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Staph Aureus Rates Of Resistance To Certain Antibiotics Show A Decrease Over Time

Posted 14 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 – Staphylococcus aureus infections among U.S. hospital patients have been less resistant to key antibiotics in recent years, a new study finds. Between 2009 and 2015, researchers tested antibiotic resistance in more than 19,000 S. aureus samples from 42 medical centers nationwide. "Results showed that S. aureus' rates of resistance to certain antibiotics decreased over time, which isn't often seen," study co-author Dr. Helio Sader said in an American Society for Microbiology news release. Sader is senior director of microbiology and surveillance at JMI Laboratories in North Liberty, Iowa. Rates of S. aureus resistance to the antibiotic oxacillin (Bactocill) fell from 47.2 percent in 2009 to 43.6 percent in 2015 to 42.2 percent in 2016. S. aureus resistance to other antibiotics, such as levofloxacin (Levaquin), clindamycin (Cleocin) and erythromycin, also ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Bactrim, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Vancomycin, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Cleocin, Septra, Pylera, Zyvox, MY-E

Some Antibiotics Linked to Miscarriage Risk

Posted 1 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 – Taking certain types of antibiotics during pregnancy may boost the risk of miscarriage, a large study suggests. Macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides and metronidazole were associated with an increased risk of "spontaneous abortion," meaning loss of pregnancy before the 20th week of gestation. The study doesn't prove cause and effect. But, it does tie use of certain medicines to a higher risk of miscarriage – up to double the risk for some classes of antibiotics, the researchers said. "Some seem to be safer when it comes to the risk of spontaneous abortion, and some aren't," said study author Anick Bérard, a professor at the University of Montreal's Faculty of Pharmacy. However, the new evidence does not suggest that pregnant women should stop taking antibiotics to treat bacterial infections. "It [miscarriage] is still a rare outcome," Bérard added. ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Macrobid, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Tetracycline, Avelox

No Link Between Common Antibiotic, Irregular Heartbeat

Posted 18 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 18, 2017 – The widely used antibiotic azithromycin doesn't increase the risk of an abnormal heart rhythm, a new study finds. Azithromycin (Zithromax) is often used to treat respiratory and urinary tract infections. It belongs to a class of drugs known as macrolides. Another type of macrolide called erythromycin can disrupt the heart's normal rhythm. That antibiotic has been linked to a potentially life-threatening heart condition called ventricular arrhythmia. Recent studies have reached conflicting conclusions about whether azithromycin is also linked to an increased risk of death from that condition. In an effort to clarify the issue, researchers analyzed data from more than 14 million new antibiotic users. The patients were located in Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The study found that 0.1 percent developed ventricular arrhythmia. ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Azithromycin, Arrhythmia, Augmentin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Amoxil, Prevpac, Zithromax Z-Pak, MY-E, Z-Pak, Ventricular Arrhythmia, Azasite, Erythrocin, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, A/T/S, Ery-Tab, Amoxicillin/Clarithromycin/Lansoprazole, Azithromycin Dose Pack

Many Americans Unaware of 'Superbug' Threat: Poll

Posted 27 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 – Antibiotic-resistant "superbugs" are a major public health threat, but most Americans are clueless about the dangers, a new HealthDay/Harris Poll shows. More than two-thirds of U.S. adults know "little" or "nothing" about so-called superbugs – bacterial infections that are resistant to many or all antibiotics. And around half believe, incorrectly, that antibiotics work against viruses. That's a concern because improper antibiotic use is considered the major driver of the superbug problem – a problem with deadly consequences. "This poll shows that public ignorance is a huge part of the problem," said Humphrey Taylor, chairman emeritus of The Harris Poll. "Millions of patients continue to believe that antibiotics will help them recover from colds, flu and other viral infections," Taylor said, "and they can be upset with their doctors if they will not prescribe ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Minocycline, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Clavulanate, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate

Do You Need an Antibiotic?

Posted 24 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 24, 2017 – Hoping to lessen their misery, most people would like to know whether the respiratory illness they've got could be helped by an antibiotic. The key to finding out may lie in your nose. Or, more specifically, the mucus in your nose. Researchers from Duke Health in Durham, N.C., said they've identified a group of proteins that could be used to tell if an infection is caused by a virus, which triggers cold or flu. Antibiotics can only fight bacterial infections, not viral illnesses. When detected in specific quantities in the mucus of runny noses and inflamed throats, the proteins targeted in the new study were 86 percent accurate in confirming a viral infection, the scientists said. "In the past, science has focused on identifying the pathogen someone is infected with in the blood or other sample," said study lead author Thomas Burke. He's director of technology ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Bactrim DS, Biaxin, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Sulfadiazine, Septra, Zithromax Z-Pak, MY-E, Z-Pak, SMZ-TMP DS, Septra DS, Sulfatrim, Viral Infection, Cotrimoxazole

Kids Can Beat 'Complex' Pneumonia Without IV Antibiotics: Study

Posted 17 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – Antibiotics taken orally are as effective – and doubtless much more welcome – than intravenous antibiotics for children recovering at home from complex pneumonia, a new study finds. Youngsters with complex pneumonia typically have to take antibiotics for one to three weeks after they leave the hospital, the researchers noted. To see if one medication method outperformed the other, the investigators looked at more than 2,100 children treated for complex pneumonia at 36 U.S. hospitals. Not only were oral antibiotics as effective as IV ones, they also avoided the risk of infection and other complications related to so-called peripherally inserted central venous catheters ("PICC lines"), which are used to administer intravenous antibiotics, the researchers said. "PICC line complications can be serious, resulting in hospital readmission, additional procedures and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Pneumonia, Augmentin, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Clavulanate, Bactrim DS, Cefdinir, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Tetracycline

Health Tip: Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

Posted 9 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Antibiotic resistance applies when bacteria are no longer eliminated by a medicine that's supposed to kill them. Experts blame the problem on improper use of antibiotic medications. Here's what you can do to help, according to the World Health Organization: Only take antibiotics when prescribed by a health professional. Always finish the entire supply of antibiotics. Stopping too soon may allow the bacteria to continue living. Never save antibiotics for later use or use leftover antibiotics, and never share antibiotics with someone else. To help reduce the risk of infection in the first place, wash your hands often, get vaccinations and limit your contact with sick people. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Minocycline, Macrobid

Too Many People Still Take Unneeded Antibiotics: Study

Posted 3 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Nearly one-third of the antibiotics prescribed in the United States aren't appropriate for the conditions being treated, a new federal government study shows. "We were able to conclude that at least 30 percent of the antibiotics that are given in doctors' offices, emergency departments and hospital-based clinics are unnecessary, meaning that no antibiotics were needed at all," said lead researcher Dr. Katherine Fleming-Dutra. Such misuse has helped fuel the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which infect 2 million Americans and kill 23,000 every year, said Fleming-Dutra, a pediatrician and epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotics are most misused in the treatment of short-term respiratory conditions, such as colds, bronchitis, sore throats, and sinus and ear infections, the researchers reported. "About half of ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Sinusitis, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Cold Symptoms, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection

Patients Can Self-Administer IV Antibiotics at Home: Study

Posted 25 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 – Patients can be taught to safely self-administer long-term intravenous antibiotics at home, without the help of a health care worker, a new study suggests. The finding could have a significant impact on uninsured patients who might otherwise spend weeks in a hospital receiving IV care, according to researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. "This really taps into human potential, giving a voice to the uninsured at the same time that it offers an opportunity for enormous cost savings to hospitals," study first author Dr. Kavita Bhavan, assistant professor of internal medicine, said in a medical center news release. Some infections require treatment with IV antibiotics for six weeks or more. Patients with insurance typically go home or to a nursing home and have their antibiotics administered by a home health care worker or ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Macrobid

Health Tip: Understanding Antibiotics

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- By taking an antibiotic as prescribed, you can get well faster and help prevent germs from becoming resistant to your medication. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers these antibiotic guidelines: Never skip a dose of antibiotic. Always take it on schedule, as directed. Never stop taking an antibiotic early. Always take the entire prescription, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Never save any antibiotic medication for a future illness. Never take an antibiotic that was prescribed for another person. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Keflex, Zithromax, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole

Widely Used Antibiotics May Raise Heart Risks, Review Finds

Posted 9 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 9, 2015 – A widely used class of antibiotics is associated with a small but measurable increased risk of sudden cardiac death, researchers report. These antibiotics – called macrolides – are used to treat infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis and some sexually transmitted diseases. In the new report, the investigators analyzed 33 studies that were conducted between 1966 and 2015, and included a total of more than 20 million patients. The studies compared patients who took macrolides, other types of antibiotics, or no antibiotics. Macrolides include the antibiotics erythromycin, azithromycin (Zithromax) and clarithromycin (Biaxin). The results revealed a small, but statistically significant, association between taking macrolides and increased risk of sudden cardiac death. But the review did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship between these medications and sudden ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Biaxin, Zithromax Z-Pak, MY-E, Z-Pak, Erythrocin, Ery-Tab, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Biaxin XL, Dificid, E-Mycin, Zithromax IV, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Biaxin Filmtab, Dynabac, EryPed, Fidaxomicin

Antibiotics May Not Help After 'Complicated' Appendectomy

Posted 2 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 – Antibiotics may not reduce the risk of infections in patients who undergo what's known as a "complicated" appendix removal, a new study finds. "The traditional teaching is that all patients with complicated appendicitis receive post-operative antibiotics to reduce the risk of wound infection or deep organ space infection," study lead author Dennis Kim, of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, explained in an institute news release. But is that advisory warranted? To find out, Kim's team tracked five-year outcomes for 410 patients. All of the patients had complicated appendectomies, meaning that their appendix was found to be perforated or gangrenous. About two-thirds of the patients received antibiotics after surgery. Those who received antibiotics had no fewer infections, Kim's team said, and they stayed in hospital an average of one day longer than ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Cefdinir, Vancomycin, Tetracycline, Avelox

Smog Linked to Organ Rejection, Deaths in Lung Transplant Patients

Posted 29 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 – Living near busy roads with high levels of air pollution raises lung transplant patients' risk of organ rejection and death, but some antibiotics lower that risk, a new study shows. Researchers examined data gathered from more than 5,700 lung transplant patients in 10 European countries between 1987 and 2013. The analysis revealed that patients who lived in areas where air pollution was above maximum levels recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) were 10 percent more likely to die than those in areas with lower levels of pollution. But this increased risk of death was not seen among patients who took a class of antibiotics called macrolides, which include azithromycin (Zithromax) and clarithromycin (Biaxin), according to the study presented Tuesday at a meeting of the European Respiratory Society in Amsterdam. "Short and long-term exposure to air ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Biaxin, Immunosuppression, Zithromax Z-Pak, MY-E, Z-Pak, Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Organ Transplant, Erythrocin, Respiratory Tract Disease, Ery-Tab, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Immunodeficiency, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal, Biaxin XL, Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Better Control of Drug-Resistant Germs Could Save Thousands of Lives: CDC

Posted 4 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2015 – An immediate, focused effort to halt the spread of antibiotic-resistant germs could save tens of thousands of lives and prevent hundreds of thousands of new infections over the next five years, a new government report suggests. As many as 37,000 lives could be saved, and 619,000 new infections prevented, if community health departments and health care facilities form tight support networks to quickly identify and address emerging outbreaks of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, said report author Dr. John Jernigan. He directs the Office of HAI (Health care-Associated Infections) Prevention Research and Evaluation at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "When health care facilities and health departments in a community work together to share information about resistance, and then use that information to guide and target prevention efforts, then we ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection

Study Links Antibiotics to Digestive Complication in Infants

Posted 16 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 16, 2015 – Using certain antibiotics early in infancy may raise the risk of a serious gastrointestinal condition called pyloric stenosis, a new study indicates. Doctors have known that using the antibiotic erythromycin can increase the risk of pyloric stenosis in infants. The new findings confirmed that link, and also found that the antibiotic azithromycin (Zithromax) is associated with a higher risk of pyloric stenosis when given to infants under 6 weeks old. "Ingestion of oral azithromycin and erythromycin places young infants at increased the risk of developing [pyloric stenosis]," wrote the study authors, from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, in Bethesda, Md. "This association is strongest if the exposure occurred in the first two weeks of life, but persists, although to a lesser degree, in children between 2 and 6 weeks of age." However, it's ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Azithromycin, Zithromax, Chlamydia Infection, Erythromycin, Zithromax Z-Pak, Z-Pak, Erythrocin, Pertussis, Ery-Tab, Azithromycin Dose Pack, E-Mycin, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Zithromax IV, EryPed, Zmax, Ilosone, EES Granules, EES-400, PCE Dispertab

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