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City Life Tough on Teens' Mental Health

Posted 23 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 – City life seems to take a toll on the adolescent mind, new research suggests. The study included more than 2,000 18-year-olds in England and Wales who were interviewed about psychotic experiences (such as hearing voices and feeling extremely paranoid) since age 12. The research team from King's College London and Duke University found that teens raised in large cities were over 40 percent more likely to report psychotic experiences than those who grew up in rural areas. "These findings highlight the importance of early, preventative strategies for reducing psychosis risk and suggests that adolescents living in threatening neighborhoods within cities should be made a priority," said study co-senior author Helen Fisher. She is from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College. "If we intervene early enough – for example by offering ... Read more

Related support groups: Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Drug Psychosis, Depressive Psychosis

'Synthetic Pot' Tied to Risky Sex, Violence and Drug Abuse in Teens

Posted 13 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 13, 2017 – Marijuana is often seen as a relatively benign drug that produces a typically mellow high, but new U.S. government research shows that the drugs called synthetic pot appear to be much different. Teens who use synthetic pot are at a heightened risk for violent behavior, risky sex and abuse of other drugs, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study revealed. Synthetic pot – sometimes called fake weed – covers a variety of drugs sold under hundreds of brand names. Spice and K2 were common brands in the past. Some of the chemicals in fake weed are similar to those in marijuana. These drugs are often marketed as natural and safe. But, they have unpredictable, and in some cases, life-threatening effects, according to the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). And, they have become popular among teens because they are cheap and readily ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Anxiety, Contraception, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Emergency Contraception, Seizures, Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Paranoid Disorder, Drug Dependence, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Agitation, Seizure Prevention, Psychosis, Agitated State, Substance Abuse, Cannabis, Seizure Prophylaxis

Little Weight Gain in Pregnancy Tied to Schizophrenia Risk in Kids: Study

Posted 23 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 22, 2017 – Gaining too little weight during pregnancy may increase the odds that a child will develop schizophrenia later in life, Swedish researchers suggest. Past research has shown that pregnant women in areas of famine are more likely to have children who suffer from mental disorders, including schizophrenia. The new study found a 30 percent increased risk for schizophrenia in children of underweight women in an industrialized country. "Even in a wealthy, well-fed population like Sweden, there are still mothers unable to meet the nutritional requirements for safe pregnancies," lead researcher Euan Mackay said. Mackay is a research assistant at the Karolinska Institute's division of epidemiology of mental health in Stockholm. Mackay cautioned that these findings cannot prove that women who don't gain enough weight during pregnancy are putting their child at risk for ... Read more

Related support groups: Seroquel, Abilify, Weight Loss, Schizophrenia, Latuda, Risperidone, Zyprexa, Schizoaffective Disorder, Quetiapine, Risperdal, Geodon, Saphris, Seroquel XR, Olanzapine, Psychosis, Delivery, Rexulti, Invega, Clozapine, Aripiprazole

Obamacare Covered More People With Mental Illness, Addictions

Posted 20 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 – More Americans with mental illness and substance abuse disorders got health insurance after the Affordable Care Act was introduced, a new study shows. However, these patients still face significant barriers to treatment, the Johns Hopkins researchers added. "The Affordable Care Act has been very effective in reducing the uninsured rate in this vulnerable population, where there is a real need to get people into services," said study leader Brendan Saloner. He's an assistant professor in the department of health policy and management. "We got more people covered, but we didn't make dramatic progress in closing the under-treatment gap," Saloner said in a university news release. "We need to find ways to take the next step and ensure people are seeing the providers who can help them." For the study, researchers reviewed data from nearly 30,000 adults, aged 18 to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Major Depressive Disorder, Seroquel, Opiate Dependence, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Trazodone, Sertraline, Abilify, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Many With Mental Illness Miss Out on HIV Tests

Posted 20 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – People with severe mental illness are only slightly more likely to be screened for HIV than those in the general population, a new study finds. And that's true even though they're at higher risk for infection with the AIDS-causing virus, the researchers added. The study included nearly 57,000 Medicaid patients in California. They were between the ages of 18 and 67. They were all taking medications to treat bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or major depression with psychosis. Just under 7 percent had HIV testing, compared with 5 percent of the state's general population in 2011, according to the study. The authors said their findings suggest a missed opportunity to treat HIV infection early in people with severe mental illness. The risk of HIV may be up to 15 percent higher in people with severe mental illness than in the general population, the researchers said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, HIV Infection, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Drug Psychosis

Most Smokers With Mental Illness Want to Kick the Habit

Posted 16 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – Nearly six in 10 Americans with severe mental illness smoke, and a new study suggests that many of them want to quit. The problem is that many of these patients don't get help from their psychiatrists and caseworkers, researchers report. "Patients with serious mental illness die an average of 25 years younger than people who don't have these problems, and smoking is a big factor," said study author Dr. Li-Shiun Chen. She's an assistant professor of psychiatry at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. "Smoking is a common and serious problem for our patients, and although smoking rates have been decreasing in the general population, the rates remain very high in this vulnerable population," Chen said in a university news release. In the past, psychiatric wards allowed patients to smoke so they could focus on treatment for their mental conditions, ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Smoking, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Smoking Cessation, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Drug Psychosis

More Than Half of Americans Have Chronic Health Problem: Study

Posted 3 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 – More than half of Americans have at least one chronic disease, mental illness or problem with drugs or alcohol, according to a new study. "The health of individuals in the U.S.A. is increasingly being defined by complexity and multimorbidity, the co-occurrence of two or more chronic medical conditions," said the study authors, Elizabeth Lee Reisinger Walker and Dr. Benjamin Druss. They emphasized that people with multiple health issues need more access to care and better coordination among their health care providers. The Emory University researchers examined public health records to find out what percentage of U.S. adults have chronic medical conditions, mental illness or substance abuse problems, and how many were also living in poverty. Chronic medical conditions looked at in the study included asthma, cirrhosis, diabetes, heart disease, hepatitis, high ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Smoking, Heart Disease, Schizophrenia, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Angina, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Hangover, Drug Psychosis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Psychiatric Drugs May Reduce Ex-Prisoners' Violent Crime Rate

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 – Released prisoners may be less likely to commit violent crimes if they're prescribed certain kinds of psychiatric medications, a new study suggests. These medications can affect someone's mental state. They include antidepressants, antipsychotics, psychostimulants, drugs to treat addiction and antiepileptic drugs, the researchers said. The study authors looked at information on more than 22,000 prisoners in Sweden. They were released between July 2005 and December 2010. The researchers had a median of nearly five years of follow-up information. During that time, 18 percent of the prisoners committed violent crimes, the researchers said. Three classes of drugs were linked to much lower rates of violent crimes. Antipsychotics were tied to a 42 percent reduction in violent crimes. For psychostimulants, the reduction was 38 percent. Drugs to treat addiction were ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Prozac, Major Depressive Disorder, Seroquel, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Abilify, Bupropion, Lithium, Amitriptyline, Viibryd, Fluoxetine, Schizophrenia

U.S. Psychiatric Patients Face Long Waits in ERs

Posted 18 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 – People with mental illness often wait long hours – or even days – in an emergency room before receiving the care they need, according to a new poll conducted by the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). One in five ER doctors polled said they've had psychiatric patients who needed hospitalization who had to wait two to five days before being assigned an in-patient bed, the poll found. Two accompanying studies back up the poll results, revealing that patients with a wide array of mental health problems are more likely to wind up stuck in an emergency department for more than 24 hours. "Once the decision to admit is made, it can be nearly impossible to find an in-patient bed for these patients," ACEP President Dr. Rebecca Parker said during a news briefing. Findings from the survey were scheduled to be presented Monday at ACEP's annual meeting in Las ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Drug Psychosis, ICU Agitation, Aggressive Behavior

Homeless, Mentally Ill Youth Benefit From Housing Program

Posted 28 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2016 – A subsidized independent-living intervention appears to help homeless young people with mental illness get and keep a roof over their heads, a new Canadian study indicates. Called Housing First, the program has previously been tested with homeless adults with mental illness, and has been found to improve housing stability and quality of life, the researchers said. "Housing First is based on the concept of housing as a human right," said study lead author Dr. Nicole Kozloff. "[It's] the idea that having a safe and stable place to live is critical to helping people improve their mental health and achieve their goals," she said. Kozloff is a postdoctoral fellow with the Centre for Urban Health Solutions at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto. Since it first was first introduced in the 1990s, studies have repeatedly found ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Paranoid Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Agitation, Autism, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Drug Psychosis

Can Trauma Trigger Violent Crime in Mentally Ill?

Posted 14 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – People with serious mental illness who are victims of violence or exposed to stressful events are more likely to engage in a violent crime in the week following the trauma, a new study contends. Stressful experiences also affect people without psychiatric disorders, but not to the same extent, the researchers said. Some stressful events – such as being violently victimized, injured in an accident, losing one's parents or self-harming – act as "triggers," said study co-author Dr. Seena Fazel. He is a professor of forensic psychiatry at the University of Oxford in England. Experiencing one of these events increases the risk of committing a violent criminal act within a week of the trigger, especially in people with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, Fazel said. People diagnosed with these conditions have higher rates of criminal convictions than the general ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Drug Psychosis, Executive Function Disorder

No Link Between Anti-Smoking Drugs, Mental Health Issues: Study

Posted 23 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 22, 2016 – The anti-smoking drugs Chantix (varenicline) and Wellbutrin (bupropion) don't appear to raise the risk of serious mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety and suicidal thoughts, a new study suggests. "Clinical guidelines recommend that the most effective way to give up smoking is smoking cessation medication and counseling. However, smokers do not use these services enough, in part due to concerns that the medications may not be safe," said lead author Dr. Robert Anthenelli, professor of psychiatry at University of California, San Diego. The new study, published April 22 in The Lancet, should help ease those concerns for patients, the researchers said. The study was requested by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration due to concerns about the safety of the drugs used to help people quit smoking. Funding was provided by drug makers Pfizer (which makes ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Wellbutrin, Major Depressive Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Bupropion, Smoking, Contrave, Chantix, Schizophrenia, Wellbutrin XL, Smoking Cessation, Wellbutrin SR, Agitation, Eating Disorder, Nicotine, Psychosis, Agitated State, Dysthymia

Exercise Helps Ease Psychosis Symptoms

Posted 19 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 – Exercise can reduce symptoms in teens and young adults who had a first psychosis episode, a new study says. "Establishing an exercise regime for people with psychosis is likely to be much more effective when they are younger, and in the earliest stages of treatment. Getting people into a routine early on also helps set habits for life, which can make a huge difference to their long-term physical and mental health," study author Joseph Firth, from the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom, said in a university news release. Young people diagnosed with psychosis typically face a difficult future, with high rates of relapse, unemployment and premature death. And, drugs they may need to take can cause rapid weight gain, the researchers said. The study included 31 people who had a first psychosis episode. They were between 18 and 35 years old. The study ... Read more

Related support groups: Psychosis, Drug Psychosis

Psychosis Plus Pot a Bad Mix: Study

Posted 4 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 – People diagnosed with psychosis will probably have a longer, harder struggle to maintain their mental health if they're regular marijuana users, British researchers report. And those who just experienced their first episode of psychotic illness are 50 percent more likely to need subsequent hospitalization for their condition if they use marijuana, according to findings published online March 3 in the journal BMJ Open. They also spend longer periods in the hospital, averaging 35 more days in mental health wards during a five-year period than those with psychosis who don't use pot. Finally, marijuana users don't seem to respond to anti-psychotic medications as well as non-users, said lead researcher Rashmi Patel, a clinical lecturer with the Department of Psychosis Studies at King's College London. "We're not entirely sure why that is, but it's possible for ... Read more

Related support groups: Schizophrenia, Mania, Agitation, Psychosis, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Cannabis, Drug Psychosis, Neurosis, Depressive Psychosis

Study Sees Possible Link Between Antibiotics and Delirium in Patients

Posted 18 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 – Delirium in hospitalized patients might be linked to common antibiotics more often than once believed, according to new research. Delirium – mental confusion that may be paired with hallucinations and agitation – is often caused by medications. But, antibiotics are not typically the first type of drug suspected, said study lead author Dr. Shamik Bhattacharyya, a neurologist at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. Reviewing case reports going back seven decades on patients given antibiotics who later developed delirium and related issues, the scientists found that nearly half suffered delusions or hallucinations. Seven out of 10 were found to have abnormal electrical activity in the brain. "A key point in the study is that different antibiotics caused different types of confusion," Bhattacharyya said. "The fact that antibiotics can cause confusion has ... Read more

Related support groups: Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Agitation, Sulfamethoxazole, Bactrim DS, Psychosis, Agitated State, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Psychiatric Disorders, Sulfasalazine, Sulfadiazine, Septra, SMZ-TMP DS, Ciprodex, Sulfatrim, Septra DS, Cotrimoxazole, Neurosis, Drug Psychosis

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