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Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness News

Study Tests Sound Waves to Monitor Pressure Inside the Skull

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 – A noninvasive method of monitoring pressure inside the skull – using sound waves – shows promise, researchers report. Brain disease or a head injury can cause brain tissue to swell, as well as an increase in the volume of fluid that surrounds and protects the brain. This can cause pressure within the skull to rise, and serious complications and even death can result. Continuous monitoring lets doctors know if and when they must take steps to lower the pressure. Currently, to monitor intracranial pressure, a hole is drilled into the skull and sensor-equipped catheters are inserted. This procedure carries risks such as bleeding, infection and damage to brain tissue, but no noninvasive ways to monitor pressure are available, the study authors said. German researchers tested an experimental noninvasive method on 14 patients and got encouraging results, according ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Imaging, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Combined MRI Might Help Predict Brain Damage in Boxers

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 – Brain injuries among pro football players are in the headlines, but pro fighters often suffer damaging head injuries, too. Now, research with boxers and mixed martial arts professionals suggests that combination MRI technology can help pinpoint which injuries might lead to brain damage. In the boxing ring, as on the football field, recurring blows to the head can cause mild traumatic brain injury. Over time, this can lead to progressive brain disorders like chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), and create problems with mood and movement. A study published this week found that 110 of 111 brains of deceased National Football League players whose brains were autopsied showed signs of CTE. Currently, the disease can only be diagnosed with an autopsy, but scientists are seeking to improve detection. Previous studies have focused on the brain cells in gray matter ... Read more

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Know the Signs of Concussion

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 – Concussions have been in the news a lot because of health problems experienced by football players, but you don't have to be a professional athlete to suffer this injury. Youngsters are at risk, even if they don't play contact sports. A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury – or mTBI – caused by a blow or jolt to the head or body that causes the brain to shake, according to the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Since it doesn't take a visible head-on collision to get a concussion, it's important to know the signs of injury. Symptoms include headache, nausea, dizziness, balance and vision issues, sensitivity to light or sound, sleep troubles, difficulty thinking, and even emotional issues. Crying for no reason can be a sign as well. Symptoms including a seizure, weakness in the limbs, slurred speech and confusion necessitate a call to 911. Symptoms ... Read more

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Surgeons Warn of Trampolines' Down Side

Posted 30 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, July 29, 2017 – A trampoline may have your kids jumping for joy, but the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons reminds parents of potential dangers. In 2015, more than 295,000 medically treated trampoline injuries occurred in the United States. These included almost 103,000 emergency department visits, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. "We want children to enjoy exercise and physical activity, especially during the summer months, but parents and caregivers should know about the dangers of trampolines and the risk for serious injury, especially in very young children," academy spokeswoman Dr. Jennifer Weiss said in a news release from the surgeons' group. "Children younger than age 6 are less likely to have the coordination, body awareness and swift reaction time necessary to keep their bodies, bones and brains safe on trampolines," said Weiss, a Los ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Fracture, bone, Compression Fracture of Vertebral Column, Prevention of Falls, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Prevention of Fractures, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Nearly All Autopsied NFL Players Show Trauma-Linked Brain Disease

Posted 25 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 – Ninety-nine percent of former NFL players who donated their brain to science turned out to have the devastating disorder chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), according to a new report. Researchers found evidence of the degenerative brain disease in 110 out of 111 deceased National Football League players, said study co-author Dr. Daniel Daneshvar. He is a researcher with the Boston University School of Medicine's CTE Center. "A remarkable proportion of the athletes who played at the highest level develop neurodegenerative disease," Daneshvar said. "This is incredibly concerning, because of the sheer numbers" of men who have ever played the game professionally. Evidence of CTE also was found in 91 percent of brains donated by college football players, 88 percent of those from Canadian Football League players, and 21 percent of brains donated by high school ... Read more

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Scans May Show Consciousness in 'Comatose' Patients

Posted 20 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 – Sophisticated brain scans might be able to detect consciousness in brain injury patients who appear unconscious in the intensive care unit, a new study says. "Early detection of consciousness and brain function in the intensive care unit could allow families to make more informed decisions about the care of loved ones," said study co-lead author Dr. Brian Edlow. He's with Massachusetts General Hospital's Center for Neurotechnology and Neurorecovery. "Also, since early recovery of consciousness is associated with better long-term outcomes, these tests could help patients gain access to rehabilitative care once they are discharged from an ICU," Edlow said in a hospital news release. The study included 16 severe brain injury patients in the ICU. The researchers concluded that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG) may reveal ... Read more

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Boxers, MMA Fighters May Face Long-Term Harm to Brain: Study

Posted 13 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 – There's been a great deal of attention paid lately to the potential lasting damage of head blows suffered by professional football players. But what about other sports where repeated trauma to the head is also common? Do those sports lead to any long-term brain damage? Possibly, suggests a new study that found boxers and mixed martial arts (MMA) fighters have higher levels of certain brain proteins that reflect brain injury compared to retired fighters and non-fighters. The research is preliminary, but if it bears out, the analysis might be a way to predict which fighters are at the greatest risk of long-term complications, said study author Dr. Charles Bernick. He's the associate director of the Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health in Las Vegas. "We can identify proteins in the blood that may reflect ongoing brain injury," he said. In the study, ... Read more

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PTSD After Head Injury May Signal Brain Changes

Posted 13 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 – Scientists report they have discovered biological differences in the brains of head injury patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Specifically, the area of the brain that controls emotion – the amygdala – is larger than normal in those who develop PTSD after a brain injury, researchers said. "Many consider PTSD to be a psychological disorder, but our study found a key physical difference in the brains of military-trained individuals with brain injury and PTSD," said Dr. Joel Pieper, from the University of California, San Diego. "These findings have the potential to change the way we approach PTSD diagnosis and treatment," Pieper added. The study included 89 current or former members of the U.S. military with mild traumatic brain injury. Brain scans revealed that the amygdala was 6 percent larger, particularly on the right side, in the 29 ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Head Injury, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Many High School Principals Know Little About Concussions

Posted 12 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 – A survey of U.S. high school principals found only one-third had received training in how to help students with concussion return to the classroom. "Many times, there are protocols in place for how a concussed student returns to their sport, but it is also important to look at how they return to the classroom," said study author Dr. Kristyn Tekulve, of Indiana University. "Contrary to popular belief, returning to school – being lightly active and social – can help students as they recover. However, they may need special accommodations as they ease back into their normal school routine," Tekulve said in an American Academy of Neurology news release. For the study, 157 public high school principals in Indiana completed an anonymous online survey. Of those, 42 percent said they had one to five students who had suffered a concussion in the last year. Only 34 ... Read more

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Severe Head Injury May Raise Dementia Risk Years Later

Posted 5 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 – A severe head injury, especially during middle age, could dramatically boost the risk for developing dementia later in life, new research from Finland suggests. The investigation tracked dementia risk among people who had suffered a traumatic brain injury [TBI] at 65 or younger. Ultimately, the researchers determined that not only did the risk go up for those who had a TBI, but the worse the initial head injury, the greater the risk of dementia. "The study showed that 3.5 percent of persons with moderate-to-severe TBI [were] diagnosed with a neurodegenerative disease [such as dementia] later in life," said study lead author Dr. Rahul Raj. He's an associate professor of experimental neurosurgery at Helsinki University Hospital. "This is substantially higher compared to age-matched peers with no history of brain injury," he noted. By comparison, "only 1.6 ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Head Injury, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Dementia with Depressive Features, Lewy Body Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Concussion Can Spur Short-Term Change in Women's Periods

Posted 3 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 3, 2017 – After a concussion, a young woman might notice that her next few menstrual periods are a bit off-schedule, a new study finds. "The findings suggest that adolescent and young women have significantly increased odds of multiple, abnormal menstrual patterns following concussion, compared to those with an orthopedic injury," said lead researcher Anthony Kontos. He's director of research at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Sports Medicine Concussion Program. "The odds of having two or more abnormal menstrual patterns were significantly higher – six times higher for concussed patients, compared with those with orthopedic injuries," he said. The study included 128 young women, aged 12-21. Sixty-eight had sports-related concussions and 60 had an orthopedic injury, such as muscle strains or tears or broken or fractured bones. Forty-five percent of these women ... Read more

Related support groups: Menstrual Disorders, Period Pain, Head Injury, Amenorrhea, Menorrhagia, Dysmenorrhea, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Concussion in High School Doesn't Boost Depression Risk: Study

Posted 29 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 29, 2017 – Two new studies offer good news for any high school athlete who's suffered a concussion: For most athletes, mental or physical effects may resolve themselves over the long term. One study involving more than 260 high school athletes who'd suffered a concussion found they had no bigger risk for depression within about two years after the injury, compared to peers who hadn't had such an injury. And a second study, involving more than 1,200 high school athletes, found no differences in self-reported quality of life over two years of follow-up, regardless of whether or not they'd had a concussion. "It is interesting that high school athletes with previous concussion history do not report a decrease in quality of life," said study author Jerod Keene. "When you consider that, overall, high school athletes have been shown to score higher on quality of life than their ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Head Injury, Dysthymia, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Force, Frequency of Head Hits Jump as Young Football Players Get Older

Posted 27 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 27, 2017 – As kids who play football get older, head hits during play become more frequent and harder, researchers report. "Our findings clearly show a trend of head impact exposure increasing with increasing level of play," said study author Jillian Urban, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Wake Forest School of Medicine. The finding is based on a comparison of head impact frequency and impact force among groups of kids between the ages of 9 and 13 playing football in one youth football organization. Head impacts were tracked during practices and varying levels of competitions over four football seasons. "By recording more than 40,000 head impacts, this study represents the largest collection of biomechanical head impact data for youth football to date," Urban said in a Wake Forest news release. In all, the investigators tracked head impacts among 97 ... Read more

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Helmets for Motorcyclists a No Brainer: Study

Posted 16 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 16, 2017 – Riding a motorcycle without a helmet may conjure up images of a cool rider with the wind blowing through his hair. The reality? A fractured skull, and a bruised and battered face – or worse – are much more likely if a crash occurs. Since Michigan eased its helmet laws, the number of skull fractures and other head and facial injuries related to motorcycle accidents has doubled, a new study finds. Michigan repealed its universal motorcycle helmet law in 2012. The new law allows riders to go without helmets if they meet criteria for age (over 21), training/experience and insurance coverage. Researchers reviewed motorcyclist injury data for three years before and three years after the change in helmet laws. The study included a total of nearly 4,700 motorcycle trauma patients. They were seen at 29 Michigan trauma centers. The proportion of motorcycle trauma ... Read more

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Boys More Likely to Hide a Concussion Than Girls

Posted 9 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 9, 2017 – When it comes to reporting a sports-related concussion, high school boys are less likely to speak up than high school girls, new research reveals. The findings, derived from surveying nearly 300 young Michigan athletes, highlight a "show-no-weakness" mentality that experts say needs to change to protect brain health. "Males are more worried about what their peers or coaches would think of them if they reported [their concussion]," said study author Jessica Wallace. She's director of the master of athletic training program at Youngstown State University in Ohio. "It's a mentality of, 'If I report this, I'm going to be perceived as weak,' " said Wallace, who's also a member of the National Athletic Trainers' Association. "We suspected some differences between males and females at the high school level, but were probably surprised by the magnitude." More than ... Read more

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