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Related terms: Breast Milk Insufficiency, Lactation Insufficiency

Most Cow's Milk Baby Formulas Don't Up Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

Posted 1 day 15 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – Although breast milk is still considered the best nutrition for babies, a new study suggests that most cow's milk formulas don't increase the risk of developing type 1 diabetes. However, the German researchers who did the study did find that giving highly hydrolyzed formulas – sometimes recommended for babies with food allergies – in the first week of life may increase the chances of type 1 diabetes in some children. "There is no benefit for infants at increased genetic risk for type 1 diabetes to be fed hydrolyzed infant formula as a first formula if breast-feeding is not possible," said lead author Sandra Hummel, from the Institute of Diabetes Research in Munich. The study wasn't designed to prove a cause-and-effect relationship between cow's milk baby formula and the development of autoantibodies that can trigger type 1 diabetes. And it's important to ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Diabetes, Type 1, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Cesarean Section, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

FDA Offers Guidance on Fish Intake for Kids, Pregnant Women

Posted 2 days 13 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 – A new U.S. government guideline classifies fish into three categories of safety to help pregnant women, breast-feeding mothers and parents of young children make healthy choices. The 62 types of fish and shellfish included in the guideline are sorted into: best choices: eat two to three servings a week; good choices: eat one serving a week; and fish to avoid. Nearly 90 percent of fish eaten in the United States fall into the best choices category, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Fifty percent of pregnant women eat fewer than 2 ounces of fish a week, which is far less than the recommended amount, the FDA said. Fish offers nutritional benefits important for growth and development during pregnancy and early childhood, the agency said. The FDA and EPA recommend two to three servings of lower-mercury ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Lactation Augmentation, Mercury Poisoning

Used Safely, Donor Breast Milk Can Help Preemie Babies

Posted 19 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 – Tiny preemies can benefit from donated breast milk – if it's given in the hospital with proper safety measures, a leading pediatricians' group says. However, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) also warned parents against informal "milk-sharing," or buying breast milk online. It's the first time the academy has issued a policy statement on donor breast milk, which is being used by a growing number of U.S. hospitals – mainly in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Specialists welcomed the report, saying it highlights an important measure for improving tiny preemies' health. It could serve as a "wake-up call" to hospitals that are not yet using donor breast milk, said Diane Spatz, director of the breast-feeding and lactation program at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Recent research has found that more NICUs are starting to offer donor milk. But ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Just How Safe Is That Baby Teether?

Posted 7 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 – A chemical that's banned from baby bottles and children's drinking cups is still widely used in baby teethers, a new study finds. Researchers in the United States who tested five dozen baby teethers found all of them contained bisphenol-A (BPA) and other endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Studies in animals have shown that endocrine disruptors interfere with hormones and cause developmental, reproductive and neurological harm, according to the study authors. Although most of the teethers were labeled BPA-free or non-toxic, all of them contained BPA, the study found. BPA is banned from children's drinking utensils in the United States and much of Europe. The teethers also contained a range of parabens and the antimicrobial agents triclosan and triclocarban, which are also endocrine disruptors, the researchers said. "The findings could be used to develop ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Poisoning, Premature Labor, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Triclosan, Cesarean Section, Apnea of Prematurity, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Septisol, Cetaphil Antibacterial, Digiclean E, Aktif, Milk Ejection, Gel-X, Triclotrex-B, Asept, Septi-Soft, Cadisept, Digiclean

Doctors Should Promote Breast-Feeding to Patients: Panel

Posted 25 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 25, 2016 – Doctors should provide breast-feeding support and guidance to new mothers and pregnant women, an expert panel says. This includes education about the benefits of breast-feeding, encouragement and practical help on how to breast-feed, according to the new U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation. Primary care providers should help women make an informed choice about breast-feeding, the panel said. "Breast-feeding has real health benefits for babies and their mothers. Primary care clinicians can help new moms who breast-feed be successful," said task force member Ann Kurth, dean of the Yale School of Nursing in New Haven, Conn. "Primary care interventions to support breast-feeding are effective in increasing both the number of mothers who breast-feed and how long they breast-feed their babies," she added in a task force news release. Breast-feeding ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Lactation Suppression, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Protein in Breast Milk May Reduce Hospital Infections in Preemies

Posted 14 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 14, 2016 – A protein in breast milk helps protect premature babies from hospital-acquired infections, according to a new study. "The majority of diseases affecting newborn preemies are hospital-acquired infections such as meningitis, pneumonia and urinary tract infections," said study lead author Dr. Michael Sherman. He is a retired professor of child health at the University of Missouri School of Medicine in Columbia, Mo. "Not only did we find that lactoferrin, a protein found in breast milk, could reduce hospital infections among preemies, but we also measured the safety of feeding the protein to newborns," he said in a university news release. The study included 60 premature infants who were given lactoferrin through a feeding tube twice a day for 28 days, and 60 premature infants who received a placebo. Babies in the lactoferrin group had 50 percent fewer ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

'Baby-Led' Weaning Doesn't Raise Choking Risk: Study

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – Babies who feed themselves solid foods early on may not be at increased risk of choking, a new clinical trial suggests. The study tested a popular trend known as "baby-led" weaning: Instead of introducing solid foods the traditional way – spoon-feeding rice cereal, for instance – parents let their babies feed themselves soft finger foods. Advocates claim the approach helps babies develop motor skills, become less picky eaters and possibly have a lower risk of obesity later in life because they are controlling how much they eat. But there are also concerns, including the potential for choking, said senior study author Rachael Taylor, a research associate professor at the University of Otago, in New Zealand. To dig into the question, she and her colleagues randomly assigned 206 mothers to either introduce solid foods the traditional way or try the baby-led ... Read more

Related support groups: Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Lactation Augmentation

Breast-Feeding Rates Climb, But Many Moms Quit Early: CDC

Posted 23 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – Even though most new moms in the United States begin breast-feeding their babies at birth, many stop sooner than recommended, a new study finds. In 2013, eight out of 10 newborns started out breast-feeding, which shows most mothers want to breast-feed and try to do so, according to the 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But only about half of infants are still breast-feeding at 6 months of age. And fewer than one-third (30.7 percent) are breast-fed at 12 months, the CDC reports. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends breast-feeding exclusively for the first 6 months of life, followed by breast-feeding along with other foods until at least 12 months of age. After that, the academy says breast-feeding can continue as long as mother and baby wish. There are a number of reasons pediatricians say breast is ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Lactation Suppression, Cesarean Section, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Antibiotics, Formula Feeding Might Change Baby's 'Microbiome'

Posted 15 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 15, 2016 – When babies are born, the birth process covers their bodies with countless microbes that play crucial roles in their future health. But a new study suggests that these "microbiomes" are altered by cesarean births, antibiotics and formula feeding. "The microbiome is really important in how a baby develops normally. We are doing things that are disrupting them," said Dr. Martin Blaser, director of the Human Microbiome Program at New York University Langone Medical Center. What do these microbiomes do? Microbiomes evolved with humans and are mostly helpful, explained Annie Gatewood Hoen. She's an assistant professor of epidemiology and biomedical data science at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, in New Hampshire. "These organisms help digest our food, train our immune system and out-compete disease-causing microbes," she said. But, there's still a lot ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Breast-Feeding a Boon to Preemies' Hearts: Study

Posted 14 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 14, 2016 – Breast-feeding premature babies appears to increase the likelihood that those infants will have healthier hearts in young adulthood, new research suggests. The finding was based on an analysis involving just over 200 men and women in their early- to mid-20s. It suggests that premature infants fed just breast milk during infancy ultimately have better heart volume and overall function compared to preemies raised on formula or a mixture of formula and breast milk. "It was completely unknown that breast milk would provide this particular protective effect on the development of the heart in babies born preterm," said study author Paul Leeson. He's the clinical director of the Cardiovascular Medicine Division of the Cardiovascular Clinical Research Facility at the University of Oxford, in England. "We suspected it might, but were surprised by the size of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Anemia Associated with Prematurity

Antibiotics May Blunt Breast-Feeding's Benefits

Posted 13 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 13, 2016 – Early use of antibiotics may dampen some of the benefits of breast-feeding, a new study suggests. Researchers found that babies who were prescribed antibiotics while they were breast-feeding or shortly afterward were prone to infections and obesity. "In breast milk, unlike in formula milk, the infant receives bacteria from the mother and specific sugar components that promote the growth of certain [gut] bacteria," explained lead researcher Katri Korpela, from the immunobiology research program at the University of Helsinki in Finland. The finding indicates that the health benefits of breast-feeding are largely due to how it helps a baby develop intestinal bacteria (microbiota), and that antibiotics disturb that development, she said. However, the study could not prove a cause-and-effect relationship between early antibiotic use and infections and obesity, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Sex, Breast Milk May Have Helped Spread Ebola in Africa

Posted 19 May 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 – The Ebola virus was transmitted by semen and breast milk during the latter stages of the outbreak in Sierra Leone, a new study shows. Researchers from the United Kingdom identified several instances of unconventional transmission of the deadly disease, including a mother who may have passed it to her baby through breast-feeding. In another instance, an Ebola survivor sexually transmitted the virus a month after being released from quarantine. "Close contact with an infected individual is still by far the most common way for Ebola to spread, but this study supports previous research suggesting that the virus can persist in bodily fluids for a long time after recovery," said Jeremy Farrar, director of Britain's Wellcome Trust, which funded the study. "These unusual modes of transmission may have contributed to isolated flare-ups of infections towards the end of ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, Lactation Augmentation

When New Moms Work Longer Hours, Breast-Feeding Takes a Back Seat

Posted 16 May 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 – Every working mom knows how hard it can be to juggle the demands of her job with the needs of her new baby, particularly when it comes to breast-feeding. Now, a new study has concluded that the more hours a new mom works, the tougher it is for her to continue breast-feeding. Mothers working 19 or fewer hours a week were much more likely to maintain breast-feeding through their babies' sixth month of life, compared to moms who had returned to full-time employment, said lead researcher Ning Xiang. "Every effort should be made to enable new mothers to spend more time with their newborn to establish and maintain breast-feeding," said Xiang, a research assistant with the University of Queensland Institute for Social Science Research, in Australia. "Governments should consider measures to encourage new mothers to delay their return to work, such as paid parental leave. ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Galactosemia, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Preemies' Brains Get Boost From Breast Milk

Posted 3 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Breast milk may help promote brain growth in premature infants, a new study found. "The brains of babies born before their due dates usually are not fully developed," explained senior investigator Dr. Cynthia Rogers, an assistant professor of child psychiatry at Washington University in St. Louis. "But breast milk has been shown to be helpful in other areas of development, so we looked to see what effect it might have on the brain," Rogers said in a university news release. "With MRI scans, we found that babies fed more breast milk had larger brain volumes. This is important because several other studies have shown a correlation between brain volume and cognitive development," she said. The study included 77 infants born at least 10 weeks early, with the average being 14 weeks premature. Brain scans were conducted on the infants at about the time when they would ... Read more

Related support groups: Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation

More Hospitals Offer Donor Breast Milk to Help Preemie Babies

Posted 22 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 – More hospitals give tiny preemies donated breast milk instead of formula, and the babies appear to benefit from it, a new study suggests. Researchers found the number of California hospitals offering donor breast milk rose substantially between 2007 and 2013 – from about 21 percent of all newborn intensive care units (NICUs) to 41 percent. Over those same years, NICUs that made the change showed an increase in moms who'd begun breast-feeding by the time their babies were discharged. Infants also were less likely to develop a potentially dangerous gut infection called necrotizing enterocolitis, according to findings published online Feb. 22 in the journal Pediatrics. It's not clear that donor breast milk itself drove those changes, said senior researcher Dr. Henry Lee, of Stanford University's division of neonatal and developmental medicine, in California. "This ... Read more

Related support groups: Hyperprolactinemia, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Apnea of Prematurity, Lactation Augmentation, Galactosemia, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

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