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Hundreds Hospitalized in San Diego as Hepatitis A Outbreak Spreads

Posted 6 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 6, 2017 – An outbreak of hepatitis A among drug users and the homeless in San Diego continues to spread, public health experts report. To date, 481 cases have been reported, 337 people have been hospitalized and 17 have died, according to Dr. Eric McDonald. He is from the epidemiology and immunization services branch of the San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency. Cases of the viral liver disease are also now being reported in Santa Cruz and Los Angeles counties, where 70 and 12 people have been diagnosed, respectively, the Los Angeles Times reported. The first signs of the outbreak surfaced almost a year ago. "From November 2016 to February 2017, between seven and nine cases would have been expected, yet 19 cases were reported," McDonald said during a media briefing Thursday. What triggered this outbreak remains unknown and will most likely never be identified, ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis A, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Twinrix, Chronic Active Hepatitis, Infectious Hepatitis, Havrix, Hepatitis A Adult Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Vaqta Pediatric, Hepatitis A Adult Vaccine/hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Havrix Pediatric, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis, Vaqta, Hepatitis A Pediatric Vaccine

Vaccine Campaign in Poor Countries to Save 20 Million Lives

Posted 10 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 8, 2017 – In poor countries, childhood vaccines will save 20 million lives and $350 billion in health care costs by 2020, a new study says. "Vaccination is generally regarded to be one of the most cost-effective interventions in public health," said study leader Sachiko Ozawa, an associate professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's School of Pharmacy. "Decision-makers need to appreciate the full potential economic benefits that are likely to result from the introduction and sustained use of any vaccine or vaccination program," she said in a university news release. Researchers examined the impact of Gavi, a global vaccine alliance launched in 2000 to provide vaccines to children in the world's poorest nations. Gavi has contributed to the immunization of 580 million children and has operated mainly in the 73 countries included in the analysis. The study ... Read more

Related support groups: Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Pneumovax 23, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Twinrix, Hepatitis B Prevention, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Rubella Virus Vaccine, Cervarix, Influenza Prophylaxis, Rotarix, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine/Varicella Virus Vaccine, Measles Virus Vaccine, Rotavirus Vaccine, Rota Teq, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, Japanese Encephalitis Virus Prophylaxis

Harvey's Floodwaters Harbor Many Health Hazards

Posted 30 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 – Texans trapped in the unprecedented flooding wrought by Hurricane Harvey now face untold health hazards, officials say. The filthy water that has inundated the city of Houston poses the most immediate danger, said Cleveland Clinic infectious disease expert Dr. Frank Esper. "Those floodwaters are being contaminated with sewage, because the sewers themselves are completely flooded and are backing up through the drains into the standing bodies of water that are around and in people's homes," Esper said. "Every time a person is wading across the street to get from one place to another, or down the road to get to higher ground, they are encountering much, much higher loads of bacteria." But beyond that short-term threat, other hazards and medical problems will crop up due to the lack of modern amenities in Harvey's aftermath, experts said. Dr. Bruce Farber is ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Gastroenteritis, Infectious Gastroenteritis, Tetanus Toxoid, Twinrix, Kinrix, Wound Infection, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Hepatitis A Adult Vaccine, Boostrix (Tdap), Zika Virus Infection, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, Tetanus Toxoid Adsorbed, Havrix, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Whole Cell/Tetanus Toxoid, Pediarix, ActHIB with DPT

Health Tip: Getting Your Child Vaccinated

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Vaccinations are a necessary part of keeping your child healthy, but the pain and fear may be difficult to endure. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Talk to the pediatrician about ways to manage your child's pain. Distract a young child during the shot by singing a song, blowing bubbles or playing a game. Act the doctor about using a numbing spray or cream. Breast-feed or offer a pacifier to babies during vaccination. Stay calm and reassure your child that everything is OK. Read more

Related support groups: Maintain, Lidoderm, Orajel, BCG, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Zostavax, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Gardasil, Anbesol, Pramoxine, Emla, Xylocaine Jelly, Vivotif Berna, Tetanus Toxoid, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Lanacane, Varicella Virus Vaccine

Infectious-Disease Expert Debunks Common Vaccine Myths

Posted 12 May 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 12, 2015 – A small minority of people still distrust the safety of routine childhood vaccinations, but one expert says the myths that swirl around vaccines are easily dismissed. "Both parents and doctors have the same goal, to keep a child healthy, and the best way to keep a child safe is through vaccination," said Dr. Nadia Qureshi, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at Loyola University Health System in Chicago. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, vaccines have saved more than 732,000 lives in the United States over the past two decades. But misconceptions about these simple but crucial health care interventions persist. One major myth is that the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine causes autism, said Qureshi, who is also an assistant professor of pediatrics at Loyola University. "This myth began in 1998 when an English surgeon ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Measles, Hepatitis B Prevention, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Herpes Zoster - Prophylaxis, Pneumocystis Pneumonia Prophylaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis

Vaccine Opponents Often Cluster in Communities

Posted 19 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 19, 2015 – Parents who refuse to have their children vaccinated appear to be clustered in certain areas, a new study suggests. Among more than 150,000 children in 13 counties in Northern California, the researchers found five clusters where kids had missed one or more vaccinations by the time they were 3 years old. "It's known from other studies that areas where there are clusters of vaccine refusal are at higher risk of epidemics, such as whooping cough epidemics," said lead investigator Dr. Tracy Lieu, a pediatrician and director of the division of research at Kaiser Permanente Northern California, in Oakland. "Clusters may deserve special outreach efforts to make sure parents have all the information they need to make informed decisions about vaccination," she said. Specifically, the researchers found the rate of missed vaccinations within these clusters ranged from 18 ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Tetanus, Swine Influenza, Measles, Influenza A, Rubella, Pertussis, Avian Influenza, Hepatitis B Prevention, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Diphtheria, Influenza Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis, Influenza with Pneumonia

Parents Who Veto Vaccinations Often Seek Like-Minded Opinions

Posted 15 Apr 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 15 – Friends and family may be key in parents' decisions on whether to vaccinate their young children, a small study suggests. The study, of about 200 parents, found that those who had opted not to follow the standard vaccine schedule often sought advice from anti-vaccine friends and family. Experts said it's not certain that the advice actually steered parents in an anti-vaccine direction: Parents who were already prone to shunning vaccines may have turned to like-minded people for reinforcement. "It's the chicken-and-egg question," said researcher Emily Brunson, an assistant professor of anthropology at Texas State University, in San Marcos. "The answer is, we don't know which came first." To be more sure, Brunson said, parents would have to be followed over time, to see whether undecided parents actually base vaccine decisions on advice from other people. But Brunson ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis

Too Few Adults Get Recommended Vaccines: CDC

Posted 29 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 29 – Vaccines aren't just for kids, and most American adults aren't getting their recommended vaccinations, federal health officials said Tuesday. "In general, too few adults are taking advantage of the protection of vaccines, leaving themselves and those around them at greater risk of vaccine-preventable diseases," Dr. Howard Koh, assistant secretary for health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, said during a news conference. For example, Koh said, in 2011, the most recent year for which data are available, there were some 37,000 cases of preventable pneumococcal pneumonia that resulted in 4,000 deaths. The majority of deaths occurred among adults 50 and older, and the highest rates were seen among those 65 years and older. Almost everyone who gets invasive pneumococcal disease needs treatment in the hospital, and that's why people 65 and older should ... Read more

Related support groups: Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Gardasil, Tetanus Toxoid, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Hepatitis B Prevention, Twinrix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Cervarix, Pneumococcal 7-Valent Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Daptacel (DTaP), Tetanus Prophylaxis, Tripedia (DTaP), Pneumococcal 23-Valent Vaccine

Vaccinations Belong on Parents' Back-to-School Checklists

Posted 20 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 20 – Vaccinations among school-aged children can save lives and parents should be sure their children are fully immunized as part of their back-to-school preparations, according to a pediatric infectious disease specialist. "These vaccines save children's lives; parents interested in keeping their child alive should have them vaccinated," Dr. David Kimberlin, a University of Alabama at Birmingham professor of pediatrics, said in a university news release. "At any given time, all of these vaccine-preventable diseases are at most 18 hours away. For example, one of the few remaining places where polio circulates is Afghanistan, and U.S. troops return home from there daily; anyone exposed could inadvertently pass polio to a child." Kimberlin is also president-elect of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports there ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Hepatitis B, Human Papilloma Virus, Tetanus, Meningitis, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Gardasil, Hepatitis A, Measles, Varicella-Zoster, Tetanus Toxoid, Pertussis, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Hepatitis B Prevention, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Rubella Virus Vaccine, FluLaval

Hepatitis A Vaccine for Children Lasts for 10 Years: Study

Posted 14 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 14 – Children younger than 2 who are given the hepatitis A vaccine are protected from the virus for 10 years, a new study shows. Hepatitis A is a virus that causes inflammation of the liver, and typically is found in areas with poor sanitation where it is transmitted through contaminated food and water. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that the transfer of a mother's hepatitis A antibodies – which help defend against the virus – to her child does not reduce the effectiveness of the vaccine, which is routinely given to children between 12 months and 18 months old. In conducting the study, the researchers examined nearly 200 infants and toddlers who were born at full term and healthy at 6 months of age. The children were divided into three groups based on their age: The first group was comprised of babies between 6 months and 12 ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis A, Havrix Pediatric, Hepatitis A Pediatric Vaccine, Vaqta Pediatric, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis

Shots Should Be on College Kids' Back-to-School List

Posted 31 Jul 2012 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 31 – Immunizations aren't just for young children – college students need them, too. That's the message an expert has for parents who will be seeing children off to college this month. "Children who are preparing for their freshman year in a dormitory are at increased risk for bacterial meningitis," Dr. Peter Wenger, associate professor at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, said in a university news release. Bacterial meningitis causes swelling of the brain and spinal cord. The potentially deadly condition affects up to 2,600 otherwise healthy people in the United States each year, and teenagers and young adults are in the high-risk category. All first-year college students should receive the meningitis vaccine, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends. The vaccine provides three to five years of protection. New Jersey, ... Read more

Related support groups: Human Papilloma Virus, Condylomata Acuminata, Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Tetanus Toxoid, Cervical Dysplasia, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, FluLaval, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Afluria, Cervarix, FluMist, Influenza Prophylaxis, Fluzone, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Tetanus Toxoid Adsorbed, Havrix, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Meningitis - Meningococcal

Too Few American Adults Getting Needed Vaccinations: CDC

Posted 2 Feb 2012 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 2 – Each year, some 45,000 Americans die from diseases that could have been prevented by vaccines, health officials said Thursday. Despite this, the number of American adults who get needed vaccines remains low, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "There were some modest increases in coverage, but for very few vaccines," said Dr. Carolyn B. Bridges, associate director of adult immunization at the CDC and co-author of the report. "Coverage is much lower than we would like to see it." The data was published in the Feb. 3 issue of the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. According to the report, 2010 (the latest year covered by the report) saw only a small increase in the rate of uptake for just three vaccines. The rate of the tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination increased 1.6 percent, to 8.2 percent. Tdap ... Read more

Related support groups: BCG, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Prevnar 13, Zostavax, Gardasil, Prevnar, Vivotif Berna, Tetanus Toxoid, Typhoid Vaccine, Live, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Vivotif Berna Vaccine, Rubella Virus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, FluLaval, Tice BCG, Pneumococcal 7-Valent Vaccine

Hepatitis A Vaccine Pays Off for Kids: Study

Posted 1 Jul 2010 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 1 – The number of children ages 12 months to 23 months immunized against hepatitis A increased in the United States, and rates of hepatitis A reached a record low after new vaccination recommendations were issued a few years ago, a new federal report says. Hepatitis A is a contagious liver disease than can cause mild illness lasting for a few weeks or severe illness lasting several months. In 2006, the federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended routine hepatitis A vaccination for all children ages 12-23 months, regardless of risk category or location. The recommendation was issued after the minimum age for which the vaccine was licensed was lowered to 12 months from the previous minimum of 24 months. In the new study, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention researchers analyzed data from eight Immunization Information System sentinel sites across ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis A Prophylaxis

Vaccination, Prevention Is Beating Back Hepatitis

Posted 10 Mar 2010 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 10 – Decades of vaccination and prevention efforts may have the hepatitis viruses on the run, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC researchers tracked individuals' levels of antibodies to various hepatitis strains. Antibodies are a kind of immune system record of exposure to a particular pathogen, either through infection or vaccination. Since the late 1980s, there's been a significant increase in the number of U.S.-born American children and teens with hepatitis A antibody and a decrease in the number of adults aged 40 and older with the antibody, the study found. The recent trends likely result from increased immunity in children due to immunization and a resulting decrease of hepatitis A virus (HAV) exposure and infection among adults, according to the CDC researchers. The investigators also found that hepatitis ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B Prevention, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis

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