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Encephalopathy News

Scientists Spot Marker for CTE in Living Football Players

Posted 26 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 – A potential marker, or warning sign, for a devastating brain disease caused by repeated concussions has been identified in living people for the first time by researchers. Until now, it has only been possible to diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) after death. Scientists in Boston studied the brains of 23 former college and professional football players, 50 non-athletes with Alzheimer's disease, and 18 non-athletes without brain disease. Levels of the biomarker CCL11 were normal in the brains of the non-athletes without brain disease and the non-athletes with Alzheimer's disease, but were significantly elevated in the brains of former football players with CTE. In the former players with CTE, there was also a link between the number of years playing football and CCL11 levels. "Not only did this research show the potential for CTE diagnosis during ... Read more

Related support groups: Alzheimer's Disease, Encephalopathy, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Imaging

Football Fans Still Loyal Despite Concerns About Players' Brains

Posted 10 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Sept. 10, 2017 – Football remains America's favorite professional sport, even though a majority of fans admit they're concerned about brain injuries to players, according to a new survey. Among 1,000 Americans questioned, 77 percent of those who follow pro football believe head injuries for players pose a major problem for the sport. Fifteen percent said it is a minor problem, while 6 percent don't consider it a problem. In addition, the University of Massachusetts Lowell-Washington Post poll revealed that more than 80 percent believe there is either certainly or probably settled science that playing football causes brain injuries. Only one in 10 said that is either probably false or certainly false. Long-term damage caused by repeated blows to the head has garnered much attention in recent years. A study published in July in the Journal of the American Medical Association said ... Read more

Related support groups: Alzheimer's Disease, Head Injury, Encephalopathy, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness, Head Imaging

More Evidence Contact Sports Can Affect the Brain

Posted 22 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 22, 2017 – Playing contact sports like football or ice hockey can alter the structure and function of the brain, Canadian researchers report. Brain scans showed that these changes were particularly pronounced in sports that have the greatest risk of body contact. "There is growing concern about the risk of collisions in sport. However, most of the research has focused on retired professional athletes with decades of exposure to head impacts," said lead researcher Nathan Churchill. He's a post-doctoral fellow in the neuroscience research program at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto. "Far less is known about the consequences of repeated body-to-body contact for young, active athletes," he said. In a group of college athletes, researchers found differences in the brains of both men and women for a variety of contact and collision sports, compared with those in non-contact ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Encephalopathy, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness, Head Imaging

NHL Veterans Pledge Their Brains to Research

Posted 23 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 23, 2017 – Several former National Hockey League players have joined the growing number of pro athletes who have pledged their brains to research on chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) – a devastating brain disease that has been linked to repetitive head trauma. The Concussion Legacy Foundation announced that four former professional hockey players plan to donate their brains to the organization. They include Stanley Cup Champion Shawn McEachern, who played in the NHL for 14 years, scoring 256 goals in his career. "This is something I really want to do to help the sport long-term," McEachern said in a news release from the foundation. "I would tell my friends the same thing, that this is something we can all do to raise awareness and help the sport. I have three kids that play hockey, I coach a prep school team and I'm a former player, so I know how important this ... Read more

Related support groups: Encephalopathy, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Imaging

Small Study Uncovers Brain Disease in Former Soccer Players

Posted 15 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – For the first time, researchers have confirmed evidence of the devastating brain disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in retired soccer players. Investigators in the United Kingdom examined the brains of six former soccer players with dementia who had died. All six had signs of Alzheimer's disease and four also had signs of CTE, the degenerative brain condition that has been linked to repetitive head trauma. "This is the first time CTE has been confirmed in a group of retired" soccer players, said study lead author Dr. Helen Ling, a neurologist at University College London. The rate of CTE among the former soccer players was higher than the 12 percent found in the general population, the researchers reported. Other studies have found evidence of CTE in the brains of athletes who compete in such contact sports as boxing and American football. While ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Head Injury, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Encephalopathy, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Lewy Body Dementia, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

30 Former NFL Players Pledge Their Brains for Research

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Thirty former NFL players have joined the growing number of retired players who have pledged to donate their brains to research on a devastating brain disease that has been linked to the repetitive head trauma. Scientists believe that multiple concussions, or even less severe blows to the head, may trigger chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative brain condition, according to the Concussion Legacy Foundation. Numerous NFL players have been diagnosed with CTE after their deaths. Performing an autopsy is the only way to definitively diagnose the condition, the Boston-based foundation explained in a news release. Last month, a $1 billion concussion lawsuit settlement for former NFL players was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court despite legal challenges from some retired players. The ruling means that payouts can begin to former players who develop ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Encephalopathy, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

More Years Playing Football, Greater Risk of Brain Disease: Study

Posted 3 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 3, 2016 – Researchers say they can show that brain inflammation from football head trauma may lead to the development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, the devastating degenerative brain disease. And the longer someone plays contact sports, the greater the odds for chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), the study authors concluded. "This study provides evidence that playing football for a prolonged period can result in long-term brain inflammation, and that this inflammation might lead to CTE," said study first author Jonathan Cherry. He is a postdoctoral fellow in neurology at Boston University School of Medicine. "Although inflammation may be protective in the brain especially right after an injury, our study suggests that years after a period of playing football, inflammation can persist in the brain and is linked to the development of CTE," Cherry said in a ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Encephalopathy, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Football Great Frank Gifford Had Brain Disease

Posted 29 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 – The family of National Football League Hall of Famer Frank Gifford announced Wednesday that he had chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) prior to his death. CTE, which is linked to repeat head trauma and has been detected in many ex-NFL players in recent years, can only be diagnosed after death. "While Frank passed away from natural causes this past August at the age of 84, our suspicions that he was suffering from the debilitating effects of head trauma were confirmed," the Gifford family said in a statement, according to The New York Times. "During the last years of his life, Frank dedicated himself to understanding the recent revelations concerning the connection between repetitive head trauma and its associated cognitive and behavioral symptoms – which he experienced firsthand." According to the Times, Gifford's family released no details of any ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Encephalopathy, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Spotting Cause of Newborn Brain Injury Could Aid Prevention, Report Says

Posted 3 Apr 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 3, 2014 – Identifying the cause of brain injury among newborns could help doctors develop new prevention strategies, according to a joint report from two leading groups of U.S. obstetricians and pediatricians. The updated guidelines on neonatal encephalopathy (the term for newborn brain disorder or injury) – released by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Academy of Pediatrics – advise doctors to examine every possible factor that could have contributed to the brain injury. Previous recommendations issued in 2003 focused on determining if a lack of oxygen at the time of birth caused neonatal encephalopathy. "Although a significant portion of newborn brain injuries are due to problems around the time of labor and delivery, some cases occur before the pregnant patient even arrives at the hospital and the labor floor," Dr. Mary ... Read more

Related support groups: Encephalopathy

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Related Condition Support Groups

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methylene blue, Urolene Blue