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Imaging Study Confirms Brain Differences in People With ADHD

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – Researchers who pinpointed brain differences in people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) say their findings show the condition should be considered a brain disorder. The international study – the largest of its kind – included more than 1,700 people with ADHD and more than 1,500 without the disorder. Participants were between the ages of 4 and 63. "We hope that this will help to reduce stigma that ADHD is 'just a label' for difficult children or caused by poor parenting. This is definitely not the case, and we hope that this work will contribute to a better understanding of the disorder," said study author Martine Hoogman. ADHD is characterized by inattention, overactivity and impulsivity that can interfere with learning and relationships. Brain scans revealed that five brain regions in those with ADHD were smaller than in those without ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Executive Function Disorder, Head Imaging

Low-Income Kids More Likely to Have ADHD, Asthma

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 14, 2017 – Children in families struggling to make ends meet are developing asthma and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at faster rates than kids from families with greater means, a new study finds. On the other hand, kids from wealthier families are being diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder more often than children in poorer homes. But that likely indicates that those parents have better access to the health care services that can uncover an autism diagnosis, the study authors said. The findings suggest that family income and access to health insurance play a large role in a child's physical and mental health, said lead researcher Dr. Christian Pulcini. He's a pediatrics resident with the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. "Children in poverty are more at risk for adverse health outcomes, and we need to keep that in mind when we make policy and ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Asthma, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Asthma - Maintenance, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Autism, Fluticasone, Qvar, Asthma - Acute, Methylin, Daytrana, Budesonide, Flovent, Entocort, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – Extremely low birth weight babies may be at increased risk for mental health problems later in life, a new review suggests. Researchers examined 41 studies conducted from 1990 to 2016. The studies included more than 2,700 extremely low birth weight babies (less than 1,000 grams, or just over 2 pounds) and more than 11,000 normal birth weight babies in the United States, Canada and 10 other countries. The extremely low birth weight babies had a higher risk for certain mental health problems. As children, they were more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and as teens they had a greater risk of ADHD and social problems, the researchers found. Compared to adults who were born at a normal weight, those born at an extremely low weight had higher rates of anxiety, depression and shyness, and markedly lower levels of social functioning, ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Adderall, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Autism, Delivery, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

Could the 'Mediterranean' Diet Help Prevent ADHD?

Posted 30 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 – Kids who follow a Mediterranean diet – high in fruits, vegetables and "good" fats – may be less likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a small study suggests. Research on 120 children in Spain found that those with "low adherence" to the traditional Mediterranean diet were seven times more likely to have ADHD. In general, kids with ADHD ate fewer fruits, vegetables and fatty fish – and more junk food and fast food, according to the study findings. However, the findings point only to a correlation and not a cause-and-effect link between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD, said experts who were not involved in the study. No one knows whether the diet can actually ward off the attention and behavior problems associated with ADHD. "One possibility is that kids with ADHD make less-healthy food choices," said Richard Gallagher. Still, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Weight Loss, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Weight Loss/Failure to Thrive, Cachexia, Executive Function Disorder

Kids With ADHD Make 6.1 Million Doctor Visits a Year in U.S.: CDC

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 – Kids with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder account for more than 6 million physician office visits a year in the United States, say U.S. health officials. An average 6.1 million trips to a doctor, pediatrician or psychiatrist by children aged 4 to 17 in 2013 involved treatment for diagnosed ADHD, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The number represents 6 percent of all kids' visits to the doctor in 2013, said senior author Jill Ashman. She is a statistician with CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The percentage has increased from a decade earlier, when 4 percent of physician visits were related to ADHD treatment, she said. "It has increased," Ashman said. "It went from 4 million to 6 million visits per year." ADHD is characterized by inattention, overactivity and impulsivity that can ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Adipex-P, Nuvigil, Focalin, Provigil, Strattera, Caffeine, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Dextroamphetamine, Amphetamine, Focalin XR, Methamphetamine, Dexedrine

Exercise: An Antidote for Behavioral Issues in Students?

Posted 9 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 – Children with serious behavioral disorders might fare better at school if they get some exercise during the day, a new study suggests. The researchers focused on children and teenagers with conditions that included autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depression. They looked at whether structured exercise during the school day – in the form of stationary "cybercycles" – could help ease students' behavioral issues in the classroom. Over a period of seven weeks, the study found it did. Kids were about one-third to 50 percent less likely to act out in class, compared to a seven-week period when they took standard gym classes. Those effects are meaningful, according to lead researcher April Bowling, who was a doctoral student at Harvard University at the time of the study. "On days that the students biked, they ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Adderall, Anxiety and Stress, Vyvanse, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR

Troubled Preschoolers Not Getting Effective Treatment: Report

Posted 21 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 – Most preschoolers with mood, behavior and social disorders would benefit from non-drug therapies, but few receive this type of help, a leading group of U.S. pediatricians reports. As many as one in 10 kids younger than 5 years old experiences these kinds of mental health problems, the American Academy of Pediatrics said in a new report. Current evidence supports the use of "family-focused" therapies – often including parent training – as a first-line treatment for these children, the AAP reported. Yet mental health stigma, shortages of trained providers and insurance barriers limit access to evidence-based treatment, it said. "Young children's mental health needs have long been overlooked," said Dr. Mary Margaret Gleason, lead author of the report. "We don't want to leave children without treatment because these are real disorders that deserve treatment, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Aggressive Behavior, Executive Function Disorder

Guidelines May Have Helped Curb ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers

Posted 15 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – In a bit of good news, the rate of diagnoses for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among U.S. preschoolers has leveled off, a new study finds. At the same time, the prescribing rate of stimulant medications for these young patients has also stayed steady, a promising trend that researchers credit to treatment guidelines that were introduced in 2011. The guidelines, issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), called for a standardized approach to diagnosis, and recommended behavior therapy – not drugs – as the first-line therapy for preschoolers. "There [was] a concern that preschoolers get too much behavioral diagnosis and medications for behavior problems," explained study author Dr. Alexander Fiks. He is associate medical director of the Pediatric Research Consortium at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. One in every three children ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Vyvanse, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Dextroamphetamine, Amphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Dextrostat, Ritalin-SR

Foster Kids Face Higher Risk of Health Problems: Study

Posted 17 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 – Children in foster care face increased risks of physical and mental health issues, from asthma to ADHD to depression, a new study finds. Considering the adversity foster children face, the study results aren't surprising, the researchers added. But this is the first study to compare their rates of health issues to those of U.S. children as a whole, including kids from low-income or single-parent families. The study confirms that children in foster care are particularly vulnerable, said lead researcher Kristin Turney, an associate professor of sociology at the University of California, Irvine. Overall, her team found, foster kids faced two to three times higher risks of physical health issues such as asthma, obesity and hearing and vision problems. And they were five to seven times more likely to have behavioral issues or symptoms of depression or anxiety. No one ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior, Executive Function Disorder

Health Tip: Health Risks of Childhood Obesity

Posted 29 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Obesity among children can lead to numerous health problems now and for many years to come. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says obese children are at greater risk of developing: High blood pressure and high cholesterol. Type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and impaired fasting glucose. Asthma, sleep apnea and other breathing problems. Pain and discomfort of the joints and musculoskeletal system. Gallstones, heartburn and fatty liver disease. Behavioral problems, depression, poor self-esteem, poor quality of life and poor school performance. More Information See The Shape Of Things To Come – 8 Reasons Why Obesity Needs To Be Tackled Now for more information. Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Depression, High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, High Cholesterol, Indigestion, Insulin Resistance, Sleep Apnea, Pre-Diabetes, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Psychiatric Disorders, Gallstones, Diabetes Mellitus, Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Executive Function Disorder

Internet Addiction May Be Red Flag for Other Mental Health Issues: Study

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Sept. 18, 2016 – Internet addiction may signal other mental health issues among college students, according to a new study. Canadian researchers say their findings could affect how psychiatrists approach people who spend a significant amount of time online. For the study, the researchers evaluated the internet use of 254 freshmen at McMaster University in Ontario. The researchers used a tool called the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), developed in 1998, as well as their own scale based on more recent criteria. "Internet use has changed radically over the last 18 years, through more people working online, media streaming, social media, etc. We were concerned that the IAT questionnaire may not have been picking up on problematic modern internet use, or showing up false positives for people who were simply using the internet rather than being over-reliant on it," said chief ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Dependent Personality Disorder, Executive Function Disorder

Kids With Bipolar Disorder More Likely to Abuse Drugs, Alcohol: Study

Posted 16 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 16, 2016 – For some teens with bipolar disorder, the risk that they will abuse alcohol and drugs may increase as they get older, a new study suggests. The research included 105 young people with bipolar disorder and 98 without the illness (the "control" group). Their average age was 14 when they first enrolled in the study. Bipolar disorder causes unusual shifts in mood, energy and activity levels, and also affects the ability to carry out everyday tasks. Initially, 34 percent of the young teens with bipolar disorder also had "substance use disorder," which means they had a problem with drug or alcohol abuse. Only 4 percent of the kids in the control group abused alcohol or drugs, the study showed. In addition, the researchers found, almost one-quarter of kids with bipolar disorder smoked cigarettes, compared to just 4 percent of the comparison group. Five years after the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Opiate Dependence, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Mania, Drug Dependence, Smoking Cessation, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Alcohol Dependence, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Cyclothymic Disorder, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Executive Function Disorder

Amphetamines Polluting Some Urban Streams: Study

Posted 25 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 – Medications and illegal drugs are polluting streams in and around at least one major U.S. city, new research reveals. Scientists say this pollution comes with ecological consequences – areas in some streams have high enough concentrations of the stimulant amphetamine to alter the bottom of the aquatic food web. "Around the world, treated and untreated wastewater entering surface waters contains pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs that originate from human consumption and excretion, manufacturing processes, or improper disposal," study author Sylvia Lee said in a Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies news release. "We were interested in revealing how amphetamine exposure influences the small plants and animals that play a large role in regulating the health of streams," said Lee. She conducted the research when she was a postdoctoral researcher at the Cary ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methamphetamine, Desoxyn, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Desoxyn Gradumet, C-Topical Solution, Executive Function Disorder

ADHD More Often Missed in Minority Kids

Posted 23 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – While a higher percentage of black children show the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than white kids, they are less likely to be diagnosed or treated for the disorder, researchers report. The new study showed a similar trend when it came to Hispanic children: They were as likely as their white peers to exhibit the signs of ADHD, but less likely to be diagnosed or treated for it. "There are multiple places where we are missing out for diagnosis and treatment of African American and Latino children," said study author Dr. Tumaini Coker. "It's hard to be treated if you're not diagnosed in the first place," noted Coker. She is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the David Geffen School of Medicine and Mattel Children's Hospital at the University of California, Los Angeles. Among the possible factors causing the disparities is that ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Diagnosis and Investigation, Executive Function Disorder

Could Diet in Pregnancy Raise Child's Odds for ADHD?

Posted 18 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 – An unhealthy diet during pregnancy could influence a child's risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study warns. Researchers found that a high-fat, high-sugar diet can affect the function of a gene called IGF2 that helps steer fetal development of brain regions previously linked to ADHD. "These results suggest that promoting a healthy prenatal diet may ultimately lower ADHD symptoms and conduct problems in children," said senior researcher Edward Barker, director of the developmental psychopathology lab at King's College London. However, Barker said the study only shows an association, rather than a direct cause-and-effect. "We do not suggest that a mother's diet will cause ADHD or conduct problems," he said. "There are many causes of ADHD and conduct problems, and usually many small influences are at work together, diet being one of ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Obesity, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Executive Function Disorder

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