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Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness News

Helmets for Motorcyclists a No Brainer: Study

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 16, 2017 – Riding a motorcycle without a helmet may conjure up images of a cool rider with the wind blowing through his hair. The reality? A fractured skull, and a bruised and battered face – or worse – are much more likely if a crash occurs. Since Michigan eased its helmet laws, the number of skull fractures and other head and facial injuries related to motorcycle accidents has doubled, a new study finds. Michigan repealed its universal motorcycle helmet law in 2012. The new law allows riders to go without helmets if they meet criteria for age (over 21), training/experience and insurance coverage. Researchers reviewed motorcyclist injury data for three years before and three years after the change in helmet laws. The study included a total of nearly 4,700 motorcycle trauma patients. They were seen at 29 Michigan trauma centers. The proportion of motorcycle trauma ... Read more

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Boys More Likely to Hide a Concussion Than Girls

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 9, 2017 – When it comes to reporting a sports-related concussion, high school boys are less likely to speak up than high school girls, new research reveals. The findings, derived from surveying nearly 300 young Michigan athletes, highlight a "show-no-weakness" mentality that experts say needs to change to protect brain health. "Males are more worried about what their peers or coaches would think of them if they reported [their concussion]," said study author Jessica Wallace. She's director of the master of athletic training program at Youngstown State University in Ohio. "It's a mentality of, 'If I report this, I'm going to be perceived as weak,' " said Wallace, who's also a member of the National Athletic Trainers' Association. "We suspected some differences between males and females at the high school level, but were probably surprised by the magnitude." More than ... Read more

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Body Temperature Might Give Clues to Coma

Posted 20 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 19, 2017 – Adjusting the so-called body clock might help severely brain-injured patients regain consciousness from a coma, researchers say. The preliminary study included 18 people with severe brain injuries. Their body temperature was continually monitored for one week, which enabled researchers to calculate the length of each patient's circadian rhythm – the natural cycles that tell you when to sleep, wake or eat. The researchers found circadian rhythms ranged from 23.5 to 26.3 hours among the study patients. The investigators also evaluated the patients' levels of consciousness by measuring things such as response to sound, and ability to open eyes with or without stimulation. Body temperature fluctuates throughout the day based on environmental cues, including daylight and darkness, the study authors explained. The researchers found that patients with a higher ... Read more

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Hockey Doesn't Seem to Hit Players' Thinking Skills: Study

Posted 13 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 13, 2017 – The pounding that professional hockey players take on the ice doesn't seem to damage their thinking skills in retirement, a small study suggests. But they do appear to struggle with high levels of behavioral and emotional problems, the researchers added. For the study, Carrie Esopenko of the Rotman Research Institute in Toronto, and colleagues looked at 33 retired pro players and a "control group" of 18 men of the same age who had not played professional contact sports. Compared to the men in the control group, the ex-players had similar scores on memory and attention tests, and slightly lower scores on measures of executive and intellectual functioning, the study findings showed. The scores on these tests were associated with the number of concussions the players had sustained. But the study did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Overall, there was ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness

'Heads Up' Football Program Tackles Concussion Danger in Kids

Posted 22 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 22, 2017 – A concussion prevention program that teaches young football players safer ways to block and tackle was tied to about a one-third lower risk of head injury, according to a new study. And, in those players who did sustain a concussion, recovery was 27 percent faster for those involved in the program, the researchers found. "It is difficult to say which aspect of the program did this," said one of the study's authors, Dr. John Tokish. He's a professor of orthopaedics at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine in Greenville. Tokish, a former football player and youth coach who's also the father of two football players himself, said the findings are encouraging. "I think the results are promising," he said. "However, they spur more questions that we are anxious to go after. It is certainly possible that further research would demonstrate different ... Read more

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Injury Risk May Rise When Kids Play Just One Sport

Posted 17 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 17, 2017 – Focusing too much on playing one favorite sport probably isn't a good idea for kids under 12, researchers report. That's because specializing in a single sport seems to increase a child's risk of injury, researchers say. "Young athletes should participate in one competitive sport per season, and take at least three months off (non-consecutive) from competition per year," said the study's leader, Dr. Neeru Jayanthi. He's a physician with Emory Sports Medicine and an associate professor of orthopaedics and family medicine at Emory University in Atlanta. For the study, Jayanthi's team assessed the risk of sports-related injuries among nearly 1,200 young athletes. After tracking their training schedules over the course of three years, the investigators found that nearly 40 percent of the athletes suffered an injury during the study period. The findings also showed ... Read more

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Which High School Sport Has the Most Concussions?

Posted 15 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 15, 2017 – Female soccer players suffer the highest rate of concussions among all high school athletes in the United States, a new study finds. "While American football has been both scientifically and colloquially associated with the highest concussion rates, our study found that girls, and especially those who play soccer, may face a higher risk," said study author Dr. Wellington Hsu. He is a professor of orthopaedics at Northwestern University in Chicago. "The new knowledge presented in this study can lead to policy and prevention measures to potentially halt these trends," Hsu said in a news release from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. For the study, the researchers analyzed data on nearly 41,000 injuries suffered by high school athletes in nine sports between 2005 and 2015. The injuries included nearly 6,400 concussions. The sports studied included ... Read more

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Concussions More Likely in Female Athletes

Posted 28 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 28, 2017 – Female athletes appear to be more likely than men to suffer concussions during their careers on the field, a new study suggests. The findings add to the existing evidence that female athletes may be more susceptible to concussions, even as attention has tended to focus on the risk to male football players. "The more we look at concussion, the more we realize that women are at high risk," said study co-author Dr. James Noble. He's an assistant professor of neurology at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. Once a concussion occurs, however, the gender gap dwindles, the researchers found. "For the most part, men and women experience concussion in about the same way," Noble said, "although men were more likely to report forgetfulness and women more likely to report sleep problems." Concussions, especially among football players from high school to ... Read more

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Repeat Head Hits May Not Put NFL Players at Risk of Motor Problems

Posted 20 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Feb. 19, 2017 – Repeated hits to the head may not doom NFL players to suffer movement disorders after they retire, new research suggests. "We found that while the motor functions of former NFL players were not as good as other men their age, they were still within normal range and not related to repeated head injury," said study author Dr. Samuel Frank, of Harvard Medical School in Boston. Repeated head injuries have been linked to a devastating brain disease known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), the researchers noted in a news release from the American Academy of Neurology. Numerous NFL players have been diagnosed with CTE after their deaths. Performing an autopsy is the only way to definitively diagnose the condition. In January, a $1 billion concussion lawsuit settlement for former NFL players was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court, despite legal challenges from ... Read more

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Small Study Uncovers Brain Disease in Former Soccer Players

Posted 15 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – For the first time, researchers have confirmed evidence of the devastating brain disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in retired soccer players. Investigators in the United Kingdom examined the brains of six former soccer players with dementia who had died. All six had signs of Alzheimer's disease and four also had signs of CTE, the degenerative brain condition that has been linked to repetitive head trauma. "This is the first time CTE has been confirmed in a group of retired" soccer players, said study lead author Dr. Helen Ling, a neurologist at University College London. The rate of CTE among the former soccer players was higher than the 12 percent found in the general population, the researchers reported. Other studies have found evidence of CTE in the brains of athletes who compete in such contact sports as boxing and American football. While ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Head Injury, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Encephalopathy, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness, Lewy Body Dementia

Driving Skills May Suffer Even After Concussion Symptoms Subside

Posted 10 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 10, 2017 – Even after their symptoms disappear, concussion patients may still have difficulty driving, a small study suggests. The study included 14 college-age participants who were tested on a driving simulator within 48 hours after they no longer felt the effects of their concussions. Despite feeling like they had recovered from their head injuries, the patients were still likely to drive erratically. At times, their skill levels were similar to driving after drinking, the University of Georgia researchers said. "They had less vehicle control while they were doing the driving simulation, and they swerved more within the lane," said study author Julianne Schmidt. "This is a pretty large indicator of motor vehicle accident risk, and this is at a time point when they are considered recovered," Schmidt, an associate professor in the kinesiology department, said in a ... Read more

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College Students Seem to Take Longer to Recover From Concussion

Posted 10 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 – College students seem to take longer to recover from concussion than the average in the United States, a new study suggests. Researchers reviewed the medical charts of 128 students who suffered a concussion during the 2014-2015 academic year at Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill. Their average age was 20. Forty-four students were varsity athletes and 33 played club sports. Another 34 played recreational sports, while 17 did not report any regular physical activity. Overall, the students took much longer to recover from a concussion than the national average of 7 to 14 days. But there were significant differences between the groups of students. Average recovery times were 11.5 days for varsity athletes and nearly 19 days for club athletes. Recreational athletes took nearly 23 days to recover from a concussion. These differences could be due to the amount ... Read more

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30 Former NFL Players Pledge Their Brains for Research

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Thirty former NFL players have joined the growing number of retired players who have pledged to donate their brains to research on a devastating brain disease that has been linked to the repetitive head trauma. Scientists believe that multiple concussions, or even less severe blows to the head, may trigger chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative brain condition, according to the Concussion Legacy Foundation. Numerous NFL players have been diagnosed with CTE after their deaths. Performing an autopsy is the only way to definitively diagnose the condition, the Boston-based foundation explained in a news release. Last month, a $1 billion concussion lawsuit settlement for former NFL players was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court despite legal challenges from some retired players. The ruling means that payouts can begin to former players who develop ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Encephalopathy, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

'Heading' Soccer Ball Not Smart for the Brain

Posted 1 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – A common soccer move – bouncing the ball off of the head – may not be as harmless to the brain as has been thought, new research suggests. A study of more than 200 adult amateur soccer players of both genders found that regularly "heading" the ball, as well as suffering accidental hits to the head, significantly boosted a player's risk of concussion. "The prevailing wisdom is that routine heading in soccer is innocuous and we need only worry about players when they have unintentional head collisions," study leader Dr. Michael Lipton, of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, said in a college news release. "But our study suggests that you don't need an overt collision to warrant this type of concern," said Lipton. He is professor of radiology, psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Einstein. Another concussion expert who reviewed the ... Read more

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Tamer Version of Youth Football Looks to Address Safety Concerns

Posted 31 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 – In a bid to stem declining participation in youth tackle football leagues, USA Football said it plans to introduce a much tamer version of the game for young players. In a pilot program in a small number of leagues across the country, the organization will institute several rule changes that will be implemented nationally if they are deemed effective, The New York Times reported Tuesday. The changes include: cutting the number of players on the field for each team from 11 to between six and nine; creating smaller fields; eliminating kickoffs and punts; and banning the three-point stance for those playing on the line (players would crouch instead), USA Football told the Times. The intent of the changes is to fashion youth tackle football to be more like flag football, with much less contact and hitting. Participation in tackle football by boys between the ages ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Fracture, bone, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Prevention of Fractures, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

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