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IUD May Lower Cervical Cancer Risk

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 7, 2017 – IUD contraceptive devices may reduce a woman's risk of cervical cancer by about a third, a new review concludes. Researchers think IUDs might promote an immune response that kills off human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes virtually all cases of cervical cancer. "The data say the presence of the IUD in the uterus stimulates an immune response, and that immune response very, very substantially destroys sperm and keeps sperm from reaching the egg," explained lead researcher Victoria Cortessis. "It stands to reason the IUD might influence other immune phenomenon." These results could be potentially lifesaving for young adult women who are too old to benefit from the HPV vaccine, said Cortessis. She is an associate professor of clinical preventive medicine at the University of Southern California's Keck School of Medicine. "The vaccines don't work unless ... Read more

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Oral Sex Plus Smoking a Cancer Danger for Men

Posted 20 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 20, 2017 – Smoking and oral sex may be a deadly combo that raises a man's risk for head and neck cancer, a new study suggests. The key factor is transmission of oral strains of the cancer-linked human papillomavirus (HPV), which can be passed through oral sex. In fact, men who smoke and have five or more partners with whom they've had oral sex – in this study, that typically meant cunnilingus – have the highest risk of developing a type of head and neck cancer known as oropharyngeal cancer. Dr. Otis Brawley is chief medical officer at the American Cancer Society. Reviewing the new study, he noted that "the incidence of oral HPV infection seems to be rising among white men in their 50s and 60s," perhaps due to increasing acceptance of oral sex. Still, for most people, the risk of contracting an HPV-linked head-and-neck cancer remains very low, said lead researcher Amber ... Read more

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Hormone Therapy May Be OK for Women With Migraines

Posted 11 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 11, 2017 – Women who suffer from migraines may be able to safely use hormone therapy to treat menopause symptoms, a new study suggests. The study of 85,000 U.S. women found no evidence that hormone therapy carried a particular risk of heart attack or stroke among those with a history of migraine headaches. That possibility has been a concern, mainly based on studies of younger women with migraines. Those studies linked hormonal birth control pills to a small risk of stroke, particularly among women whose migraines feature "aura" symptoms – most often, visual disturbances such as seeing zigzag lines or bright flashes. Less has been known about any risks of hormone replacement therapy, said Dr. Jelena Pavlovic, the lead researcher on the new study. "It appears safe for women with migraines to use hormone therapy, in terms of their cardiovascular risk," said Pavlovic, an ... Read more

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White House to Roll Back Birth Control Mandate in Employers' Health Care Plans

Posted 6 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 6, 2017 – In a move that could affect millions of American women, the Trump Administration is poised to roll back a federal mandate requiring that birth control be available as part of employer-based health plans. Instead, new rules – expected as early as Friday – would give employers much wider leeway to declare themselves exempt from providing contraception due to moral or religious objections, The New York Times reported. More than 55 million women currently have access to free birth control due to the contraceptive coverage mandate, according to data compiled under the Obama administration. The new rules would also affect hundreds of thousands of women who get free contraception under the Affordable Care Act. The expected action from the White House fulfills a promise President Donald Trump made to voters during the 2016 election campaign. According to the Times, ... Read more

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Nearly Half of the World's Abortions Are Unsafe

Posted 28 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 28, 2017 – More than 25 million unsafe abortions are performed worldwide each year, a new study says. That means nearly half of the 55.7 million abortions that take place annually aren't safe, said researchers led by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Guttmacher Institute in New York City. The vast majority of these dangerous pregnancy terminations occur in Africa, Asia and Latin America, they found. Analyzing records for abortion globally, the research team deemed 55 percent of all terminations between 2010 and 2014 "safe." That meant they were performed using a WHO-recommended method (medical abortion, vacuum aspiration, or dilatation and evacuation) and involved at least one trained person. "The highest proportions of safe abortions were seen in countries with less restrictive laws, high economic development and well-developed health infrastructures, ... Read more

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STDs Hit All-Time High in U.S.

Posted 26 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 – New cases of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States reached an all-time high in 2016, federal health officials reported Tuesday. There were 1.6 million cases of chlamydia, 470,000 cases of gonorrhea and 28,000 of syphilis reported that year, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced in its annual report on STDs. And the diseases are on the rise in a number of groups, including women, infants, and gay and bisexual men. "Increases in STDs are a clear warning of a growing threat," said Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of the CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. "STDs are a persistent enemy, growing in number, and outpacing our ability to respond," he said in an agency news release. Young women account for nearly half of all diagnosed chlamydia infections, but syphilis and gonorrhea are ... Read more

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IUD Won't Interfere With Breast-Feeding

Posted 22 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 – Women who have a hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) implanted immediately after childbirth can still breast-feed, according to a new study. There's no reason for women to delay using this type of birth control after having a baby, researchers advised. "Bottom line: Early placement of a hormonal IUD is a safe, long-term birth control method that doesn't negatively affect women who want to breast-feed their baby," study first author Dr. David Turok said in a University of Utah news release. Turok is an associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology. For the study, researchers randomly divided more than 250 women into two groups. One group received a hormonal IUD within 30 minutes of giving birth. The other group received a hormonal IUD between four and 12 weeks after delivery. The study found that the hormones in the IUD did not delay lactation among the new ... Read more

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More Teen Dads?

Posted 22 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 – The number of teen mothers in the United States remained stable over two generations, but the number of teen fathers increased, new research shows. For the study, researchers analyzed data from two groups of about 10,000 people – those born in 1962-1964 and those born in 1980-1982. In both groups, about 8 percent of females were mothers at age 17. But the percentage of men in the younger group who were fathers at age 17 was nearly double the 1.7 percent seen in the older group, the findings showed. The study also found that teen mothers and fathers increasingly came from single-mother families with disadvantaged backgrounds. In addition, the percentage of teen mothers or teen fathers living with their partners didn't change, but far fewer were married in the younger group. The findings were published recently in the journal Child Youth Care Forum. There are a ... Read more

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Are Today's Teens Putting the Brakes on Adulthood?

Posted 19 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 – Parents may still marvel at how fast their kids grow up, but a new study finds that U.S. teenagers are maturing more slowly than past generations. In some ways, the trend appears positive: High school kids today are less likely to be drinking or having sex, versus their counterparts in the 1980s and 1990s. But they are also less likely to go on dates, have a part-time job or drive – traditional milestones along the path to adulthood. So is that slower development "good" or "bad"? It may depend on how you look at it, the researchers said. According to "life history theory," neither fast nor slow development is inherently good or bad, said study author Jean Twenge. Still, there are "trade-offs" to each path, explained Twenge, a professor of psychology at San Diego State University. "The upside of slower development is that teens aren't growing up before they ... Read more

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8 Ways College Women Can Protect Their Health

Posted 11 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 11, 2017 – The start of college means it's time for young women to take charge of their health. Dr. Aparna Sridhar, an assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California, Los Angeles, offers several tips in a university news release. Know your health status. Talk to your parents and your doctor to make sure you're up-to-date with health screenings, shots and prescriptions. Ask about the status of allergies and other health issues. Guard against HPV. Sridhar said college students should make sure they have been immunized for human papilloma virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection. "It can cause cervical cancer but can be prevented by the HPV vaccination and screening with pap smears," she said. Know how to get health care on campus. Find out the location of the closest health center that accepts your insurance. Keep track of menstrual ... Read more

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Could Folic Acid Fight a Cause of Autism?

Posted 8 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 – By taking folic acid around the time of conception, mothers-to-be may reduce their child's risk of pesticide-related autism, a new study suggests. "We found that if the mom was taking folic acid during the window around conception, the risk associated with pesticides seemed to be attenuated," said study first author Rebecca Schmidt. "Mothers should try to avoid pesticides. But if they live near agriculture, where pesticides can blow in, this might be a way to counter those effects," said Schmidt. She is an assistant professor of public health sciences at the University of California, Davis. It's estimated that one in 68 U.S. children has an autism spectrum disorder, which can range from mild to severe. There is no single cause, but research suggests a combination of genetic and environmental influences plays a role, according to the U.S. National Institutes of ... Read more

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There May Be a Big Medical Upside to Being Short

Posted 6 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 – There may be at least one advantage to being short: a lower risk for dangerous blood clots in the veins, a new study shows. These clots, called venous thromboembolisms, include blockages known as DVTs (deep vein thrombosis), which typically start in the legs and can travel to the lungs, raising a person's odds for stroke. Sometimes DVTs occur after long-haul flights, so they've been dubbed "economy class syndrome." But new research suggests a slight advantage for shorter people in avoiding the clots. Why the effect? "It could just be that because taller individuals have longer leg veins there is more surface area where problems can occur," theorized study lead author Dr. Bengt Zoller. "There is also more gravitational pressure in leg veins of taller persons that can increase the risk of blood flow slowing or temporarily stopping," noted Zoller, an associate ... Read more

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6 in 10 of America's Single Guys 'Take Responsibility' for Contraception

Posted 31 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 31, 2017 – About six in 10 sexually active single men in the United States are taking responsibility for birth control, government health officials say. When they have sex, these unmarried males are using a condom (45 percent), vasectomy, "withdrawal," or a combination, according to a new report released Thursday from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For the study, the researchers surveyed about 3,700 unmarried and sexually active men, aged 15 to 44. The researchers found that use of any male birth control method rose from about 52 percent in 2002 to more than 59 percent by 2011-2015. Male-method contraception was highest (75 percent) among men who had never married, followed by formerly married men (55 percent) and men currently living with their partner (36 percent), said study lead author Kimberly Daniels. Daniels is a statistician with the CDC's ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Depo-Provera, Nexplanon, Mirena, NuvaRing, Provera, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Tri-Sprintec, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Mononessa

Zika May Not Last in Semen as Long as Thought

Posted 18 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 – Zika virus might not remain in the semen of some infected men as long as previously thought, a small study suggests. The researchers said Zika may only be present in semen for about a month. Previous research had suggested that Zika virus can be found in semen for as long as 188 days after the onset of symptoms. The new study included 12 men in French Guiana who had Zika virus. Four of the men never had any detectable Zika in their semen. One excreted Zika virus in his semen for at least three days. And seven had Zika-laced semen for at least a month, the researchers reported. The maximum duration of detectable Zika in semen in the study was 45 days. "These data suggest that not all men who are symptomatically infected with Zika virus will have Zika virus RNA detectable in semen," Dr. Franck de Laval, of the Military Center for Epidemiology and Public Health in ... Read more

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Americans Injuring Themselves Grooming Pubic Hair

Posted 16 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 16, 2017 – Should you consider trimming or shaving "down there," proceed with care – a new study finds injuries tied to pubic hair grooming are more common than you might think. Cuts, burns and infections are reported more than a quarter of the time, according to the online survey of more than 7,500 U.S. adults. "In another study, we found that 3 percent of all adults who were seen in the emergency room for urinary injuries had injuries related to pubic hair grooming," said lead researcher Dr. Benjamin Breyer. He's an associate professor of urology and epidemiology and biostatistics at the University of California, San Francisco. In this latest report, Breyer and his team found that nearly 67 percent of men and 85 percent of women said they groomed their pubic hair. Among those who did so, nearly 26 percent said they had injured themselves in the process. Injuries were ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Infections, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Depo-Provera, Nexplanon, Mirena, NuvaRing, Provera, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Tri-Sprintec, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, TriNessa

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