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Labor Pain News

Study: Plenty of IV Fluids May Make Childbirth Safer, Easier

Posted 2 days 20 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 27, 2017 – Giving more intravenous (IV) fluids to women during childbirth seems to reduce the risk of cesarean section and shortens labor, researchers report. "The results are compelling and strongly argue for a change in practice," said study author Dr. Vincenzo Berghella, director of maternal fetal medicine at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. "We have already begun changing practice at Jefferson to give women more fluids in labor, to allow them to have the best chance of delivering vaginally," he added in a university news release. "We've known that it's important for women to stay well-hydrated during pregnancy and labor. This study suggests that IV fluids could help women maintain hydration at appropriate levels, reduce the likelihood of C-section, and decrease length of labor," Berghella said. In the study, his team reviewed seven small clinical trials ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

For 'Preemies,' Human Touch May Be a Brain Booster

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 16, 2017 – Underscoring the link between brain development and touch, new research suggests premature babies face a disadvantage compared to their full-term peers in their brain's sensitivity to gentle touch. Analyzing 125 preterm and full-term infants, scientists also found that preemies experienced lowered brain response to gentle touch in the aftermath of painful medical procedures. "We all know in our daily lives how important touch is, but for babies ... it's also a scaffold to building their brains," said study author Dr. Nathalie Maitre. She's director of the NICU follow-up clinic at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. "Pain and touch don't go through the same nerves," Maitre added. "We didn't expect how the painful procedures and experience of pain would have an effect on how babies would process gentle touch." About 15 million babies around the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Tests to Spot 'Preemie' Birth Risk Ineffective in First Pregnancies

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 14, 2017 – Two tests that screen for preterm birth risk rarely spot trouble in first-time pregnancies, a new study suggests. The tests' predictive powers were assessed for naturally occurring preterm deliveries only, and not for medical procedures such as cesarean surgery or induced labor. "These methods of assessing women in their first pregnancy do not identify most of those who will later go on to have a spontaneous preterm delivery," said senior study author Dr. Uma Reddy. She is with the Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch at the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. "There is a need to develop better screening tests that can be performed early in pregnancy," Reddy said in an institute news release. Preterm birth, defined as a birth before 37 weeks into pregnancy, is the leading cause of neonatal death or long-term disability, according to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Little Weight Gain in Pregnancy Tied to Schizophrenia Risk in Kids: Study

Posted 23 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 22, 2017 – Gaining too little weight during pregnancy may increase the odds that a child will develop schizophrenia later in life, Swedish researchers suggest. Past research has shown that pregnant women in areas of famine are more likely to have children who suffer from mental disorders, including schizophrenia. The new study found a 30 percent increased risk for schizophrenia in children of underweight women in an industrialized country. "Even in a wealthy, well-fed population like Sweden, there are still mothers unable to meet the nutritional requirements for safe pregnancies," lead researcher Euan Mackay said. Mackay is a research assistant at the Karolinska Institute's division of epidemiology of mental health in Stockholm. Mackay cautioned that these findings cannot prove that women who don't gain enough weight during pregnancy are putting their child at risk for ... Read more

Related support groups: Seroquel, Abilify, Weight Loss, Schizophrenia, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperidone, Risperdal, Schizoaffective Disorder, Geodon, Quetiapine, Saphris, Seroquel XR, Olanzapine, Psychosis, Delivery, Invega, Rexulti, Clozapine, Aripiprazole

Kids Born to Older Moms Score Higher on Thinking Tests

Posted 20 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 20, 2017 – Children born to older moms today have better thinking skills than those with younger mothers, a new study suggests. The opposite was true 40 or 50 years ago – a shift researchers say mirrors changing trends in parenting. Women today tend to be older when they have their first child and, on average, first-borns do better on cognitive ability tests, which measure thinking skills. This may be because they get more attention from parents than siblings born after them. "Cognitive ability is important in and of itself but also because it is a strong predictor of how children fare in later life – in terms of their educational attainment, their occupation and their health," said study author Alice Goisis. She is a researcher at the London School of Economics and Political Science. In the past, older moms were likely to be having their third or fourth child, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

'Love Hormone' Helps Dads and Babies Bond

Posted 17 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – The "love hormone" oxytocin may program fathers to bond with their young children, a new study suggests. "Our findings add to the evidence that fathers, and not just mothers, undergo hormonal changes that are likely to facilitate increased empathy and motivation to care for their children," said study lead author James Rilling of Emory University in Atlanta. Oxytocin is a naturally occurring hormone. MRI brain scans revealed that dads who received boosts of the hormone through a nasal spray had increased activity in brain areas associated with reward and empathy when looking at pictures of their toddlers, Rilling's team said. The findings also "suggest that oxytocin, known to play a role in social bonding, might someday be used to normalize deficits in paternal motivation, such as in men suffering from post-partum depression," Rilling said in a university news ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Oxytocin, Premature Labor, Pitocin, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Syntocinon, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Lingering Baby Weight? Don't Blame the Pregnancy

Posted 17 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – Women have long blamed pregnancy for weight gains that linger after their babies are born, but a new study suggests the demands of motherhood might be to blame. "We found that by one or two years after birth, women who had children were very similar [in weight gain] to those who did not," said lead researcher Olga Yakusheva. She is an associate professor of nursing at the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor. However, "from that time on, women with children were gaining weight at a faster rate than women without," she added. Yakusheva has a theory, which wasn't tested or proven in the study, about why. "Mothers tend to put the needs of their children first, so they might not be exercising or taking care of themselves," she said in a statement. "It might also be little things like finishing the food on their child's plate or spending more time sitting with their ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

The Motherlode of 'Mother Love' Chemicals

Posted 13 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – The feel-good brain chemical dopamine appears to play a role in the development of a healthy bond between a mother and baby, a new study suggests. Dopamine may motivate moms to do more for their children because it makes mothers feel better, researchers said. And this may not end when babies get older. "It is very likely that the processes we observed between mothers and their infants continues through the life span as their children grow," said study co-author Lisa Feldman Barrett. She's a psychology professor at Northeastern University in Boston. "It may also be the case that this process supports people as they provide care and nurture to one another in close relationships," she added. Previously, research has linked mother-baby bonding to the hormone oxytocin. In this study, the researchers wanted to learn more about what goes on in the brain that helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Obstetric Complications Tied to Slightly Upped Risk for Autism

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Complications that occur late in pregnancy or during delivery may slightly raise a child's risk for autism, a new study suggests. Researchers found that infants who were exposed to maternal high blood pressure during pregnancy – a condition called pre-eclampsia – were at higher odds for developing an autism disorder. So were children who experienced oxygen deprivation at birth (asphyxia), or those who faced other problems around the time of delivery. However, the study wasn't able to prove cause-and-effect, and one autism expert stressed that the findings shouldn't unduly worry most women. In absolute terms, "the risk of an autism spectrum disorder was still exceedingly low among women who had one or more pregnancy complications," said Dr. Andrew Adesman. He's chief of developmental and behavioral pediatrics at Cohen Children's Medical Center in New Hyde Park, ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Delivery, Asperger Syndrome, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Certain Bacteria May Affect Preterm Birth Risk

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Certain types of bacteria in a pregnant woman's cervix and vagina can affect her risk of preterm birth, a new study finds. The discovery could lead to new ways to prevent preterm birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) either by getting rid of bad bacteria or boosting protective bacteria, according to the researchers. For the study, the investigators analyzed vaginal swabs from 2,000 expectant mothers at three different points in pregnancy. The researchers found that specific types of bacteria – such as certain bifidobacterium and lactobacillus species – lowered the risk of preterm birth. They also found that other types of bacteria – specifically several anaerobic bacteria – greatly increased the risk. If further research confirms the findings, it could lead to new treatments to reduce the risk of preterm birth, the study authors suggested. "For the first time ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Can Pregnancy Harm Your Heart?

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 2, 2017 – Pregnancy might affect a woman's risk of future heart problems, two new studies suggest. A woman's risk of atrial fibrillation – an abnormal heart rhythm – rises with each pregnancy, up to a nearly 50 percent increased risk with six or more pregnancies, according to the results from one study. "There's something about pregnancy itself that predisposes women toward this risk," said lead author Dr. Jorge Wong. He's a cardiologist with the Population Health Research Institute at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. Meanwhile, a second study reports that women who experience a preterm delivery have a 40 percent higher increased risk of heart attack or stroke later in life. Neither of these studies proves a direct cause-and-effect relationship between pregnancy and heart problems, both teams of researchers noted. For the heart rhythm report, researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Heart Disease, Postcoital Contraception, Angina, Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Do Weekend Deliveries Pose Risks for Moms?

Posted 2 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – New research suggests that for pregnant women, a weekend delivery could mean a slightly increased risk of complications, including maternal death. While the rate of deaths was higher on weekends, the researchers stressed that any one woman's risk is quite small. Women don't need to think: "Oh gosh, I'm going into labor on Saturday, I'm going to die," said lead researcher Dr. Steven Clark. He's a professor of obstetrics and gynecology and maternal-fetal medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. "The actual differences in the risk of death are extremely small, and the majority of women are going to be fine no matter when they deliver," Clark said. For the study, researchers reviewed outcomes from more than 45 million pregnancies in the United States between 2004 and 2014. They found a slightly increased risk of death among mothers who delivered over the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Toxins in Your Fast-Food Packaging?

Posted 1 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – Many grease-resistant fast-food wrappers and boxes contain potentially harmful chemicals that can leach into food, a new study contends. Testing on more than 400 samples from restaurants nationwide revealed that nearly half of fast-food wrappers and one out of five paperboard food boxes contained detectable levels of fluorine, said lead researcher Laurel Schaider. She's an environmental chemist at the Silent Spring Institute in Newton, Mass. Previous studies have linked some fluorinated chemicals such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) to kidney and testicular cancer, low birth weight, thyroid disease, decreased sperm quality, pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, and immune system problems in children, the study authors said in background notes. Major U.S. manufacturers voluntarily phased out PFOA and PFOS for most uses ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Thyroid Disease, Renal Cell Carcinoma, Immunosuppression, Poisoning, Premature Labor, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Testicular Cancer, Labor Pain, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Teach Your Kids to Use Media in Healthy Ways

Posted 30 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 – Some pediatric health experts may have loosened the reins a bit on "screen time" for the youngest of children, but that doesn't mean parents should rely on electronic devices as babysitters, one pediatrician says. "Most of us use media every day. It's how we interact with the world and it's how we learn new ideas," said Dr. Sara Lee, who's with University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital in Cleveland. "Children will need to know how to use these forms in healthy, effective ways," Lee said in a hospital news release. New guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) "give parents a lot more guidance on how to use media with their kids at home," she added. In the new screen-time guidelines for children, the AAP admitted there are notable benefits associated with educational shows or apps, and connecting with friends and loved ones ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Delivery, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section

Should Pregnant Women Always Be Treated for Underactive Thyroid?

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Many women may be affected by an underactive thyroid gland, but new research suggests that treating it in pregnancy comes with benefits and potential harm. "Our findings lead us to believe that overtreatment could be possible," study co-author and Mayo Clinic endocrinologist Juan Brito Campana said in a Mayo news release. Campana and his colleagues advise a more nuanced approach when deciding whether or not to treat a pregnant woman for a mildly underactive thyroid. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces hormones vital to metabolism, growth and maturation. But the gland can produce too much hormone (hyperthyroidism) or two little (hypothyroidism), according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health. A mildly underactive thyroid gland – "subclinical hypothyroidism" – causes a slight rise in levels of thyroid stimulating hormone ... Read more

Related support groups: Levothyroxine, Synthroid, Hypothyroidism, Underactive Thyroid, Levoxyl, Delivery, Levothroid, Eltroxin, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Tirosint, Toxemia of pregnancy, Euthyrox, Oroxine, Gestational Diabetes, Levothyrox, Unithroid, Eutroxsig, Labor Pain

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