. She's an epidemiologist at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Center. The increased risk of heart attack associated with NSAIDs was seen at any dose taken for one week, one month or more than one month. And the risk ... Read more

Related support groups: Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Celebrex, Diclofenac, Advil, Voltaren, Aleve, Voltaren Gel, Motrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Vicoprofen, Flector, Advil PM, Flector Patch, Arthrotec, Naprosyn

Red Wine Antioxidant Might Help Diabetics' Arteries

Posted 4 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 – The antioxidant resveratrol – found in red wine, peanuts and berries – might improve the health of blood vessels in people with type 2 diabetes, a small study suggests. The study found that resveratrol supplements lessened artery stiffness in some people with type 2 diabetes. Stiffening of the arteries, called arteriosclerosis, raises the risk of heart attack and stroke. "In treatment with resveratrol among people with diabetes, there was a trend toward improvement in the stiffness. And in people with higher stiffness there was more of a benefit," said lead researcher Dr. Naomi Hamburg. She is chief of the vascular biology section at Boston University School of Medicine. While the research suggests there might be ways to improve blood vessel abnormalities in people with type 2 diabetes, it's too soon to recommend resveratrol for that purpose, said Hamburg. "We ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Resveratrol, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Bystander CPR Not Only Saves Lives, It Lessens Disability: Study

Posted 4 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 – When someone goes into cardiac arrest, quick action from bystanders can have a long-lasting impact, researchers say. Not only were the patients more likely to survive, they were also significantly less likely to sustain brain damage or enter a nursing home in the following year, a new study found. It's well known that cardiac arrest victims have a better shot at surviving if witnesses jump into action, said lead researcher Dr. Kristian Kragholm. That means performing chest compressions or, if possible, using an automated external defibrillator (AED) – a layperson-friendly device that can "shock" a stopped heart back into rhythm. The new study findings, Kragholm noted, show those actions have long-term benefits, too. "Our study findings underscore the importance of learning how to recognize cardiac arrest, how to do chest compressions, and how to employ an AED," ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Cardiac Arrest, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiogenic Shock, Post MI Syndrome

Health Tip: Coping With Hardening of the Arteries

Posted 4 May 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Hardening and narrowing of the arteries – medically called atherosclerosis – may require lifestyle changes to protect yourself from heart attack. Here's how to find support, courtesy of the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: Tell your doctor if you feel depressed, anxious or stressed. If necessary, talk with a mental health professional. Reach out to your local hospital or health department for support and additional information. Discuss needed lifestyle changes with family and friends. Ask loved ones to help you make these changes. Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Atherosclerosis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Common Food Nutrient Tied to Risky Blood Clotting

Posted 25 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 24, 2017 – A nutrient in meat and eggs may conspire with gut bacteria to make the blood more prone to clotting, a small study suggests. The nutrient is called choline. Researchers found that when they gave 18 healthy volunteers choline supplements, it boosted their production of a chemical called TMAO. That, in turn, increased their blood cells' tendency to clot. But the researchers also found that aspirin might reduce that risk. TMAO is short for trimethylamine N-oxide. It's produced when gut bacteria digest choline and certain other substances. Past studies have linked higher TMAO levels in the blood to heightened risks of blood clots, heart attack and stroke, said Dr. Stanley Hazen, the senior researcher on the new study. These findings, he said, give the first direct evidence that choline revs up TMAO production in the human gut, which then makes platelets (a type of ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Aggrenox, Myocardial Infarction, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Arthritis Pain, Ecotrin, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Fiorinal with Codeine, Soma Compound, Norgesic, Arthritis Pain Formula, Bayer Aspirin, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte

Blood Pressure: Know Your Numbers

Posted 18 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 18, 2017 – Having high blood pressure makes you more likely to have heart disease or a stroke. But because high blood pressure doesn't usually cause warning symptoms, you could be at risk without even knowing it. That's why it's important to have your blood pressure checked regularly by a healthcare professional. High blood pressure is a particular concern if you're black because it's more prevalent among blacks than any other group in the United States. Research from Johns Hopkins University found that a primary cause of high blood pressure among blacks was stress. However, anyone can develop high blood pressure. When you have a blood pressure check: The first, or top, number in the reading is called the systolic number; the second, or lower, number, is the diastolic number. Normal blood pressure is less than 120 mmHg for systolic pressure and a diastolic level of less ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Post MI Syndrome

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