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Psychiatric Drugs May Reduce Ex-Prisoners' Violent Crime Rate

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 – Released prisoners may be less likely to commit violent crimes if they're prescribed certain kinds of psychiatric medications, a new study suggests. These medications can affect someone's mental state. They include antidepressants, antipsychotics, psychostimulants, drugs to treat addiction and antiepileptic drugs, the researchers said. The study authors looked at information on more than 22,000 prisoners in Sweden. They were released between July 2005 and December 2010. The researchers had a median of nearly five years of follow-up information. During that time, 18 percent of the prisoners committed violent crimes, the researchers said. Three classes of drugs were linked to much lower rates of violent crimes. Antipsychotics were tied to a 42 percent reduction in violent crimes. For psychostimulants, the reduction was 38 percent. Drugs to treat addiction were ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Prozac, Seroquel, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Major Depressive Disorder, Abilify, Sertraline, Lithium, Bupropion, Amitriptyline, Fluoxetine, Viibryd, Schizophrenia

Lithium Beats Newer Meds for Bipolar Disorder, Study Finds

Posted 12 May 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 – Lithium outperforms newer mood stabilizers in the treatment of bipolar disorder, a new study has found. Patients taking lithium had lower rates of self-harm and unintentional injury compared to those taking other bipolar drugs, such as valproate (Depacon, Depakote), olanzapine (Zyprexa) or quetiapine (Seroquel), said lead researcher Joseph Hayes. He is a fellow of psychiatry at University College London. "This is important because people with bipolar disorder are 15 times more likely to die by suicide and six times more likely to die by accidental injury than the general population," Hayes explained. People taking one of the alternative mood stabilizers were 40 percent more likely to harm themselves compared to patients on lithium, Hayes and his colleagues found. And people on valproate or quetiapine were 32 percent to 34 percent more likely to fall victim to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Seroquel, Major Depressive Disorder, Lithium, Mania, Zyprexa, Quetiapine, Seroquel XR, Olanzapine, Dysthymia, Symbyax, Valproic Acid, Zyprexa Zydis, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Depakene, Cyclothymic Disorder, Lithobid, Eskalith, Eskalith-CR

Can the Anesthetic Ketamine Ease Suicidal Thoughts?

Posted 10 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 – Low doses of the anesthetic ketamine may quickly reduce suicidal thoughts in people with long-standing depression, a small study suggests. By the end of three weeks of therapy, most of the 14 study volunteers had a decrease in suicidal thoughts and seven ended up not having any such thoughts, the researchers found. To get into the study, patients had to have had suicidal thoughts for at least three months, plus persistent depression. "So, the fact that they experienced any reduction in suicidal thinking, let alone remission, is very exciting," said lead researcher Dr. Dawn Ionescu, an instructor in psychiatry at Harvard Medical School in Boston. Despite these results, many mysteries still remain about the drug, Ionescu said. For example, "we don't know yet how the drug works," she said. "In addition, we do not know if the doses of ketamine being used for ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Lithium, Dysthymia, Ketamine, Clozapine, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Clozaril, Eskalith, Depressive Psychosis, Lithobid, Eskalith-CR, Versacloz, FazaClo, LidoProfen, Clozapine Synthon, Lithotabs, Denzapine, Ketamine/ketoprofen/lidocaine, Ketalar

Antipsychotics Don't Ease Delirium in Hospitalized Patients

Posted 29 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 29, 2016 – Antipsychotic medications, such as haloperidol (Haldol) or clozapine (Clozaril), aren't appropriate for preventing or routinely treating delirium in hospitalized patients, a new study suggests. The researchers reviewed past studies and found that antipsychotic drugs given before surgery didn't prevent delirium. These drugs also didn't make any difference in the course of delirium in medical or surgical patients, the study authors said. "The American Geriatrics Society guidelines suggest avoiding using these medications as a part of routine care of a patient with delirium," said lead researcher Dr. Karin Neufeld, clinical director of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center in Baltimore. Delirium causes confused thinking and diminished awareness of the environment, such as time and place. Delirium is often caused by physical or mental illness, such as ... Read more

Related support groups: Seroquel, Abilify, Lithium, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Risperidone, Geodon, Saphris, Quetiapine, Seroquel XR, Olanzapine, Haldol, Invega, Psychiatric Disorders, Clozapine, Rexulti, Haloperidol, Aripiprazole, Compazine

Schizophrenia Tied to Much Higher Risk of Suicide Attempts

Posted 19 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 – Schizophrenia patients are at significantly increased risk of attempting suicide, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than 21,700 Canadians, including 101 who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia. About 39 percent of people (two in five) with schizophrenia had attempted suicide, compared with about 3 percent of people without the mental health disorder. "Even after taking into account most of the known risk factors for suicide attempts, those with schizophrenia had six times the odds of having attempted suicide in comparison to those without schizophrenia," study author Esme Fuller-Thomson said in a University of Toronto news release. Fuller-Thomson is a professor of social work at the university. When researchers focused only on the 101 individuals with schizophrenia, they found that "women and those with a history of drug or alcohol abuse ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Wellbutrin, Seroquel, Major Depressive Disorder, Abilify, Lithium, Bupropion, Amitriptyline, Viibryd, Schizophrenia, Mirtazapine, Wellbutrin XL, Remeron, Latuda, Nortriptyline, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Risperidone, Elavil, Schizoaffective Disorder

Research Gives Clues to Why Some Benefit More From Drug for Bipolar Disorder

Posted 28 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28, 2015 – Some people with bipolar disorder do not respond as well as others to the standby drug lithium, and a new study hints at why that may be so. The research also brings scientists closer to understanding the origins of the psychiatric illness, which causes severe mood swings that include emotional highs and lows. Specifically, the brain cells of people with bipolar disorder seem to be more sensitive than brain cells of people without the mental illness, the small study suggests. "Researchers hadn't all agreed that there was a cellular cause to bipolar disorder," study senior author Rusty Gage, a professor in the genetics lab at the Salk Institute in La Jolla, Calif., said in an institute news release. "So our study is important validation that the [brain] cells of these patients really are different." Gage and his colleagues took skin cells from six people with ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Lithium, Mania, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Cyclothymic Disorder, Eskalith, Lithobid, Eskalith-CR, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Lithotabs, Lithonate

Many Seniors Given Antipsychotic Meds, Despite Potential Problems

Posted 21 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2015 – Antipsychotic drug use in American seniors increases with age, a new study cautions. The researchers found that the percentage of people aged 80 to 84 who received a prescription for an antipsychotic drug was twice that of people aged 65 to 69. This increase is occurring despite the known risks of serious side effects such as stroke, kidney damage, and death, they added. "The results of the study suggest a need to focus on new ways to treat the underlying causes of agitation and confusion in the elderly," study author Dr. Mark Olfson, from the College of Physicians and Surgeons and Columbia University in New York City, said in a news release from the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). "The public health community needs to give greater attention to targeted environmental and behavioral treatments rather than medications," he added. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Seroquel, Abilify, Lithium, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Risperidone, Geodon, Saphris, Quetiapine, Seroquel XR, Olanzapine, Haldol, Invega, Clozapine, Rexulti, Haloperidol, Aripiprazole, Compazine, Symbyax

Brain Inflammation May Be Linked to Schizophrenia

Posted 16 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 – Researchers say they've found a link between brain inflammation and schizophrenia. British investigators used PET scans to assess immune cell activity in the brains of 56 people. Some had schizophrenia, some were at risk for the mental disorder, and others had no symptoms or risk of the disease. The results showed that immune cells are more active in the brains of people with schizophrenia and those at risk for the disease. "Our findings are particularly exciting because it was previously unknown whether these cells become active before or after onset of the disease," lead author Peter Bloomfield, of the Medical Research Council's Clinical Sciences Center at Imperial College London, said in a college news release. "Now we have shown this early involvement, mechanisms of the disease and new medications can hopefully be uncovered," he added. The findings could ... Read more

Related support groups: Seroquel, Abilify, Lithium, Schizophrenia, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Risperidone, Schizoaffective Disorder, Geodon, Saphris, Quetiapine, Seroquel XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Olanzapine, Haldol, Agitated State, Invega

Standby Drug for Adult Bipolar Disorder May Be Safe, Effective in Children

Posted 12 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 – A new study suggests that lithium – for years a go-to medication for adults with bipolar disorder – may be safely used in children with the condition, at least for the short term. As the researchers explained, lithium has long been the drug of choice for treating adults with bipolar disorder, which is characterized by extreme mood swings. The condition affects about 1 percent of teens and is a leading cause of disability in the teenage years. Bipolar disorder typically begins in the teens or young adulthood, the researchers noted. While lithium is a standby medication for adult patients, it has "never been rigorously studied in children," lead researcher Dr. Robert Findling, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, said in a university news release. To try and close that research gap, ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Lithium, Mania, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Cyclothymic Disorder, Eskalith, Lithobid, Eskalith-CR, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Lithotabs, Lithonate

ERs Often 'Safety Net' Care for People With Schizophrenia: CDC

Posted 23 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2015 – A new report finds that, too often, under-medicated Americans suffering from schizophrenia end up seeking care in the nation's hospital emergency rooms. The report, issued Wednesday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, found that between 2009 and 2011, over 382,000 visits to ERs were recorded for people aged 18 to 64 with schizophrenia. Many of these cases involved people on Medicaid who were either homeless or living in places such as nursing homes or group homes, the researchers said. Emergency departments "may serve as a safety net for schizophrenic patients not otherwise receiving care," said Dr. Michael Albert and Linda McCaig, both of whom work at the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Mental health expert Dr. Michael Birnbaum said the new findings were "not surprising." "Unfortunately many people with mental illness ... Read more

Related support groups: Seroquel, Abilify, Lithium, Schizophrenia, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Risperidone, Schizoaffective Disorder, Geodon, Saphris, Quetiapine, Seroquel XR, Psychosis, Olanzapine, Haldol, Invega, Clozapine, Rexulti, Haloperidol

Are Too Many Young Americans Getting Antipsychotics for ADHD?

Posted 1 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2015 – A growing number of teens and young adults are being prescribed powerful antipsychotics, even though the medications aren't approved to treat two disorders – ADHD and depression – they are commonly used for, a new study shows. Researchers found that antipsychotic use rose among children aged 13 and older – from 1.1 percent in 2006 to nearly 1.2 percent in 2010. And among young adults – people aged 19 to 24 – antipsychotic use increased from 0.69 percent in 2006 to 0.84 percent in 2010. Of concern to some experts are the conditions for which many of these antipsychotic prescriptions are being written, namely attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and depression. Currently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approves this class of drugs for psychiatric conditions such as psychosis, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or impulsive aggression tied to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Seroquel, Major Depressive Disorder, Abilify, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Lithium, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Risperidone, Geodon, Saphris, Quetiapine, Seroquel XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Olanzapine, Haldol, Dysthymia, Invega, Clozapine

Older, Cheap Drug Lithium May Cut Suicide Risk for People With Mood Disorders

Posted 27 Jun 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 27 – A new review of data suggests than an old and inexpensive drug, lithium, may help lower suicide risk in people with mood disorders such as depression or bipolar disorder. "The study provides further evidence that one of the most effective psychiatric medications for preventing suicide in patients with mood disorders is also one of our oldest," said one expert not connected to the research, Dr. Andrew Kolodny, chairman of psychiatry at Maimonides Medical Center in New York City. According to background information from the researchers, people with mood disorders have a 30 times higher risk of suicide compared to the general population. Treatment with mood-stabilizing drugs such as lithium, anticonvulsants or antipsychotics can help maintain mood within normal limits, but their role in suicide prevention has been unclear, according to background information in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Lithium, Eskalith, Lithobid, Eskalith-CR, Lithotabs, Lithonate

Psychiatric Drugs More Often Prescribed in the South

Posted 1 Feb 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 1 – Use of psychiatric medications is most prevalent in the southern United States and least prevalent in the West, according to a new U.S. study. Although people living in the West are the least likely to use antipsychotics, antidepressants and stimulants, the Yale researchers found that the drugs' use is 40 percent higher in a large section of the South than in other parts of the country. The study authors attributed this discrepancy to variations in local access to health care and marketing efforts within the pharmaceutical industry. "The geographic patterns we identify are striking and map onto the patterns found for a host of other medical conditions and treatments, from cognitive decline to bypass surgery," Marissa King, assistant professor of organizational behavior at the Yale School of Management, said in a school news release. "Our work suggests that access to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Adderall, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Seroquel, Celexa, Phentermine, Citalopram, Vyvanse, Paxil, Trazodone, Abilify, Sertraline, Pristiq, Lithium

Prescription Meds Can Put on Unwanted Pounds

Posted 2 Mar 2012 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 2 – Medications taken by millions of Americans for mood disorders, high blood pressure, diabetes and other chronic conditions can have an unhealthy side effect: weight gain. While other choices exist for some types of drugs, adjusting medications is not simply a matter of switching, said Ryan Roux, chief pharmacy officer with the Harris County Hospital District, in Houston. In the late 1990s, Dr. Lawrence Cheskin conducted early research on prescription medicines and obesity. "Some medicines make an early, noticeable difference, causing patients to become ravenously hungry, while changes are subtle for others. A few months taking them and you've gained 10 pounds," said Cheskin, now director of the Johns Hopkins Weight Management Center, in Baltimore. To help increase awareness, Roux and his pharmacist group have compiled a list of "weight-promoting" and "weight-neutral or ... Read more

Related support groups: Plan B, Bipolar Disorder, High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Gabapentin, Prednisone, Prozac, Mirena, Metformin, Sprintec, NuvaRing, Provera, Nexplanon, Seroquel, Implanon, Depo-Provera, Hypertension, Paxil

Bipolar Drug May Spur Weight Gain, Thyroid Problems: Review

Posted 19 Jan 2012 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19 – A new medical review finds that lithium, a common treatment for bipolar disorder, can lead to weight gain and causes high rates of abnormalities in the thyroid and parathyroid glands. But the researchers found few signs of a link to skin problems or hair loss, and a suspected connection to birth defects hasn't been proven, according to the report published in the Jan. 20 online edition of The Lancet. Overall, the findings reaffirm lithium's role as "a treatment of choice for bipolar disorder," two doctors wrote in an accompanying editorial. While lithium is less popular than it was in the 1970s and '80s as a treatment for bipolar disorder, it's probably the most effective available mood stabilizer, said Dr. Bryan Bruno, acting chairman of the department of psychiatry at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, who was not involved with the review but is familiar with ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Lithium, Eskalith, Lithobid, Eskalith-CR, Lithotabs, Lithonate

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Related Condition Support Groups

Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Mania, Cyclothymic Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Cluster Headaches

Related Drug Support Groups

Eskalith, Lithobid, Eskalith-CR, Lithonate, Lithotabs

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