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Infections News

'Superbug' Infections Striking More U.S. Kids

Posted 1 hour 56 minutes ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 24, 2017 – A type of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection has increased 700 percent in American children since 2007, a new investigation reveals. These infections are caused by Enterobacteriaceae bacteria – normal bacteria that can become resistant to multiple drugs. Once confined to hospitals, the tough-to-treat infections are spreading into the community at large, say researchers who evaluated eight years of data. These infections are associated with longer hospital stays and probably greater risk of death, the researchers said. "Antibiotic resistance increasingly threatens our ability to treat our children's infections," said study author Dr. Sharon Meropol. "Efforts to control this trend are urgently needed from all of us, such as using antibiotics only when necessary, and eliminating agricultural use of antibiotics in healthy animals," added Meropol. She's a ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin, Clavulanate, Avelox, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Neomycin, Gentamicin, Tobramycin, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Amikacin, Bacteremia, Ertapenem, Meropenem

Docs More Likely to Prescribe Antibiotics If Patients Expect Them

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – Doctors are more likely to prescribe antibiotics if they think patients expect the drugs, a new study finds. That's true even if the doctor doesn't think the patient has a bacterial infection, which means antibiotics would be ineffective, the researchers said. The study included more than 400 doctors in the United Kingdom. The researchers conducted two experiments and presented physicians with different scenarios where they had to decide if they would prescribe antibiotics. Doctors were more likely to do so if patients had high expectations of receiving antibiotics. The study was published Feb. 16 in the journal Health Psychology. Improper and excessive use of antibiotics has been linked to antibiotic resistance, a major health threat worldwide. "Much effort has been spent encouraging physicians to adhere to clinical guidelines when prescribing antibiotics. ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Viral Infection, Wound Infection

Rude, Disrespectful Surgeons May Also Be More Error-Prone: Study

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – Surgeons with a history of patient complaints regarding their personalities or attitude are also more likely to make mistakes in the operating room, a new study finds. Researchers compared surgical outcomes with patient reports of unprofessional behavior by their doctors at several health systems in the United States. The investigators found that people treated by surgeons who had the most complaints had nearly 14 percent more complications in the month after surgery than patients treated by surgeons viewed as more respectful. Complications included surgical-site infections, pneumonia, kidney conditions, stroke, heart problems, blood clots, sepsis and urinary tract infections, according to the study led by Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) researchers. Lead author Dr. William Cooper said surgeons who are rude and disrespectful to patients might also ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery, Surgical Prophylaxis, Gastrointestinal Surgery

Germs, Mold Found in Some Medical Pot

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – Medical marijuana carries infectious bacteria and fungi that can pose a life-threatening risk to cancer patients who use pot to help with side effects of chemotherapy, a new study suggests. The study was initially prompted by the death of a man using medical marijuana to combat the side effects of cancer treatment. His death was believed to be caused by a fungus from his marijuana, his doctor said. Study researchers tested 20 different samples of dried marijuana obtained from Northern California dispensaries and found several potentially dangerous pathogens in the samples. The germs found by the researchers wouldn't harm an average pot user, but could be potentially fatal to people whose immune systems have been suppressed, said lead researcher Dr. George Thompson III. "We found basically everything that, if you're really immunosuppressed, you don't want," ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Infections, Nausea/Vomiting, Cancer, Chronic Pain, Bacterial Infection, Vomiting, Fungal Infections, Nausea/Vomiting - Chemotherapy Induced, Cannabis, Nausea/Vomiting - Postoperative, Nausea/Vomiting - Radiation Induced, Mucormycosis, Invasive

8 Ways to Help Kids Dodge Germs

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 8, 2017 – There are a number of ways parents can help give a boost to their child's immune system, a family doctor suggests. "The immune system helps us fight infections," said Dr. Palak Shroff, a family medicine specialist at University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center. "Immunity develops over time, so the more someone gets exposed, the more the immune system develops," Shroff explained in a center news release. "Kids' whole environment is new, but over time, their immunity will develop and get better," she added. Shroff suggested eight keys to helping children minimize their risk of catching every cold and virus that comes their way: Breast-feeding is the first step. It is an important way to help your child develop a strong immune system. "During breast-feeding, the mother's immunity transfers to the child," Shroff said. Vaccination is another crucial factor. ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Obesity, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Cough, Fatigue, Bacterial Infection, Smoking, Influenza, Pneumonia, Smoking Cessation, Bacterial Skin Infection, Pseudoephedrine, Flonase, Phenylephrine, Nasonex, Human Papilloma Virus, Skin and Structure Infection, Cough and Nasal Congestion, BCG

Health Tip: How to Filter Your Water

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Just because you can't see or necessarily taste contaminated water doesn't mean there isn't a health concern. To obtain cleaner drinking water, the Environmental Working Group suggests: Research possible contaminants in the local water supply. Look for a filter that removes the contaminants in your supply, and that meets your budget. To drink tap water, opt for a reusable water bottle, made of stainless steel or BPA-free plastic. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Pinworm Infection (Enterobius vermicularis), Amebiasis

Drug May Be New Weapon Against a 'Superbug'

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – A newly approved drug may help in the battle against Clostridium difficile – a potentially fatal "superbug" gut infection that has become a scourge in U.S. hospitals. In two clinical trials, researchers found that the drug, called bezlotoxumab (Zinplava), cut the risk of a recurrent C. difficile infection by almost 40 percent. That's important, because the gut infection commonly comes back after treatment with antibiotics – around 20 percent of the time, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The infection can also make people seriously ill, with symptoms ranging from diarrhea to life-threatening inflammation of the colon, the CDC says. Zinplava has already been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and it should be available early this year, according to Merck, the drug's maker. That approval was based on the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Diarrhea, Bacterial Infection, Clostridial Infection, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea, Prevention of Clostridium Difficile Infection Recurrence, Zinplava, Bezlotoxumab

Antibiotic Overuse Behind 'Superbug' Outbreak in U.K. Hospitals

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Overuse of antibiotics triggered a severe diarrhea outbreak in British hospitals that began in 2006, a new study reports. Researchers analyzed hospital data related to the outbreak of Clostridium difficile, a "superbug" gut infection. The investigators concluded that reducing the use of fluoroquinolones – antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and levofloxacin (Levaquin) – curbed the outbreak. "These findings are of international importance because other regions, such as North America, where fluoroquinolone prescribing remains unrestricted, still suffer from epidemic numbers of C. difficile infections," said study co-author Derrick Crook. He is a professor of microbiology at the University of Oxford in England. Overuse of fluoroquinolones enabled antibiotic-resistant C. difficile to thrive because non-resistant bugs in the gut were killed off by the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Diarrhea, Bacterial Infection, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Diarrhea, Chronic, Ofloxacin, Ciprodex, Moxifloxacin, Clostridial Infection, Diarrhea, Acute, Gatifloxacin, Infectious Diarrhea, Gemifloxacin, Norfloxacin, Cipro HC, Floxin

Safeguards May Be Reducing Serious Catheter Infections

Posted 23 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 – Improved catheter safety measures in hospitals significantly reduce bloodstream infections and health care costs, a new study indicates. "Safety interventions are a win-win for both patients and hospitals," said study leader Dr. Teryl Nuckols of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. She is director of the center's division of general internal medicine. More than 60,000 primary bloodstream infections related to central venous catheters occur each year in the United States. About 12 percent of these infections end in death, according to background notes with the study. These catheters, also known as central lines, are widely used in intensive care units. They're placed in large veins in the arm, chest, neck or groin to deliver medications, fluids or blood to patients. To prevent serious infections, hospitals have introduced new safety procedures in recent ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Urinary Tract Infection, Bladder Infection, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Macrobid, Kidney Infections, Elmiron, Phenazopyridine, Prevention of Bladder infection, Potassium Citrate, Macrodantin, Pyridium, Sodium Bicarbonate, Bethanechol, Azo-Standard, Methenamine, Uricalm, Hiprex, Candida Urinary Tract Infection

Health Tip: Ward Off Infection From Ear Piercing

Posted 23 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Caring for pierced ears can help keep the piercings clean and prevent infection. Here is advice from the American Academy of Dermatologists: Never touch newly pierced ears without first washing your hands. Don't remove your first pair of earrings for at least six weeks. This helps the holes stay open. A few times each day, gently twist earrings around in your ears. At least once per day, wash ears carefully with water and soap. Clean piercings twice daily with rubbing alcohol on a cotton swab. Apply a bit of petroleum jelly afterward. See a dermatologist if your ears become swollen, red or puffy. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, RID, Bacterial Skin Infection, Silver, Permethrin, Aldara, Imiquimod, Zyclara, Abreva, Hydrogen Peroxide, Sklice, Soolantra, Eurax, Burn, Gentian Violet, Elimite, SilvaSorb, Malathion, Iodosorb

Health Tip: Wash Hands Often

Posted 20 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Washing hands regularly is a great way to help keep you and your family well. The Environmental Working Group offers these hand-washing tips: Wash children's hands often, always before eating and after playing. Wash kids' hands more often if they tend to put their hands in their mouths. Antibacterial soap does not offer medically proven benefits over plain soap and warm water, an advisory committee to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration found. Read ingredient labels on soaps, avoiding those containing triclosan or triclocarban. If washing with soap and water isn't possible, opt for a fragrance-free, alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Cold Symptoms, Bacterial Skin Infection, Sore Throat

'Superbug' May Be More Widespread Than Thought

Posted 17 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – A type of potentially deadly drug-resistant bacteria is more widespread in U.S. hospitals than previously thought and needs to be more closely monitored, a new study suggests. Researchers checked for cases of illness caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in a sample of four U.S. hospitals and identified a wide variety of CRE species. Three hospitals are in the Boston area and one is in California. The CRE family of germs causes about 9,300 infections and 600 deaths in the United States each year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Those numbers are on the rise, the researchers said. CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden has called CRE "nightmare bacteria" due to their resistance to carbapenems, which are last-resort antibiotics used to treat drug-resistant infections. In the study, the researchers also discovered that CRE ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Ertapenem, Meropenem, Invanz, Merrem, Cilastatin/Imipenem, Primaxin IM, Doripenem, Merrem Novaplus, Primaxin IV, Doribax

Debunking Winter Weather Myths

Posted 16 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – A hot toddy may seem like a good way to stay toasty on a freezing day because it makes blood rush to your skin's surface. But drinking alcohol actually speeds heat loss, according to experts. That's just one common myth about winter and cold weather. Separating fact from fiction is key to avoiding cold-related complications like hypothermia and frostbite, researchers at the University of Rochester in New York said. Here's what they say you need to know: Warm clothes don't prevent viral illnesses. More than 200 germs cause the common cold. Bundling up may not help you avoid exposure to one of them. Wearing a hat is a good idea when temperatures tumble, but heat escapes from any part of your body that is exposed – not just your head. Heat loss from the head also depends on how thick your hair is and how much energy you burn in the cold. But kids lose much more ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Cold Symptoms, Alcohol Dependence, Sore Throat, Alcoholism, Hangover, Viral Infection, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Health Tip: Ward Off Infections During Pregnancy

Posted 16 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Infections can be a serious threat to pregnant women and their fetuses. To help ward off infections while you're pregnant, the American Academy of Pediatrics advises: Wash your hands frequently, particularly when you've been around children. Stay away from people who are sick. Cook meat thoroughly, and skip foods made from raw milk Talk to your doctor about checking for group B streptococcus, and testing for sexually transmitted infections. Ask about any vaccinations you should get during pregnancy. Protect yourself from insect bites, which may transmit disease. Wear long pants, a long-sleeved shirt and insect repellent. Avoid contact with used cat litter, turtles, lizards, rodents or droppings from any of these animals. Talk to your doctor about any vitamins you should take, and the appropriate doses. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial Skin Infection, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Viral Infection, Toxoplasmosis, Insect Bites, Prevention of Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Disease, Toxoplasmosis - Prophylaxis

Parents Have Mixed Views on When to Keep Sick Kids Out of School

Posted 16 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – American parents don't always agree when to keep their children home sick from school, a new poll reveals. The poll included almost 1,500 parents nationwide. All had at least one child aged 6 to 18. The research found that 75 percent had kept their child home sick from school at least once in the past year. The main reasons for keeping a child home were concerns their illness would get worse or spread to classmates. But the University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health found that parents have differing views about how sick is too sick. Or the importance of sick day consequences, such as parents missing work or kids missing tests. Parents of children aged 6 to 9 were more likely to say that health-related concerns were a very important factor in keeping children home from school. Among parents of high schoolers, 40 ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Cough, Diarrhea, Fever, Bacterial Infection, Eye Conditions, Influenza, Eye Dryness/Redness, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Diarrhea, Chronic, Conjunctivitis, Viral Infection, Blepharitis, Diarrhea, Acute

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