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When Parents Get Vaccinated, Their Kids Do Too

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 17, 2017 – When parents get a flu shot, their kids are more likely to be vaccinated against not only the flu, but also other diseases, new research reveals. Investigators first focused on the flu vaccine, and found that the kids of parents who got the flu shot were nearly three times more likely to get the shot themselves. But the trickle-down effect did not stop there. When parents got flu shots, they were also more likely to make sure their kids were vaccinated against other diseases, especially the human papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV vaccine protects against several cancers, including cervical cancer in women and penile cancer in men. And the reverse held true. "Parents who chose not to immunize themselves for influenza were more likely to have children who weren't immunized against other diseases, such as HPV," said study lead researcher Steve Robison, from the Oregon ... Read more

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4 in 10 U.S. Adults Under 60 Carry HPV

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 6, 2017 – Nearly half of American men and women under 60 are infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV), putting them at risk for certain cancers, federal health officials reported Thursday. More than 45 percent of men were infected with genital HPV in 2013-2014, while 25 percent were infected with high-risk genital HPV. At the same time, about 40 percent of women carried genital HPV, while almost 20 percent had high-risk genital HPV, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Some types of HPV can cause genital warts and are considered low risk, with a small chance for causing cancer, the CDC report said. Other types are believed to be high risk and can cause cancer in different parts of the body. Those areas include the cervix and vagina in women, the penis in men, and the anus and neck in both genders. However, the HPV vaccine has the ... Read more

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Got the HPV Vaccine Before You Knew You Were Pregnant? Don't Worry

Posted 29 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 29, 2017 – The cancer-preventing HPV vaccine does not appear to have any ill effect on babies unintentionally exposed to it in the womb, researchers report. Babies whose mothers were vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) during pregnancy did not have a significantly higher risk for major birth defects, low birth weight, preterm birth or stillbirth, compared with unexposed babies, according to a new study. "We found no support for an adverse effect on the unborn baby of HPV vaccination in pregnancy," said senior author Anders Hviid. Hviid is a senior investigator with the Statens Serum Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark. HPV is a sexually transmitted virus that's responsible for virtually all cases of cervical cancer, 95 percent of anal cancer and 70 percent of throat cancers, according to the U.S. National Cancer Institute. HPV vaccines are recommended for all ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Congressional Group Gives Bipartisan Support to Vaccine Safety

Posted 21 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 21, 2017 – A group of six high-ranking U.S. Senators and House members from both sides of the aisle issued a statement Tuesday supporting the safety and effectiveness of FDA-approved vaccines. The statement comes after reports that President Donald Trump has shown some support for the widely discredited "anti-vaxxer" movement. In early January, Robert Kennedy Jr., a vocal opponent of routine childhood vaccinations, said that Trump had asked him to head a new commission on vaccine safety. Various medical organizations expressed alarm at the time. However, the six Congressional leaders who penned the statement Tuesday said the debate over the safety of vaccines has long been over. They include Senate Health Committee Chairman Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.) and Ranking Member Patty Murray (D-Wash.), and House Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Greg Walden (R-Ore.) and Ranking ... Read more

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Screening, HPV Vaccine Can Prevent Cervical Cancer: FDA

Posted 8 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 7, 2017 – Women can reduce their risk of cervical cancer through vaccination and screening, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. In 2016, nearly 13,000 women in the United States will be diagnosed with cervical cancer and more than 4,100 will die from the disease, according to the U.S. National Cancer Institute. The FDA wants to make women aware of how to protect themselves from cervical cancer, which is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). An FDA-approved vaccine called Gardasil 9 protects against 9 HPV types and can prevent about 90 percent of cervical, vulvar, vaginal and anal cancer cancers, and also protects against genital warts. The vaccine is approved for use in females and males aged 9 to 26. Gardasil 9 is not a treatment for HPV disease or cervical cancer, noted Marion Gruber, director of the FDA's Office of Vaccines Research and Review. "Women, ... Read more

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U.S. Vaccine Guidelines for Flu, HPV Updated

Posted 7 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 7, 2017 – Roll up your sleeves, America. A national advisory panel of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released its 2017 advisory for recommended shots affecting adults. This year's advisory revises guidance on seasonal flu shots by eliminating nasal flu vaccines and modifying flu-shot advice for people with egg allergy. It also tweaks recommendations for vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B and meningococcal disease. Doctors use the annually updated vaccine schedule to ensure that patients receive the right vaccines for their age, medical condition and other risk factors. The entire list includes 13 vaccinations. "All adults need immunizations to help them prevent getting and spreading serious disease that could result in poor health, missed work, medical bills, and not being able to care for family," said the report's lead ... Read more

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U.S. Teens Lag on Recommended Vaccinations

Posted 6 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 6, 2017 – Teens are less likely than younger children to get all their recommended vaccinations, perhaps putting their long-term health at risk, according to a leading group of U.S. pediatricians. Teens' rates of vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) and the flu are well below the target of 80 percent or higher, according to two reports from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). "We often find that teenagers don't visit their doctors as regularly as they did when they were younger, and they may be late or even miss important immunizations recommended to keep them healthy," Dr. Joseph Bocchini Jr. said in an academy news release. Bocchini is co-author of the reports and former chair of the AAP Committee on Infectious Diseases. The immunization rates vary considerably by vaccine and by state, the pediatricians' group found. In 2014, only 40 percent of girls and ... Read more

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HPV Vaccine Doesn't Eliminate Need for Pap Test

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 – The HPV vaccine helps prevent cervical cancer but that doesn't mean women should forgo Pap test screening, cancer experts say. Women of all ages need to continue to undergo this screening test for precancerous or cancerous cells on the cervix even if they've received the vaccine, advised gynecologic oncologist Dr. Jayanthi Lea, from UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. "The vaccine reduces the risk of cancer, but has not yet been shown to eliminate the need for screening," Lea said. Lea and her colleagues said that once women have been vaccinated against the human papillomavirus (HPV) – a virus that can cause cervical cancer – they don't need to get screened every year as in the past. "Routine cervical screening for women under age 21 and over 65 is no longer recommended. Research has found that testing every three years is sufficient, unless the patient ... Read more

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Nearly Half of U.S. Men Infected With HPV, Study Finds

Posted 19 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – Many American men are infected with the cancer-causing human papillomavirus (HPV), but unlike women, men are more likely to stay infected throughout their lives, a new study finds. About 45 percent of U.S. men are infected with the sexually transmitted disease, as are 45 percent of women. Among women, the prevalence of HPV infection drops to about 22 percent as they age, but it remains high among men, said lead researcher Dr. Jasmine Han. She is in the division of gynecologic oncology at Womack Army Medical Center, in Fort Bragg, N.C. "We don't know why it stays high in men while it drops in women," she said. "Among men it's higher than expected." Han speculates that the virus may remain in men because it lives in the penile glands, while in women, the virus is near the surface of the vagina and is more easily shed. Although a vaccine against HPV has been ... Read more

Related support groups: Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Health Tip: Getting Your Child Vaccinated

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Vaccinations are a necessary part of keeping your child healthy, but the pain and fear may be difficult to endure. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Talk to the pediatrician about ways to manage your child's pain. Distract a young child during the shot by singing a song, blowing bubbles or playing a game. Act the doctor about using a numbing spray or cream. Breast-feed or offer a pacifier to babies during vaccination. Stay calm and reassure your child that everything is OK. Read more

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How Is the HPV Vaccine Perceived on Twitter?

Posted 18 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 16, 2016 – Twitter conversations regarding the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine – which protects against sexually transmitted infections – tend to be positive, researchers say. Despite the vaccine's effectiveness, some oppose its use and voice their opinions on social media. So Drexel University researchers decided to assess what's being said on Twitter about the vaccine for preteens. They found more positive tweets than negative ones. "In our sample, I expected to see a large number of negative tweets based on traditional news coverage of the topic and because HPV can be portrayed as controversial because it brings together the fields of sexually transmitted infections, immunizations and cancer prevention," said study co-author Philip Massey. "But that wasn't the case on Twitter, we found." "It is always encouraging to see that more positive messages about health are ... Read more

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Pubic Grooming Tied to Higher STD Rates

Posted 6 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 – Brazilian bikini waxing and similar forms of personal grooming may be all the rage, but they come with a heightened risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease, new research suggests. The study found that frequent groomers of pubic hair are three to four times more likely to contract a sexually transmitted infection, such as herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV) or syphilis. "Grooming is linked to a heightened self-reported sexually transmitted disease risk, and for those who groom frequently or remove all of their hair often, the association is even higher," said lead researcher Dr. Charles Osterberg. He's an assistant professor of urology and surgery at the University of Texas Dell Medical School in Austin. Still, the study didn't prove a direct cause-and-effect relationship between pubic grooming and sexually transmitted infections, it was only designed to ... Read more

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2 Doses of HPV Vaccine Effective for Younger Teens

Posted 22 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 – New global research confirms that two doses of the vaccine for HPV, rather than three, can protect younger teens against the sexually transmitted virus. Based on this study and others, U.S. government health officials revised their guidelines last month to recommend a two-dose regimen for teens younger than 15. Prior to that revised guideline, three doses were recommended for adolescents and young adults up through 26 years of age. The vaccine protects against infection by HPV (human papillomavirus), which is the cause of 90 percent of cervical cancers, according to the U.S. National Cancer Institute. The new review included more than 1,500 young people, aged 9 to 26, who were vaccinated against HPV at 52 sites in 15 countries. For the study, the researchers gave two doses of HPV vaccine to teens aged 9 to 14, and three doses of the vaccine to older teens and ... Read more

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Routine School Vaccine Requirements Raise HPV Shot Rates, Too

Posted 8 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 – Schools that require routine vaccines as a condition of attendance have higher rates of vaccination, including higher rates of immunization for the human papillomavirus (HPV), a new study finds. The HPV vaccine protects against cervical cancer, as well as other cancers linked to the sexually transmitted virus. Children at these schools are also more likely to get recommended shots for tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) – the so-called Tdap shot – and meningitis (the meningococcal vaccine), researchers said. One pediatrician who reviewed the new findings believes school mandates can have a big influence on whether or not a child gets immunized. "Tdap and meningococcal vaccinations rates tend to be higher due to mandatory legislation as a requirement for school entry," said Dr. Jane Swedler, chief of adolescent medicine at Winthrop-University ... Read more

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Anal Cancer Rates Rising in Many Parts of the World

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 – Anal cancer rates are on the rise in many countries. But vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) – a virus linked to the development of anal cancer – may help curb rates of the disease, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer. The data included 18 countries. The investigators found that anal cancer rates have been increasing in women and men in 13 of those countries, particularly Australia and other countries in the Americas, and northern and western Europe. In those countries, a major subtype called anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) was much more common than others, and was the main reason for the overall increasing rates of anal cancer. Rates of another major subtype, anal adenocarcinoma (AAC), have been stable or decreasing in most populations, the researchers said. "The reason for the ... Read more

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