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Infections News

Not All Fidos Are Friendly

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 – Kids love dogs – dressing them up, tugging on them, kissing them, and even riding them like a horse. But sometimes, things can end badly, a pediatricians' group says. That's probably why children account for more than half of the 800,000 Americans who receive medical care for dog bites annually. Children are much more likely than adults to suffer serious injuries when bitten by a dog, and children are most likely to suffer bites from familiar dogs, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. The group offered the following dog-bite prevention tips. Never leave a small child and a dog alone together. And that advice holds true even if it's the family dog, a dog that you know, or a dog that you have been assured is well-behaved. Any dog can bite. Don't let your child play aggressive games with a dog, such as tug-of-war or wrestling. Teach children to ask a ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Gram Negative Infection, Wound Infection

Health Tip: Learn About Pasteurization

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

-- Pasteurization is the process of heating milk and other dairy products to kill harmful bacteria. The foodsafety.gov website offers these facts about pasteurization: It's necessary because there could be dangerous germs in raw milk. Pasteurization does not affect allergies to dairy products. Pasteurized milk is no less nutritious than raw milk. Even if pasteurized, milk should never be left unrefrigerated for an extended period. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Gastroenteritis

Study Spots Cause of Global Outbreak of Infections Tied to Heart Surgeries

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 – Factory contamination of medical devices likely caused potentially fatal infections in 33 open-heart surgery patients in several countries, investigators say. The patients were sickened with Mycobacterium chimaera bacteria, which can cause infection of the inner lining of the heart and spread to the rest of the body. Genetic examination of M. chimaera samples suggests that heater-cooler units produced by LivaNova in a factory in Germany were the likely source of infection, according to the study. The devices help keep a patient's circulating blood and organs at a set temperature during heart bypass procedures, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Patients became ill in the United States, Australia, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, according to the study. The results appear online July 12 in The Lancet ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation, Atypical Mycobacterial Infection, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Wound Infection

The Neighborhood Sandbox: A Breeding Ground for Germs

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 – Kids love to play in sandboxes, and it helps them develop motor and social skills. But have you ever considered what kind of germs might be lurking in that communal sand? Sandboxes can be breeding grounds for bacteria, parasites and other infectious germs, whether brought in by animals using them as litter boxes or by kids interacting with other kids, researchers say. Dr. Marc Siegel, a professor of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City, describes sandboxes as "swimming pools without disinfecting chlorine." In a new study, researchers found that a particularly nasty bacteria called Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) was present in nearly 53 percent of sandboxes tested in Spain. "We do not consider our paper as alarming," said lead researcher Dr. Jose Blanco, from the department of animal health at Complutense University of Madrid. "We have a ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Skin and Structure Infection, Clostridial Infection, Bacteremia, Whipworm Infection, Helminthic Infection, Prevention of Clostridium Difficile Infection Recurrence, Worms and Flukes

Recurring Intestinal Infections on the Rise in U.S.: Study

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 – Recurring Clostridium difficile intestinal infections are rising sharply in the United States, researchers warn. These infections sicken about 500,000 people a year, cause tens of thousands of deaths, and cost the U.S. health care system about $5 billion, according to investigators at the University of Pennsylvania. C. difficile causes diarrhea, severe gut inflammation and can lead to deadly blood infections, especially in the elderly. A review of nationwide health insurance data found a nearly 200 percent increase in the annual incidence of multiple recurring C. difficile infections between 2001 and 2012. For ordinary C. difficile, incidence rose by about 40 percent. Patients with multiple recurring C. difficile infections tended to be older (average age 56 versus 49), female, and were more likely to have used antibiotics, corticosteroids or acid-reducing drugs, ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Sulfamethoxazole, Minocycline, Clavulanate, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Tetracycline, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Avelox, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Neomycin, Solodyn, Doryx

Many Parts of the World Lack Soap for Hand-Washing

Posted 6 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 – For many families in poor countries, soap is a luxury that they do without, a new study finds. Hand-washing with soap can help prevent the spread of diseases, especially pneumonia and diarrhea. These ills caused about 1.6 million child deaths worldwide in 2013, the researchers said. "Hand-washing prevents leading causes of the 6 million deaths that occur annually in young children around the world. Never before has hand-washing been systematically measured in so many countries," said study co-author Dr. Pavani Ram. She is director of the University at Buffalo's Community for Global Health Equity in New York. "These data are useful to public health programs and policy makers because they underscore the deep inequities that persist globally and within countries, contributing to these preventable child deaths among people living in poverty and in rural areas in ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Pneumonia, Cold Symptoms, Bacterial Skin Infection, Sore Throat

Catheters Often to Blame for Blood Infections After Dialysis

Posted 30 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 30, 2017 – Tubes called catheters that are used to draw and return blood to the body during dialysis appear to cause the majority of bloodstream infections in people receiving dialysis for kidney problems, a new study finds. Three-quarters of bloodstream infections in dialysis patients were related to accessing their blood, the 2014 U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data showed. The information came from more than 6,000 outpatient dialysis centers in 2014. There were nearly 30,000 bloodstream infections reported, the study found. The analysis also found that 63 percent of all bloodstream infections and 70 percent of access-related bloodstream infections occurred in patients with a central venous catheter – also called a central line. Other dialysis complication rates were also highest among patients using central venous catheters, the findings showed. ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Macrobid, Macrodantin, Methicillin, Hiprex, Methenamine, Cystex, Fosfomycin, Monurol, Urex, Methylene Blue, Nalidixic Acid, Primsol, Uroqid-Acid No 2, Mandelamine, Methenamine/Sodium Biphosphate, Provayblue

Health Tip: Are You Well Enough to Travel?

Posted 23 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Since germs can spread easily in a confined airplane cabin, it's important to make sure that it's safe to fly. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says you should avoid plane travel if: You have a baby who is less than 2 days old, or if you're beyond 36 weeks pregnant. You've had a recent surgery or injury to the head, eye or stomach. You've had a recent stroke or heart attack. You've had recent chest pain, sinus problems, brain swelling, a contagious illness, sickle cell disease, psychotic episode or a serious respiratory disease. You've had a recent fever and rash, vomiting or diarrhea. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Influenza, Cold Symptoms, Sore Throat

Wallpaper May Breed Toxins: Study

Posted 23 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 23, 2017 – Wallpaper may contribute to "sick building syndrome," a new study suggests. Toxins from fungus growing on wallpaper can easily become airborne and pose an indoor health risk, the researchers said. In laboratory tests, "we demonstrated that mycotoxins could be transferred from a moldy material to air, under conditions that may be encountered in buildings," said study corresponding author Dr. Jean-Denis Bailly. "Thus, mycotoxins can be inhaled and should be investigated as parameters of indoor air quality, especially in homes with visible fungal contamination," added Bailly, a professor of food hygiene at the National Veterinary School of Toulouse, France. Sick building syndrome is the term used when occupants start feeling ill related to time spent in a particular building. Usually, no specific illness or cause can be identified, according to the U.S. National ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Fungal Infections

Tissue Testing Can Spot Zika at Birth: CDC

Posted 22 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 – Exposure to the Zika virus in pregnancy can wreak havoc on babies, but diagnosing the infection before birth remains a challenge. Now, there's some good news: U.S. health officials say testing placental and fetal tissue after a child is born can confirm or rule out infection. Such testing found that only 1 in 10 who were in danger of being infected actually were, and infection didn't automatically mean birth defects, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday. "Testing of placental tissues from live births can continue to be considered when results of maternal Zika virus testing are not definitive or testing is not performed within the optimal time," said the researchers led by Dr. Sarah Reagan-Steiner, of the CDC's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. Zika infection is most often spread by ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Infections, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Zika Virus Infection, Wound Infection

Group Urges Tougher Limits on Chemical in Soaps, Cosmetics

Posted 20 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 20, 2017 – The germ-fighting chemical triclosan has got to go, an international coalition of scientists claims. Triclosan is found in thousands of products ranging from soap and cosmetics to toothpaste and common household items. But evidence has shown that antimicrobials like triclosan not only fall short in killing bacteria, but they may also harm human health, the coalition said in urging much stricter limits on use of the chemical. This follows action last year by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to ban triclosan, triclocarban and 17 other microbial agents from hand soap and body wash sold in the United States because they "are not generally recognized as safe and effective." The FDA's move prompted major manufacturers – such as Johnson & Johnson and Procter & Gamble – to begin phasing them out. But triclosan still is found in hundreds of consumer products, ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Thyroid Disease, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Poisoning, Triclosan, Digiclean Slim-Line, Antiseptic Hand Soap, Sanygel, Bacti-Stat, Septisol, Wound Infection, Cetaphil Antibacterial, Digiclean E, Aktif, Gel-X, Aquasept, Asept, Septi-Soft, Triclotrex-B

Strike Back Against Snake Bites

Posted 19 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 – With summer comes a higher risk of snake bites, but emergency doctors have some advice on what to do if you are bitten. A car or cellphone are vital first aid items after a snake bite, because you should immediately call 911 or head to a hospital emergency room, according to Dr. Justin Arnold. He's an emergency medicine doctor at the University of Alabama Hospital in Birmingham. Don't try to catch the snake – it could bite again – and don't take it with you to the hospital. But take a photo of it if you can do so safely. Don't apply a tourniquet or use a venom extractor kit, and do not apply ice. Stay calm. On average, fewer than 10 people die of snakebites each year in the United States. Once at the hospital, don't be surprised if you do not immediately get antivenin. Doctors will watch your vital signs and any swelling near your bite, said Arnold, who is ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Venomous Snake Bite, Wound Infection

U.S. Hospitals Still Prescribe Too Many Antibiotics: Study

Posted 15 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – About 20 percent of U.S. hospital patients who receive antibiotics experience side effects from the drugs, researchers report. The new study included nearly 1,500 hospitalized adults who were prescribed antibiotics. The findings revealed that one-fifth of those who experienced antibiotic-related side effects didn't require the drugs in the first place. The results add to growing evidence that antibiotics are overused, according to the Johns Hopkins Hospital researchers. "Too often, clinicians prescribe antibiotics even if they have a low suspicion for a bacterial infection, thinking that even if antibiotics may not be necessary, they are probably not harmful. But that is not always the case," said Dr. Pranita Tamma. She is director of the hospital's Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Program. Antibiotics can cause real harm and doctors should always consider ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Minocycline, Bacterial Skin Infection, Macrobid, Clavulanate, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Tetracycline, Avelox

Staph Aureus Rates Of Resistance To Certain Antibiotics Show A Decrease Over Time

Posted 14 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 – Staphylococcus aureus infections among U.S. hospital patients have been less resistant to key antibiotics in recent years, a new study finds. Between 2009 and 2015, researchers tested antibiotic resistance in more than 19,000 S. aureus samples from 42 medical centers nationwide. "Results showed that S. aureus' rates of resistance to certain antibiotics decreased over time, which isn't often seen," study co-author Dr. Helio Sader said in an American Society for Microbiology news release. Sader is senior director of microbiology and surveillance at JMI Laboratories in North Liberty, Iowa. Rates of S. aureus resistance to the antibiotic oxacillin (Bactocill) fell from 47.2 percent in 2009 to 43.6 percent in 2015 to 42.2 percent in 2016. S. aureus resistance to other antibiotics, such as levofloxacin (Levaquin), clindamycin (Cleocin) and erythromycin, also ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Bactrim, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Vancomycin, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Cleocin, Pylera, Septra, Zyvox, MY-E

A Monkey's 'Smile' May Not Be Sweet

Posted 12 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 12, 2017 – If you mistake a wild monkey's aggressive facial expressions for smiles and kisses, you could end up getting bitten, researchers warn. "There is a growing interest in wildlife tourism, and in particular primate tourism. People travel to encounter wild animals, many of them attempting to closely interact with monkeys, even though this is often prohibited," said Laetitia Marechal, from the University of Lincoln's School of Psychology in England. "Our findings indicate that people who are inexperienced in macaque behavior have difficulties in recognizing monkey's emotions, which can lead to dangerous situations where they think the monkeys are happy but instead they are threatening them," Marechal said in a university news release. The researchers surveyed 124 tourists in destinations where wild Barbary macaques and people freely interact and found that the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Rabies Prophylaxis, Wound Infection

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