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Opioid Abusers at Higher Death Risk When Addiction Specialists Not Part of Care

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 21, 2017 – Opioid addicts who get their medical care in settings such as primary care offices and hospitals, rather than addiction centers, are 10 times more likely to die than patients without substance abuse disorders, a new study finds. Opioids include powerful prescription painkillers such as oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet), hydrocodone (Vicodin), as well as illegal drugs such as heroin. University of California, Los Angeles researchers studied data from nearly 2,600 adults who were diagnosed with opioid addiction between 2006 and 2014 and who received health care at a major university hospital. Not all were receiving treatment for their opioid addiction. By the end of the period, 465 (18 percent) of the patients had died. Based on how long each person was in the study – four years on average – the researchers estimated that death rate was more than twice that of ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Butrans, Heroin, Opana ER, Nucynta

This Fanged Fish Might Someday Help Ease Your Pain

Posted 30 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 30, 2017 – You wouldn't want the fang blenny nearby while swimming, but its venom might actually help you someday, scientists say. That's because the heroin-like poison emitted by the blenny may lead to new and better painkillers. "The fish injects other fish with opioid peptides that act like heroin or morphine, inhibiting pain rather than causing it," explained Bryan Fry, an associate professor at the University of Queensland in Australia. "The venom causes the bitten fish to become slower in movement and dizzy by acting on their [nerve cells'] opioid receptors," he explained in a university news release. The fang blenny is found on Australia's Great Barrier Reef and other locations in the Pacific Ocean. The fish – sometimes called poison-fang blennies or sabre-tooth blennies – are also popular as ornamental tropical aquarium fish. But it's their distinctive venom ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Fentanyl, Morphine, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Ultram, Butrans, Heroin, Opana ER, Nucynta, Roxicodone

Senator Probes Opioid Makers' Role in U.S. Drug Abuse Epidemic

Posted 29 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

A U.S. senator wants information from the five top makers of opioid painkiller drugs in order to assess their role in the nation's opioid epidemic. Sen. Claire McCaskill wants to determine whether the five companies – Purdue Pharma, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Insys Therapeutics, Mylan, and Depomed – have contributed to overuse and overprescribing of opioids, the Washington Post reported. Since 2000, 180,000 people in the U.S. have died of prescription opioid overdoses and tens of thousands have died of heroin and fentanyl overdoses, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. On Tuesday, McCaskill sent a letter to the five companies asking them for opioid sales and marketing materials, any research they may have conducted on the addictive properties of their drugs, and information on compliance with legal settlements, the Post reported. "This epidemic is the direct ... Read more

Related support groups: Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Duragesic, Substance Abuse, Fentanyl Transdermal, Actiq, Fentora, Duragesic-100, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Subsys, Duragesic-25, Duragesic-50, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Fentanyl/Ropivacaine, Duragesic-12, Bupivacaine/Fentanyl, Sublimaze

Heroin Epidemic Expands Its Grip on America

Posted 29 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 29, 2017 – Heroin use in the United States jumped fivefold over a decade, and young, white males are the epidemic's most likely victims, a new study finds. One addiction specialist blamed the lax use of prescription opioid painkillers – narcotics such as Oxycontin, Percocet and Vicodin – for the surge in heroin use. "A nation awash with prescription opioids has led to a large increase in addiction, overdose deaths and transition to heroin-fentanyl [a powerful synthetic opioid]," said Bertha Madras, a professor of psychobiology at Harvard Medical School. She wrote an editorial that accompanied the study. The issue is so pressing that President Donald Trump plans to announce the formation of a commission to investigate the opioid epidemic in the United States on Wednesday. New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie will chair the commission. The Trump administration also named ... Read more

Related support groups: Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Smoking Slows Recovery From Drug Abuse

Posted 27 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 27, 2017 – People recovering from illicit drug abuse are more likely to be successful if they don't smoke cigarettes, a new study finds. Most illicit drug users also smoke cigarettes, but many substance abuse programs do not include treatment for nicotine dependence, the study authors said. "The thinking in clinical settings has been that asking patients to quit cigarette smoking while they try to stop using drugs is 'too difficult,' or that smoking may be helpful in remaining abstinent from alcohol and drugs, but it is not related whether or not one remains abstinent from illicit drug use over the long term," said study leader Renee Goodwin. However, the investigators found that smokers were twice as likely as nonsmokers to relapse within three years. For the study, Goodwin, of the department of epidemiology at Columbia University's School of Public Health in New York ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Lortab, Smoking, Heroin, Smoking Cessation, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Kadian, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen

Drug OD Deaths Have Nearly Tripled Since 1999: CDC

Posted 24 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 24, 2017 – Drug overdose deaths have nearly tripled in the United States since 1999, with whites and middle-aged Americans bearing much of the brunt, a new government report shows. More than 16 out of every 100,000 Americans died of a drug overdose in 2015, compared to just over 6 in 1999, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found. Heroin and other opioids accounted for about half of these deaths, a reflection of the damage wrought by the prescription painkiller epidemic this decade, said Dr. Edwin Salsitz, an addiction medicine specialist. Overdose deaths are so common that they're driving down the average life expectancy for white Americans, said Salsitz, who is with Mount Sinai Health System in New York City. The CDC report, released Feb. 24, found that drug overdose deaths have risen among whites at a rate of about 7 percent each year, compared with 2 ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Heroin, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Kadian, Cheratussin AC, Tylenol with Codeine, Percocet 10/325, Tylenol with Codeine 3, Substance Abuse, M O S, Roxicet, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone

Narcan (naloxone HCl) Nasal Spray 2mg Approved by U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Posted 6 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

January 25, 2017 – Dublin, Ireland – Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Narcan Nasal Spray as a 2mg formulation for the emergency treatment of known or suspected opioid overdose, as manifested by respiratory and/or central nervous system depression. The 2mg dose is approved for use in opioid-dependent patients expected to be at risk for severe opioid withdrawal in situations where there is a low risk for accidental or intentional opioid exposure by household contacts. This approval comes just over one year after the FDA approved the first-of-its-kind, ready-to-use, needle-free version of naloxone, Narcan Nasal Spray 4mg, which has been commercially available since February 2016 following expedited FDA review and approval. Narcan Nasal Spray 2mg and 4mg are concentrated naloxone nasal sprays providing ready-to-use emergency treatments of opioid overdose, inc ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Heroin, Opioid, Naloxone, Narcan, Opioid Overdose

Amnesia Affecting Some Opioid Abusers

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 – Short-term memory loss may be yet another price of America's opioid addiction epidemic. Massachusetts health officials reported Thursday a cluster of 14 patients in that state who experienced problems remembering things just told to them. Doctors call this sudden-onset amnesia. The patients also had abnormal results on MRI brain scans. And researchers believe this might be the first sign of a new type of amnesia caused by drug use, likely opioids. "The best thing that could happen is that maybe this would be nothing," said report co-author Dr. Alfred DeMaria Jr., Massachusetts state epidemiologist. "But we are suspicious that something is going on possibly related to substance abuse that was not recognized before." From 2012 to 2016, 14 cases of people with the unusual neurological problem were identified from medical records. Thirteen of the 14 were either ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Xanax, Oxycodone, Anxiety and Stress, Percocet, Klonopin, OxyContin, Clonazepam, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Ativan, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Valium, Social Anxiety Disorder, Opiate Withdrawal, Lorazepam, Alprazolam, Diazepam, Heroin

Gene May Help Guide Black Patients' Opioid Addiction Treatment

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 – Researchers say they've found a genetic variant associated with opioid addiction, and it might lead to personalized treatment for the condition. Specifically, the variant was found in black Americans affecting the gene OPRM1, which is responsible for the way opioids affect the brain. Researchers at Yale University said this may identify which blacks might require higher doses of methadone. Methadone is an effective treatment for people addicted to heroin. Proper methadone dosing is critical. Too high a dose can cause sedation and dangerous breathing difficulties, while too low of a dose can lead to relapse, the researchers said in background notes. "Opioid addiction has become a national epidemic, and improving the effectiveness of medical therapies has to be a priority," study lead author Andrew Smith said in a university news release. Smith is a student in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Methadone, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Diskets, Methadose, Methadone Diskets, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Diagnosis and Investigation, Dolophine, Methadose Sugar-Free, Dolophine Hydrochloride

Steep Rise in Births to U.S. Women Using Opioids

Posted 17 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 – Over a decade, there was a nearly fivefold increase in the number of babies born each year to American women who have used opioids, a federal government report says. There was also a dramatic rise in the number of infants born with a dependency on opioids, the report found. These drugs include heroin and prescription painkillers such as fentanyl, oxycodone (OxyContin) and hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin). "It is critical that pregnant women of all ages have access to prevention, treatment and recovery services that meet their specialized needs," said Kana Enomoto, from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). "Programs that provide pregnant women with access to opioid use disorder treatment and reproductive health services can help ensure that these future mothers and their children live healthier, happier, and more ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Duragesic, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Delivery, Percocet 10/325

Kids Born to Opioid-Addicted Moms Seem to Fare Poorly in School

Posted 16 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – Children exposed to addictive drugs in the womb may be more likely to perform poorly in school, Australian researchers report. In the study, these exposed kids lagged behind their peers on grade-level tests of reading, writing, math, spelling and grammar. By seventh grade, about 38 percent failed to meet test standards in at least one of these areas. The study authors said their paper is the first to examine academic results in children with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) – when a fetus is exposed to drugs in the womb. It's a rapidly growing public health problem fueled by the global opioid epidemic. In the United States, it's estimated that an NAS infant is born every 25 minutes, the study authors said. Opioid painkillers such as morphine, Percocet (oxycodone/acetaminophen), OxyContin (oxycodone), Vicoprofen (hydrocodone/ibuprofen), and the illegal opioid ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Kadian, Delivery, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, M O S, Roxicet, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Avinza, Embeda

Innovative Programs Help Addicts Get Off Opioids

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – People trying to kick addiction to heroin or prescription painkillers often wait weeks or months before they can get into a treatment facility, putting them at continued risk for a fatal overdose. Now, two innovative programs attempt to get addicts the help they need as quickly as possible. Police in Gloucester, Mass., created an "Angel Program" that encourages opioid addicts to come to the department, with no threat of arrest, so officers can get them placed in local treatment programs immediately. Meanwhile, researchers in Vermont started prescribing the anti-addiction drug buprenorphine to people placed on a waitlist at a treatment clinic, to try to tide them over. Both programs reported promising results in the Dec. 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Gloucester police got about 95 percent of people who came to the department with a substance ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Subutex, Butrans, Heroin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Buprenorphine, Endocet, Duragesic, Percocet 10/325, Substance Abuse, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Roxicet, Fentanyl Transdermal

Drug Overdose Deaths Climb Dramatically in U.S.

Posted 20 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 – Drug overdose deaths continue to surge in the United States, with most fatalities linked to the illicit use of prescription painkillers, new government statistics reveal. Drug overdose deaths increased 23 percent between 2010 and 2014, with more than 47,000 Americans dying in 2014, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data released Tuesday shows. But updated numbers from the CDC also show that more than 52,000 people died from a drug overdose in 2015, and just over 33,000 of those deaths (63 percent) involved a prescription or illicit opioid. The CDC noted, in its national update released Dec. 16 in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, that more than 300,000 Americans have lost their lives to an opioid overdose since 2000. Heroin continues to be the deadliest narcotic in the United States, killing nearly 11,000 people in 2014 – ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Methadone, Percocet, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Heroin, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Duragesic, Diskets, Kadian, Percocet 10/325, Substance Abuse

Risk of Opioid Addiction Up 37 Percent Among Young U.S. Adults

Posted 4 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 4, 2016 – Young adults in the United States are more likely to become addicted to prescription opioids than they were in years past. And they're more likely to use heroin, too, a new study says. A review of federal data found the odds of becoming dependent on opioids like Vicodin and Percocet increased 37 percent among 18- to 25-year-olds between 2002 and 2014. The study was conducted by researchers from Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. A grim picture emerged among slightly older adults, too: Risk of an opioid use disorder more than doubled among 26- to 34-year-olds, increasing from 11 percent to 24 percent, the study found. "Our analyses present the evidence to raise awareness and urgency to address these rising and problematic trends among young adults," said study first author Dr. Silvia Martins, an associate professor of ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Heroin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Hydromet, Roxicet, Tussionex Pennkinetic, Lorcet 10/650

Veterans' Painkiller Abuse Can Raise Odds for Heroin Use

Posted 23 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – Veterans who misuse narcotic painkillers may be at high risk for heroin use, a new study cautions. The research included nearly 3,400 U.S. veterans who had never misused painkillers or used heroin. Their health was followed for 10 years. During that time, 500 of them began using heroin. Of those, 77 percent misused opioid painkillers before they started using heroin. Other risk factors for heroin use included being male, being black and abusing stimulant drugs, the study found. The findings highlight the need for health care providers who treat veterans to watch closely for signs of opioid painkiller misuse, the researchers said. "This study quantifies the issue of starting painkiller misuse and heroin use in a specific, high-risk population – veterans around the U.S.," said corresponding author Brandon Marshall, an assistant professor in the School of Public ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Suboxone, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Tramadol, Percocet, Chronic Pain, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid

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