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Related terms: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Acute HIV Infection, Acute Retroviral Syndrome, AIDS, AIDS-Related Complex, Chronic Symptomatic HIV Infection, HIV Infection, Acute, HIV Seroconversion Syndrome, Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection, Primary HIV Infection, HIV, ARC, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, HIV/AIDS

Fewer Than 1,000 Used Oregon's Right-to-Die Law by 2015

Posted 6 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 6, 2017 – Oregon's Death with Dignity Act allows terminally ill patients to end their own lives. But over almost two decades, relatively few patients have done so, a new study reveals. Less than 1,000 residents have followed through since Oregon became the first state to permit physician-aided dying in 1997, researchers found. More people requested the lethal drugs than actually used them. And, more than three-quarters who used the drugs had cancer, said Dr. Charles Blanke, lead researcher of the new study. "Oregon's Death with Dignity Act is being used only rarely, and by patients who are truly suffering," said Blanke, a professor of medicine at Oregon Health and Science University's Knight Cancer Institute. Most patients who chose to die cited loss of independence and an inability to enjoy life, said Blanke, who is also chair of SWOG, a worldwide cancer study group. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, HIV Infection, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Respiratory Tract Disease

'Cancer Profile' Is Changing for Americans With HIV

Posted 5 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 5, 2017 – As HIV becomes a lifetime disease instead of a killer, researchers say these patients will likely start to mirror other Americans when it comes to the kinds of cancers they develop. By 2030, the total number of cancers in HIV-positive people is expected to decline dramatically, as fewer patients develop tumors linked to a ravaged immune system, the new report suggested. Prostate, lung and liver cancer are predicted to become the most common cancers in this group, followed by anal cancer, which is linked to the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV). "They're starting to look more like people without HIV in a lot of ways, but the cancer risk will still be different," said Michael Silverberg, a research scientist with Kaiser Permanente Northern California. He was not involved in the study. In the early years of the AIDS epidemic, patients developed ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prostate Cancer, HIV Infection, Lung Cancer

Far Fewer Kids Are Dying Worldwide, but Gains Are Uneven

Posted 3 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 3, 2017 – Despite a dramatic decline in child and teen deaths around the world since 1990, progress remains uneven, a new study shows. Child and teen deaths worldwide fell from just over 14 billion in 1990 to about 7 billion in 2015. The most common causes of death were preterm birth complications, respiratory infections, diarrhea, birth defects, malaria, sepsis, meningitis and HIV/AIDS, according to data on people age 19 and younger in 195 countries and territories. Countries with lower scores on a measure of income, education and fertility known as a Sociodemographic Index (SDI) had a larger share of global child/teen deaths in 2015 than in 1990. Most occurred in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. One reason for the regional differences may be that places with the lowest SDI scores historically have not received significant development aid for health, according to study ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, HIV Infection, Malaria, Sepsis, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea, Wound Sepsis

Health Risks Grow as Young People Born With HIV Age

Posted 31 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 31, 2017 – Teens and young adults who were infected with HIV near the time of birth are at increased risk for serious health problems and death, a new study finds. "Despite being engaged in health care, the number of deaths among youth born with HIV in the U.S. is 6 to 12 times higher than for youth without HIV of the same age, sex and race," said study leader Dr. Anne Neilan. She is an infectious disease fellow at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. Neilan and her hospital colleagues analyzed 2007-2015 data from more than 1,400 young Americans who were infected with HIV – the virus that causes AIDS – when they were born. Those between the ages of 13 and 30 were more likely to have what doctors call poor HIV control. That means they had higher levels of the virus and lower levels of the immune cells that HIV targets. They also were more likely to have AIDS-related ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases

U.S. Sees Big Drop in Number of Babies Born With HIV

Posted 20 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 20, 2017 – The number of infants born with HIV in the United States has dropped dramatically over the past two decades, a new study shows. According to new data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there were 69 cases of HIV-infected infants in 2013, compared with 216 cases in 2002. Factors tied to mother-to-child transmission of HIV include late HIV diagnosis of mothers and a lack of antiretroviral and preventive treatment, say a team led by the CDC's Dr. Steven Nesheim. "Missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years," they wrote. One HIV expert who reviewed the paper noted other disparities, as well. "More than 80 percent of new cases of mother-to-child transmission of HIV are from mothers who are black/African American and Hispanic/Latino," said Dr. David Rosenthal. He directs the Center ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis

'Immunotherapy' in Monkeys Shows Promise as Long-Term HIV Treatment

Posted 13 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 13, 2017 – Lab experiments with monkeys suggest that "immunotherapy" holds promise as a long-term treatment for HIV, researchers say. Treatment with two anti-HIV antibodies right after infection might help keep the AIDS-causing virus in check for a prolonged period, according to the new study. Despite an arsenal of HIV drugs, effective long-term treatment remains elusive because inactive versions of the virus lie in wait for an opportunity to attack the immune system, said the researchers from Rockefeller University in New York City and the U.S. National Institutes of Health. "This [new] form of therapy can induce potent immunity to HIV, allowing the host to control the infection," said Michel Nussenzweig, head of Rockefeller's laboratory of molecular immunology. "It works by taking advantage of the immune system's natural defenses, similar to what happens in some forms ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Hizentra, Gamunex, RhoGAM, Gammagard, Immune Globulin Intravenous, Hepatitis B Immune Globulin, Privigen, Diagnosis and Investigation, Vivaglobin, Rhophylac, Synagis, Gamunex-C, Carimune, Hyqvia, MICRhoGAM, Immune Globulin Subcutaneous, Nabi-HB, WinRho SDF

Gay Men Less Likely to Have Safe Sex Now: Survey

Posted 13 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – In a sign that powerful new ways to treat and prevent HIV are relaxing attitudes about safer sex, a new survey finds that gay and bisexual men are much less likely to use condoms than they were two decades ago. Men questioned at a Atlanta gay pride event in 2015 – including HIV-positive men – were more likely to say they'd recently had anal sex without a condom compared to men who were questioned at the same event in 2006 and 1997. Although there are signs that the rates of other sexually transmitted infections have increased and the possibility of a drug-resistant strain of the once-deadly virus looms, HIV experts said the condom-less trend may not be as troubling as it appears. "There has been an increase in the understanding that condom-less anal sex is not risky" if men take a drug to prevent HIV infection or take medication if they are already infected, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, Nexplanon, NuvaRing, Provera, Depo-Provera, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Mononessa

U.S. Vaccine Guidelines for Flu, HPV Updated

Posted 7 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 7, 2017 – Roll up your sleeves, America. A national advisory panel of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released its 2017 advisory for recommended shots affecting adults. This year's advisory revises guidance on seasonal flu shots by eliminating nasal flu vaccines and modifying flu-shot advice for people with egg allergy. It also tweaks recommendations for vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B and meningococcal disease. Doctors use the annually updated vaccine schedule to ensure that patients receive the right vaccines for their age, medical condition and other risk factors. The entire list includes 13 vaccinations. "All adults need immunizations to help them prevent getting and spreading serious disease that could result in poor health, missed work, medical bills, and not being able to care for family," said the report's lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, HIV Infection, Autoimmune Disorders, Liver Cirrhosis, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Gardasil, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Twinrix, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Hepatitis B Prevention, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Tetanus Immune Globulin, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Engerix-B, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, HyperTET S/D

Black Americans Still Undertreated for HIV

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Although progress has been made, blacks in America are still being hit harder by HIV/AIDS, a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says. The CDC study found that of more than 12,200 black men and women diagnosed with HIV in 2014, nearly 22 percent had progressed to AIDS by the time they were diagnosed. That means diagnosis and treatment is often coming too late. Moreover, among all black Americans with HIV in 2013, only about 54 percent were receiving continuous medical care. Of those getting care, less than half had effectively suppressed the virus. This is far below the National HIV/AIDS Strategy goals of 90 percent of HIV patients in treatment and 80 percent with undetectable HIV by 2020, the study authors noted. "While we have made great progress in HIV prevention among African Americans in recent years, it is clear that we need ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Tamiflu, Valacyclovir, Ribavirin, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Zovirax, Truvada, Baraclude, Famciclovir, Victrelis, Famvir, Oseltamivir, Viread, Kaletra, Valcyte, Entecavir, Copegus

Gay Man Infected With HIV Despite Using Preventive Drugs

Posted 1 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – Doctors report that a gay Canadian man contracted HIV even though he had been taking daily medication to ward off infection. Based on a genetic analysis of the virus, it was determined that the 43-year-old Toronto resident was infected with a strain of HIV that had become resistant to the anti-HIV drug Truvada, said report author Dr. David Knox. He is a doctor with the Maple Leaf Medical Clinic in Toronto. However, HIV experts say this does not mean a completely drug-resistant strain of the virus is on its way, leading to a return of the AIDS crisis of the 1980s and 1990s. "The number of highly resistant strains for Truvada is still very low," said Greg Millett, vice president and director of public policy for amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research. "Less than 1 percent of people living with HIV have a highly resistant strain. I do not have a concern that ... Read more

Related support groups: Plan B, Mirena, Nexplanon, NuvaRing, Provera, Depo-Provera, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Mononessa, Lutera, Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo, HIV Infection

Diabetes Risk May Be Higher for HIV-Positive Adults

Posted 31 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 – People infected with the virus that causes AIDS may be more likely to develop diabetes, new research suggests. In the study, the prevalence of diabetes was almost 4 percent higher among HIV-positive adults than the general population. Researchers examined survey responses of 8,610 HIV-positive participants in the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP). They also analyzed data from about 5,600 people in the general public who took the annual National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Of the MMP participants, 75 percent were men and nearly 60 percent were aged 45 or older. About 25 percent were obese; about 20 percent also had hepatitis C (HCV); and 90 percent had received antiretroviral therapy within the past year. Of NHANES participants, about half were men aged 45 years and older; 36 percent were obese; and fewer than 2 percent had hepatitis C. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Lantus, HIV Infection, Glucophage, Novolog, Glipizide, Humalog, Glyburide, Lantus Solostar, Levemir, Glimepiride, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Novolin R, Amaryl, Novolin N, Humulin N

Many With Mental Illness Miss Out on HIV Tests

Posted 20 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – People with severe mental illness are only slightly more likely to be screened for HIV than those in the general population, a new study finds. And that's true even though they're at higher risk for infection with the AIDS-causing virus, the researchers added. The study included nearly 57,000 Medicaid patients in California. They were between the ages of 18 and 67. They were all taking medications to treat bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or major depression with psychosis. Just under 7 percent had HIV testing, compared with 5 percent of the state's general population in 2011, according to the study. The authors said their findings suggest a missed opportunity to treat HIV infection early in people with severe mental illness. The risk of HIV may be up to 15 percent higher in people with severe mental illness than in the general population, the researchers said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, HIV Infection, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Drug Psychosis

Can HIV Drugs Boost Syphilis Risk?

Posted 17 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – Gay and bisexual men taking antiretroviral drugs to treat HIV infection may be at increased risk for syphilis, new research contends. Based on a review of available evidence, the investigators concluded that the drugs may boost susceptibility to the bacterium that causes syphilis, although the study did not prove cause-and-effect. The finding might explain why new and repeat cases of syphilis in gay and bisexual men have risen sharply compared to other sexually transmitted infections over the past decade, the researchers wrote. The study team was led by Dr. Michael Rekart, from the University of British Columbia's School of Population and Public Health in Vancouver. The findings were published in the Jan. 16 issue of the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. The authors of an editorial that accompanied the study said the theory is "intriguing" and "warrants ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Tamiflu, Valacyclovir, Ribavirin, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Zovirax, Syphilis, Baraclude, Famciclovir, Victrelis, Oseltamivir, Famvir, Viread, Kaletra, Daklinza, Entecavir

HIV May Double Odds of Heart Attack

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – As people with HIV are living longer, new concerns are cropping up, such as a risk for heart attack up to two times greater than for people without the AIDS-causing virus, a new study reports. Those increased odds are seen even in people whose virus has been suppressed to undetectable levels in the blood with antiretroviral drugs, the researchers said. There are several reasons for this higher risk, said lead researcher Dr. Matthew Feinstein, a cardiology fellow at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. "A key factor appears to be chronic HIV-associated inflammation that persists even when there is no detectable virus in the blood," he said. Feinstein explained that the heart disease and stroke risk is higher "because the virus maintains a reservoir in the body's tissues, driving a chronic inflammatory and immune response that can ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome, Family History of Myocardial Infarction

Doctors Seeing More HIV Patients With Multidrug Resistance

Posted 1 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 – A significant number of people with HIV have strains of the AIDS-causing virus that are resistant to both older and newer drugs, researchers report. The researchers looked at 712 HIV patients worldwide whose infection was not controlled by antiretroviral drugs. They found that 16 percent of patients whose infection was resistant to modern drugs had HIV mutations linked with resistance to older drugs called thymidine analogues. Among patients whose HIV had this mutation, 80 percent were also resistant to tenofovir, the main drug in most modern HIV treatment and prevention programs, the researchers reported. The findings were published in the Nov. 30 issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal. "We were very surprised to see that so many people were resistant to both drugs, as we didn't think this was possible," study lead author Ravi Gupta, of University ... Read more

Related support groups: Harvoni, HIV Infection, Atripla, Sovaldi, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Truvada, Stribild, Triumeq, Complera, Epclusa, Zepatier, Baraclude, Genvoya, Victrelis, Sofosbuvir, Viread, Kaletra, Viekira Pak, Norvir

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