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Overweight Boys Face Higher Colon Cancer Risk as Adults

Posted 1 day 8 hours ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 – Overweight boys may be more likely to develop colon cancer later in life, but losing weight might lower that risk, Danish researchers say. Although earlier studies have suggested that overweight children run a higher risk of being diagnosed with colon cancer as adults, it had been less clear what effect weight loss might have on this risk. "These results highlight the importance of weight management in childhood," Britt Wang Jensen, of Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital in Copenhagen, and colleagues reported. Excluding skin cancers, colon cancer is the third leading cancer diagnosed in both men and women in the United States, according to the American Cancer Society. More than 95,000 new cases of colon cancer and almost 40,000 new cases of rectal cancer will be detected in 2017, the cancer society added. In the new study, the researchers examined the health ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Colorectal Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

HPV Vaccine May Also Prevent Cancers Affecting Men

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 – The same vaccine that cuts the risk of cervical cancer in women might also lower the chances of head and neck cancers in men, new research suggests. In addition to being linked to cervical cancer, the human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause cancers in the back of the throat, in an area known as the oropharynx. HPV is linked with about 70 percent of these types of cancers in the United States, and the rates of these cancers are rising dramatically, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved HPV vaccines for prevention of cervical, vulvar, vaginal and anal cancers in women, and anal cancers in men. However, the HPV vaccine hasn't been FDA-approved for prevention of head and neck cancers, because the vaccines have not been evaluated in clinical trials for that purpose. "We don't know if there's ... Read more

Related support groups: Colorectal Cancer, Gardasil, Cervical Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Gardasil 9

Nuts! Good Medicine for Colon Cancer Survivors?

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 – Colon cancer patients might improve their chances of survival if they eat nuts along with an overall healthy diet and regular exercise, two new studies report. In a seven-year study, patients successfully treated for stage 3 colon cancer who ate at least 2 ounces of nuts a week had a 42 percent lower chance of their cancer coming back and a 57 percent lower risk of dying from the disease. Stage 3 means the cancer may have spread to surrounding tissues, but hasn't spread to distant organs. These preliminary findings jibe with those of a second trial. That study found that colon cancer survivors with the highest healthy lifestyle scores – eating right, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight – had a 42 percent lower risk of death than those with the lowest scores. Both studies are scheduled for presentation next month at the annual meeting of the American ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Get Ready for Your 'Capsule Robot' Colon Cancer Check

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 – Not looking forward to your next colonoscopy? Don't worry – in the future, a tiny capsule less than an inch long may navigate your colon to check for cancer risk, scientists report. Researchers at Nashville's Vanderbilt University Medical Center used magnets to guide the tethered "capsule robot" through a pig's colon. "Not only is the capsule robot able to actively maneuver through the GI tract to perform diagnostics, it is also able to perform therapeutic maneuvers, such as biopsies of tissue or polyp removal, due to the tether – something that other capsule devices are unable to do," lead researcher Dr. Keith Obstein explained. His team said the magnetized capsule robot is 0.7 inches long and inserted rectally. It's then guided through the colon by using an external magnet that's attached to a robotic arm. The capsule also has an attached tether that is much ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Delay a Needed Colonoscopy at Your Own Risk

Posted 25 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 25, 2017 – People who wait too long to get a colonoscopy after a "positive" screening test for colon cancer may face a heightened risk of the disease, a new study finds. The study asked a fundamental question: If a stool test suggests someone might have cancer, how long can someone safely wait to have a colonoscopy? Colonoscopy is a procedure that uses a thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end to allow your doctor to see inside your colon. The study found that some delay appeared to cause no harm. People who had a follow-up colonoscopy within 10 months faced no greater risk of colon cancer than those who had their colonoscopy within one month. But when the wait was longer, the cancer risk rose. After 10 months, the risk of colon cancer was roughly 50 percent to two times greater. And the odds of being diagnosed with advanced-stage cancer were two to three times ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Many Disabled Adults Aren't Screened for Colon Cancer: Study

Posted 5 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 5, 2017 – American adults with disabilities have lower colon cancer screening rates than other adults, a new study finds. Researchers reviewed South Carolina Medicaid and Medicare claims, state health plan claims and hospital discharge data from 2000 to 2009. About 48 percent of the general population reported having routine screenings, compared to 34 percent of those with intellectual disabilities; 44 percent of those with spinal cord injuries, and 46 percent of people with blindness or limited sight. "These individuals may not be routinely screened for colon cancer due to a lack of education and awareness, transportation challenges or other barriers," study author Chelsea Deroche said in a University of Missouri-Columbia news release. She is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Management and Informatics. "These findings support the need for increased ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Prolonged Antibiotic Use Tied to Precancerous Colon Growths

Posted 5 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 4, 2017 – Taking antibiotics for an extended period in early to middle adulthood might increase your risk for precancerous growths in your colon, a large study suggests. Women who took antibiotics for two weeks or more in their 20s through their 50s were more likely to have colon lesions in their 60s than women who didn't take the drugs for an extended period, researchers found. If not removed, these lesions – called polyps or adenomas – can lead to colon cancer. "This suggests that alterations in the naturally occurring bacteria that live in one's intestines caused by antibiotics might predispose individuals to colorectal cancer," said lead researcher Dr. Andrew Chan. But, although the risk for colon cancer was raised, it wasn't to a level "where it should worry individuals who need to take antibiotics for clear medical reasons," said Chan, an associate professor of ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Keep Colon Cancer at Bay

Posted 22 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 22, 2017 – Colon cancer can be treated and cured if it's diagnosed early, and a colonoscopy is one of the best ways to detect the disease, a gastroenterologist says. "Routine colonoscopy exams are lifesavers and may reduce your risk of succumbing to colorectal cancer by 90 percent," said Dr. Ellen Gutkin, from NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital Queens. Even healthy adults with no family or medical history of colon cancer should get routine colonoscopies. The cancer can develop without symptoms and once symptoms begin, it could mean the cancer is more advanced and less likely to be cured. Gutkin noted that women and men have the same risk for colon cancer, and that having no risk factors does not mean you won't develop the disease. "The single biggest modifiable risk factor for colorectal cancer is a failure to be screened," she said in a hospital news release. Beginning at ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Colon Cancer Rates, Deaths Drop in Americans Over 50

Posted 1 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 1, 2017 – In some good news for older Americans, a new report shows that colorectal cancer rates among those over 50 fell 32 percent since 2000, while deaths from the disease fell by 34 percent. Those declines are likely due to increased screening, which can prevent colorectal cancer by detecting and removing precancerous polyps, according to the report released March 1 by the American Cancer Society (ACS). Among older adults, colorectal cancer rates are dropping fastest in those aged 65 and older, and for tumors located in the distal colon (the last part of the colon). The drop is slowest among those aged 50 to 64 and for rectal tumors, the researchers found. For example, there was a 9 percent decline in the incidence of rectal tumors in men aged 50 to 64 and no decline among women in the same age group. But those rates dropped 38 percent in men and 41 percent in ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Colon Cancer on the Rise Among Gen Xers, Millennials

Posted 28 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 28, 2017 – Americans in their early 50s and younger – Gen Xers and millennials – are experiencing significant increases in colon and rectal cancer, a new study reports. And this may portend an overall increase in colon and rectal cancer in the years to come, the study authors said, adding that an old foe might be to blame – the obesity epidemic. People born in 1990 now have double the risk of colon cancer and four times the risk of rectal cancer, compared with those born around 1950 when the risk was lowest, the researchers said. "The increase in these rates coincides with the obesity epidemic," said lead researcher Rebecca Siegel, strategic director for surveillance information services at the American Cancer Society. "What might be going on is that the same factors that caused the increase in obesity – like changing dietary habits and a more sedentary lifestyle – ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Colorectal Cancer, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Heart Risks May Boost Women's Colon Cancer Risk, Too

Posted 1 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – Even normal-weight women may be at greater risk for colon cancer if they have certain traits, such as elevated levels of blood fat, high blood sugar, high blood pressure and low levels of good cholesterol, a new study suggests. Among older women of normal weight, those with so-called metabolic risk factors had a 49 percent increased risk for cancers of the colon, rectum and sigmoid colon (the lower part of the intestine connecting the rectum and colon) compared with healthy counterparts. Current guidelines recommend colon cancer screening primarily based on a person's age. But identifying at-risk individuals by their metabolic type could help prevent these cancers and catch them at an earlier stage, saving more lives, the study authors concluded. The takeaway: "Know your own metabolic health, even if your weight is normal," said Juhua Luo, the study's senior ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Cancer, Lisinopril, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Losartan, High Cholesterol, Heart Attack, Benicar, Diovan, Spironolactone, Ramipril, Cozaar, Micardis, Valsartan, Enalapril, Benazepril, Colorectal Cancer, Basal Cell Carcinoma

Gut Bacteria May Link Diet, Colon Cancer, Study Says

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 – Researchers think they know why a diet high in whole grains and fiber might lower the risk of certain types of colon cancer. The mechanism behind this link appears to be a type of intestinal bacteria, the Boston research team said. Specifically, they looked at Fusobacterium nucleatum, which is among hundreds of types of bacteria found in the large intestine. It's believed to play a role in colon cancer. The researchers tracked the diets of more than 137,000 people for decades and examined more than 1,000 colon tumor samples. They found that people who ate a diet high in whole grains and fiber had a lower risk of colon cancer containing F. nucleatum, but not for colon cancer without this type of bacteria. "Though our research dealt with only one type of bacteria, it points to a much broader phenomenon – that intestinal bacteria can act in concert with diet to ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Is Chemo Overused in Younger Colon Cancer Patients?

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Young and middle-aged colon cancer patients may be getting chemotherapy more often than is warranted, a new study suggests. "Most of the young patients received postoperative systemic chemotherapy, including multi-[drug] regimens, which are currently not recommended for most patients with early stage colon cancer," the study authors wrote. The research team was led by Dr. Kangmin Zhu from the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Md. Overall, the findings "suggest overtreatment of young and middle-aged adults with colon cancer," Zhu and colleagues concluded. One colon cancer expert who reviewed the study said it addresses an often difficult question. "There is a rising trend of younger patients being diagnosed with colon cancer," said Dr. Anna Levy. She's an oncologist at Northwell Health Cancer Institute in Lake Success, N.Y. "The premise ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Nausea/Vomiting - Chemotherapy Induced, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Even a Little Daily Activity May Boost Colon Cancer Survival: Study

Posted 17 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 – Just a half hour a day of moderate physical activity could be potent medicine for patients with advanced colon cancer, preliminary research suggests. Study authors who tracked more than 1,200 colon cancer patients found a 19 percent decline in risk for early death among those who got 30 minutes or more of moderate exercise daily. And, five or more hours of moderate – but non-vigorous – activity a week pushed that survival benefit to 25 percent, researchers said. Walking, cleaning or gardening counted as moderate exercise, the study authors said. Exercise benefits previously have been reported for early stage cancer patients. "But this study extends to patients who have advanced cancer and a much more grim prognosis," said Dr. Andrew Chan. He's an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "And even among that population, there seems ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Vitamin E, Selenium Don't Cut Colon Cancer Risk: Study

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – Taking vitamin E and selenium does not appear to reduce the risk of polyps that can lead to colon cancer, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from more than 6,500 men in the United States and Canada and found that those who took the two antioxidants did not have a lower risk of colon polyps than those who took placebos. "The message to the public is this: Vitamin E and selenium will not prevent colorectal adenomas, which are surrogates for colorectal cancer," lead author Dr. Peter Lance said in a news release from SWOG, the cancer clinical trials network funded by the U.S. National Cancer Institute. Lance is deputy director of the University of Arizona Cancer Center. He and his SWOG team used data from SELECT, a prostate cancer prevention trial that enrolled more than 35,000 healthy men – 21 percent were men of color – from 427 study sites in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Vitamin E, Selenium, Familial Adenomatous Polyposis, Alpha E, Aquasol E, E Pherol, Nutr-E-Sol, Ubiquinone/vitamin E, MTE-5, Sele-Pak, Addamel N, MTE-6, Selepen, Pediatrace, Aqua-E, MulTE-PAK-5, Chromic Chloride Hexahydrate/Copper Sulfate/Manganese Sulfate/Selenium/Zinc Sulfate, Vitec

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