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Liver and Pancreatic Disease News

Lack of Awareness May Spur Spread of Hep C

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 1, 2017 – Only about half of people in the United States with hepatitis C know they have the curable disease, new data shows. That lack of awareness contributes to increasing rates of hepatitis C infection and means the country is unlikely to meet its own or World Health Organization target dates for eliminating the disease, researchers said. Hepatitis C can cause liver disease, cirrhosis and liver cancer and led to about 23,000 deaths in the United States in 2016 – a toll that's rising every year, according to the data gathered by researchers with the Polaris Observatory and the Center for Disease Analysis Foundation in Colorado. Currently, the number of hepatitis C deaths in the United States each year is greater than the number of HIV-related deaths. Since 2012, hepatitis C deaths have outnumbered deaths from all other reportable infectious diseases combined, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis C, HIV Infection, Cirrhosis, Liver Cirrhosis, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Hepatic Tumor

Hepatitis C Screening May Boost Opioid Treatment Success

Posted 20 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 20, 2017 – Opioid abuse therapy may be more effective if patients are screened for hepatitis C as part of the program, a new Canadian study says. The research found a sharp drop in opioid abuse among patients after they were told they tested positive for the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis C causes liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer and liver failure, the researchers said. "Our study showed awareness of HCV infection among this particular population may motivate them to reduce their consumption and hopefully high-risk behavior," said lead investigator Dr. Hooman Farhang Zangneh, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Toronto Centre for Liver Disease at Toronto General Hospital. The primary cause of hepatitis C transmission is infected blood, which is often transmitted through needle sharing to inject drugs. The study included ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Tramadol, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Opiate Withdrawal, Codeine, Lortab, Opana, Hepatitis C, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER

Hundreds Hospitalized in San Diego as Hepatitis A Outbreak Spreads

Posted 6 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 6, 2017 – An outbreak of hepatitis A among drug users and the homeless in San Diego continues to spread, public health experts report. To date, 481 cases have been reported, 337 people have been hospitalized and 17 have died, according to Dr. Eric McDonald. He is from the epidemiology and immunization services branch of the San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency. Cases of the viral liver disease are also now being reported in Santa Cruz and Los Angeles counties, where 70 and 12 people have been diagnosed, respectively, the Los Angeles Times reported. The first signs of the outbreak surfaced almost a year ago. "From November 2016 to February 2017, between seven and nine cases would have been expected, yet 19 cases were reported," McDonald said during a media briefing Thursday. What triggered this outbreak remains unknown and will most likely never be identified, ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis A, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Chronic Active Hepatitis, Twinrix, Infectious Hepatitis, Havrix, Hepatitis A Adult Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Havrix Pediatric, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis, Vaqta, Hepatitis A Pediatric Vaccine, Vaqta Pediatric, Hepatitis A Adult Vaccine/hepatitis B Adult Vaccine

Researchers Grow Functioning Liver Tissue in Mice

Posted 19 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 – Researchers say they were able to coax tiny "seeds" of liver tissue into fully functioning livers in mice. If this approach works in people, it could help reduce long wait lists for liver transplants. It might also benefit people with failing livers who don't quality for liver transplants, according to the researchers. The scientists placed three types of liver cells – the seeds – into biodegradable tissue scaffolds. They then implanted those scaffolds in mice with damaged livers. Once inside the mice, the tiny structures grew 50-fold and were able to perform normal liver tissue functions. "There are just not enough organs to go around. Our goal is that one day we could use this technology to increase the number of transplants that are done for patients, which right now is very limited," said senior author Dr. Sangeeta Bhatia. She's a professor of health ... Read more

Related support groups: Renal Failure, Renal Transplant, Chronic Kidney Disease, Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Kidney Transplant, Organ Transplant, Liver and Pancreatic Disease

Daily Jolt of Java May Bring Longer Life

Posted 10 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 – Here's news to perk up your day: Drinking coffee might help you live a little longer, two new studies suggest. Researchers found that daily coffee drinkers were up to 18 percent less likely to die over the next 10 to 16 years, versus non-drinkers. The findings – based on over 700,000 middle-aged and older adults – add to the growing list of benefits linked to moderate coffee drinking. Studies have already tied the habit to lower risks of various diseases – from heart disease and type 2 diabetes, to liver cancer, to neurological diseases like Parkinson's and multiple sclerosis. None of those studies prove coffee, per se, provides the benefit. And it's unlikely that doctors will start recommending coffee as some sort of elixir, according to Veronica Setiawan, the senior researcher on one of the studies. "But if you've always been a coffee drinker," she said, ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Caffeine, Angina, Fioricet, Excedrin, Pre-Diabetes, Alert, Myocardial Infarction, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Cafergot, Keep Going, Diabetes Mellitus, Fiorinal with Codeine, Fioricet with Codeine, Esgic, Valentine, Headache Relief

Can Coffee, Tea Protect the Liver From 'Western' Diet?

Posted 13 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 – Regularly drinking coffee or herbal tea may help prevent chronic liver disease, new research suggests. Scientists in the Netherlands found these popular beverages might help thwart liver fibrosis, or stiffness and scarring due to chronic inflammation. "Over the past decades, we gradually deviated towards more unhealthy habits, including a sedentary lifestyle, decreased physical activity, and consumption of a 'happy diet,' " said study lead author Dr. Louise Alferink. This "happy diet" – commonly known as the Western diet – is rich in sugary, processed foods that lack nutrients. This unhealthy way of eating has contributed to the obesity epidemic and a surge in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, which occurs when excessive amounts of fat accumulate in the liver, said Alferink, a researcher at Erasmus MC University Medical Centre in Rotterdam. To investigate the ... Read more

Related support groups: Dietary Supplementation, Caffeine, Fioricet, Excedrin, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Alert, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Cafergot, Keep Going, Fiorinal with Codeine, Fioricet with Codeine, Esgic, Valentine, Headache Relief, Norgesic, Stay Awake, Acetaminophen/Butalbital/Caffeine, Trezix, Liver and Pancreatic Disease

U.S. Liver Cancer Deaths Have Doubled Since 1980s: Study

Posted 7 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 – Liver cancer is the fastest-growing cause of cancer deaths in the United States, a new study reports. Liver cancer cases have been on the rise since the mid-1970s, a trend expected to continue through at least 2030. Death rates from the disease have doubled since the mid-1980s – the fastest increase of any cancer, according to the American Cancer Society, which conducted the study. About 41,000 new cases of liver cancer and 29,000 deaths from the disease are projected in the United States this year, the cancer society said. Liver cancer is now the fifth-leading cause of cancer death in men and the eighth-leading cause in women. About 1 percent of people will be diagnosed with the disease during their lives. Only 1 in 5 survives five years after diagnosis, said the researchers led by Dr. Farhad Islami. Islami is strategic director of cancer surveillance ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis C, Liver Cirrhosis, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Twinrix, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Engerix-B, Hepatic Tumor, Hepatitis A Adult Vaccine/hepatitis B Adult Vaccine

Cirrhosis Could Raise Stroke Risk

Posted 5 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 5, 2017 – Cirrhosis – a stiffening of liver tissue that's often tied to excessive drinking of alcohol – may also raise an older person's odds for a stroke, a new study suggests. "In a nationally representative sample of elderly patients with vascular risk factors, cirrhosis was associated with an increased risk of stroke, particularly hemorrhagic stroke," wrote a team led by Dr. Neal Parikh, of Weill Cornell Medicine and New York-Presbyterian Hospital in New York City. Hemorrhagic or "bleeding" stroke comprises about 13 percent of strokes and occurs when a blood vessel ruptures, according to the American Stroke Association. The majority of strokes (87 percent) are ischemic – meaning they are caused by clots. In the new study, Parikh's team tracked 2008-2014 data for more than 1.6 million Medicare patients older than 66. The research showed that while just over 1 percent ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Cirrhosis, Alcohol Dependence, Transient Ischemic Attack, Alcoholism, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Wild 'Death Cap' Mushroom Seriously Sickens 14 in California

Posted 1 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 1, 2017 – A bumper crop of deadly wild "death cap" mushrooms in northern California is likely to blame for the poisonings of 14 people in December, health officials say. The culprit: Amanita phalloides, believed to be the world's most dangerous mushroom. All 14 recovered, but three required liver transplants, and a toddler suffered permanent brain damage, the researchers reported. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that anyone picking wild mushrooms have them evaluated by a specialist before eating them. "Wild-picked mushrooms should be evaluated by a trained mycologist [fungi expert] before ingestion," according to the report published in the June 2 issue of the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. "Inexperienced foragers should be strongly discouraged from eating any wild mushrooms," wrote Dr. Kathy Vo, of the University of ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

New Hepatitis C Infections Hit 15-Year High: CDC

Posted 14 May 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 – Reports of new hepatitis C infections in the United States nearly tripled over five years, reaching a 15-year high, federal government data show. The highest number of new infections were reported among 20- to 29-year-olds. Many stemmed from the growing use of injected drugs linked to the current opioid epidemic, officials said. The number of reported cases rose from 850 in 2010 to 2,436 in 2015, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But nearly half of people who have the liver infection don't know it, so most new cases are never reported. The CDC estimated there were actually about 34,000 new hepatitis C infections nationwide in 2015. "We must reach the hardest-hit communities with a range of prevention and treatment services that can diagnose people with hepatitis C and link them to treatment. This wide range of services can also ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis C, Viral Infection, Liver and Pancreatic Disease

Obesity in Youth Tied to Higher Odds for Liver Cancer in Men

Posted 21 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 21, 2017 – Overweight and obese young men are at increased risk for serious liver disease or liver cancer later in life, and those with diabetes have an even higher risk, a new study warns. Efforts to reduce obesity, "should be implemented from an early age to reduce the future burden of severe liver disease on individuals and society," say Swedish researchers led by Hannes Hagstrom, of the Center for Digestive Diseases at Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm. A liver specialist in the United States agreed. "This should be a wake-up call for young men to take their weight seriously and take steps to stay in shape to hopefully prevent liver disease, diabetes and liver cancer in the future," said Dr. David Bernstein, chief of hepatology at Northwell Health in Manhasset, NY. He explained that obesity is linked to the development of a condition called non-alcoholic ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cirrhosis, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Liver Cirrhosis, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Benign Liver Tumor, Hepatic Tumor

U.S. Vaccine Guidelines for Flu, HPV Updated

Posted 7 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 7, 2017 – Roll up your sleeves, America. A national advisory panel of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released its 2017 advisory for recommended shots affecting adults. This year's advisory revises guidance on seasonal flu shots by eliminating nasal flu vaccines and modifying flu-shot advice for people with egg allergy. It also tweaks recommendations for vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B and meningococcal disease. Doctors use the annually updated vaccine schedule to ensure that patients receive the right vaccines for their age, medical condition and other risk factors. The entire list includes 13 vaccinations. "All adults need immunizations to help them prevent getting and spreading serious disease that could result in poor health, missed work, medical bills, and not being able to care for family," said the report's lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, HIV Infection, Liver Cirrhosis, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Autoimmune Disorders, Gardasil, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Twinrix, Hepatitis B Prevention, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Tetanus Immune Globulin, Influenza Prophylaxis, Cervarix, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Engerix-B, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, HyperTET S/D, Meningococcal Group B Vaccine

Rates of Early Deaths Rise for Whites, Drop for Blacks

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Premature death rates in the United States have fallen for some groups but risen in others, a federal study says. Researchers looked at death certificate data from 1999 to 2014. They found that rates of premature death (between ages 25 to 64) declined among blacks, Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders. At the same time, the rates went up for whites and American Indians/Alaska Natives. "Death at any age is devastating for those left behind, but premature death is especially so, in particular for children and parents," said study senior author Amy Berrington, from the U.S. National Cancer Institute. "Our study can be used to target prevention and surveillance efforts to help those groups in greatest need," she said in an agency news release. There were fewer deaths from cancer, heart disease and HIV for blacks, Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders. Success in ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Benzodiazepine Overdose, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Newer Hepatitis C Drugs May Pose Health Risks: Study

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

Newer drugs to cure hepatitis C may put patients at risk for liver failure and other severe side effects, according to a new study from a U.S. nonprofit group that examines drug safety. The study by the Institute for Safe Medication Practices is based on an analysis of U.S. Food and Drug Administration data and reports from doctors worldwide on adverse events possibly caused by the nine widely used antiviral drugs, The New York Times reported. Two of the drugs, Sovaldi and Harvoni, are so-called blockbusters made by Gilead Sciences and priced at $1,000 a pill. Sovaldi was approved in 2013 and Harvoni in 2014. These and other antiviral drugs can cure hepatitis C in 12 weeks in many patients. The number of adverse events is fairly small and the findings are not conclusive, but experts say the study published online Wednesday should serve as a warning, The Times reported. The study said ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis C, Harvoni, Sovaldi, Ribavirin, Epclusa, Incivek, Sofosbuvir, Victrelis, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Copegus, Telaprevir, Rebetol, Ribasphere, Interferon Alfa-2B/Ribavirin, Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, Boceprevir, RibaPak, Rebetron, Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir, Simeprevir

Even One High-Fat Meal Can Harm Your Liver, Study Finds

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 – Eating a high-fat meal – say, a cheeseburger and fries or a pepperoni pizza – disrupts liver function, a new, small study reveals. Researchers found that the high levels of saturated fat found in such rich foods immediately alter the work of the liver, possibly setting the body up for serious disease down the line. "The effects mimic the abnormalities seen in people with severe metabolic disease," said study co-author Dr. Michael Roden, referring to conditions like fatty liver disease and cirrhosis. "Our findings paint the picture of the earliest changes in liver metabolism leading to fatty liver diseases and liver cirrhosis in the context of obesity and type 2 diabetes," said Roden. He's scientific director of the German Diabetes Center at Heinrich Heine University in Dusseldorf. How long these metabolic alterations last after people indulge in a rich meal ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Cirrhosis, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Liver Cirrhosis, Liver and Pancreatic Disease

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Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Pancreatic Exocrine Dysfunction, Liver Cirrhosis, Hyperbilirubinemia, Portal Hypertension, Benign Liver Tumor, Hepatic Tumor, Liver Metastasis in Adenocarcinoma, Bile Acid Synthesis Disorders, Hepatic Coma, Liver Abscess