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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome News

Related terms: MERS, MERSā€CoV

Researchers Uncover Different Variations of MERS Virus

Posted 17 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 17, 2015 – Five variants of the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus have circulated between people and camels, a new study finds. Meanwhile, a second study reported that an experimental vaccine for camels showed promise. Several outbreaks of MERS have occurred in the Middle East and South Korea in recent years. About 35 percent of people who contracted the virus died, the researchers said. Arabian camels are the most common host for the virus and one of the most likely sources of infection in people, the study authors said. The virus can mutate in camels and then be passed to humans, but little was known about how common the virus is in camels or how it's transmitted to people. For the study, researchers collected samples from more than 1,300 camels in Saudi Arabia – which has had the highest number of MERS cases. The investigators found that 12 ... Read more

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More Than Half of U.S. States Not Well Prepared for Disease Outbreaks: Study

Posted 17 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 17, 2015 – More than half of U.S. states are poorly prepared to respond to infectious disease outbreaks, a new report says. Twenty-eight states and Washington, D.C. did not pass muster for preventing, detecting, diagnosing and responding to such outbreaks, researchers found. They added that the United States must boost efforts to protect Americans from new threats such as Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and antibiotic-resistant superbugs, along with resurging diseases such as tuberculosis, whooping cough and gonorrhea. Delaware, Kentucky, Maine, New York and Virginia tied for the top score, achieving eight of 10 indicators of preparedness. They were followed by: Alaska, California, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota and Nebraska at seven of 10; and Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Tuberculosis, Pertussis, Gonococcal Infection, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

Synthetic MERS Vaccine Works in Animal Tests

Posted 19 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2015 – An experimental vaccine protected monkeys against the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) virus, U.S. researchers report. University of Pennsylvania researchers gave the synthetic DNA vaccine to rhesus macaques six weeks before exposing them to the MERS virus, and found that all of them were fully protected. The vaccine also generated potentially protective antibodies in blood from camels, believed to be the source of MERS transmission in the Middle East. The study was published Aug. 19 in the journal Science Translational Medicine. Since it was identified in 2012, the coronavirus has caused more than 1,300 infections and nearly 400 deaths in the Middle East, Europe, South Korea and the United States, the researchers said. "The significant recent increase in MERS cases, coupled with the lack of effective antiviral therapies or vaccines to treat or prevent ... Read more

Related support groups: Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

MERS Virus Doesn't Seem to Spread Easily, Study Finds

Posted 27 Aug 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 27, 2014 – People infected with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) virus are unlikely to pass it to others in their household, a new study suggests. Mostly confined to countries in the Middle East so far, the virus has infected 837 people and killed at least 291, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). "A lot of speculations have been made that MERS spreads significantly among family members and household contacts of active cases," said study lead researcher Dr. Ziad Memish, Saudi Arabia's assistant deputy minister of health for preventive medicine. Memish's team studied 26 patients with MERS and their 280 household contacts. The researchers found that 12 people among the 280 household contacts came down with MERS. According to Memish, that puts the odds of getting MERS from another person at about 5 percent. "It's reassuring that very low ... Read more

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MERS Virus Did Not Spread in 2 U.S. Cases: Health Officials

Posted 17 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 17, 2014 – The potentially deadly MERS virus did not spread from two patients in the United States to any people in their homes or to health care workers who treated them, federal health officials said Tuesday. The cases of MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) in Indiana and in Florida involved patients who worked as health care providers in Saudi Arabia, the epicenter of the MERS outbreak. It's believed that's where they were infected, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. The case in Florida involved a 44-year-old health care worker from Saudi Arabia who traveled to Orlando, where he began having symptoms on May 9. He recovered and was discharged from the hospital on May 19, the CDC reported. The Indiana case involved a health care worker who had traveled to Saudi Arabia and then returned to the United States before falling ill and being hospitalized ... Read more

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Camels Confirmed as Source of Human MERS Infection

Posted 4 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 4, 2014 – Saudi Arabian doctors say they've identified camels as one source of MERS infections in humans. The scientists report they matched genetic samples from the virus that killed a Saudi man last November to virus samples present in one of nine camels that he owned. They said the finding, published in the June 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine proves that camels are a source – but perhaps not the only source – of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) virus. The illness is contagious, potentially lethal and has been largely confined to the Middle East so far. There have been two confirmed cases of MERS in the United States. Both involved health care workers who are believed to have been infected in Saudi Arabia become coming to the United States. The health risk from MERS to the American public is low, U.S. officials have said, because the virus ... Read more

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CDC: 3rd Suspected MERS Case Was False Alarm

Posted 29 May 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 28, 2014 – An Illinois man thought to have contracted the potentially fatal MERS virus from a business associate was not infected after all, federal health officials said Wednesday. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said on May 17 that the unidentified Illinois man had been infected with MERS by a man who brought the first known case of the mysterious respiratory illness to the United States in late April. That first case was a health care worker who had traveled to Saudi Arabia – the epicenter of the MERS outbreak – and returned to the United States before falling ill and being hospitalized in Indiana and later released. Preliminary tests indicated that the Illinois man had tested positive for antibodies for MERS, formally called Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. Since then, however, CDC scientists tested additional blood samples and found that he ... Read more

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Third U.S. Man Tests Positive for MERS Virus, CDC Reports

Posted 20 May 2014 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, May 17, 2014 – A third U.S. man has tested positive for the MERS virus but shows no signs of the illness, federal health officials reported Saturday. A business associate of the man who brought the first known case of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus to this country in late April, the Illinois man tested positive for the virus on May 16, officials from the U.S. Centers of Disease Control and Prevention said in a statement. The first case was diagnosed in a health care worker who had traveled to Saudi Arabia and returned to the United States before falling ill and being hospitalized in Indiana. The Illinois man has not traveled outside the United States and has not needed medical care, but lab tests spotted the infection in his blood, CDC officials said. The Illinois man probably got the virus from the Indiana patient and developed antibodies to fight the ... Read more

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Florida MERS Patient Released From Hospital

Posted 20 May 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 19, 2014 – One of three patients in the United States diagnosed with the MERS virus has been released from an Orlando, Fla., hospital, officials said Monday. The man, a 44-year-old health care worker from Saudi Arabia – the epicenter of the MERS outbreak – traveled to Orlando where he started feeling symptoms of the respiratory illness formally called Middle East Respiratory Syndrome on May 8. The unidentified man was put into isolation at Dr. Phillips Hospital, but hasn't had a fever since May 13, Orlando TV station WESH reported Monday. The third U.S. case of MERS – an unidentified man from Illinois – has tested positive for the MERS virus but shows no signs of the illness, federal health officials reported Saturday. The Illinois man is a business associate of the man who brought the first known case of MERS to the United States in late April. That first case was a ... Read more

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Existing Drugs May Work Against MERS, Studies Suggest

Posted 20 May 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 19, 2014 – As media reports warn of the first cases of the potentially deadly MERS virus in the United States, three new studies suggest that certain existing drugs might help fight the illness. So far, three U.S. patients have been identified as having been infected with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) virus, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. One, a man from Illinois, has shown no symptoms but tested positive for infection. The other two – one man in Florida, another in Indiana – had recently returned from Saudi Arabia and got sick but have since recovered. The MERS virus first surfaced in 2012 in the Middle East, where most of the cases have occurred. Since that time, there have been 536 laboratory-confirmed cases and 145 deaths, according to the World Health Organization. Symptoms typically include shortness of breath, coughing ... Read more

Related support groups: Thorazine, Chlorpromazine, Chloroquine, Aralen, Aralen Phosphate, Aralen Hydrochloride, Ormazine, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

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