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Fetal Maturation News

Study Details Dire Consequences of Fetal Alcohol Disorders

Posted 25 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 – The many behavioral problems experienced by children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders require early attention, a new research review suggests. This group of health problems – caused by mothers drinking alcohol during pregnancy – may include anxiety, aggression, inattention and more, the researchers found. They analyzed published studies and identified three main types of behavioral problems among children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: "internalizing" behaviors such as anxiety, withdrawal and depression; "externalizing" behaviors such as aggression and delinquency; and other issues such as problems with social skills, attention and thought processing. The study, by researchers at the University of Sydney in Australia, was published online Feb. 23 in the journal Pediatrics. "The finding highlights the need for strategies for early intervention, ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hydrocephalus, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Fetal Maturation, Alcoholic Psychosis

Does Mom's Cellphone Startle the Fetus?

Posted 6 May 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 6, 2015 – The sounds emitted by cellphones carried by pregnant women may rattle the sleep-and-wake cycles of their fetuses, new research suggests. The finding is based on a small study that tracked fetal reactions to repetitive cellphone and beeper use among more than two dozen resident physicians while they were pregnant. "We wanted to see what these devices can do to the fetus," said study co-author Dr. Boris Petrikovsky, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology, and director of maternal and fetal medicine at Wyckoff Heights Medical Center in New York City. "And actually what we figured out is that if you're a baby in-utero [in the womb] and someone wakes you up every hour, you will not be a happy camper. The sound, and perhaps even vibrations, cause a lot of 'startle reflex', which disturbs the normal sleep cycle," he said. What isn't clear from this study is whether ... Read more

Related support groups: Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Fetal Maturation

Placenta Test Measures Babies' Exposure to Arsenic

Posted 7 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 7, 2015 – A pregnant woman's placenta can reliably measure exposure to the toxic metal arsenic in both the mother and her unborn baby, new research finds. "Our findings show placental arsenic concentrations reflect both maternal and fetal biomarker concentrations," said the study's lead author, Tracy Punshon, a research assistant professor of biological sciences at Dartmouth College in Hanover, N.H. Arsenic, a carcinogen, occurs naturally in soil, water and air. Previous research has shown that it crosses the placenta and may affect fetal development, according to background notes with the study. Contaminated well water is one source of arsenic exposure. For this study, researchers compared arsenic concentrations detected in placental samples of 652 women with urine samples taken during pregnancy and post-delivery toenail clippings from mother and child. They also ... Read more

Related support groups: Arsenic Trioxide, Trisenox, Fetal Maturation

Equal Numbers of Males, Females Are Conceived: Study

Posted 30 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 30, 2015 – Many scientists believe human conception produces more male than female embryos, with male embryos less likely to survive. But, a new study suggests that equal numbers of males and females are conceived and female embryos are less likely to survive. "It looks like more females die during pregnancy than males," said Steven Orzack, a senior research scientist with the Fresh Pond Research Institute in Cambridge, Mass. "People have long thought the opposite was true. An important fact that people thought was reasonably well-demonstrated is probably incorrect." The findings aren't definitive, and a researcher not involved with the study who has focused on the subject believes this new hypothesis is wrong. But Orzack said he and his colleagues are on solid ground with statistics that challenge long-held assumptions about human development. According to Orzack, many ... Read more

Related support groups: Fetal Maturation

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