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Enterovirus D68 Infection News

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Common Virus May Have Ties to Type 1 Diabetes

Posted 10 Jan 2017 by

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 – From Finland comes more evidence that a common group of viral infections may play a role in the development of at least some cases of type 1 diabetes. The viruses are known as enteroviruses. These viruses cause a number of infections – from the common cold to conditions as serious as polio, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The study found that children who had signs indicating they might be developing type 1 diabetes had significantly more enterovirus infections occurring at least a year earlier. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. That means the body's immune system mistakenly destroys healthy insulin-producing cells called islet cells. The cells that attack the body's healthy cells are called autoantibodies, and there are specific autoantibodies for type 1 diabetes, called islet autoantibodies. These autoantibodies ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 1, Diabetes Mellitus, Viral Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation, Kinrix, Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, Quadracel, Pentacel, Diphtheria Toxoid/hepatitis B Pediatric Vaccine/pertussis, Acellular/poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/tetanus Toxoid, Enterovirus D68 Infection, Ipol, Pediarix, Diphtheria Toxoid/Haemophilus B Conjugate (Prp-T) Vaccine/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid

Child Paralysis Cases Spiked During Virus Outbreak: Study

Posted 22 Dec 2015 by

TUESDAY, Dec. 22, 2015 – Doctors have learned more about a "polio-like" mystery illness that has stricken dozens of American children, but its exact cause remains elusive, according to a new report. At least 120 children in 34 states have fallen ill with so-called acute flaccid myelitis since August 2014, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The disease involves a sudden onset of paralysis or weakness in one or more limbs. It turns out that acute flaccid myelitis cases in California spiked significantly during a national outbreak of enterovirus D68, a virus in the same family as polio, researchers report in the Dec. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. But doctors were unable to find any traces of the virus in spinal fluid samples taken from kids with muscle weakness or paralysis, and could directly link only a handful of cases to ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Enterovirus D68 Infection

Enterovirus D68 No Deadlier for Kids Than the Common Cold: Study

Posted 15 Oct 2015 by

THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 – Enterovirus D68 made headlines in 2014 when it sickened scores of kids across North America, but a new study says the aggressive virus proved no more deadly than other common cold germs. The virus was more aggressive, spreading quickly and causing understandable alarm, said Dr. Dominik Mertz, lead author of the study and an assistant professor of infectious diseases at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada. Children who came down with enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) also were more likely to have serious difficulty breathing, compared to kids who caught other viruses, Mertz and his colleagues found. But children with EV-D68 didn't have a greater risk of death than kids with other viral infections, the researchers found. Youngsters with the virus were also not significantly more likely to need admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), the study authors reported. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cold Symptoms, Sore Throat, Enterovirus D68 Infection

New Gene Test Speeds Diagnosis of Stomach Bug That Strikes Kids

Posted 24 Jul 2015 by

FRIDAY, July 24, 2015 – Researchers have developed a genetic test to quickly detect a respiratory virus that sickened a record number of American children last year. More than 1,000 confirmed cases and 14 reported deaths nationwide were reported in the outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68), according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The new test is effective at identifying various strains of the virus and speeds its detection, according to the team at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Previous tests for identifying enterovirus strains took several days to process, making their use impractical with large numbers of patients. The new test takes a few hours and is more specific than commercial tests for enterovirus, researchers said. "Commercial tests for respiratory viral infections typically don't distinguish between rhinoviruses, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Infectious Gastroenteritis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Enterovirus D68 Infection

New Research Tightens Childhood Paralysis-Enterovirus D68 Link

Posted 30 Mar 2015 by

MONDAY, March 30, 2015 – New research strengthens the suspected connection between a virus called enterovirus D68 and the sudden development of paralysis in children in California and Colorado between 2012 and 2014. The researchers found the genetic signature of a specific type of enterovirus D68, called B1, in half of youngsters who developed acute flaccid myelitis. This complication causes sudden muscle weakness and paralysis. The researchers didn't find any other infectious agent that was capable of causing the children's symptoms. This strain of enterovirus D68 first appeared about four years ago, according to the study authors. The researchers also found signs that this strain of enterovirus doesn't always lead to complications. In a pair of siblings infected by the strain, only one developed acute flaccid myelitis. "This suggests that it's not only the virus, but also patients' ... Read more

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Little Improvement in Children Paralyzed After Viral Infection, Study Finds

Posted 29 Jan 2015 by

THURSDAY, Jan. 29, 2015 – A cluster of 12 Colorado children are suffering muscle weakness and paralysis similar to that caused by polio, and doctors are concerned these cases could be linked to a nationwide outbreak of what's usually a rare respiratory virus. Despite treatment, 10 of the children first diagnosed late last summer still have ongoing problems, the authors noted, and it's not known if their limb weakness and paralysis will be permanent. The viral culprit tied to at least some of the cases, enterovirus D68 or EV-D68, belongs to the same family as the polio virus. "The pattern of symptoms the children are presenting with and the pattern of imaging we are seeing is similar to other enteroviruses, with polio being one of those," said lead author Dr. Kevin Messacar, a pediatric infectious diseases physician at Children's Hospital Colorado in Aurora. Dr. Amesh Adalja is a senior ... Read more

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