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Meningitis - Meningococcal News

Another Neurological Disorder Tied to Zika

Posted 10 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 – The list of neurological disorders potentially associated with the Zika virus continues to grow, health officials reported Wednesday. Writing in the March 9 online edition of the New England Journal of Medicine, French researchers described the case of an unidentified 81-year-old man who had been in fine health before becoming feverish and then comatose while on a cruise in the South Pacific. An MRI scan and a test of spinal fluid indicated he was suffering from meningoencephalitis, an infection and swelling of the brain. The elderly cruise ship patient was admitted to an intensive care unit, where doctors were able to make a tentative diagnosis of Zika infection. Within several days, his condition began to improve without treatment, and 17 days after admission to the hospital he was removed from intensive care. By day 38, he was fully recovered, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Encephalitis, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Zika Virus Infection

New Bacterial Meningitis Vaccine Approved

Posted 26 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 26, 2015 – The Bexsero vaccine has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to prevent the "serogroup B" form of bacterial meningitis among people aged 10 through 25. Meningococcal disease, or meningitis, is a life-threatening bacterial infection of the bloodstream and the lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. N. meningitis bacteria are commonly transmitted by coughing, kissing or sharing utensils, often in tight quarters such as a college dormitory. Some 500 cases of bacterial meningitis were recorded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2012, of which 160 were caused by serogroup B, the FDA said. Meningococcal disease can be treated with antibiotics, although this treatment isn't always successful, the agency said. Bexsero was clinically evaluated among some 7,600 adolescents and young adults. The most common side effects ... Read more

Related support groups: Meningitis, Vaccination, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

FDA Approves Bexsero Vaccine to Prevent Serogroup B Meningococcal Disease

Posted 23 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

January 23, 2015 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Bexsero, a vaccine to prevent invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B in individuals 10 through 25 years of age. Bexsero is the second vaccine approved by the FDA in the past three months to prevent this disease. The agency approved the first meningococcal serogroup B vaccine in October 2014. Before these approvals, existing approved meningococcal vaccines in the U.S. covered only four of the five main serogroups of N. meningitidis bacteria that cause meningococcal disease: A, C, Y and W. Meningococcal disease is a life-threatening illness caused by bacteria that can infect the bloodstream (sepsis) and the lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord (meningitis). N. meningitidis is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis. The bacteria are transmitted from person to person ... Read more

Related support groups: Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Meningococcal Group B Vaccine

FDA Approves New Vaccine to Protect Against Meningitis

Posted 30 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 – A new vaccine that could help prevent some cases of life-threatening meningococcal disease was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Wednesday. Trumenba is approved to protect people between the ages of 10 and 25 from invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B bacteria. The bacteria can infect the bloodstream (sepsis) and the lining that surrounds the spinal cord and brain. It is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis, and infection can occur through coughing, kissing or sharing eating utensils. Of the 500 cases of meningococcal disease reported in the United States in 2012, 160 were caused by serogroup B, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotics can reduce the risk of death or serious long-term problems in patients with meningococcal disease, but immediate medical treatment ... Read more

Related support groups: Meningitis - Meningococcal

FDA Approves Trumenba - First Vaccine to Prevent Serogroup B Meningococcal Disease

Posted 29 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

October 29, 2014 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced today the approval of Trumenba (meningococcal group B vaccine), the first vaccine licensed in the United States to prevent invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B in individuals 10 through 25 years of age. Meningococcal disease is a life-threatening illness caused by bacteria that infect the bloodstream (sepsis) and the lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord (meningitis). N. meningitidis is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis. The bacteria are transmitted from person to person through respiratory or throat secretions (e.g., by coughing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 500 total cases of meningococcal disease were reported in the United States in 2012; of those cases, 160 were caused by serogroup B. ... Read more

Related support groups: Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Meningococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine, Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine

Vaccinations Belong on Parents' Back-to-School Checklists

Posted 20 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 20 – Vaccinations among school-aged children can save lives and parents should be sure their children are fully immunized as part of their back-to-school preparations, according to a pediatric infectious disease specialist. "These vaccines save children's lives; parents interested in keeping their child alive should have them vaccinated," Dr. David Kimberlin, a University of Alabama at Birmingham professor of pediatrics, said in a university news release. "At any given time, all of these vaccine-preventable diseases are at most 18 hours away. For example, one of the few remaining places where polio circulates is Afghanistan, and U.S. troops return home from there daily; anyone exposed could inadvertently pass polio to a child." Kimberlin is also president-elect of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports there ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Hepatitis B, Human Papilloma Virus, Meningitis, Tetanus, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Hepatitis A, Prevnar, Measles, Varicella-Zoster, Tetanus Toxoid, Pertussis, FluLaval, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Rotarix, Measles Virus Vaccine, Cervarix, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine

Shots Should Be on College Kids' Back-to-School List

Posted 31 Jul 2012 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 31 – Immunizations aren't just for young children – college students need them, too. That's the message an expert has for parents who will be seeing children off to college this month. "Children who are preparing for their freshman year in a dormitory are at increased risk for bacterial meningitis," Dr. Peter Wenger, associate professor at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, said in a university news release. Bacterial meningitis causes swelling of the brain and spinal cord. The potentially deadly condition affects up to 2,600 otherwise healthy people in the United States each year, and teenagers and young adults are in the high-risk category. All first-year college students should receive the meningitis vaccine, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends. The vaccine provides three to five years of protection. New Jersey, ... Read more

Related support groups: Human Papilloma Virus, Condylomata Acuminata, Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Tetanus Toxoid, FluLaval, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Afluria, Cervical Dysplasia, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, FluMist, Fluzone, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Havrix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Tetanus Toxoid Adsorbed, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Daptacel (DTaP)

GSK Receives FDA Approval for MenHibrix

Posted 15 Jun 2012 by Drugs.com

PHILADELPHIA, June 14, 2012 /PRNewswire/ – GlaxoSmithKline plc announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the vaccine MenHibrix [Meningococcal Groups C and Y and Haemophilus b Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine]. MenHibrix is a vaccine indicated to prevent invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroups C and Y and Haemophilus influenzae type b. MenHibrix is approved for use in children aged six weeks through 18 months. The vaccination schedule for MenHibrix is a four-dose series given at two, four, six, and 12 through 15 months of age. The first dose can be given as early as six weeks of age and the last as late as 18 months of age. MenHibrix was developed to align with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommended infant immunization schedule for Hib vaccination and to allow for vaccination against meningococcal groups C & ... Read more

Related support groups: Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Meningitis - Haemophilus influenzae

Study: More Pre-Teens Get Vaccines When Middle Schools Require Them

Posted 7 May 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 7 – Pre-teens living in states that require vaccinations for incoming middle school students are more likely to be immunized than those in states without such requirements, a new study finds. Current vaccine guidelines from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that boys and girls aged 11 to 12 receive three immunizations or boosters: tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis (TdaP); meningococcal conjugate; and three doses of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. In 2008-2009, 32 states required TdaP and three required meningococcal conjugate. One state, Virginia, required HPV vaccination for girls during those years. About 80 percent of kids aged 13 to 17 received the recommended TdaP vaccine in states that required vaccination for middle school entry compared to 70 percent of kids in states that didn't require it. For meningococcal vaccine, those rates were ... Read more

Related support groups: Human Papilloma Virus, Meningitis, Tetanus, Gardasil, Pertussis, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Diphtheria, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Boostrix (Tdap), Tetanus Prophylaxis, Menactra, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Menveo, Adacel (Tdap), Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Acellular/Tetanus Toxoid

Vaccine Against Bacterial Meningitis Shows Promise

Posted 18 Jan 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18 – A new vaccine to protect against meningococcus B, a common cause of bacterial meningitis, shows promise in clinical trials, researchers in Chile report. Vaccines that protect from four other strains of Neisseria meningitides, a bacteria that causes meningococcal disease, are already in use or in the last stages of development, according to a news release from The Lancet. The other strains include A, C, W135 and Y. The new research examined the effectiveness of the vaccine for strain B, which remains a significant source of meningococcal disease in North America, South America and Europe. Researchers tested the vaccine called 4CMenB at 12 sites in Chile. More than 1,600 teens aged 11 to 17 were given either one, two or three doses of the vaccine at one-, two- and three-month intervals, or a placebo. After two or three doses, nearly all of the teens had blood test ... Read more

Related support groups: Meningitis, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Meningitis - Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis

Doctors in a Bind When Parents Want to Delay, Skip Vaccines

Posted 28 Nov 2011 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 28 – Mistrust of childhood vaccines is causing some parents to request "alternative" schedules from doctors, either delaying or skipping some shots. And a new study suggests that most pediatricians are willing to go along with these requests – up to a point. "Parents seem to be regularly requesting alternative childhood immunization schedules," noted co-author Dr. Douglas John Opel, an acting assistant professor in the University of Washington's department of pediatrics. However, he added, "there needs to be more research into the effectiveness and safety of these schedules." The report is published in the Nov. 28 online edition of Pediatrics. The issue of parents ignoring standard guidelines on childhood vaccination schedules is worrying to many experts. One study, published in the November issue of Pediatrics, found that more than one in 10 parents in the United States ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Meningitis, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine, Kinrix, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Pneumococcal 7-Valent Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Diphtheria Toxoid/Tetanus Toxoid, Daptacel (DTaP), Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Meningitis - Pneumococcal, Pneumococcal 13-valent Conjugate Vaccine

Vaccinations Aren't Just for Kids

Posted 16 Sep 2011 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 16 – Public health experts often focus immunization awareness efforts toward protecting children, and with good reason: Facing a potentially bewildering schedule of vaccinations for their young ones, parents usually need all the help they can get. But vaccinations aren't just kid stuff. Medical science is creating an increasing number of immunizations targeted at adults, to help them avoid life-threatening diseases in middle-age and opportunistic infections when they're older. "Immunization is a life-long issue that we need to pay a lot of attention to," said Dr. Georges C. Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association. Some adult vaccinations are very well-known, like the annual shot that aims to prevent the spread of influenza. "You need an influenza shot every year," Benjamin said. "Part of that is because the virus changes every year, ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Human Papilloma Virus, BCG, Meningitis, Tetanus, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Condylomata Acuminata, Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Varicella-Zoster, Measles, Tetanus Toxoid, Tuberculosis - Prophylaxis, Vivotif Berna, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Rubella, Typhoid Vaccine, Live

CDC Report Shows Bacterial Meningitis Cases on the Decline

Posted 25 May 2011 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 25 – The incidence of bacterial meningitis dropped by 31 percent between 1998 and 2007, new government research shows. The drop was led by reductions in infections by two powerful germs – Neisseria meningitidis and Streptococcus pneumoniae – that are covered by available immunizations. With fewer infections among young children, the burden of the disease is now mainly borne by older adults, the study authors found. "The good news is that fewer people are getting bacterial meningitis. The bad news is that if you get it, it's still a very serious infection," said study co-author Dr. Cynthia Whitney, chief of the bacterial respiratory diseases branch at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. "There are still at least 4,000 cases a year, including about 500 that are fatal," she noted. Results of the study are published in the May 26 issue of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Meningitis, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Meningitis - Pneumococcal, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Meningitis - Streptococcus Group B, Meningitis - Listeriosis, Meningitis - Lymphomatous, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis, Meningitis - Haemophilus influenzae, Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome

Anti-Inflammatory Helps Treat Bacterial Meningitis: Study

Posted 29 Sep 2010 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 29 – Using the anti-inflammatory drug dexamethasone along with antibiotics increases the chance of surviving a bout with bacterial meningitis, Dutch researchers report. "Dexamethasone therapy reduces mortality from bacterial meningitis by one-third," said lead researcher Dr. Diederik van de Beek, a clinical neurologist from the Academic Medical Center at the University of Amsterdam. "That's a huge effect," he added. "Normally, the death rate of bacterial meningitis is 30 percent; if you use dexamethasone, it decreases to 20 percent." The report is published in the Sept. 29 online edition and the Oct. 26 print issue of Neurology. For the study, van de Beek's team collected data on 357 people 16 and older who had bacterial meningitis between 2006 and 2009. Of these patients, 84 percent were given a dose of dexamethasone, a corticosteroid, before antibiotic treatment was ... Read more

Related support groups: Dexamethasone, Meningitis, Decadron, Decadron Tablets, Meningitis - Pneumococcal, Decadron Dose Pack, Adrenocot LA, Meningitis - Meningococcal, Dexone, Dexpak Taperpak, Adrenocot, Hexadrol Phosphate, Cortastat, Dexacorten, Medidex LA, Cortastat LA, Dexasone LA, Decadron-LA, Solurex, Dalalone DP

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