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2 Doses of HPV Vaccine Effective for Younger Teens

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 – New global research confirms that two doses of the vaccine for HPV, rather than three, can protect younger teens against the sexually transmitted virus. Based on this study and others, U.S. government health officials revised their guidelines last month to recommend a two-dose regimen for teens younger than 15. Prior to that revised guideline, three doses were recommended for adolescents and young adults up through 26 years of age. The vaccine protects against infection by HPV (human papillomavirus), which is the cause of 90 percent of cervical cancers, according to the U.S. National Cancer Institute. The new review included more than 1,500 young people, aged 9 to 26, who were vaccinated against HPV at 52 sites in 15 countries. For the study, the researchers gave two doses of HPV vaccine to teens aged 9 to 14, and three doses of the vaccine to older teens and ... Read more

Related support groups: Human Papilloma Virus, Condylomata Acuminata, Cervical Cancer, Gardasil, Cervical Dysplasia, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Routine School Vaccine Requirements Raise HPV Shot Rates, Too

Posted 8 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 – Schools that require routine vaccines as a condition of attendance have higher rates of vaccination, including higher rates of immunization for the human papillomavirus (HPV), a new study finds. The HPV vaccine protects against cervical cancer, as well as other cancers linked to the sexually transmitted virus. Children at these schools are also more likely to get recommended shots for tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) – the so-called Tdap shot – and meningitis (the meningococcal vaccine), researchers said. One pediatrician who reviewed the new findings believes school mandates can have a big influence on whether or not a child gets immunized. "Tdap and meningococcal vaccinations rates tend to be higher due to mandatory legislation as a requirement for school entry," said Dr. Jane Swedler, chief of adolescent medicine at Winthrop-University ... Read more

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Anal Cancer Rates Rising in Many Parts of the World

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 – Anal cancer rates are on the rise in many countries. But vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) – a virus linked to the development of anal cancer – may help curb rates of the disease, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer. The data included 18 countries. The investigators found that anal cancer rates have been increasing in women and men in 13 of those countries, particularly Australia and other countries in the Americas, and northern and western Europe. In those countries, a major subtype called anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) was much more common than others, and was the main reason for the overall increasing rates of anal cancer. Rates of another major subtype, anal adenocarcinoma (AAC), have been stable or decreasing in most populations, the researchers said. "The reason for the ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Human Papilloma Virus, Anal Fissure and Fistula, Condylomata Acuminata, Anal Itching, Gardasil, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Cervical Dysplasia, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Gardasil 9

Kids 14 and Younger Only Need 2 HPV Vaccine Shots: CDC

Posted 20 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 – Children 14 and younger require only two doses of the HPV vaccine rather than the previously recommended three shots, U.S. health officials now say. The vaccine protects against infection with sexually transmitted HPV (human papillomavirus), which can cause cervical and other cancers. On Wednesday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended that 11- to 12-year-olds receive two doses of HPV vaccine at least six months apart. It also said teens 13 and 14 can be vaccinated on the two-dose schedule. However, those who start receiving the vaccinations later – at ages 15 to 26 – still need three doses of the vaccine, according to the updated guidelines. One cervical cancer expert called the new guidelines "very important." "Decreasing the number of shots from three to two will definitely increase the chances of compliance [with vaccination]," said ... Read more

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Are Fewer Cervical Cancer Screenings Needed After HPV Vaccine?

Posted 18 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 – Women who've been vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) likely need fewer cervical cancer screenings, a new study argues. Just how often a woman needs a cervical cancer screening depends on the type of vaccine she had, the researchers said. Women vaccinated with earlier versions of the HPV vaccine – which protect against the two worst cancer-causing strains of the sexually transmitted virus – only need cervical cancer screening every five years starting at age 25 or 30, the study concluded. Women who've received the updated vaccine, which protects against seven cancer-causing strains of HPV, need screening even less often. The researchers recommend testing these women every 10 years starting at age 30 to 35 and ending at age 65. Both screening regimens would be much less rigorous than current guidelines, which call for cervical cancer exams from age 21 ... Read more

Related support groups: Human Papilloma Virus, Condylomata Acuminata, Cervical Cancer, Gardasil, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervical Dysplasia, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Gardasil 9

How One Clinic Got a Big Boost in HPV Vaccination Rates

Posted 5 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2016 – The way to increase the number of girls and boys who get the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine may be as simple as giving it as part of a routine bundle of vaccines, a new study suggests. The HPV vaccine, which guards against the virus that causes most cervical cancers, is only being used in just over half of teen girls in the United States, lagging far behind other recommended vaccinations in this age group. But, by lumping HPV in with other required vaccinations, a Denver clinic was able to dramatically increase vaccination rates to nearly 90 percent in boys and girls, researchers report. "The program is simple and low cost, and something that can easily be rolled out at other institutions," said lead researcher Dr. Anna-Lisa Farmar. She is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of Colorado in Aurora. "It's become a part of our general ... Read more

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A Doctor's Words Key to Whether Child Gets HPV Vaccine

Posted 2 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 30, 2016 – The language doctors use when recommending the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine can influence whether parents will have their children immunized, a new study finds. HPV causes most cases of cervical cancer and a large percentage of vaginal, vulvar, anal, penile and oropharyngeal cancers. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends boys and girls receive the three-dose HPV vaccination beginning at age 11 or 12. As of 2015, only 42 percent of girls and 28 percent of boys ages 13 to 17 had completed the HPV vaccine series, according to the CDC. Previous research found that doctors' recommendations play a major role in whether parents have their children vaccinated. In this new study, researchers examined if specific language used by doctors affects parents' decisions. The study included more than 1,500 parents. Their children were between the ... Read more

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HPV Vaccine More Effective Than Thought: Study

Posted 29 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 29, 2016 – The vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which doctors believe causes most cases of cervical cancer, appears even more effective than believed, a new study finds. "After eight years of vaccination, the reduction in the incidence of cervical neoplasia [abnormal growth of cells], including pre-cancers, have been reduced approximately 50 percent. This is greater than what was expected – that's pretty exciting," said lead researcher Cosette Wheeler. She is a professor of pathology and obstetrics and gynecology at the University of New Mexico, in Albuquerque. The study also showed that the protection appears to occur even when only one or two of the recommended doses of the vaccine are given. "Right now, the recommendation is three doses for girls and boys before the 13th birthday, so that you are protected before you become exposed," Wheeler ... Read more

Related support groups: Gardasil, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Gardasil 9

Cancer Experts Endorse CDC's HPV Vaccine Guidelines

Posted 19 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 – The American Cancer Society has endorsed the U.S. government's HPV vaccination recommendations, which include immunizing all preteens against the sexually transmitted human papilloma virus. In a new report, the cancer society says 11- and 12-year-old girls as well as boys should be vaccinated to guard against cancers associated with HPV. This is in line with updated guidelines from the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "HPV vaccination has the potential to prevent tens of thousands of cancers and hundreds of thousands of pre-cancers each year," said the lead author of the report, Debbie Saslow. She is the cancer society's director of cancer control intervention for HPV vaccination and women's cancers. "It is critical that all stakeholders – families, health care providers, and others – make HPV vaccination a priority, so that prevention of ... Read more

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HPV-Linked Cancers Still Climbing in U.S.

Posted 9 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 – Cancers linked to the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) keep rising in the United States, even though most cases are preventable, health officials reported Thursday. Cervical cancer, and mouth and throat cancers in men, accounted for most of the nearly 39,000 HPV-associated cancers diagnosed annually from 2008 to 2012, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HPV vaccination and cervical cancer screening could keep more than 28,000 of these cancers from developing, the agency estimated. "Most cervical cancers are preventable with regular screening for precancerous lesions among women aged 21 to 65 years, linked with follow-up for abnormal test results," the CDC researchers wrote in the report. But cancer experts said that public perception may have to change first, especially with respect to HPV vaccination. "In order to ... Read more

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1st HPV Test for Use With Preservative Fluid

Posted 8 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Roche's cobas HPV Test – the first diagnostic to be used with cervical cells obtained for a Pap test and collected in SurePath Preservative Fluid. SurePath is an FDA-approved liquid collection fluid that's frequently used for Pap tests. But until this latest approval, no human papillomavirus (HPV) test had been approved to be used with the fluid, the FDA said in a news release. HPV strains account for some 70 percent of cervical cancers globally. The U.S. National Cancer Institute estimates there will be nearly 13,000 new cases of cervical cancer detected this year, and the disease will cause more than 4,100 deaths. The Swiss drugmaker Roche in 2012 warned that using cervical cells in SurePath fluid with an existing HPV test could produce false-negative results, the FDA said. This could have led to lack of ... Read more

Related support groups: Human Papilloma Virus, Condylomata Acuminata, Gardasil, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cervical Dysplasia, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Gardasil 9

Study Hints at HPV Vaccine's Cancer Prevention Promise

Posted 5 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 4, 2016 – The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine appears to prevent abnormalities that can lead to cervical cancer, a new study shows. Canadian researchers found that young women who received the vaccine through a school-based program were less likely to have such abnormalities when screened for cervical cancer than those who did not receive the vaccine. The young women were screened less than 10 years after they received their first HPV vaccine. The findings are from the province of Alberta. In 2008, Alberta introduced HPV vaccination for grade 5 girls (aged 10-11) and a three-year catch-up program for grade 9 girls (aged 14-15). The program provided three doses of the vaccine that protects against two strains of HPV. Those two strains of HPV account for 70 percent of all cases of cervical cancer, the researchers said. The study evaluated Pap test results for more than ... Read more

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Drones Could Deliver Vaccines in Developing Countries

Posted 25 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 24, 2016 – Right now, people often associate the use of drones with warfare. But in the future they could serve humanitarian purposes, such as delivering aid to people in developing countries. For example, the pilotless flying machines might offer a cheaper and better way to deliver vaccines. And that could potentially boost vaccination rates in areas that can be difficult to reach now, a new study suggests. Using a computer model, researchers concluded that sending drones to deliver vaccines in low- and middle-income countries would be cheaper and quicker than by land-based vehicles. Cars and trucks are limited by road conditions and have high fuel and maintenance costs, the researchers said. "Many low- and middle-income countries are struggling to get lifesaving vaccines to people to keep them from getting sick or dying from preventable diseases," said senior study ... Read more

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Childhood Vaccinations Rarely Spur Seizures, Study Finds

Posted 6 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 6, 2016 – Certain vaccines can trigger fever-related seizures in young children, but the risk is so low that pediatricians might see one case every five to 10 years, a new study estimates. It has long been known that some vaccines carry a small seizure risk. But the researchers said the new report offers some hard numbers. And it suggests that even when babies and toddlers get three vaccines at once, they only develop fever-related seizures at a rate of 30 per 100,000 – at most. The findings should be "reassuring" to parents, said lead researcher Dr. Jonathan Duffy, of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Looking at the big picture, the benefits of vaccination are much greater than the risk of febrile [fever-related] seizures," Duffy said. Up to 5 percent of young children will have a fever-related seizure at some point, according to the CDC. It usually ... Read more

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Vaccine Has Cut HPV Infection Rate in Teen Girls by Two-Thirds: Study

Posted 22 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 – Ten years of vaccinating against human papillomavirus (HPV) has cut infections from this cancer-causing virus by 64 percent among teen girls, U.S. health officials report. "We are continuing to see decreases in the HPV types that are targeted by the vaccine," said lead researcher Dr. Lauri Markowitz, a medical epidemiologist with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. These declines should lead to reductions in diseases caused by HPV, which include cervical cancer, and head and neck cancer, Markowitz said. However, it will take decades to see these reductions, because cancer takes years to develop, she added. "We have seen declines in genital warts [caused by HPV] already," she said. "The next thing we expect to see is a decline in pre-cancers, then later on declines in cancer." Although these findings are encouraging, too few young people are ... Read more

Related support groups: Cervical Cancer, Gardasil, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Gardasil 9

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