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Robotic Surgical Tools Tough to Keep Clean

Posted 1 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 – Even with repeated cleanings, it's virtually impossible to remove all contamination from robotic surgical instruments, a new study suggests. "One of the top priorities for hospitals is to treat patients safely and with minimal risk of infection," said study author Yuhei Saito, an assistant professor at the University of Tokyo Hospital in Japan. "Our results show that surgical instruments could be placing patients at risk due to current cleaning procedures. One way to address this issue is to establish new standards for cleaning surgical instruments, including multi-part robotic tools," Saito said in a news release from the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. Over the course of 21 months, the researchers assessed protein residue on 132 robotic and standard surgical instruments that were cleaned according to manufacturers' instructions. The cleanings ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Surgery, Bacterial Infection, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A, Surgical Prophylaxis, Gastrointestinal Surgery, Cardiothoracic Surgery

Tips for Avoiding Back-to-School Germs, Illnesses

Posted 23 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 23, 2016 – Kids and germs seem to go together like peanut butter and jelly. But, there are ways that parents can help protect their kids from the usual barrage of back-to-school illnesses, a health expert says. Make sure children get plenty of sleep and eat a well balanced diet, advises Jacqueline Stout-Aguilar. She's a registered nurse and an assistant professor at the Texas A&M College of Nursing. Most kids need at least nine hours of sleep each night, Stout-Aguilar said. It's also a good idea to make sure children get enough vitamin C to boost their immune system, she added. Parents should also teach their children how to contain germs and keep their hands clean. Show kids how to cover their coughs and sneezes with the inside of their elbow or a tissue, Stout-Aguilar said. She said kids must also be taught how to wash their hands properly. "It is important to wash your ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Hepatitis B, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A, Measles, Tetanus Toxoid, Rubella, FluLaval, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Afluria, Measles Virus Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, FluMist, Kinrix, Fluzone, Rubella Virus Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, Mumps Virus Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine

Serious Infections Tied to Suicide Risk

Posted 10 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 – People hospitalized for serious infections may face an increased risk of dying by suicide, and researchers suspect there's a biological reason for it. In a study of over 7 million people, Danish researchers found that those who'd been hospitalized for infections were 42 percent more likely to die of suicide compared to people with no history of serious infection. People hospitalized for HIV/AIDS or the liver infection hepatitis showed the highest risk – more than twice that of people without those diseases, the study found. Although the study couldn't prove a cause-and-effect link, the study authors and at least one other brain health expert think the increased risk of suicide after infection might not simply reflect the psychological impact of serious illness. Instead, infections might directly contribute to suicide risk by causing inflammation in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Hepatitis C, HIV Infection, Postpartum Depression, Hepatitis B, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Hepatitis A, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis, Chronic Active Hepatitis, Infectious Hepatitis

Many Americans Traveling Abroad Lack Key Vaccinations: Study

Posted 9 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 9, 2015 – Many Americans traveling overseas are not immunized against highly contagious diseases, new research shows. Outbreaks of certain infections – such as measles and hepatitis A – could be prevented if more U.S. travelers got the recommended vaccinations, the study authors said. "Americans planning international travel should see their health care providers or visit a travel clinic four to six weeks before the trip, to learn what vaccines are recommended before heading to their destinations," said study author Dr. Emily Hyle. She is an instructor at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. "Many travelers don't realize their risk of exposure to infections, and that many can be avoided with vaccination," Hyle explained in a news release from Infectious Diseases Week, the annual meeting of specialists in infectious illness. The study ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis A, Measles, Twinrix, Measles Virus Vaccine, Havrix, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Hepatitis A Adult Vaccine, ProQuad, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, Attenuvax, Hepatitis A Adult Vaccine/hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, M-M-R II, Vaqta, Measles Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, Measles Prophylaxis, M-R-Vax II

Report: Fewer U.S. Hospitalizations for Hepatitis A

Posted 9 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Nov. 8, 2014 – There has been a sharp decline in the rate of hospitalizations for hepatitis A in the United States, a new study finds. Hepatitis A is a viral liver disease that people get from contaminated food or water, or through direct contact with an infected person. Researchers analyzed federal government data and found that the rate of hospitalization for hepatitis A infection fell from 0.72 to 0.29 per 100,000 patients between 2002 and 2011. During that same time, the average age of hospitalized patients rose from 38 to 46. The percentage of hepatitis A-related hospitalizations covered by Medicare went up from 12 percent to 23 percent, the researchers found. Older patients and those with chronic liver disease are most likely to be hospitalized for hepatitis A infection, according to the study published online recently in the journal Hepatology. Hepatitis A vaccinations ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis A

Hepatitis: The Hidden Hazard

Posted 21 Dec 2012 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 – Of all the diseases people worry about getting, viral hepatitis is usually way down on the list. Most often it's thought of as a disease that affects only drug addicts or the sexually promiscuous. Though those groups are at higher risk, almost anyone can contract hepatitis. "The vast majority of people who have viral hepatitis, especially hepatitis C, don't know they have it, and that's the biggest problem we have with hepatitis," said Dr. David Bernstein, chief of hepatology at North Shore University Hospital in Manhasset, N.Y. A bipartisan bill was introduced in Congress last year, the Viral Hepatitis Testing Act of 2011, that would establish a national system to identify the incidence of hepatitis B and C infections, and provide funding to increase the availability of testing. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 2 million ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A

Vaccinations Belong on Parents' Back-to-School Checklists

Posted 20 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 20 – Vaccinations among school-aged children can save lives and parents should be sure their children are fully immunized as part of their back-to-school preparations, according to a pediatric infectious disease specialist. "These vaccines save children's lives; parents interested in keeping their child alive should have them vaccinated," Dr. David Kimberlin, a University of Alabama at Birmingham professor of pediatrics, said in a university news release. "At any given time, all of these vaccine-preventable diseases are at most 18 hours away. For example, one of the few remaining places where polio circulates is Afghanistan, and U.S. troops return home from there daily; anyone exposed could inadvertently pass polio to a child." Kimberlin is also president-elect of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports there ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Hepatitis B, Meningitis, Human Papilloma Virus, Tetanus, Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Hepatitis A, Measles, Varicella-Zoster, Tetanus Toxoid, Pertussis, FluLaval, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Afluria, Rotarix, Measles Virus Vaccine, Cervarix, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine

Hepatitis A Vaccine for Children Lasts for 10 Years: Study

Posted 14 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 14 – Children younger than 2 who are given the hepatitis A vaccine are protected from the virus for 10 years, a new study shows. Hepatitis A is a virus that causes inflammation of the liver, and typically is found in areas with poor sanitation where it is transmitted through contaminated food and water. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that the transfer of a mother's hepatitis A antibodies – which help defend against the virus – to her child does not reduce the effectiveness of the vaccine, which is routinely given to children between 12 months and 18 months old. In conducting the study, the researchers examined nearly 200 infants and toddlers who were born at full term and healthy at 6 months of age. The children were divided into three groups based on their age: The first group was comprised of babies between 6 months and 12 ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis A, Havrix Pediatric, Hepatitis A Pediatric Vaccine, Vaqta Pediatric, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis

Vaccination, Prevention Is Beating Back Hepatitis

Posted 10 Mar 2010 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 10 – Decades of vaccination and prevention efforts may have the hepatitis viruses on the run, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC researchers tracked individuals' levels of antibodies to various hepatitis strains. Antibodies are a kind of immune system record of exposure to a particular pathogen, either through infection or vaccination. Since the late 1980s, there's been a significant increase in the number of U.S.-born American children and teens with hepatitis A antibody and a decrease in the number of adults aged 40 and older with the antibody, the study found. The recent trends likely result from increased immunity in children due to immunization and a resulting decrease of hepatitis A virus (HAV) exposure and infection among adults, according to the CDC researchers. The investigators also found that hepatitis ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B Prevention, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis

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