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Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness News

Pediatricians Offer Heads-Up for Preventing Soccer Injuries

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Jan. 14, 2017 – As children's soccer has become more popular in the United States, soccer-related injuries have also become more common, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) says. People can get hurt playing soccer if they collide with other players, the ground or a goalpost. Injuries can also occur while running, twisting, shooting and landing, the AAP explained. Children who are injured while playing soccer most often sustain sprains and strains. Bruises are also common. These soccer-related injuries are usually minor and can be treated with basic first aid and up to a week of rest, the AAP advised. The group cautioned, however, that more serious injuries may occur, including: Ankle and knee injuries: Boys sustain more ankle injuries, while knee injuries – particularly anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears – are more common among girls. These injuries can result ... Read more

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Link Seen Between Concussions and Alzheimer's

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 – Could concussions speed up the mental decline of people already at risk for Alzheimer's disease? In a new study, researchers examined 160 U.S. veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. The investigators found that concussions seem to accelerate Alzheimer's disease-related brain deterioration and mental decline in people who are at genetic risk for the disease. However, the study did not prove that concussions cause Alzheimer's risk to rise. "We found that having a concussion was associated with lower cortical thickness in brain regions that are the first to be affected in Alzheimer's disease," said study corresponding author Jasmeet Hayes. She is an assistant professor of psychiatry at Boston University School of Medicine. "Our results suggest that when combined with genetic factors, concussions may be associated with accelerated cortical thickness and memory ... Read more

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Kids With Concussion Need Vision Check Before Return to School

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 – A new study suggests that children who've had a concussion should undergo comprehensive eye exams to see if they're ready to go back to school. This is especially important, researchers said, for kids who struggle in school. "Concussed children with vision symptoms, hearing disturbances and difficulty concentrating often have academic difficulty post-concussion," said study researcher Dr. Mark Swanson. He's associate professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Optometry. "As we continue to try to improve concussion protocols, specifically when it comes to children, it is important that we understand the effects of a concussion on a child's ability to learn," Swanson said in a university news release. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that the rate of traumatic brain injuries in children more than doubled from 2001 ... Read more

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US Families Spend 1.5 Billion Hours Yearly on Kids With Special Health Needs

Posted 27 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 – Families in the United States spend 1.5 billion hours each year providing home health care to their chronically ill or disabled children, a new study shows. The hours of health care these parents and other family members provide would cost $36 billion if performed by home health workers who received the going rate – or $12 billion if unskilled workers receiving minimum wage were hired, said senior researcher Dr. Mark Schuster. Parents of chronically ill children are asked these days to provide "the kind of care that, if they weren't there, the system would have to provide home health care or keep the children in the hospital longer," said Schuster, chief of general pediatrics at Boston Children's Hospital. He's also a professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. These time-consuming and sometimes technical health care tasks can include maintaining ... Read more

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New Approach to Concussion Diagnosis

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 – Testing someone's ability to process sound after a head injury may reveal whether that person has a concussion, according to a small new study. Currently, no single test can reliably and objectively diagnose a concussion, according to researchers at Northwestern University's Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory in Evanston, Ill. "This biomarker could take the guesswork out of concussion diagnosis and management," said the study's lead author, Nina Kraus. "Our hope is this discovery will enable clinicians, parents and coaches to better manage athlete health, because playing sports is one of the best things you can do," added Kraus, who is director of the laboratory. Concussions are a mild traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head. The study involved 40 children being treated for a concussion and a similar group of kids without a head injury. Kraus and her ... Read more

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Better Sleep May Signal Recovery From Brain Injury

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – Recovery from traumatic brain injury appears to go hand-in-hand with improvement of related sleep problems, a new study finds. "These results suggest that monitoring a person's sleep-wake cycle may be a useful tool for assessing their recovery after traumatic brain injury," said study author Nadia Gosselin. She's an assistant professor in the department of psychology at the University of Montreal. "We found that when someone sustained a brain injury and had not recovered a certain level of consciousness to keep them awake and aware of their surroundings, they were not able to generate a good sleep-wake cycle. But as they recovered, their quality of sleep improved," Gosselin said in a news release from the American Academy of Neurology. The study examined 30 people between the ages of 17 and 58 who suffered moderate-to-severe brain trauma. Most were injured in ... Read more

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Rest May Not Be Best for Kids After Concussion

Posted 20 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 – Complete rest is a cornerstone of concussion treatment, but a new study indicates that physical activity within a week of a youth's head injury may hasten recovery. Concussed children and teens were less likely to have persistent symptoms four weeks later if they engaged in light aerobic exercise within the first seven days, according to the new research from Canada. Under current guidelines for concussion management, pediatricians recommend a period of physical and mental rest until symptoms such as headache resolve. The new findings "call into question the standard operating procedure where athletes have to be symptom-free before they are allowed to start exertion," said Dr. John Kuluz. Kuluz is director of traumatic brain injury and neurorehabilitation at Nicklaus Children's Hospital in Miami. He wasn't involved in the study. Although the researchers found a ... Read more

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Young Adults With Head Trauma May Have Higher Risk of Jail Time

Posted 8 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 8, 2016 – A traumatic brain injury may be linked to a young adult's higher chances of ending up in jail, a new Canadian study suggests. "These findings contribute to emerging research suggesting traumatic brain injury is an important risk factor for involvement with the criminal justice system," said lead author Dr. Flora Matheson, of the Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto. "This may be just the tip of the iceberg as our study focused only on people with more serious [traumatic brain injury]," she said in a hospital news release. "We also did not include people who may have served time in provincial, rather than federal jails." Matheson's team analyzed data gathered from nearly 1.4 million Canadians, aged 18 to 28, from 1997 through 2011. This age group was chosen because it has an increased risk of severe brain injury and involvement ... Read more

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Brain Harm May Last Long After College Football Players' Final Game

Posted 2 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 2, 2016 – Brain tissue thinning is still evident in former college football players several years after they stop playing, a new study finds. University of Cincinnati researchers conducted MRI scans of 11 former college players and found they had significantly less cortical thickness in parts of the frontal and temporal cortex of the brain, compared with former track-and-field athletes. "The former football players showed, on average, lower cortical thickness across prefrontal and temporal brain regions – areas of the brain involved in sustained attention, memory and executive abilities – cognitive domains critical to long-term professional and social function," said co-principal investigator Dr. Cal Adler. He is vice chair for clinical research in the department of psychiatry and behavioral neuroscience at the university. In many areas of the brain, there was a link ... Read more

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Scans Show Changes in Some Soldiers With Mild Brain Injuries

Posted 30 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 2016 – Disruption of certain brain circuits may be related to depression in soldiers with brain injuries, researchers report. The researchers conducted brain scans on 130 male soldiers who suffered mild traumatic brain injury and a control group of 52 men without brain trauma. The scans revealed that brain-injured soldiers with moderate to severe depression had disruptions in the circuits that connect brain regions that play important roles in thinking and emotional control. The study was to be presented Tuesday at the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) annual meeting, in Chicago. "We can link these connectivity changes in the brain to poor top-down emotional processing and greater maladaptive rumination, or worrying, in symptomatic depressed soldiers after [mild traumatic brain injury]," study author Ping-Hong Yeh said in a RSNA news release. Yeh is a ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Head Injury, Dysthymia, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

ATV Accidents Can Cause Serious Chest Injuries in Kids

Posted 29 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 2016 – For young people who ride all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) without a helmet, the risk of head trauma is an established and serious concern. New research, however, finds that these vehicles may also pose a high risk for severe chest injuries. "I believe that many parents are unaware of how serious ATV-related injuries can be," said the study's author, Dr. Kelly Hagedorn. She's a radiology resident at McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. "Some parents view ATVs as being more similar to bicycles. However, many of the injury patterns are more similar to those sustained in motor vehicle collisions," she explained. ATVs are motorized recreational vehicles with three or four tires, designed for off-road use. Because they can weigh 300 to 400 pounds and travel at speeds of up to 75 miles an hour, ATVs can often be involved in ... Read more

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Researchers Explore Way to Detect Brain Injury in NFL Players

Posted 28 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 28, 2016 – Researchers say they've discovered a new way to detect and track brain injury related to repeated concussions in National Football League (NFL) players. Brain imaging scans in 14 current or former NFL players revealed elevated levels of a protein related to the body's immune response for brain injury, said lead researcher Dr. Jennifer Coughlin. She is an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences with Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. The NFL players, who had gone an average of seven years since their last self-reported concussion, showed high levels of the protein in eight of 12 brain regions examined, Coughlin said. If this new test is proven to work, it could provide a cornerstone for tracking the effects of repeated concussions on the human brain, Coughlin and her colleagues concluded. "We anticipate this technology is going to be useful ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Imaging, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Martial Arts Can Be Hazardous to Kids

Posted 28 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 28, 2016 – Perhaps there's a black belt in your child's future. But for safety's sake, kids should only engage in noncontact forms of martial arts, a new American Academy of Pediatrics report says. About 6.5 million U.S. children practice martial arts such as mixed martial arts, karate, taekwondo and judo. While these popular sports can improve fitness, motor skills and emotional development, they also carry the risk of injury. Certain disciplines are riskier than others, the pediatricians' group says. "There are so many different types of martial arts for families to consider and enjoy, but such a difference in injury risk between the different non-contact and sparring forms," report author Dr. Chris Koutures said in a news release from the medical group. Koutures is a member of the academy's Executive Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness. Bruises and sprains account ... Read more

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Partial Repeal of Motorcycle Helmet Law Had Unwanted Effects: Study

Posted 19 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – Motorcycle helmet use fell and more riders suffered head injuries after Michigan repealed part of its universal helmet law in 2012, a new study finds. The repeal allowed motorcyclists 21 and older to ride without a helmet in Michigan if they had a valid motorcycle license and a $20,000 "vehicle insurance supplement," the study said. In the 12 months after the repeal, helmet use was 24 percent lower among riders who crashed and 27 percent lower among those who suffered injuries in crashes. Not only that, there was a 14 percent increase in head injuries among riders who were hospitalized after crashes, the researchers found. Factors associated with increased risk of death included being male, drinking alcohol, higher speed limits and being involved in crashes at intersections. Not wearing a helmet and drinking were associated with increased risk of head injury. ... Read more

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Blood Test May Someday Diagnose Concussion

Posted 12 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 – A simple blood test may one day diagnose concussions with more than 90 percent certainty, a small Canadian study suggests. This new test is unique, the authors said, because it looks for more than 100 markers indicating that a concussion has occurred. In the past researchers looked for a single marker in the blood to indicate a concussion, they said. "We were pleasantly surprised, when we looked at the pattern of metabolites [markers], that we could identify people who were injured with no other information and with greater than 90 percent certainty," said lead researcher Dr. Douglas Fraser. He's a consultant in pediatric critical care medicine at the Children's Health Research Institute in London, Ontario. For the study, Fraser and colleagues looked for markers of concussion in 29 teen hockey players. Some had experienced a head injury. Others had not. But not ... Read more

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