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Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection News

Related terms: MRSA Infection, MRSA, Community-acquired MRSA, CA-MRSA, Hospital-acquired MRSA, HA-MRSA

Staph Aureus Rates Of Resistance To Certain Antibiotics Show A Decrease Over Time

Posted 14 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 – Staphylococcus aureus infections among U.S. hospital patients have been less resistant to key antibiotics in recent years, a new study finds. Between 2009 and 2015, researchers tested antibiotic resistance in more than 19,000 S. aureus samples from 42 medical centers nationwide. "Results showed that S. aureus' rates of resistance to certain antibiotics decreased over time, which isn't often seen," study co-author Dr. Helio Sader said in an American Society for Microbiology news release. Sader is senior director of microbiology and surveillance at JMI Laboratories in North Liberty, Iowa. Rates of S. aureus resistance to the antibiotic oxacillin (Bactocill) fell from 47.2 percent in 2009 to 43.6 percent in 2015 to 42.2 percent in 2016. S. aureus resistance to other antibiotics, such as levofloxacin (Levaquin), clindamycin (Cleocin) and erythromycin, also ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Bactrim, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Vancomycin, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Cleocin, Pylera, Septra, Zyvox, MY-E

1 in 4 Nursing Home Residents Has Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria

Posted 31 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 – Multidrug-resistant bacteria, such as E. coli, can be found in more than one-quarter of people living in nursing homes, a research review finds. Reviewing eight prior studies, researchers reported rates ranged from 11 percent of residents to an alarming 59 percent, with 27 percent the average. "Nursing home residents are at higher risk to become colonized with these bacteria," said study author Sainfer Aliyu, a doctoral candidate at Columbia University School of Nursing in New York City. But just because nursing home residents are colonized with the bacteria doesn't mean they have an illness. "Someone who is colonized has the bacteria on them, but may not know it. They may not show any symptoms. But they can spread the germ to others, and they have the potential to become sick themselves," Aliyu said. As the nation's "superbug" list grows, health officials are ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection

Scientists Tweak #Vancomycin to Boost Power Against 'Superbugs'

Posted 30 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 30, 2017 – Health experts have long warned about the looming health threat posed by "superbug" bacteria that can mutate to resist antibiotics. But now scientists say they've modified an existing antibiotic, vancomycin, to make it a much more potent fighter against these germs. "Doctors could use this modified form of vancomycin without fear of resistance emerging," research leader Dale Boger of The Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, Calif., said in an institute news release. As Boger's team explained, vancomycin has been used for 60 years, but bacteria are now developing resistance to it. The drug works by disrupting how bacteria form their cellular walls. Vancomycin is "magical" for its proven ability to fight infections, said Boger, who is co-chair of Scripps' department of chemistry. Previously, he and his colleagues showed that two modifications to the antibiotic ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Vancomycin, Vancocin, Vancocin HCl, Wound Infection, Lyphocin, Vancocin HCl Pulvules

Hospital Room Floors May Harbor 'Superbugs'

Posted 2 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 2, 2017 – Hospital room floors may be more of a "superbug" threat than many hospital staffers realize, new research suggests. "Efforts to improve disinfection in the hospital environment usually focus on surfaces that are frequently touched by the hands of health care workers or patients," explained lead researcher Dr. Abhishek Deshpande, from the Cleveland Clinic, in Ohio. "Although health care facility floors are often heavily contaminated, limited attention has been paid to disinfection of floors because they are not frequently touched," Deshpande added. Yet, items in a patient's room can come into contact with the floor, which can lead to the transfer of multidrug-resistant bacteria to hands, clothing, call buttons, medical devices, linens and medical supplies, the researchers explained. In their study, the team took samples from the floors of 159 patient rooms in ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bacteremia, Wound Infection

Hospital Sinks May Be Awash in 'Superbugs'

Posted 27 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 – New research suggests that the battle against "superbugs" – multidrug-resistant bacteria – should begin in hospital sinks. In the study, scientists found that germs colonize in drainpipes and gradually make their way into sinks. The researchers warned that this is one way hospital patients could be exposed to superbugs. Previous research has shown that patients are dying from multidrug-resistant bacterial infections while in the hospital. More than 32 studies have described the spread of bacteria resistant to the last-resort antibiotic, carbapenem, through sinks and other areas where water can pool inside hospitals, the study authors explained. "We wanted to better understand how transmission occurs, so that the numbers of these infections could be reduced," said lead investigator Dr. Amy Mathers. She is an associate professor of medicine and pathology at the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Ertapenem, Meropenem, Invanz, Merrem, Primaxin IM, Wound Infection, Cilastatin/Imipenem, Primaxin IV, Doribax, Doripenem, Merrem Novaplus

Many Americans Unaware of 'Superbug' Threat: Poll

Posted 27 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 – Antibiotic-resistant "superbugs" are a major public health threat, but most Americans are clueless about the dangers, a new HealthDay/Harris Poll shows. More than two-thirds of U.S. adults know "little" or "nothing" about so-called superbugs – bacterial infections that are resistant to many or all antibiotics. And around half believe, incorrectly, that antibiotics work against viruses. That's a concern because improper antibiotic use is considered the major driver of the superbug problem – a problem with deadly consequences. "This poll shows that public ignorance is a huge part of the problem," said Humphrey Taylor, chairman emeritus of The Harris Poll. "Millions of patients continue to believe that antibiotics will help them recover from colds, flu and other viral infections," Taylor said, "and they can be upset with their doctors if they will not prescribe ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Clavulanate, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate

Eczema May Leave Some Flu Shots Less Effective, Study Finds

Posted 13 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – It's still flu season, and not too late to get your flu shot. But a new study suggests that people with eczema should request the vaccine be given into the muscle, rather than just under the skin. That's because the effectiveness of flu shots in people with eczema appears to vary, depending on how it's given, researchers report. The problem seems to lie with the fact that the cracked, dry skin of eczema patients is often colonized by Staphylococcus bacteria. And that seems to dampen the immune response from the flu vaccine – if the shot is given into the skin, the researchers said. "Staphylococcus infections are a widespread problem among [eczema] patients, with up to 90 percent of patients with severe disease colonized by the bacteria," lead researcher Dr. Donald Leung, of National Jewish Health in Denver, said in a hospital news release. He's head of ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Eczema, Dry Skin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Skin and Structure Infection, FluLaval, Nasal Carriage of Staphylococcus Aureus, Afluria, Fluzone, FluMist, Influenza Prophylaxis, Flublok Quadrivalent, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Flucelvax, Flucelvax 2015-2016, Flublok 2016-2017, Flushield, Fluvirin 2015-2016

FDA Medwatch Alert: Vancomycin Hydrochloride for Injection, USP by Hospira: Recall - Particulate Matter in Vial

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: Hospira, Inc. is voluntarily recalling one lot of Vancomycin Hydrochloride for Injection, USP (NDC: 0409-6510-01, Lot 591053A, Expiry Date 1NOV2017), to the hospital/retail level due to a confirmed customer report for the presence of particulate matter within a single vial. The product is packaged in a carton containing 1x100 mL vial. The lot was distributed from August 2016 through September 2016 in the United States. If particulate is administered to a patient, it may result in local swelling, irritation of blood vessels or tissue, blockage of blood vessels and/or low-level allergic response to the particulate. The risk is reduced by the possibility of detection, as the label contains a clear statement directing the physician to visually inspect the product for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. BACKGROUND: Vancomycin Hydrochloride is indicated for ... Read more

Related support groups: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Vancomycin, Vancocin, Vancocin HCl, Lyphocin, Vancocin HCl Pulvules

'Superbug' May Be More Widespread Than Thought

Posted 17 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – A type of potentially deadly drug-resistant bacteria is more widespread in U.S. hospitals than previously thought and needs to be more closely monitored, a new study suggests. Researchers checked for cases of illness caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in a sample of four U.S. hospitals and identified a wide variety of CRE species. Three hospitals are in the Boston area and one is in California. The CRE family of germs causes about 9,300 infections and 600 deaths in the United States each year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Those numbers are on the rise, the researchers said. CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden has called CRE "nightmare bacteria" due to their resistance to carbapenems, which are last-resort antibiotics used to treat drug-resistant infections. In the study, the researchers also discovered that CRE ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Ertapenem, Meropenem, Invanz, Merrem, Cilastatin/Imipenem, Primaxin IM, Primaxin IV, Doribax, Doripenem, Merrem Novaplus

'Superbug' Resistant to All Antibiotics Killed Nevada Woman

Posted 13 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 – A Nevada woman in her 70s who'd recently returned from India died in September from a "superbug" infection that resisted all antibiotics, according to a report released Friday. The case raises concern about the spread of such infections, which have become more common over past decades as germs have developed resistance to widely used antibiotics. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention "basically reported that there was nothing in our medicine cabinet to treat this lady," report co-author Dr. Randall Todd told the Reno Gazette-Journal. He's director of epidemiology and public health preparedness for the Washoe County Health District, in Reno. The report was published Jan. 13 in the CDC journal Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. As reported by Todd and his colleagues, the woman fractured her right leg while in India and underwent multiple ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Ertapenem, Meropenem, Invanz, Merrem, Cilastatin/Imipenem, Primaxin IM, Primaxin IV, Doribax, Doripenem, Merrem Novaplus

'Superbug' Infections Down 30 Percent at VA Hospitals

Posted 7 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 6, 2017 – Rates of a deadly "superbug" called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, have dropped steadily at hospitals and long-term care health care facilities run by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs over the past eight years, according to a new report. Between 2007 and 2015, rates of monthly MRSA infections rates fell 37 percent in VA intensive care units. Infections in non-ICUs fell by about 30 percent, the study found. Even larger reductions were seen in overall health care-acquired infections, which declined 80 percent or more in both ICUs and non-ICUs, researchers reported. "We speculate that active surveillance was the primary driver of the downward trends seen in the VA," said study lead author Dr. Martin Evans, who is with the agency. "Understanding how and why rates of MRSA have diminished in recent years is essential for the continued ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bacteremia, Gram Negative Infection

'Superbug' Gene Spotted on U.S. Pig Farm

Posted 5 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 – Scientists have identified a troubling new type of antibiotic resistance among U.S. farm animals. The drugs at issue are the carbapenem class of antibiotics. In hospitals, such drugs are considered a last line of defense against hard-to-treat bacterial infections. In the United States, carbapenem antibiotics have been banned for veterinary use, to minimize the risk that antibiotic resistance might develop among animals and spread to humans. And though it has already been identified among European and Asian livestock, there had been no indication of a resistance problem on American farms until now. But, following a five-month screening of a single American pig farm in 2015, researchers concluded that carbapenem resistance has in fact gained a foothold in U.S. livestock. "For now, we think that this is a rare and unusual occurrence," said study author Thomas ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Ertapenem, Meropenem, Invanz, Merrem, Primaxin IM, Cilastatin/Imipenem, Primaxin IV, Doribax, Doripenem, Merrem Novaplus

'Superbug' Common Among N.C. Hog Workers, Study Says

Posted 18 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – Some workers at hog production facilities in the United States have skin infections from drug-resistant "superbugs," researchers report. Hogs are given antibiotics to speed their growth. But, overuse of the drugs has been linked to the development of bacteria that don't respond to many antibiotics commonly used to treat staph infections, the researchers said in background notes. "This study suggests that carrying these bacteria may not always be harmless to humans," said study leader Christopher Heaney. He's an assistant professor with the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. Previously, it was known that many hog workers had these bacteria in their noses, but it wasn't clear if the workers were at increased risk of infection, Heaney said. This study included 103 hog facility workers in North Carolina and 80 child and adult ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Skin Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bacteremia

More U.S. Kids Getting Drug-Resistant Infections

Posted 17 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – Antibiotic-resistant infections are on the rise among American children, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed blood samples collected from kids aged 1 to 17 who received outpatient, inpatient, intensive care unit and long-term care between 1999 and 2012. During that time, the rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria samples that were resistant to at least three types of antibiotics rose from about 15 percent to 26 percent, the investigators found. Meanwhile, the rate of bacteria samples resistant to carbapenems – a class of antibiotics considered one of the treatments of last resort for highly resistant infections – rose from just over 9 percent to 20 percent. Drug resistance was more common among children in intensive care units, those aged 13 to 17, and those in the Midwest, the findings showed. The study offers more evidence of the need for aggressive ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bacteremia

Nurses' 'Scrubs' Pick Up Bad Hospital Germs

Posted 27 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 27, 2016 – The "scrubs" of intensive care unit (ICU) nurses often pick up disease-causing germs, including those resistant to antibiotics, a new study reports. "We know there are bad germs in hospitals, but we're just beginning to understand how they are spread," said study lead author Dr. Deverick Anderson, an associate professor of medicine at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. These bad germs spread from patients to the nurses' uniforms (usually the sleeves and pockets) and objects around the room, most often to bed railings, the researchers found. "This study is a good wake-up call that health care personnel need to concentrate on the idea that the health care environment can be contaminated," said Anderson. "Any type of patient care, or even just entry into a room where care is provided, truly should be considered a chance for interacting with ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection

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