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Labor and Delivery including Augmentation News

Zika May Not Last in Semen as Long as Thought

Posted 2 days 11 hours ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 – Zika virus might not remain in the semen of some infected men as long as previously thought, a small study suggests. The researchers said Zika may only be present in semen for about a month. Previous research had suggested that Zika virus can be found in semen for as long as 188 days after the onset of symptoms. The new study included 12 men in French Guiana who had Zika virus. Four of the men never had any detectable Zika in their semen. One excreted Zika virus in his semen for at least three days. And seven had Zika-laced semen for at least a month, the researchers reported. The maximum duration of detectable Zika in semen in the study was 45 days. "These data suggest that not all men who are symptomatically infected with Zika virus will have Zika virus RNA detectable in semen," Dr. Franck de Laval, of the Military Center for Epidemiology and Public Health in ... Read more

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Smoking on the Rise Among Pregnant Women With Depression

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 14, 2017 – Smoking during pregnancy is on the rise among American women with depression, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than 8,500 mothers-to-be who took part in an annual government health survey. It found a 2.5 percent rise in smoking rates among pregnant women with depression between 2002 and 2014. Smoking rates among other groups fell during that time, according to the study published online in the October issue of the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence. "An increase in smoking rates in any population is concerning given the general overall downward trends we are seeing today," said study leader Renee Goodwin. She's an adjunct associate professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. More than a third of pregnant women with depression smoke, compared with 1 in 10 who are not depressed, according to the study. ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Major Depressive Disorder, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR, Smoking, Escitalopram, Savella, Nortriptyline

Parents of Preemies End Up Just Fine: Study

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 11, 2017 – The early life of a very premature baby can be a hectic and stressful time for parents. But once the child is grown, parents are as satisfied with life as those whose babies were born at full term, new European research finds. "Parents of very premature or very low birth-weight children did not differ in quality of life 27 years later compared to parents who had children born healthy and at term," said the study's lead author, Dieter Wolke. "This is a testament to resiliency and coping," added Wolke, a professor of developmental psychology and individual differences at Warwick Medical School in Coventry, England. A very premature baby is one born before 32 weeks' gestation. A very low birth weight is fewer than 3.3 pounds. Being born very prematurely or with a very low birth-weight is linked to a higher risk of death, long-term health problems and higher costs, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Low Blood Sugar in Newborns Tied to Brain Problems Later

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 – Low blood sugar affects about one in six newborns, and new research suggests it could lead to brain difficulties in childhood. Babies who experience low blood sugar at or near birth are at least two to three times more likely to face problems with planning, memory, attention, problem-solving and visual-motor coordination by the age of 4.5, New Zealand researchers said. The low blood sugar (glucose) did not affect general thinking function or IQ, but it did affect problem-solving and other skills known as "executive functioning," and also eye-hand coordination, the findings showed. These are crucial for many tasks, said study leader Chris McKinlay. He is a neonatologist at the Liggins Institute at the University of Auckland. "We don't know fully what this means for learning," McKinlay said. "We think this may have an effect on educational achievement." Low blood ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Diabetes, Type 1, Hypoglycemia, Delivery, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Diabetes Mellitus, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Gestational Diabetes, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Health Tip: Don't Use Sunscreen on Newborns

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

-- Applying sunscreen on infants aged 6 months and younger isn't a good idea, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. Chemicals used in sunscreen can harm newborns, who should avoid the sun altogether. Young babies can't regulate body temperature properly, making them especially prone to overheating and dehydration, the agency says. The FDA recommends: Keep infants out of the sun as much as possible. If infants do go outside, avoid the sun when ultraviolet rays are strongest, between the hours of 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. Create a canopy over baby's carrier or stroller. Dress baby in lightweight, tight-weave long pants; a long-sleeve shirt and wide-brimmed hat. Watch baby carefully for signs of overheating and dehydration. Give baby breast milk or formula regularly. If baby develops a sunburn, get out of the sun immediately and apply a cold compress as soon as possible. Read more

Related support groups: Sunburn, Dehydration, Sunscreen, Prevention of Sunburn, Heat Stress, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Coppertone, Deeptan

How Preschoolers Begin Learning the Rules of Reading, Spelling

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 – New research supports the advice that it's never too early to start reading to a child. Children start to recognize and follow some rules of reading and writing as young as age 3, study findings reveal. The study included 179 U.S. kids aged just over 3 years to about 5.5 years. "Our results show that children begin to learn about the statistics of written language, for example about which letters often appear together and which letters appear together less often, before they learn how letters represent the sounds of a language," said study co-author Rebecca Treiman. She is a professor of child developmental psychology at Washington University in St. Louis. An important part of learning to read and spell is discovering how written letters reflect spoken words, Treiman explained in a university news release. But many people think learning to spell doesn't begin ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Prenatal Exposure to Certain Flame Retardants Linked to Lower IQs

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 4, 2017 – Exposure to certain flame-retardant chemicals in pregnancy may be linked to lower intelligence in children, a new research review suggests. The synthetic chemicals are known as polybrominated diphenyl ethers or PBDEs. Although phased out in manufacturing in the United States, they remain in many products, including old couches and other household items, building materials and electronics, the researchers said. Together, the studies reviewed suggested that IQs dip by 3.7 points for every 10-fold increase in prenatal exposure to these flame retardants. "Even the loss of a few IQ points on a population-wide level means more children who need early interventions, and families who may face personal and economic burdens for the rest of their lives," said study co-author Tracey Woodruff. Although the findings don't show a direct cause-and-effect relationship, they "go ... Read more

Related support groups: Poisoning, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Can Breast Milk Feed a Love of Vegetables?

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 4, 2017 – Want your preschooler to eat veggies without a fuss? Try eating veggies while you're breast-feeding. That's the message from a new study of lactating mothers and their breast-fed babies. The study found that those infants who took in veggie-flavored breast-milk were less likely to turn away from similar-tasting cereal when they graduated to more solid food. "Every baby's sensory experience is unique, but the flavor of their first food, beginning in utero, is dependent on what mom is eating," said Julie Mennella. She is a biopsychologist at the Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia, and led the study. "The way I see it is: Mother's milk is the ultimate in precision medicine," Mennella said. When an expectant mother eats vegetables, they flavor her amniotic fluid – and later, her breast-milk – and those flavors get passed along to her baby. As a result, ... Read more

Related support groups: Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

Geneticists Repair Mutation in Human Embryo

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 – In a first-ever experiment, geneticists have successfully modified a human embryo to remove a mutation that causes a life-threatening heart condition. This is the first study to demonstrate that a gene-editing technique can be used in human embryos to convert mutant genes back to their normal version, the researchers said. The new procedure tackled a genetic mutation in human embryos that causes hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, an inherited condition in which the heart muscle becomes abnormally thick. The mutation was successfully repaired in 72 percent of 18 embryos that were created in a lab using sperm from a male donor who carries the hereditary heart condition, said team member Dr. Paula Amato. She is an adjunct associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) in Portland. The procedure also might work in other ... Read more

Related support groups: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Idiopathic Hypertrophic Subaortic Stenosis

Women Who Gain Weight Between Babies at Higher Risk for Diabetes

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 – Women who gain weight after having a baby may be more likely to develop diabetes during their next pregnancy, a new study suggests. Women's weight before conception and how much they gain during pregnancy are known risk factors for gestational diabetes, the study authors explained. Gestational diabetes is a form of high blood sugar diagnosed during pregnancy. It can cause complications for both mother and baby. Led by Linn Sorbye of the University of Bergen in Norway, researchers investigated the diabetes risk among women who had been pregnant once or twice before. The study involved about 24,200 women who gave birth between 2006 and 2014. The researchers considered the women's previous history of gestational diabetes and body mass index (BMI) when they got pregnant again. BMI is an estimate of body fat based on weight and height. A BMI of 30 is considered ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Weight Loss, Insulin Resistance, Delivery, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Gestational Diabetes, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Recent Flu Shot Shouldn't Prevent Vaccination During Pregnancy

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 1, 2017 – Because pregnant women and newborns are particularly vulnerable to the flu and its complications, guidelines recommend a flu shot during pregnancy. However, it wasn't known whether that vaccine would work if a woman had already received a flu shot recently. But a new study found that mother and baby will both be well-protected by a flu shot given during pregnancy, regardless of whether the mother got another one recently. "Vaccinations in pregnant women work whether they have the vaccine the previous year or not," said study co-author Dr. Octavio Ramilo. He is chief of the infectious diseases division at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. "As soon as we know you are pregnant, you should get a flu shot. The sooner the better," Ramilo said. Researchers have learned in recent years that flu shots are valuable for more than the elderly and sick people ... Read more

Related support groups: Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, FluLaval, Afluria, Fluzone, FluMist, Influenza Prophylaxis, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Flublok, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Flucelvax, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Flushield, Fluarix Quadrivalent, Fluvirin 2016-2017, Fluad, Flucelvax 2015-2016, Flublok 2016-2017, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Live, Trivalent, Fluvirin 2015-2016, Fluzone Preservative-Free

'Super Moms' and 'Super Dads': Work-Home Conflicts Affect Both Genders

Posted 27 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 – Contrary to stereotypes, it's not only women who struggle to balance work and family responsibilities, according to a new report. In a review of more than 350 studies, researchers found that, overall, men and women reported similar levels of "work-family conflicts." That runs counter to the common belief that juggling work and family is strictly a women's issue, the researchers said. "Both women and men are struggling with this, and we need to bring men into the conversation," said lead researcher Kristen Shockley. She's an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Georgia. If you go by popular media, Shockley noted, it might seem that only women have to perform the work-family balancing act. Because of that, women may be more likely to anticipate problems, Shockley said. Plus, she added, "women may be more socialized to feel that it's OK to talk ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Donor-Sperm Kids No Different From Their Peers: Study

Posted 21 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 – Children conceived using donor sperm are no different physically or mentally from other kids, a new Australian study says. "For prospective parents, the decision to use donor sperm can seem like a step into the unknown," said study researcher David Amor, a professor and clinical geneticist at Murdoch Children's Research Institute in Parkville, Victoria. "Our results should provide reassurance that the physical, psychological and mental health of children conceived using donor sperm is similar to that of children in the general population," he said. However, the researchers acknowledged more studies are needed to confirm these findings in the wider population. Amor and his colleagues analyzed questionnaires completed by mothers of 224 Australian children, ages 5 to 11, who were conceived using donor sperm. The youngsters' health and well-being were similar to ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Can Dirty Diapers Offer Clues to the Infant Brain?

Posted 21 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 – Babies' diapers may hold clues to their brain development, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed fecal samples from dozens of 1-year-olds and assessed their thinking (cognitive) skills a year later. The results revealed a link between certain types of microbes in the infants' feces and higher levels of brain development at age 2. "The big story here is that we've got one group of kids with a particular community of bacteria that's performing better on these cognitive tests," said Rebecca Knickmeyer. She's an associate professor of psychiatry at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine at Chapel Hill. "Are the bacteria actually 'communicating' with the developing brain? That's something that we are working on now, so we're looking at some signaling pathways that might be involved," Knickmeyer said in a university news release. "Another possibility ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Estrogen May Influence Women's Depression Risk

Posted 21 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 – Women exposed to estrogen for longer periods of time during the reproductive years may have a lower risk of depression, a new study finds. Previous research has suggested that reproductive hormones play a role in depression risk among women, yet hormone fluctuations are something all women experience. So, the study authors tried to figure out how hormones might be linked to depression. The researchers focused on estradiol. This is the main form of estrogen present during a woman's reproductive years. Estradiol affects levels of serotonin, a brain chemical that's involved in depression. Factors that might increase the length of exposure to estradiol include a younger age at first menstruation and how many menstrual cycles a woman has over her lifetime, the researchers said. This study of more than 1,300 women found that being exposed to estradiol for a longer ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Depression, Contraception, Major Depressive Disorder, Hot Flashes, Menopausal Disorders, Menstrual Disorders, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, Postmenopausal Symptoms, Premenstrual Syndrome, Period Pain, Dysthymia, Perimenopausal Symptoms, Dysmenorrhea, Neurotic Depression, Vaginal Dryness, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Premenopausal Anovulation

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