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Only About One-Third of Americans Use Condoms: CDC

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 10, 2017 – Condoms can help prevent pregnancy and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), but only about a third of Americans use them, a new federal report shows. "The use of condoms is a public health issue," said report author Casey Copen, a statistician at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. "STDs can lead to long-term consequences, such as infertility," she said. "Condoms, when used consistently and correctly, reduce the risk of HIV and STDs." About 20 million new cases of STDs are diagnosed each year in the United States, the CDC said. These infections include human papillomavirus (HPV), gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, hepatitis and HIV. The choice of whether to use a condom or not is influenced by a number of factors. These include: a woman's desire to get pregnant, one's experience using other ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Provera, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Hepatitis C, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, TriNessa

New Hope in Search for Vaccine Against Gonorrhea

Posted 11 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 – A vaccine to protect people from the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea may be one step closer to reality, New Zealand researchers report. That's welcome news, because gonorrhea appears to be eluding treatment efforts to control the disease. Antibiotics are the only available treatment, but strains of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea have developed, according to U.S. health officials. "Despite efforts, a gonorrhea vaccine with any clinical effect has eluded development for over 100 years," said lead researcher Helen Petousis-Harris, a senior lecturer at the University of Auckland. "We have found a vaccine that prevented about one-third of gonorrhea in those who received it in a real-life situation. It is far from perfect, but it is a leap in the right direction," she said. Called MeNZB vaccine, it was developed to control a meningitis epidemic in New Zealand ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Diagnosis and Investigation, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection

Most U.S. Teens Aren't 'Doing It'

Posted 22 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 – Sex is everywhere in the media, and so you may be convinced that today's teens are always looking to "hook-up." But new federal research says it's just not so. Instead, the study found that most teenagers in high school aren't sexually active. "The myth is that every kid in high school is having sex, and it's not true," noted Dr. Cora Breuner, a professor of pediatrics at Seattle Children's Hospital, who reviewed the findings. "It's less than half, and it's been less than half for more than 10 years," she said. The study found that only 42 percent of girls and 44 percent of boys aged 15 to 19 reported having sex at least once. And Breuner said that finding is nothing new. Going back to 2002, fewer than half of older teens told researchers that they are sexually active, federal data show. Further, most teens who choose to go all the way wind up losing their ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Provera, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Lutera

Adding in Prescription for Partner Boosts STD Care

Posted 13 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 – States that let doctors prescribe drugs to treat chlamydia or gonorrhea in both partners when only one makes an office visit have lower rates of the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), a new U.S. study finds. The approach, called expedited partner therapy (EPT), is allowed in 38 states. University of Michigan researchers analyzed reported chlamydia cases from 2000 to 2013. In states where EPT is barred, the average increase in chlamydia infections was 17.5 cases per 100,000 people per year. This compared with 14 cases per 100,000 in states where EPT is allowed, the study found. "We know that to most effectively treat and prevent STDs, we have to consider both the infected patient and his or her partners," lead author Dr. Okeoma Mmeje said in a university news release. She is an assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology. Mmeje said there are many ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection

Gay Men Less Likely to Have Safe Sex Now: Survey

Posted 13 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – In a sign that powerful new ways to treat and prevent HIV are relaxing attitudes about safer sex, a new survey finds that gay and bisexual men are much less likely to use condoms than they were two decades ago. Men questioned at a Atlanta gay pride event in 2015 – including HIV-positive men – were more likely to say they'd recently had anal sex without a condom compared to men who were questioned at the same event in 2006 and 1997. Although there are signs that the rates of other sexually transmitted infections have increased and the possibility of a drug-resistant strain of the once-deadly virus looms, HIV experts said the condom-less trend may not be as troubling as it appears. "There has been an increase in the understanding that condom-less anal sex is not risky" if men take a drug to prevent HIV infection or take medication if they are already infected, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Provera, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Lutera

2.5 Million U.S. Women Have Condition That Can Cause Infertility

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – About 2.5 million American women have had pelvic inflammatory disease, an often-symptomless infection of the reproductive tract that can cause infertility and lasting abdominal pain, a new U.S. government report shows. Scientists also found that those who had 10 or more male sex partners experienced pelvic inflammatory disease three times as often as women with a single partner. The culprits in most cases of pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, are the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) chlamydia and gonorrhea, researchers said. Overall, about 4.4 percent of American women said they'd been diagnosed with PID. Pelvic inflammatory disease tends to be a later "complication of having a prior sexually transmitted infection, and given that there are such high numbers of chlamydia and gonorrhea infections in the U.S., it means a lot of women are at risk," said study ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Plan B, Mirena, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Provera, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Lutera, Mononessa, Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo

Mouthwash Helps Kill Gonorrhea Germs in Mouth, Throat: Study

Posted 20 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 – A commercial brand of mouthwash can help control gonorrhea bacteria in the mouth, and daily use may offer a cheap and easy way to reduce the spread of the sexually transmitted disease, a small study from Australia contends. Gonorrhea rates among men are on the rise in many countries due to declining condom use, and most cases occur in gay/bisexual men, researchers said. The maker of Listerine mouthwash has claimed as far back as 1879 that it could be used against gonorrhea, though no published research has ever proved it. In laboratory tests, the authors of this new study found that Listerine Cool Mint and Total Care (which are both 21.6 percent alcohol) significantly reduced levels of gonorrhea bacteria. A salt water (saline) solution did not. The researchers then conducted a clinical trial with 58 gay/bisexual men who previously tested positive for gonorrhea ... Read more

Related support groups: Oral and Dental Conditions, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Nystatin, Clotrimazole, Chlorhexidine, Canker Sore, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Hibiclens, Peridex, Saliva Substitutes, Biotene Mouthwash, Mycostatin, Prevention of Dental Caries, Cough-X Cough Relief, Nilstat, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, NeutraSal, Caphosol, Mycelex Troche, Betasept

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Hit All-Time High: CDC

Posted 19 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19, 2016 – Sexually transmitted disease (STD) cases reached a record high in the United States in 2015, federal officials reported Wednesday. There were more than 1.5 million chlamydia cases, nearly 400,000 cases of gonorrhea, and nearly 24,000 cases of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis, the most infectious stages of the disease, the report detailed. The largest increase in reported STD cases between 2014 to 2015 occurred in P&S syphilis (19 percent), followed by gonorrhea (13 percent) and chlamydia (6 percent), the report revealed. Findings were published in the annual Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance Report released by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These results point to the need for increased STD prevention efforts, especially among those at greatest risk, officials said. "We have reached a decisive moment for the nation," Dr. ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Syphilis, Neurosyphilis, Tertiary Syphilis, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection, Syphilis - Early, Congenital Syphilis, Syphilis - Latent

Drug-Resistant Gonorrhea a Growing U.S. Threat: CDC

Posted 22 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 21, 2016 – Gonorrhea appears to be developing resistance to the two antibiotics that constitute the last available treatment option for the sexually transmitted bacteria, U.S. health officials announced Wednesday. Gonorrhea samples taken last spring from seven patients in Honolulu showed resistance to azithromycin at dramatically higher levels than typically seen in the United States, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported at its STD Prevention Conference in Atlanta. Five of the samples also showed increased resistance to ceftriaxone, the antibiotic given alongside azithromycin in the dual regimen recommended by the CDC. This is the first cluster of cases to show increased resistance to both azithromycin and ceftriaxone, said Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. Data ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Zithromax, Zithromax Z-Pak, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Z-Pak, Azasite, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Zithromax IV, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection, Azithromycin/Trovafloxacin, Zmax

Study Dashes Millennials' Reputation as Hookup Generation

Posted 2 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 – A new study contradicts the common perception that young American adults – so-called Millennials – are having more casual sex than previous generations. Researchers analyzed decades of national data. They found 15 percent of young adults aged 20 to 24 born in the early 1990s (Millennials) had no sexual partners since age 18, compared with 6 percent of Americans born in the late 1960s (Generation Xers). Only people born in the 1920s reported having less sex in their early 20s. The drop in sexual activity between Generation Xers and Millennials was larger among women (2.3 percent to 5.4 percent) than men (1.7 percent to 1.9 percent). Whites were more likely to say they had no sexual partners as young adults (1.6 percent to 3.9 percent) than blacks (steady at 2.6 percent). The findings challenge "the widespread notion that Millennials are the 'hookup' generation, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection, Postcoital Contraception, Cold sores, Trichomoniasis, Herpes Simplex, Syphilis, Herpes Simplex Labialis, Trachoma, Gonococcal Infection, Psittacosis

U.S. Cases of Drug-Resistant Gonorrhea Rise Fourfold in One Year

Posted 15 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 – Antibiotic-resistant cases of the sexually transmitted illness gonorrhea have more than quadrupled in the United States. This new data, from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, should serve as a warning that "the future of current treatment options may be in jeopardy," the agency said in a news release issued Thursday. "The confluence of emerging drug resistance and very limited alternative options for treatment creates a perfect storm for future gonorrhea treatment failure in the U.S.," said Dr. Jonathan Mermin, who directs the CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and Tuberculosis Prevention. "History shows us that bacteria will find a way to outlast the antibiotics we're using to treat it," Mermin said. "We are running just one step ahead in order to preserve the remaining treatment option for as long as possible." For ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection

U.K. Case of Throat Gonorrhea Resists Antibiotics

Posted 23 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 23, 2016 – In an alarming development, British public health experts have confirmed a case of throat gonorrhea that proved untreatable with the standard antibiotic regimen. The patient, a heterosexual man who had just returned to the United Kingdom from Japan, wasn't cured by a pair of antibiotics used as the first-line gonorrhea treatment in many countries, including the United States. "This case highlights that gonorrhea may become untreatable due to antimicrobial resistance," warned Gwenda Hughes, section head of sexually transmitted infections at Public Health England. "Despite successful treatment of this case with higher doses of antibiotics, this approach to treatment would only be an interim solution," noted Hughes, who was not involved with the new study. "Higher-dose treatments are not suitable for all patients, and resistance to higher doses is likely to ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Zithromax, Rocephin, Zithromax Z-Pak, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Z-Pak, Ceftriaxone, Azasite, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Zithromax IV, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection, Azithromycin/Trovafloxacin, Zmax, Trobicin, Ceftriaxone/Lidocaine, Spectinomycin

Antibiotics Overprescribed for Possible STDs: Study

Posted 9 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 9, 2016 – Three-quarters of emergency room patients who received antibiotics to treat suspected sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) tested negative for the infections, a new study showed. "We have to find the appropriate balance between getting people tested and treated for STDs, but not prescribing antibiotics to patients who don't need them," said researcher Karen Jones, an infection preventionist at St. John Hospital & Medical Center in Detroit. Genital cultures are often collected from patients with possible symptoms of STDs, but results are not immediately available, the investigators noted. For the study, the researchers examined the medical records of more than 1,100 patients who underwent STD testing in the emergency room. Forty percent were treated with antibiotics for suspected gonorrhea and/or chlamydia. Of those, more than 75 percent ended up testing ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection

Condom Use Falls When Teen Girls Opt for IUDs vs. The Pill

Posted 14 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 – High school girls who use long-acting contraception – such as IUDs or implants – are less likely to focus on condom use than girls who are on the Pill, a new study finds. Experts say the finding shows that many young women aren't paying enough attention to the dangers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which condoms help prevent. "We need to work on crafting a clear message about pregnancy prevention and STI prevention," Dr. Julia Potter, of the Boston Medical Center, and Dr. Karen Soren, of Columbia University Medical Center in New York City, wrote in a related editorial. "Dual protection for sexually active adolescents should be encouraged, so that adolescents are not exposed to the risk of pregnancy or the risk of STIs as a result of selecting condom use vs. effective contraception use," they said. The new study was led by Riley Steiner, of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Provera, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Lutera

Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea: A Growing Threat

Posted 19 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 – Public health experts are expressing growing anxiety over the prospect of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea. Just last month, health officials in Great Britain cautioned that nation's physicians and pharmacies about the dangers posed by drug-resistant strains of the sexually transmitted infection. That concern is now being echoed by Dr. Robert Kirkcaldy, a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention epidemiologist in the division of STD prevention. "Resistant gonorrhea and the prospect of untreatable gonorrhea are real threats," he said, with resistant strains now detected in many parts of the world. "The threat of untreatable gonorrhea underscores the importance of identifying new treatment options, ensuring adherence to screening and treatment guidelines – including treatment of (infected) partners – and increasing awareness among individuals on how they ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Zithromax, Rocephin, Zithromax Z-Pak, Cefixime, Ceftriaxone, Z-Pak, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Zithromax IV, Suprax, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Gonococcal Infection, Zmax

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