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Patent Monopolies Driving High U.S. Drug Prices: Study

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – Prescription drug prices are skyrocketing in the United States due in large part to government regulations, a new analysis finds. These regulations allow drug manufacturers to charge monopolistic prices that aren't opposed by competing market forces, the researchers believe. The result? For each person in the United States, $858 was spent on prescription drugs, compared with an average of $400 per person across 19 other industrialized nations. Prescription medications now comprise an estimated 17 percent of overall health care expenses, the authors of the new report said. Drug makers charge high prices for drugs thanks largely to "market exclusivity" regulations intended to allow them to recoup the research and development costs for new breakthrough medications, said senior author Ameet Sarpatwari. He's an instructor at Harvard Medical School and the Harvard ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Hepatitis C, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Daraprim

Congress Questioning EpiPen Price Hike

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

Members of Congress want the maker of EpiPens to explain why the price of the lifesaving product has risen 400 percent since 2007 and now costs as much as $600. An EpiPen delivers a potentially life-saving injection of medicine into people suffering a severe allergic reaction. In a letter to the pharmaceutical company Mylan, Senator Charles Grassley, the Iowa Republican who heads the Judiciary Committee, demanded to know the reasons for the huge price hike, The New York Times reported. "Access to epinephrine can mean the difference between life and death, especially for children," wrote Grassley, who also noted that many children who need EpiPens are enrolled in government health care programs. "It follows that many of the children who are prescribed EpiPens are covered by Medicaid, and therefore, the taxpayers are picking up the tab for this medication," he wrote. Previously, Senator ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, Septocaine, EpiPen 2-Pak, EpiPen Jr, Bupivacaine/Epinephrine, Epinephrine/Lidocaine, Primatene Mist Inhaler, Articaine/Epinephrine, Epinephrine/Pilocarpine, Ana-Guard, Raphon, Lets Kit, E-Pilo-2, P1E1

Peanut Allergy Treatment: The Earlier in Childhood, the Better

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 – A treatment for peanut allergies may work better if it's given to children earlier, even as young as 9 months, before the body's "allergic program" fully matures, new research suggests. The treatment is called oral immunotherapy – also known as exposure therapy. In this approach, peanut-allergic children are given very tiny amounts of peanut allergen as directed by a doctor. Over time, these small amounts of the allergen are thought to lessen the body's reaction to it. "If you are peanut-allergic, treatment early in life can have a longer benefit after stopping the treatment," said study leader Dr. Wesley Burks. He's a pediatric allergist at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine. The new study included 37 children between 9 months and 36 months old. They were given either high- or low-dose peanut exposure daily for about 29 ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, Septocaine, EpiPen 2-Pak, Articaine/Epinephrine, EpiPen Jr, Primatene Mist Inhaler, Bupivacaine/Epinephrine, Epinephrine/Lidocaine, Epinephrine/Prilocaine, Ana-Guard, Raphon, Xylocaine Dental, E-Pilo-2, P1E1

Health Tip: Dining Out With Food Allergies

Posted 21 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Restaurants aren't off-limits if you have a severe food allergy, but you should plan ahead to make sure you stay safe. The Food Allergy Research and Education website advises: Call the restaurant and speak with the chef about which menu items are safe choices. Plan your meal times within the first hour of meal service, so the restaurant is less busy and the staff more alert. Bring a chef card that explains your allergies. Always bring an epinephrine pen, a medical ID bracelet and any medications you may need. Ask around for allergy-friendly restaurants, or opt for a chain restaurant that is allergy-aware and likely has the same menu at any location. Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, Septocaine, EpiPen 2-Pak, Articaine/Epinephrine, EpiPen Jr, Primatene Mist Inhaler, Bupivacaine/Epinephrine, Epinephrine/Lidocaine, Epinephrine/Prilocaine, Ana-Guard, Raphon, Xylocaine Dental, E-Pilo-2, P1E1

Allergy and Asthma Sufferers Beware as Holiday Season Kicks In

Posted 23 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Nov. 21, 2015 – There are a number of steps people with allergies and asthma can take to deal with the challenges they may face over the holidays, an expert says. "Two-thirds of allergy sufferers have symptoms year-round, so it's not just a matter of the first freeze hitting and your symptoms disappearing," Dr. Bryan Martin, president of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), said in a college news release. "Even after the pollen season dies down, there are environmental triggers to deal with – things like mold, dust and pet dander. The winter holidays can bring a whole new set of triggers," he explained. For example, very cold, dry air can trigger asthma, experts warn. When going outside in very cold weather, people with asthma should cover their mouth and nose with a scarf or face mask, especially if they're exercising. People with allergies and ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Asthma, Benadryl, Zyrtec, Hydroxyzine, Promethazine, Claritin, Asthma - Maintenance, Allegra, Loratadine, Diphenhydramine, Allergic Rhinitis, Phenergan, Cetirizine, Vistaril, Hay Fever, Atarax, Cyproheptadine, Flonase

Second Severe Allergic Reaction Isn't Uncommon

Posted 10 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 10, 2015 – About 15 percent of children who have a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) can have a second one within a few hours, a new study shows. "The key message here for parents, caregivers and first responders is to administer epinephrine at the first sign of a severe allergic reaction to prevent anaphylaxis from worsening," Dr. James Sublett, president of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, said in a college news release. "Anaphylaxis symptoms occur suddenly and can progress quickly. Always have a second dose with you and, when in doubt, administer it, too. Anaphylaxis can be fatal if left untreated," he added. Early symptoms of a severe allergic reaction may be mild, such as a runny nose, skin rash or "strange feeling." But these symptoms can quickly progress to more serious problems, including difficulty breathing, hives or swelling, throat ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, EpiPen Jr, Asthmahaler, Twinject Auto-Injector, EpiPen JR 2-Pak, Bronitin, Medihaler-Epi, Epi EZ Pen, Auvi-Q, Ana-Guard, Twinject, Bronchial Mist with Pump

Asthma Treatments Fail Older Patients More Often: Study

Posted 12 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 12, 2015 – Asthma treatments, especially inhaled corticosteroids, are less likely to work for older patients, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at 1,200 patients with mild-to-moderate asthma, and found that treatment failure occurred in about 17 percent of those aged 30 and older, compared with about 10 percent of those younger than 30. Lower lung function and having asthma for a longer time were associated with a higher risk of treatment failure. When the researchers focused on specific therapies, they found that treatment failure increased consistently for every year above age 30 among patients who used inhaled corticosteroids. Patients aged 30 and older who used inhaled corticosteroids, either alone or in combination with other therapies, were more than twice as likely to have treatment failure than those younger than 30, the investigators found. Men and women ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Albuterol, Symbicort, Spiriva, Asthma - Maintenance, Ventolin, Advair Diskus, Advair HFA, Asthma - Acute, Combivent, Epinephrine, Xopenex, Dulera, Theophylline, ProAir HFA, Ipratropium, EpiPen, Proventil, Atrovent, Breo Ellipta

Peanut Allergy Exposure Occurs Most Often at Home, Study Says

Posted 11 May 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 11, 2015 – For children with peanut allergies, home is more dangerous than school, researchers say. The Canadian study also found schools that ban peanut products are not less likely to have an accidental exposure occur than schools that don't have these policies in place. "Our study looked at 1,941 children who had been diagnosed as being allergic to peanuts to determine how exposure occurs, how serious the outcomes of the exposure are, and what treatment is given," said the study's first author, Sabrine Cherkaoui, of the University of Montreal. "We discovered that children are most at risk of exposure in their own homes. Furthermore, when children do have a moderate or severe reaction to an exposure, parents and medical professionals often do not know how to react appropriately," Cherkaoui said in a university news release. The children were nearly 7 years old on average ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Benadryl, Zyrtec, Hydroxyzine, Promethazine, Claritin, Allegra, Loratadine, Diphenhydramine, Phenergan, Cetirizine, Vistaril, Atarax, Cyproheptadine, Fexofenadine, Chlorpheniramine, Periactin, Epinephrine, Xyzal

Many People Misuse Devices for Asthma, Allergic Reaction

Posted 18 Dec 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 – Few people know how to properly use the medical devices that contain lifesaving medications for severe allergic reactions and asthma attacks, a new study shows. Just 16 percent knew the correct way to use an epinephrine injector for someone with a life-threatening allergy. And only 7 percent knew how to use an asthma inhaler as directed. "This isn't a new concern. We always worry about our patients, especially those with food allergies," said one of the study's authors, Dr. Aasia Ghazi, from the Allergy and Asthma Specialists of Dallas. "We had a patient call in the middle of a reaction, and she didn't remember how to use the epinephrine injector. That's why we looked to see what's going on, and what are the barriers that keep patients from using these devices properly?" Ghazi explained. The study was published online Dec. 18 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergies, Asthma, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, EpiPen Jr, Asthmahaler, Twinject Auto-Injector, EpiPen JR 2-Pak, Bronitin, Medihaler-Epi, Epi EZ Pen, Auvi-Q, Ana-Guard, Twinject, Bronchial Mist with Pump

Study Questions Safety of Adrenaline Shots for Cardiac Arrest

Posted 3 Dec 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 1, 2014 – A shot of adrenaline can jumpstart a heart that's stopped beating and save a life – think of Uma Thurman in "Pulp Fiction," near death from overdose and rescued by a hypodermic needle to the chest. But adrenaline might also harm those it helps, says a new study from France. Four out of five people who receive adrenaline to restart their heart end up suffering significant damage to brain function, the researchers found. The same level of brain damage occurs in only one-third of patients whose hearts restarted without help from adrenaline. Further, chances of brain damage increased with the amount of adrenaline that patients received, the researchers reported in the Dec. 2 online edition of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. These findings should prompt a search for a better alternative to adrenaline, which also is called epinephrine, said Dr. ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Epinephrine, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, EpiPen Jr, Asthmahaler, Twinject Auto-Injector, EpiPen JR 2-Pak, Bronitin, Medihaler-Epi, Epi EZ Pen, Adrenaclick, Ana-Guard, Twinject, Bronchial Mist with Pump, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector

Experts Urge Quick Use of Epinephrine for Severe Allergic Reactions

Posted 2 Dec 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 2, 2014 – People having a severe allergic reaction need immediate treatment with the medication epinephrine, newly released guidelines say. But, not all medical personnel are aware of the importance of epinephrine, according to the guideline authors. A severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) caused by food, latex or an insect sting can lead to throat swelling, breathing problems, heart attack and even death. Epinephrine can halt that severe allergic reaction. There is virtually no reason not to use epinephrine on people believed to be suffering a severe allergic reaction, according to the guidelines from the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI). "Since emergency department physicians are often the first to see patients who are suffering from anaphylaxis, it's especially important that they not only correctly diagnose the problem, but understand that ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, EpiPen Jr, Asthmahaler, Twinject Auto-Injector, EpiPen JR 2-Pak, Bronitin, Medihaler-Epi, Epi EZ Pen, Adrenaclick, Ana-Guard, Twinject, Bronchial Mist with Pump, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector

Schools With EpiPens Save Lives, Study Says

Posted 7 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 7, 2014 – Keeping supplies of epinephrine in schools saves lives, a new study finds. Epinephrine injections are given when someone suffers a life-threatening allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to food or an insect sting. This study found that stocked emergency epinephrine was used on 35 children and three adults who suffered anaphylaxis in Chicago Public Schools during the 2012-13 school year. The drug was administered by a school nurse in three-quarters of the cases. Sixty-three percent of the incidents occurred in elementary schools and 37 percent in high schools. The most common causes of food-related anaphylaxis were peanuts (55 percent) and fish such as salmon, tuna and flounder (13 percent). The findings were scheduled for presentation Friday at the annual meeting of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology in Atlanta. "We were surprised to see that of ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, EpiPen Jr, Asthmahaler, Twinject Auto-Injector, EpiPen JR 2-Pak, Bronitin, Medihaler-Epi, Epi EZ Pen, Adrenaclick, Ana-Guard, Twinject, Bronchial Mist with Pump, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector

Medicines Are Biggest Culprit in Fatal Allergic Reactions: Study

Posted 10 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 – Although food allergies have garnered a lot of attention lately, a new study reports that medications are actually the biggest cause of sudden deaths related to allergy. Over a little more than a decade, nearly 60 percent of the allergy-related deaths were caused by medications, while less than 7 percent were caused by food allergies, the study found. "Medications can be dangerous," said study researcher Dr. Elina Jerschow, director of the Drug Allergy Center at Montefiore Medical Center and assistant professor of medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, in New York City. While research from other countries has reported medications as a major culprit in anaphylaxis-related deaths, Jerschow said, the problem has been less defined in the United States. One reason is that there is no national registry for anaphylaxis deaths, she said. The study was ... Read more

Related support groups: Provera, Amoxicillin, Depo-Provera, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Clindamycin, Penicillin, Methotrexate, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Accutane, Augmentin, Levaquin, Lupron, Flagyl, Keflex, Zithromax

More Schools Stocking Shots That Counter Serious Allergic Reactions

Posted 19 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 – More states are passing legislation permitting or requiring schools to stock the medication epinephrine to use for any child having a severe allergic reaction. Epinephrine auto-injectors are the primary treatment for "anaphylaxis," an allergic reaction that can lead to throat swelling, breathing difficulties, a steep drop in blood pressure and even death. In people with severe allergies to certain foods, such as peanuts or tree nuts, insect venom or certain drugs, anaphylaxis can occur within moments of exposure to the allergen, explained Dr. Scott Sicherer, a professor of pediatrics, allergy and immunology at the Jaffe Food Allergy Institute at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City. But if given soon enough, epinephrine can halt the anaphylactic reaction, saving the child's life, Sicherer said. "An anaphylactic reaction can progress rapidly and can ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergies, Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, EpiPen Jr, Asthmahaler, Twinject Auto-Injector, EpiPen JR 2-Pak, Bronitin, Medihaler-Epi, Epi EZ Pen, Adrenaclick, Ana-Guard, Twinject, Bronchial Mist with Pump, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector

Stocking Epinephrine in Schools Might Save Lives

Posted 17 Jan 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2014 – As a pediatrician at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, Dr. Sarah Denny has seen her share of the life-threatening reactions that can happen with food allergies. That didn't make it any less scary when her son Liam, then 18 months old, drank soy milk and was soon covered in hives and having trouble breathing. Moments later, he was unconscious. She called 911 while her husband jabbed their son in the thigh with an epinephrine pen. "I could hear sirens on the way to us," Denny recalled. "I'm holding Liam out on the curb, and my medical brain kicked in. I thought, 'I need to be doing chest compressions.' " She didn't have to – the epinephrine quickly took effect. On the way to the hospital, her son woke up. Fifteen minutes later he was smiling and talking again. "Epinephrine works very quickly. As long as you give it soon enough, it can reverse a ... Read more

Related support groups: Epinephrine, Anaphylaxis, EpiPen, Adrenalin, Primatene Mist, EpiPen 2-Pak, Primatene Mist Inhaler, EpiPen Jr, Asthmahaler, Twinject Auto-Injector, EpiPen JR 2-Pak, Bronitin, Medihaler-Epi, Epi EZ Pen, Auvi-Q, Ana-Guard, Twinject, Bronchial Mist with Pump, EpiPen JR Auto-Injector, Bronkaid Mist

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