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Human Papillomavirus Vaccine News

Genital Herpes Vaccine Shows Promise in Animal Trials

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – A new vaccine for genital herpes could be nearing human clinical trials, researchers say. The vaccine has proven effective in animals against herpes simplex virus 2, the sexually transmitted virus that causes genital herpes, according to a new report. The new "trivalent" vaccine targets three different parts of the virus, shutting down its ability to enter cells and to evade detection by the immune system, said senior researcher Dr. Harvey Friedman. He's a professor with the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine's Institute for Immunology. In lab studies, the vaccine proved 98 percent effective in protecting guinea pigs against genital herpes infection, Friedman and his colleagues reported. The vaccine also promoted an immune response in monkeys, increasing the levels of antibodies targeting the virus, the study authors said. The vaccine's developers ... Read more

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Nearly Half of U.S. Men Infected With HPV, Study Finds

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – Many American men are infected with the cancer-causing human papillomavirus (HPV), but unlike women, men are more likely to stay infected throughout their lives, a new study finds. About 45 percent of U.S. men are infected with the sexually transmitted disease, as are 45 percent of women. Among women, the prevalence of HPV infection drops to about 22 percent as they age, but it remains high among men, said lead researcher Dr. Jasmine Han. She is in the division of gynecologic oncology at Womack Army Medical Center, in Fort Bragg, N.C. "We don't know why it stays high in men while it drops in women," she said. "Among men it's higher than expected." Han speculates that the virus may remain in men because it lives in the penile glands, while in women, the virus is near the surface of the vagina and is more easily shed. Although a vaccine against HPV has been ... Read more

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Medical Experts Alarmed at Trump's Reported Support of Vaccine Skeptic

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 – The U.S. medical community is responding with reactions ranging from apprehension to dismay at reports that President-elect Donald Trump reportedly asked a renowned vaccine skeptic to head a new commission on vaccine safety. Robert F. Kennedy Jr., who has written articles and books claiming a link between childhood vaccines and autism, said Tuesday that Trump had offered him the post during a meeting earlier that day. A Trump spokeswoman threw some doubt on Kennedy's assertion, however, stating hours later that while the president-elect is interested in a commission on autism, no final decision has been made. Nonetheless, a host of medical societies, autism advocacy groups and individual physicians immediately denounced the potential development, which they said would shake the public's faith in a practice that regularly protects millions of people from ... Read more

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Health Tip: Getting Your Child Vaccinated

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Vaccinations are a necessary part of keeping your child healthy, but the pain and fear may be difficult to endure. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Talk to the pediatrician about ways to manage your child's pain. Distract a young child during the shot by singing a song, blowing bubbles or playing a game. Act the doctor about using a numbing spray or cream. Breast-feed or offer a pacifier to babies during vaccination. Stay calm and reassure your child that everything is OK. Read more

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Routine Testing for Genital Herpes of Little Benefit: U.S. Experts

Posted 20 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 – Routine blood test screening for genital herpes is not recommended for teens and adults – including pregnant women – who don't have any signs or symptoms of the sexually transmitted disease (STD), a panel of U.S. health care experts says. The newly released recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force reaffirms one issued in 2005. After reviewing available evidence, the group concluded that the potential harms of screening outweigh the benefits. Blood test screening for genital herpes is highly inaccurate and there is no cure, so screening, early identification and treatment are unlikely to affect the course of the disease, according to the task force. The recommendation was published online Dec. 20 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The task force is an independent panel of national experts in prevention and evidence-based ... Read more

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How Is the HPV Vaccine Perceived on Twitter?

Posted 18 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 16, 2016 – Twitter conversations regarding the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine – which protects against sexually transmitted infections – tend to be positive, researchers say. Despite the vaccine's effectiveness, some oppose its use and voice their opinions on social media. So Drexel University researchers decided to assess what's being said on Twitter about the vaccine for preteens. They found more positive tweets than negative ones. "In our sample, I expected to see a large number of negative tweets based on traditional news coverage of the topic and because HPV can be portrayed as controversial because it brings together the fields of sexually transmitted infections, immunizations and cancer prevention," said study co-author Philip Massey. "But that wasn't the case on Twitter, we found." "It is always encouraging to see that more positive messages about health are ... Read more

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2 Doses of HPV Vaccine Effective for Younger Teens

Posted 22 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 – New global research confirms that two doses of the vaccine for HPV, rather than three, can protect younger teens against the sexually transmitted virus. Based on this study and others, U.S. government health officials revised their guidelines last month to recommend a two-dose regimen for teens younger than 15. Prior to that revised guideline, three doses were recommended for adolescents and young adults up through 26 years of age. The vaccine protects against infection by HPV (human papillomavirus), which is the cause of 90 percent of cervical cancers, according to the U.S. National Cancer Institute. The new review included more than 1,500 young people, aged 9 to 26, who were vaccinated against HPV at 52 sites in 15 countries. For the study, the researchers gave two doses of HPV vaccine to teens aged 9 to 14, and three doses of the vaccine to older teens and ... Read more

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Routine School Vaccine Requirements Raise HPV Shot Rates, Too

Posted 8 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 – Schools that require routine vaccines as a condition of attendance have higher rates of vaccination, including higher rates of immunization for the human papillomavirus (HPV), a new study finds. The HPV vaccine protects against cervical cancer, as well as other cancers linked to the sexually transmitted virus. Children at these schools are also more likely to get recommended shots for tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) – the so-called Tdap shot – and meningitis (the meningococcal vaccine), researchers said. One pediatrician who reviewed the new findings believes school mandates can have a big influence on whether or not a child gets immunized. "Tdap and meningococcal vaccinations rates tend to be higher due to mandatory legislation as a requirement for school entry," said Dr. Jane Swedler, chief of adolescent medicine at Winthrop-University ... Read more

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Anal Cancer Rates Rising in Many Parts of the World

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 – Anal cancer rates are on the rise in many countries. But vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) – a virus linked to the development of anal cancer – may help curb rates of the disease, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer. The data included 18 countries. The investigators found that anal cancer rates have been increasing in women and men in 13 of those countries, particularly Australia and other countries in the Americas, and northern and western Europe. In those countries, a major subtype called anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) was much more common than others, and was the main reason for the overall increasing rates of anal cancer. Rates of another major subtype, anal adenocarcinoma (AAC), have been stable or decreasing in most populations, the researchers said. "The reason for the ... Read more

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Kids 14 and Younger Only Need 2 HPV Vaccine Shots: CDC

Posted 20 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 – Children 14 and younger require only two doses of the HPV vaccine rather than the previously recommended three shots, U.S. health officials now say. The vaccine protects against infection with sexually transmitted HPV (human papillomavirus), which can cause cervical and other cancers. On Wednesday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended that 11- to 12-year-olds receive two doses of HPV vaccine at least six months apart. It also said teens 13 and 14 can be vaccinated on the two-dose schedule. However, those who start receiving the vaccinations later – at ages 15 to 26 – still need three doses of the vaccine, according to the updated guidelines. One cervical cancer expert called the new guidelines "very important." "Decreasing the number of shots from three to two will definitely increase the chances of compliance [with vaccination]," said ... Read more

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Are Fewer Cervical Cancer Screenings Needed After HPV Vaccine?

Posted 18 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 – Women who've been vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) likely need fewer cervical cancer screenings, a new study argues. Just how often a woman needs a cervical cancer screening depends on the type of vaccine she had, the researchers said. Women vaccinated with earlier versions of the HPV vaccine – which protect against the two worst cancer-causing strains of the sexually transmitted virus – only need cervical cancer screening every five years starting at age 25 or 30, the study concluded. Women who've received the updated vaccine, which protects against seven cancer-causing strains of HPV, need screening even less often. The researchers recommend testing these women every 10 years starting at age 30 to 35 and ending at age 65. Both screening regimens would be much less rigorous than current guidelines, which call for cervical cancer exams from age 21 ... Read more

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How One Clinic Got a Big Boost in HPV Vaccination Rates

Posted 5 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2016 – The way to increase the number of girls and boys who get the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine may be as simple as giving it as part of a routine bundle of vaccines, a new study suggests. The HPV vaccine, which guards against the virus that causes most cervical cancers, is only being used in just over half of teen girls in the United States, lagging far behind other recommended vaccinations in this age group. But, by lumping HPV in with other required vaccinations, a Denver clinic was able to dramatically increase vaccination rates to nearly 90 percent in boys and girls, researchers report. "The program is simple and low cost, and something that can easily be rolled out at other institutions," said lead researcher Dr. Anna-Lisa Farmar. She is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of Colorado in Aurora. "It's become a part of our general ... Read more

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A Doctor's Words Key to Whether Child Gets HPV Vaccine

Posted 2 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 30, 2016 – The language doctors use when recommending the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine can influence whether parents will have their children immunized, a new study finds. HPV causes most cases of cervical cancer and a large percentage of vaginal, vulvar, anal, penile and oropharyngeal cancers. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends boys and girls receive the three-dose HPV vaccination beginning at age 11 or 12. As of 2015, only 42 percent of girls and 28 percent of boys ages 13 to 17 had completed the HPV vaccine series, according to the CDC. Previous research found that doctors' recommendations play a major role in whether parents have their children vaccinated. In this new study, researchers examined if specific language used by doctors affects parents' decisions. The study included more than 1,500 parents. Their children were between the ... Read more

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HPV Vaccine More Effective Than Thought: Study

Posted 29 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 29, 2016 – The vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which doctors believe causes most cases of cervical cancer, appears even more effective than believed, a new study finds. "After eight years of vaccination, the reduction in the incidence of cervical neoplasia [abnormal growth of cells], including pre-cancers, have been reduced approximately 50 percent. This is greater than what was expected – that's pretty exciting," said lead researcher Cosette Wheeler. She is a professor of pathology and obstetrics and gynecology at the University of New Mexico, in Albuquerque. The study also showed that the protection appears to occur even when only one or two of the recommended doses of the vaccine are given. "Right now, the recommendation is three doses for girls and boys before the 13th birthday, so that you are protected before you become exposed," Wheeler ... Read more

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Cancer Experts Endorse CDC's HPV Vaccine Guidelines

Posted 19 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 – The American Cancer Society has endorsed the U.S. government's HPV vaccination recommendations, which include immunizing all preteens against the sexually transmitted human papilloma virus. In a new report, the cancer society says 11- and 12-year-old girls as well as boys should be vaccinated to guard against cancers associated with HPV. This is in line with updated guidelines from the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "HPV vaccination has the potential to prevent tens of thousands of cancers and hundreds of thousands of pre-cancers each year," said the lead author of the report, Debbie Saslow. She is the cancer society's director of cancer control intervention for HPV vaccination and women's cancers. "It is critical that all stakeholders – families, health care providers, and others – make HPV vaccination a priority, so that prevention of ... Read more

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