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Some Medicines Boost Sensitivity to Sun

Posted 17 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 – It's well-known that too much time in the sun puts your skin at risk. But it's extra important to limit sun exposure when you're taking certain prescription medications, a pharmaceutical expert warns. Drug-induced photosensitivity is similar to intense sunburns. It causes severe pain, skin peeling and blistering. People taking certain antibiotics and antidepressants are most at risk, said Cesar Munoz, clinical pharmacy manager in ambulatory care services at Harris Health System in the Houston area. Even some over-the-counter medications can cause photosensitivity, so be sure to read the label of any medication you take. The Skin Cancer Foundation warns that pain-relievers – such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve) – can cause photosensitivity. The degree of skin reaction depends on several factors, such as drug strength and amount of sun ... Read more

Related support groups: Ibuprofen, Amitriptyline, Doxycycline, Naproxen, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Nortriptyline, Advil, Elavil, Levaquin, Aleve, Motrin, Levofloxacin, Minocycline, Doxepin, Tetracycline, Imipramine, Avelox, Sunburn, Clomipramine

Recurring Intestinal Infections on the Rise in U.S.: Study

Posted 7 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 – Recurring Clostridium difficile intestinal infections are rising sharply in the United States, researchers warn. These infections sicken about 500,000 people a year, cause tens of thousands of deaths, and cost the U.S. health care system about $5 billion, according to investigators at the University of Pennsylvania. C. difficile causes diarrhea, severe gut inflammation and can lead to deadly blood infections, especially in the elderly. A review of nationwide health insurance data found a nearly 200 percent increase in the annual incidence of multiple recurring C. difficile infections between 2001 and 2012. For ordinary C. difficile, incidence rose by about 40 percent. Patients with multiple recurring C. difficile infections tended to be older (average age 56 versus 49), female, and were more likely to have used antibiotics, corticosteroids or acid-reducing drugs, ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Sulfamethoxazole, Levofloxacin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Avelox, Neomycin, Solodyn, Doryx

U.S. Hospitals Still Prescribe Too Many Antibiotics: Study

Posted 15 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – About 20 percent of U.S. hospital patients who receive antibiotics experience side effects from the drugs, researchers report. The new study included nearly 1,500 hospitalized adults who were prescribed antibiotics. The findings revealed that one-fifth of those who experienced antibiotic-related side effects didn't require the drugs in the first place. The results add to growing evidence that antibiotics are overused, according to the Johns Hopkins Hospital researchers. "Too often, clinicians prescribe antibiotics even if they have a low suspicion for a bacterial infection, thinking that even if antibiotics may not be necessary, they are probably not harmful. But that is not always the case," said Dr. Pranita Tamma. She is director of the hospital's Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Program. Antibiotics can cause real harm and doctors should always consider ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Macrobid, Levofloxacin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim

Staph Aureus Rates Of Resistance To Certain Antibiotics Show A Decrease Over Time

Posted 14 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 – Staphylococcus aureus infections among U.S. hospital patients have been less resistant to key antibiotics in recent years, a new study finds. Between 2009 and 2015, researchers tested antibiotic resistance in more than 19,000 S. aureus samples from 42 medical centers nationwide. "Results showed that S. aureus' rates of resistance to certain antibiotics decreased over time, which isn't often seen," study co-author Dr. Helio Sader said in an American Society for Microbiology news release. Sader is senior director of microbiology and surveillance at JMI Laboratories in North Liberty, Iowa. Rates of S. aureus resistance to the antibiotic oxacillin (Bactocill) fell from 47.2 percent in 2009 to 43.6 percent in 2015 to 42.2 percent in 2016. S. aureus resistance to other antibiotics, such as levofloxacin (Levaquin), clindamycin (Cleocin) and erythromycin, also ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Bactrim, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bactrim DS, Vancomycin, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Pylera, Zyvox, Cleocin, Septra, MY-E

Some Antibiotics Linked to Miscarriage Risk

Posted 1 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 – Taking certain types of antibiotics during pregnancy may boost the risk of miscarriage, a large study suggests. Macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides and metronidazole were associated with an increased risk of "spontaneous abortion," meaning loss of pregnancy before the 20th week of gestation. The study doesn't prove cause and effect. But, it does tie use of certain medicines to a higher risk of miscarriage – up to double the risk for some classes of antibiotics, the researchers said. "Some seem to be safer when it comes to the risk of spontaneous abortion, and some aren't," said study author Anick Bérard, a professor at the University of Montreal's Faculty of Pharmacy. However, the new evidence does not suggest that pregnant women should stop taking antibiotics to treat bacterial infections. "It [miscarriage] is still a rare outcome," Bérard added. ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Flagyl, Levaquin, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Macrobid, Levofloxacin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim

Common Post-Op Ear Drops Tied to Eardrum Perforations in Kids

Posted 30 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 30, 2017 – Children who suffer through multiple ear infections are often candidates for ear tube surgery. But a new study finds that the use of one type of ear drops – quinolones – after these surgeries may raise a child's risk for a perforated eardrum. Children who received post-surgical quinolones were 60 percent more likely to suffer eardrum perforations than those who received another type of ear drops, called neomycin, according to researchers from the University of Florida in Gainesville. The surgery in question is called tympanostomy. In these surgeries, small tubes are inserted into the eardrums to open up the area behind the eardrum and keep air pressure at a level equal to that of the middle ear. This helps prevent fluid buildup in the middle ear. "We have tended to use quinolone ear drops fairly liberally after tympanostomy tube surgery," study co-author ... Read more

Related support groups: Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Otitis Media, Levaquin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Neomycin, Neosporin, Ofloxacin, Triple Antibiotic, Head & Neck Surgery, Moxifloxacin, Maxitrol, Cortisporin Otic, Norfloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Gatifloxacin, Neomycin/Polymyxin B, Floxin, Sparfloxacin

Government Funding Could Save Canadians $4 Billion on Medicines

Posted 27 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 – A new report suggests that Canada would reap savings of more than $4 billion a year if the government funded nearly 120 types of "essential" medications. "Adding an essential medicines list is a pragmatic step toward universal pharmacare," said Steven Morgan, in a news release from the Canadian Medical Association. "It would ensure all Canadians have access to the most commonly required medicines while saving patients and private drug plan sponsors over $4 billion per year," Morgan said. He's a professor at the University of British Columbia. The report authors listed 117 drugs as essential medications. This list included antibiotics, insulin, birth control and antidepressants. These drugs made up 44 percent of all prescriptions filled at Canadian retail pharmacies in 2015. When "therapeutically similar" drugs were included in the list, that figure was as high ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Plan B, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Nexplanon, Mirena, Depo-Provera, NuvaRing, Provera, Sprintec, Celexa, Citalopram, Implanon, Paxil, Sertraline, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Bacterial Infection

Many Americans Unaware of 'Superbug' Threat: Poll

Posted 27 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 – Antibiotic-resistant "superbugs" are a major public health threat, but most Americans are clueless about the dangers, a new HealthDay/Harris Poll shows. More than two-thirds of U.S. adults know "little" or "nothing" about so-called superbugs – bacterial infections that are resistant to many or all antibiotics. And around half believe, incorrectly, that antibiotics work against viruses. That's a concern because improper antibiotic use is considered the major driver of the superbug problem – a problem with deadly consequences. "This poll shows that public ignorance is a huge part of the problem," said Humphrey Taylor, chairman emeritus of The Harris Poll. "Millions of patients continue to believe that antibiotics will help them recover from colds, flu and other viral infections," Taylor said, "and they can be upset with their doctors if they will not prescribe ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate

'Superbug' Infections Striking More U.S. Kids

Posted 24 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 24, 2017 – A type of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection has increased 700 percent in American children since 2007, a new investigation reveals. These infections are caused by Enterobacteriaceae bacteria – normal bacteria that can become resistant to multiple drugs. Once confined to hospitals, the tough-to-treat infections are spreading into the community at large, say researchers who evaluated eight years of data. These infections are associated with longer hospital stays and probably greater risk of death, the researchers said. "Antibiotic resistance increasingly threatens our ability to treat our children's infections," said study author Dr. Sharon Meropol. "Efforts to control this trend are urgently needed from all of us, such as using antibiotics only when necessary, and eliminating agricultural use of antibiotics in healthy animals," added Meropol. She's a ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Avelox, Neomycin, Gentamicin, Tobramycin, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Amikacin, Bacteremia, Ertapenem, Amoclan

Antibiotic Overuse Behind 'Superbug' Outbreak in U.K. Hospitals

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Overuse of antibiotics triggered a severe diarrhea outbreak in British hospitals that began in 2006, a new study reports. Researchers analyzed hospital data related to the outbreak of Clostridium difficile, a "superbug" gut infection. The investigators concluded that reducing the use of fluoroquinolones – antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and levofloxacin (Levaquin) – curbed the outbreak. "These findings are of international importance because other regions, such as North America, where fluoroquinolone prescribing remains unrestricted, still suffer from epidemic numbers of C. difficile infections," said study co-author Derrick Crook. He is a professor of microbiology at the University of Oxford in England. Overuse of fluoroquinolones enabled antibiotic-resistant C. difficile to thrive because non-resistant bugs in the gut were killed off by the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Diarrhea, Bacterial Infection, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Diarrhea, Chronic, Ofloxacin, Clostridial Infection, Ciprodex, Moxifloxacin, Diarrhea, Acute, Norfloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Gatifloxacin, Cipro HC, Infectious Diarrhea, Floxin

Health Tip: Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

Posted 9 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Antibiotic resistance applies when bacteria are no longer eliminated by a medicine that's supposed to kill them. Experts blame the problem on improper use of antibiotic medications. Here's what you can do to help, according to the World Health Organization: Only take antibiotics when prescribed by a health professional. Always finish the entire supply of antibiotics. Stopping too soon may allow the bacteria to continue living. Never save antibiotics for later use or use leftover antibiotics, and never share antibiotics with someone else. To help reduce the risk of infection in the first place, wash your hands often, get vaccinations and limit your contact with sick people. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Keflex, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Clarithromycin, Macrobid, Levofloxacin

CDC: Too Many Antibiotics Still Being Prescribed in U.S.

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – Despite growing concerns about creating drug-resistant bacteria, overprescribing of antibiotics in U.S. hospitals didn't drop between 2006 and 2012, according to a new federal report. Over that time period, 55 percent of patients received at least one dose of antibiotics during their hospital stay, whether it was needed or not, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. "Antibiotic use remains common, and use of the most powerful antibiotics is rising," said lead researcher James Baggs, a CDC epidemiologist. Although the use of antibiotics remained about the same during the study period, a significant increase was seen in the use of newer antibiotics, Baggs said. "Because inappropriate antibiotic use increases the risk of antibiotic resistance and other side effects, continued monitoring of antibiotic use is critical to future ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Macrobid, Levofloxacin, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate

FDA Medwatch Alert: Fluoroquinolone Antibacterial Drugs for Systemic Use: Drug Safety Communication - Warnings Updated Due to Disabling Side Effects

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: FDA approved changes to the labels of fluoroquinolone antibacterial drugs for systemic use (i.e., taken by mouth or by injection). Includes the following currently available fluoroquinolones: Avelox (moxifloxacin) Cipro (ciprofloxacin) Cipro extended-release (ciprofloxacin extended-release) Factive (gemifloxacin) Levaquin (levofloxacin) Ofloxacin (generic brand) These medicines are associated with disabling and potentially permanent side effects of the tendons, muscles, joints, nerves, and central nervous system that can occur together in the same patient. As a result, FDA revised the Boxed Warning, FDA’s strongest warning, to address these serious safety issues. In addition, FDA updated other parts of the drug label including the Warnings and Precautions and Medication Guide sections. FDA has determined that fluoroquinolones should be reserved for use in patients who have no o ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Bacterial Infection, Sinusitis, Cipro, Bronchitis, Ciprofloxacin, Pneumonia, Levaquin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Floxin, Factive, Anthrax, Floxin IV, Avelox IV, Levaquin Leva-Pak, Cipro Cystitis Pack

FDA Updates Warnings for Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

July 26, 2016 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved safety labeling changes for a class of antibiotics, called fluoroquinolones, to enhance warnings about their association with disabling and potentially permanent side effects and to limit their use in patients with less serious bacterial infections. “Fluoroquinolones have risks and benefits that should be considered very carefully,” said Edward Cox, M.D., director of the Office of Antimicrobial Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. “It’s important that both health care providers and patients are aware of both the risks and benefits of fluoroquinolones and make an informed decision about their use.” Fluoroquinolones are antibiotics that kill or stop the growth of bacteria. While these drugs are effective in treating serious bacterial infections, an FDA safety review found that both oral and inj ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Bacterial Infection, Sinusitis, Cipro, Bronchitis, Ciprofloxacin, Pneumonia, Levaquin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Floxin, Factive, Anthrax, Floxin IV, Avelox IV, Levaquin Leva-Pak, Cipro Cystitis Pack

FDA Bolsters Warnings About Class of Antibiotics

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Tuesday that it's strengthening label warnings on a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones because the drugs can lead to disabling side effects, including long-term nerve damage and ruptured tendons. The agency also cautioned that these bacteria-fighting drugs – including levofloxacin (Levaquin) and ciprofloxacin (Cipro) – shouldn't be prescribed for sinusitis, chronic bronchitis or simple urinary tract infections unless no other treatments options exist. "Fluoroquinolones have risks and benefits that should be considered very carefully," Dr. Edward Cox said in an FDA news release. He's director of the Office of Antimicrobial Products at the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. "It's important that both health care providers and patients are aware of both the risks and benefits of ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Urinary Tract Infection, Peripheral Neuropathy, Sinusitis, Bladder Infection, Cipro, Bronchitis, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Kidney Infections, Levofloxacin, Myasthenia Gravis, Avelox, Ofloxacin, Vigamox, Ciprodex, Sinus Symptoms, Moxifloxacin, Norfloxacin, Gemifloxacin

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