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Meningitis - Pneumococcal News

Vaccinations Belong on Parents' Back-to-School Checklists

Posted 20 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 20 – Vaccinations among school-aged children can save lives and parents should be sure their children are fully immunized as part of their back-to-school preparations, according to a pediatric infectious disease specialist. "These vaccines save children's lives; parents interested in keeping their child alive should have them vaccinated," Dr. David Kimberlin, a University of Alabama at Birmingham professor of pediatrics, said in a university news release. "At any given time, all of these vaccine-preventable diseases are at most 18 hours away. For example, one of the few remaining places where polio circulates is Afghanistan, and U.S. troops return home from there daily; anyone exposed could inadvertently pass polio to a child." Kimberlin is also president-elect of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports there ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Hepatitis B, Human Papilloma Virus, Meningitis, Tetanus, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Hepatitis A, Measles, Varicella-Zoster, Tetanus Toxoid, Pertussis, FluLaval, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Afluria, Rotarix, Measles Virus Vaccine, Cervarix, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine

Doctors in a Bind When Parents Want to Delay, Skip Vaccines

Posted 28 Nov 2011 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 28 – Mistrust of childhood vaccines is causing some parents to request "alternative" schedules from doctors, either delaying or skipping some shots. And a new study suggests that most pediatricians are willing to go along with these requests – up to a point. "Parents seem to be regularly requesting alternative childhood immunization schedules," noted co-author Dr. Douglas John Opel, an acting assistant professor in the University of Washington's department of pediatrics. However, he added, "there needs to be more research into the effectiveness and safety of these schedules." The report is published in the Nov. 28 online edition of Pediatrics. The issue of parents ignoring standard guidelines on childhood vaccination schedules is worrying to many experts. One study, published in the November issue of Pediatrics, found that more than one in 10 parents in the United States ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Meningitis, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine, Kinrix, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Pneumococcal 7-Valent Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, ProQuad, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Daptacel (DTaP), Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Diphtheria Toxoid/Tetanus Toxoid, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, Tetanus Prophylaxis

CDC Report Shows Bacterial Meningitis Cases on the Decline

Posted 25 May 2011 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 25 – The incidence of bacterial meningitis dropped by 31 percent between 1998 and 2007, new government research shows. The drop was led by reductions in infections by two powerful germs – Neisseria meningitidis and Streptococcus pneumoniae – that are covered by available immunizations. With fewer infections among young children, the burden of the disease is now mainly borne by older adults, the study authors found. "The good news is that fewer people are getting bacterial meningitis. The bad news is that if you get it, it's still a very serious infection," said study co-author Dr. Cynthia Whitney, chief of the bacterial respiratory diseases branch at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. "There are still at least 4,000 cases a year, including about 500 that are fatal," she noted. Results of the study are published in the May 26 issue of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Meningitis, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Meningitis - Pneumococcal, Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome, Meningitis - Streptococcus Group B, Meningitis - Listeriosis, Meningitis - Lymphomatous, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis, Meningitis - Haemophilus influenzae

Quick Action Can Restore Hearing After Meningitis-Induced Deafness

Posted 18 Oct 2010 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 18 – Health-care providers should move quickly to try to restore hearing in children who become deaf after developing pneumococcal meningitis, a small new study finds. The number of cases of meningitis and related diseases have dropped sharply since a vaccine for meningitis – the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) – became available in 2001. "However, pneumococcal meningitis continues to occur, even in healthy children who receive the recommended PCV7 vaccination series in early childhood," Drs. Tina Tan and Nancy Young. from Children's Memorial Hospital and Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University in Chicago, said in a news release from the journal in which the study was published. In children left deaf by the disease, the cochlea tends to harden into bone over time, making it difficult to install an electronic hearing device known as a ... Read more

Related support groups: Hearing Loss, Meningitis - Pneumococcal

Anti-Inflammatory Helps Treat Bacterial Meningitis: Study

Posted 29 Sep 2010 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 29 – Using the anti-inflammatory drug dexamethasone along with antibiotics increases the chance of surviving a bout with bacterial meningitis, Dutch researchers report. "Dexamethasone therapy reduces mortality from bacterial meningitis by one-third," said lead researcher Dr. Diederik van de Beek, a clinical neurologist from the Academic Medical Center at the University of Amsterdam. "That's a huge effect," he added. "Normally, the death rate of bacterial meningitis is 30 percent; if you use dexamethasone, it decreases to 20 percent." The report is published in the Sept. 29 online edition and the Oct. 26 print issue of Neurology. For the study, van de Beek's team collected data on 357 people 16 and older who had bacterial meningitis between 2006 and 2009. Of these patients, 84 percent were given a dose of dexamethasone, a corticosteroid, before antibiotic treatment was ... Read more

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Meningitis Vaccine Seems to Work Like a Charm

Posted 14 Jan 2009 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 14 – Rates of pneumococcal meningitis, a potentially life-threatening infection, have declined substantially since a new vaccine was introduced in 2000, a new study shows. The declines have been seen not only in children given the vaccine but also in adults, suggesting a herd immunity effect, the researchers noted. To assess the effect of the vaccine, researchers from several universities analyzed surveillance data from 1998 to 2005 in eight states. Overall, the number of cases of the disease dropped 30 percent in that time, but the effect on the very youngest and oldest was even more pronounced: Incidence decreased by 64 percent in those younger than 2 and by 54 percent in those older than 65. "This vaccine has really had a very profound effect on the incidence of pneumococcal disease," said study co-author Dr. Nancy Bennett, a professor of medicine at the University ... Read more

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