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Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis News

Oral Sex Plus Smoking a Cancer Danger for Men

Posted 2 days 15 hours ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 20, 2017 – Smoking and oral sex may be a deadly combo that raises a man's risk for head and neck cancer, a new study suggests. The key factor is transmission of oral strains of the cancer-linked human papillomavirus (HPV), which can be passed through oral sex. In fact, men who smoke and have five or more partners with whom they've had oral sex – in this study, that typically meant cunnilingus – have the highest risk of developing a type of head and neck cancer known as oropharyngeal cancer. Dr. Otis Brawley is chief medical officer at the American Cancer Society. Reviewing the new study, he noted that "the incidence of oral HPV infection seems to be rising among white men in their 50s and 60s," perhaps due to increasing acceptance of oral sex. Still, for most people, the risk of contracting an HPV-linked head-and-neck cancer remains very low, said lead researcher Amber ... Read more

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HPV Vaccine Safe for Adult Women: Study

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 18, 2017 – Vaccines that ward off the cancer-linked human papillomavirus (HPV) are safe for adult women, according to a study of more than 3 million Scandinavians. The researchers, who used Danish and Swedish hospital data to track the incidence of 44 different illnesses over 10 years, found no "serious safety concerns" for women who'd gotten the HPV vaccine to reduce their odds for cervical cancer. The vast majority of cervical cancers are thought to be caused by infection with HPV. Diseases or conditions studied in the new analysis included epilepsy, paralysis, lupus, psoriasis, type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid issues and Crohn's disease, among others. The study did find slightly higher odds for celiac disease among vaccinated women, but this was seen only in Denmark. The authors noted that celiac disease is "markedly underdiagnosed" in the Danish ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

1 in 9 American Men Infected With Oral HPV

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 16, 2017 – Eleven million American men are infected with oral human papillomavirus (HPV), which can lead to cancers of the head, neck and throat, a new study reports. That equates to 1 in 9 U.S. males aged 18 to 69. And infection is most likely for those who have had multiple oral sexual partners, are gay or bisexual, or who also have genital HPV infection, a team of U.S. researchers found. The most common cancer caused by the sexually transmitted virus is oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, a head and neck cancer that's far more common in men than women, according to the study. "The incidence of this cancer has increased 300 percent in the last 20 years," said lead researcher Ashish Deshmukh. He's a research assistant professor at the University of Florida College of Public Health and Health Professions. Deshmukh and colleagues used 2011-2014 data from the U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Human Papilloma Virus, Condylomata Acuminata, Gardasil, Head and Neck Cancer, Cervical Dysplasia, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

U.S. Cancer Death Rate Continues to Fall

Posted 14 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 – More Americans are surviving cancer than ever before, but as the population ages, even more will develop the disease. That's the good and bad news from the 2017 Cancer Progress Report from the American Association for Cancer Research, released Wednesday. According to the report, the cancer death rate dropped 35 percent among children and 25 percent among adults from 1991 to 2014. That translates to slightly more than 2 million fewer cancer deaths. On the flip side, new cancer diagnoses are predicted to rise from nearly 1.7 million this year to 2.3 million in 2030, said the association's president, Dr. Michael Caligiuri. And this year alone, more than 600,000 Americans are predicted to die from cancer, according to the report. Caligiuri said the increase in cancer cases is simply a consequence of more people living longer. As the report noted, 53 percent of ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Gardasil, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

New Guideline Aims to Help Doctors Diagnose Head, Neck Masses

Posted 12 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 – Neck masses are common in adults, but the cause is often hard to pinpoint. Now, doctors have a new guideline to help them make that call. The guideline from the American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery dovetails with a rise in head and neck cancers related to the sexually transmitted human papilloma virus (HPV). "A neck mass may indicate a serious medical problem. It does not mean the patient has cancer, but it does mean they need more medical evaluation to make a diagnosis," said Dr. M. Boyd Gillespie, assistant chairman of the group that developed the guideline. In an academy news release, he called the new guideline "an important instrument for the early diagnosis and treatment." A neck mass – an abnormal lump – can be any size and can be due to a number of reasons. It can be a sign of viral or bacterial infection. A neck mass could ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Human Papilloma Virus, Gardasil, Viral Infection, Head and Neck Cancer, Deep Neck Infection, Cervarix, Diagnosis and Investigation, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Salivary Gland Cancer, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Solid Tumors, Gardasil 9

HPV Test Alone OK for Cervical Cancer Screening Over 30: Expert Panel

Posted 12 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 – An influential U.S. panel of health experts is boosting support for the HPV test as a routine part of cervical cancer screening. The independent U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) – which issues closely heeded guidelines on a range of medical issues – says the test for the human papillomavirus (HPV) can be used once every five years for women aged 30 to 65, in lieu of the once every three-year Pap test. Prior guidelines had called for the use of both tests together. For younger women, aged 21 to 29, a Pap test once every three years is still the recommended screen, the panel said. Certain strains of sexually transmitted HPV are thought to cause the vast majority of cervical cancer cases. "One of the biggest differences between these guidelines and the former guidelines is that the new guidelines recommend against co-testing – HPV test and a Pap ... Read more

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HPV Vaccine May Even Protect Women Who Never Got It

Posted 8 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 – Fewer adult women are becoming infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), a trend that includes females who have never received the HPV vaccine, a new study reports. It appears that enough women have gotten the HPV vaccine to create "herd immunity" that will provide some protection to females who go unvaccinated, said lead researcher Dr. Abbey Berenson. "While vaccinated women have already had low levels of HPV infections for several years, we are now seeing a reduction in infections among women who have not received the vaccine," said Berenson, director of the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. "This is further evidence that the vaccine is effective and emphasizes just how important it is for everyone who is eligible to get vaccinated," she added. This trend should lead to an overall ... Read more

Related support groups: Gardasil, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Health Tip: Getting the HPV Vaccine

Posted 30 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted disease that has been linked to cancer of the cervix and a host of other cancers. The HPV vaccine is designed to prevent infection by the HPV-16 and HPV-18 strains of the virus, which are responsible for about 70 percent of cervical cancers, the American Cancer Society says. The virus also can lead to cancers of the anus, penis, vagina and throat. Here are the society's suggestions for who should get the vaccine, and when: The shot is best given when a person is age 11 or 12 because it produces the strongest immune response at this age. The vaccine also is recommended for unvaccinated females aged 13 to 26, and for unvaccinated males 13 to 21. Males 22 to 26 may also be vaccinated, but the shot is not as effective at these older ages. The vaccine is not approved nor recommended after age 26. While the shot is safe, it won't offer ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Human Papilloma Virus, Condylomata Acuminata, Gardasil, Cervical Dysplasia, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Gardasil 9

More U.S. Teens Still Need To Get Vaccinated Against HPV

Posted 25 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 – Six out of 10 U.S. parents are choosing to get their children vaccinated against the cancer-causing human papillomavirus (HPV), which is spread by sexual contact, federal health officials reported Thursday. The bad news: while most children are getting their first dose of HPV vaccine, many aren't completing the full vaccination schedule, the officials said. "I'm pleased with the progress, but too many teens are still not receiving the HPV vaccine – which leaves them vulnerable to cancers caused by HPV infection," CDC director Dr. Brenda Fitzgerald said in an agency news release. "We need to do more to increase the vaccination rate and protect American youth today from future cancers tomorrow." An estimated 14 million Americans, including teens, become infected with HPV each year. The infection can cause cervical, vaginal and vulvar cancers in women, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Gardasil, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Only About One-Third of Americans Use Condoms: CDC

Posted 10 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 10, 2017 – Condoms can help prevent pregnancy and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), but only about a third of Americans use them, a new federal report shows. "The use of condoms is a public health issue," said report author Casey Copen, a statistician at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. "STDs can lead to long-term consequences, such as infertility," she said. "Condoms, when used consistently and correctly, reduce the risk of HIV and STDs." About 20 million new cases of STDs are diagnosed each year in the United States, the CDC said. These infections include human papillomavirus (HPV), gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, hepatitis and HIV. The choice of whether to use a condom or not is influenced by a number of factors. These include: a woman's desire to get pregnant, one's experience using other ... Read more

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Making the Most of Childhood Wellness Visits

Posted 21 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 – Babies born today will have about a dozen wellness visits by the time they reach age 3. At that point, these checkups typically drop to just once a year, often before kids head back to school. So it's important to make the most of each visit, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. These visits include a physical exam as well as developmental, behavioral and learning assessments. They're also your opportunity to ask questions. With limited time in the exam room, make your list of questions in advance and prioritize them in order of importance. Also, ask any caregivers who spend lots of time with your child if they have questions or concerns that you should bring up. Talk about school safety with the pediatrician, including on the playground and in the cafeteria, especially if your child has allergies. And ask about any precautions to take if your ... Read more

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Parents, Get Your Teens Their Vaccines!

Posted 17 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 – Many American teens may not get recommended vaccinations, and their parents might bear some of the blame, a new study suggests. The national poll of 614 parents with at least one teenager found that more than one-third didn't know when their teen's next vaccine was due. And half incorrectly thought that their doctor would contact them for an appointment at the appropriate time. "When kids are little, their pediatricians usually schedule visits to coincide with the timing of recommended vaccinations," said Sarah Clark. She is co-director of the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health at the University of Michigan. "As children get older, well-child appointments occur less often and health providers may not address vaccines during brief visits for sickness or injury. Many teens may be missing out on important vaccines simply because ... Read more

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2 Doses of HPV Shot Enough to Prevent Genital Warts: Study

Posted 24 May 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 – New research supports the recent U.S. recommendation for two, rather than three, doses of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to protect against genital warts in preteens and teens. Investigators at Boston University Medical Center found that two HPV vaccine doses are just as effective as three at preventing genital warts. That's in keeping with the new recommendations from the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC and World Health Organization based the new two-dose schedule primarily on "immunogenicity" results – the vaccine's ability to induce an immune response, said study lead author Dr. Rebecca Perkins. "But there was very little research on how effective that recommendation has been," added Perkins, an obstetrician. "This study validates the new recommendations, and allows us to confidently move forward with the two-dose schedule ... Read more

Related support groups: Gardasil, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

HPV Vaccine May Also Prevent Cancers Affecting Men

Posted 18 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 – The same vaccine that cuts the risk of cervical cancer in women might also lower the chances of head and neck cancers in men, new research suggests. In addition to being linked to cervical cancer, the human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause cancers in the back of the throat, in an area known as the oropharynx. HPV is linked with about 70 percent of these types of cancers in the United States, and the rates of these cancers are rising dramatically, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved HPV vaccines for prevention of cervical, vulvar, vaginal and anal cancers in women, and anal cancers in men. However, the HPV vaccine hasn't been FDA-approved for prevention of head and neck cancers, because the vaccines have not been evaluated in clinical trials for that purpose. "We don't know if there's ... Read more

Related support groups: Colorectal Cancer, Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

When Parents Get Vaccinated, Their Kids Do Too

Posted 17 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 17, 2017 – When parents get a flu shot, their kids are more likely to be vaccinated against not only the flu, but also other diseases, new research reveals. Investigators first focused on the flu vaccine, and found that the kids of parents who got the flu shot were nearly three times more likely to get the shot themselves. But the trickle-down effect did not stop there. When parents got flu shots, they were also more likely to make sure their kids were vaccinated against other diseases, especially the human papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV vaccine protects against several cancers, including cervical cancer in women and penile cancer in men. And the reverse held true. "Parents who chose not to immunize themselves for influenza were more likely to have children who weren't immunized against other diseases, such as HPV," said study lead researcher Steve Robison, from the Oregon ... Read more

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