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Labor Pain News

Does Immune System Hold Clues to Preterm Births?

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 1, 2017 – By learning more about the immune system changes that occur during pregnancy, scientists hope they can someday predict if babies will be born prematurely. "Pregnancy is a unique immunological state. We found that the timing of immune system changes follows a precise and predictable pattern in normal pregnancy," said study senior author Dr. Brice Gaudilliere. He's an assistant professor of anesthesiology, perioperative and pain medicine at Stanford University School of Medicine in California. If scientists can identify immune-system changes predicting premature birth, they say they might eventually develop a blood test to detect it. "Ultimately, we want to be able to ask, 'Does your immune clock of pregnancy run too slow or too fast?'" Gaudilliere said in a university news release. Nearly 10 percent of U.S. infants are born three or more weeks early. Currently, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Does Race Matter in Care 'Preemie' Babies Receive?

Posted 28 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 28, 2017 – Race and ethnicity can make a difference in the quality of care a premature baby receives in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), a new study finds. Top-quality hospitals in California tend to deliver better care to white babies compared with black or Hispanic newborns, researchers report. In addition, black and Hispanic infants are more likely than white newborns to receive care at poor-quality NICUs, the study found. While these trends are real, they were not present across the board, the researchers added. Some California hospitals provided better care to minority babies than white infants, for example. The disparities in care are caused by many social, economic and organizational factors in the hospital and its surrounding community, said lead researcher Dr. Jochen Profit. He's an associate professor of pediatrics with the Stanford University School of ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Good Diet, Exercise While Pregnant Could Cut C-section Risk

Posted 20 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 – Eating a healthy diet and exercising during pregnancy isn't just good for the developing baby. A new analysis of 36 studies including a total of more than 12,500 women suggests these behaviors can also lower a mom-to-be's chances of having a Cesarean-section delivery or developing diabetes while pregnant. Overall, healthy habits reduced the risk of needing a C-section by about 10 percent, said study author Shakila Thangaratinam. She's a professor of maternal and perinatal health at Queen Mary University of London. A healthy lifestyle also reduced a woman's risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy – known as gestational diabetes – by 24 percent, the findings showed. Not surprisingly, healthy habits also trimmed the possibility of excess weight gain during pregnancy. "Based on all the evidence to date, what we found was a healthy diet and moderate ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Does Stress Intensify Harms Done By Chemical Exposure in Pregnancy?

Posted 12 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 – More evidence of stress's harmful effects comes from a pregnancy study. California researchers found that stress increases the risk that exposure to toxic chemicals in pregnancy will lead to a low birth weight baby. "It appears that stress may amplify the health effects of toxic chemical exposure, which means that for some people, toxic chemicals become more toxic," said senior author Tracey Woodruff, a professor of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive sciences at the University of California, San Francisco. Woodruff and colleagues at UC Berkeley reviewed 17 human and 22 animal studies that investigated the links between chemicals, stress and fetal development. The review found that several toxic chemicals commonly found in the environment had a much greater impact on pregnant women if they had high levels of stress. The researchers measured stress by ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Delivery, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

No Sign That Antidepressants in Pregnancy Harm Kids' Brains: Study

Posted 12 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 – For women battling depression, the decision over whether or not to continue their antidepressant during a pregnancy can be a difficult one. Now, reassuring news: A new study finds little risk of intellectual disability in children whose mothers take these pills while pregnant. The data "provides more information for clinicians to evaluate the risks in pregnant women taking antidepressants," said study co-author Abraham Reichenberg. He is a professor of psychiatry at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, in New York City. The new findings "should be factored into other considerations, such as the increased risk for the mother if [she is] not medicated, the drug's side effects, and other medical conditions," Reichenberg explained in a hospital news release. One specialist in the developing brain stressed that going without a needed antidepressant during ... Read more

Related support groups: Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Effexor XR, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Fluoxetine, Mirtazapine, Escitalopram, Nortriptyline, Savella, Remeron, Elavil

Do Moms Who Smoke in Pregnancy Raise Their Odds for a Troubled Teen?

Posted 11 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 – Expectant mothers have been warned for years to avoid cigarettes. Now researchers report another reason to follow that advice: Teens and young adults whose mothers smoked during pregnancy may be more likely to break the law and be antisocial. The study included thousands of people in New England who were followed from birth into their 30s. The research wasn't designed to prove cause-and-effect. However, kids of women who smoked an extra pack of cigarettes a day had a 30 percent increased risk of three or more symptoms of conduct disorder as a teen, and a more than threefold increased risk of three or more symptoms of antisocial personality disorder as a young adult, the investigators found. These children also had a more than double increased risk of having a record of non-violent offenses as a teen and of committing a violent offense as a young adult, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Wellbutrin, Bupropion, Smoking, Chantix, Wellbutrin XL, Smoking Cessation, Wellbutrin SR, Nicotine, Zyban, Delivery, Champix, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Budeprion, Aplenzin, Premature Labor, Commit, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Budeprion XL

Most Mothers Have Been Victims of 'Mommy-Shaming,' Poll Finds

Posted 19 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 – "You're doing that wrong!" Sound familiar, Moms? It should: A new poll finds that six out of 10 American mothers say they've been criticized for their parenting skills. It's called mommy-shaming, and it goes viral when it happens to the famous. Actress Reese Witherspoon was shamed for giving her toddler cinnamon rolls for breakfast, and model Coco Rocho was judged for giving her baby formula. But a nationwide poll of 475 mothers finds it's a familiar experience for most with kids under age 5 – and the source of the shaming is most often a woman's own parents. Major areas of criticism include discipline (70 percent); diet and nutrition (52 percent); sleep (46 percent); breast- versus bottle-feeding (39 percent); safety (20 percent); and child care (16 percent). "Our findings tap into the tensions moms face when parenting advice leads to more stress than ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Opioids Over-Prescribed After C-Sections: Studies

Posted 9 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 8, 2017 – Women are routinely prescribed more opioid painkillers than they need after Cesarean sections, creating a high risk for misuse, a trio of new studies suggests. C-sections are the most common inpatient surgery in the United States, with 1.4 million procedures performed a year, according to the researchers. But there is little data on how much medicine patients actually need to manage their pain. To that end, how many pills are prescribed varies from provider to provider, the researchers added. More care is needed to limit the amount of leftover drugs that could wind up in the wrong hands, the studies concluded. Most people who use opioids for nonmedical reasons get them from friends and relatives who have unused medication. And patients may not lock their leftovers away, putting young children at risk. "We are the source of these excess opioids, and we need to ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Tramadol, Methadone, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Morphine, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Butrans, Ultram, Opana ER, Nucynta, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Hydromorphone, Buprenorphine, Oxymorphone

Antidepressants During Pregnancy Safe for Baby: Study

Posted 7 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 – Expectant mothers, if you're taking an antidepressant it won't make your newborn cranky or at higher risk for other problems, researchers report. Northwestern University researchers divided 214 new moms into three groups: those with a mood disorder who were not using an antidepressant; those who were taking a serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) antidepressant; and those without a mood disorder who were not on an antidepressant. At two to four weeks after birth, babies in all three groups had similar rates of irritability, difficulty feeding, sleep disturbances and respiratory problems, the study found. The issues affected 3 out of 10 babies in each group. Instead, preterm birth was the major risk factor for what is known as Neonatal Discontinuation Syndrome (NDS). Babies with NDS get agitated, restless, cry excessively and may be rigid or have tremors. Many ... Read more

Related support groups: Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Effexor XR, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Fluoxetine, Mirtazapine, Escitalopram, Nortriptyline, Savella, Remeron, Elavil

Breast-Feeding May Reduce Pain From C-Section

Posted 4 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, June 3, 2017 – Breast-feeding for a longer time may help women reduce the risk of chronic pain after a cesarean delivery, a new study suggests. Researchers from Spain followed 185 women who had a C-section. Almost one-quarter (23 percent) of those who breast-fed for two months or less still had chronic pain in the surgical site four months after delivery. But just 8 percent of those who breast-fed for two months or longer reported chronic pain. "These preliminary results suggest that breast-feeding for more than two months protects against chronic post-cesarean pain, with a threefold increase in the risk of chronic pain if breast-feeding is only maintained for two months or less," wrote the researchers led by Dr. Carmen Alicia Vargas Berenjeno from Our Lady of Valme University Hospital in Seville. "Our study provides another good reason to encourage women to breast-feed," ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Hospital 'Baby Boxes' May Help Prevent SIDS in Newborns

Posted 26 May 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 – Child care experts say it's dangerous for infants to sleep in the same bed with their parents. Now, researchers report that "baby boxes" and parent education can help reduce the unsafe practice. Bed-sharing is linked with sleep-related deaths in babies, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and accidental suffocation and strangulation, according to background information with this study. For the study, researchers at Temple University Hospital in Philadelphia recruited more than 2,700 new mothers. Half were instructed face-to-face about safe infant sleep and given a baby box (a cardboard bassinet) with a firm mattress. The other half received only standard nursing discharge instructions with information about safe infant sleep. The combination of baby box and face-to-face instructions reduced the rate of bed-sharing by 25 percent during infants' first ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Odds for C-Section May Depend on Hospital

Posted 16 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 – An expectant mother's biggest risk for undergoing an unnecessary C-section can be the hospital she chooses for the delivery, a new analysis contends. Hospital cesarean, or C-section, rates vary widely across the United States, from a low of 7 percent to a high of 64 percent, the Consumer Reports analysis found. "That kind of variation tells you there is not a standard agreement on how women should be handled during pregnancy," said Doris Peter, director of the Consumer Reports Health Ratings Center. Of more than 1,300 U.S. hospitals included in the analysis, 56 percent had C-section rates higher than the national goal, the researchers found. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has set a national C-section target of 23.9 percent for mothers with low-risk births. A woman's chances of a C-section can depend on which side of town she lives, Peter said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Another Reason to Breast-Feed: It's Good for Baby's Belly

Posted 8 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 – Mothers have been told for years that breast-feeding is best. Now researchers say they've found a new way it helps babies – by planting good bacteria in their digestive system. For the study, the researchers assessed 107 breast-feeding mother-infant pairs. The investigators found that 30 percent of beneficial bacteria in a baby's intestinal tract comes directly from the mother's milk, and 10 percent comes from skin on the mother's breast. "Breast milk is this amazing liquid that, through millions of years of evolution, has evolved to make babies healthy, particularly their immune systems," said senior study author Grace Aldrovandi. She is a professor of pediatrics and chief of infectious diseases at UCLA's Mattel Children's Hospital. "Our research identifies a new mechanism that contributes to building stronger, healthier babies," she explained in a UCLA news ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

Home Birth Safe for Some, But Not All, Women

Posted 21 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 21, 2017 – Some women really want to give birth at home, but for certain moms-to-be that choice can be risky, a new study suggests. There are women who have issues that can increase risks in pregnancy but are still likely to have good outcomes delivering at home or in a birth center. Those issues include being over 35, being overweight or having already had a vaginal birth after a cesarean delivery, the researchers said. Not so for women with other risk factors, such as breech presentation (when the baby is coming out feet first), as well as women attempting their first vaginal birth after cesarean, who may fare worse trying to deliver outside a hospital. In fact, the study found the risk of fetal death was eight to 10 times higher for a home delivery with these risk factors. "Families who are considering a home or birth center birth now have data to use in making ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Study: Plenty of IV Fluids May Make Childbirth Safer, Easier

Posted 28 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 27, 2017 – Giving more intravenous (IV) fluids to women during childbirth seems to reduce the risk of cesarean section and shortens labor, researchers report. "The results are compelling and strongly argue for a change in practice," said study author Dr. Vincenzo Berghella, director of maternal fetal medicine at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. "We have already begun changing practice at Jefferson to give women more fluids in labor, to allow them to have the best chance of delivering vaginally," he added in a university news release. "We've known that it's important for women to stay well-hydrated during pregnancy and labor. This study suggests that IV fluids could help women maintain hydration at appropriate levels, reduce the likelihood of C-section, and decrease length of labor," Berghella said. In the study, his team reviewed seven small clinical trials ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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