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Rotavirus Vaccine Cut Kids' Hospitalization, Medical Costs

Posted 10 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 9, 2017 – Hundreds of thousands of cases of diarrhea in young children have been prevented since routine vaccination against rotavirus began in the United States a decade ago, a new study shows. That has translated into a savings of more than $1 billion in medical costs, the researchers added. Rotavirus is a common cause of diarrhea in infants and young children in the United States. The researchers analyzed data from community and academic hospitals in 26 states to compare rates of hospitalization for diarrhea among children younger than 5 before and after routine rotavirus vaccination began in 2006. Between 2008 and 2013, there was a 31 percent to 55 percent decline in diarrhea-related hospitalizations among young children. More than 380,000 diarrhea-related hospitalizations were prevented during that time, saving about $1.2 billion in direct medical costs. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea, Rotarix, Rotavirus Vaccine, Rota Teq, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, RotaShield, Pertussis Prophylaxis, RotaTeq

The Water's Not Fine: U.S. Pool-Linked Infection Doubles in 2 Years

Posted 18 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 – Families seeking to cool off don't expect to pick up a nasty infection. Yet, outbreaks of a diarrhea-causing parasitic infection have doubled in recent years at swimming pools and water playgrounds in the United States, health officials warn. At least 32 outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis were reported in 2016, compared with 16 outbreaks in 2014, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Crypto is the most common cause of diarrhea, the CDC says. It spreads when people come in contact with the feces of an infected person. Otherwise healthy people can be sick for up to three weeks with watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea or vomiting, the CDC warns. The infection can become life-threatening in people with compromised immune systems. The cause? Adults or children sick with crypto-caused diarrhea are swimming in public pools ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Diarrhea, Acute, Cryptosporidiosis

Far Fewer Kids Are Dying Worldwide, but Gains Are Uneven

Posted 3 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 3, 2017 – Despite a dramatic decline in child and teen deaths around the world since 1990, progress remains uneven, a new study shows. Child and teen deaths worldwide fell from just over 14 billion in 1990 to about 7 billion in 2015. The most common causes of death were preterm birth complications, respiratory infections, diarrhea, birth defects, malaria, sepsis, meningitis and HIV/AIDS, according to data on people age 19 and younger in 195 countries and territories. Countries with lower scores on a measure of income, education and fertility known as a Sociodemographic Index (SDI) had a larger share of global child/teen deaths in 2015 than in 1990. Most occurred in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. One reason for the regional differences may be that places with the lowest SDI scores historically have not received significant development aid for health, according to study ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, HIV Infection, Malaria, Sepsis, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea, Wound Sepsis

Fecal Transplant Shows Early Promise Against Autism

Posted 27 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 – A small study suggests a novel treatment for kids with autism: Give these young patients a fresh supply of healthy gut bacteria via a fecal transplant. After the procedure, the children experienced a 25 percent reduction in symptoms related to language, social interaction and repetitive behaviors, said study co-author James Adams, an autism researcher at Arizona State University. Not only that, the kids also became less hyperactive, irritable and lethargic, Adams said. "It's not a cure for autism, but in 10 weeks we were able to make a substantial dent," he said. Many children with autism suffer from chronic gastrointestinal problems like diarrhea and constipation, often from infancy, Adams explained. That may be because they either carry harmful gut bacteria or lack many healthy strains. "Most people have about a thousand different species of bacteria in ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Constipation, Autism, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Acidophilus, Diarrhea, Chronic, Asperger Syndrome, Florastor, VSL#3, Diarrhea, Acute, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Lactinex, Flora-Q, Floranex, Saccharomyces Boulardii Lyo, Flora-Q 2, Bio-K+, Florajen, Restora, Probiotic Formula

Drug May Be New Weapon Against a 'Superbug'

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – A newly approved drug may help in the battle against Clostridium difficile – a potentially fatal "superbug" gut infection that has become a scourge in U.S. hospitals. In two clinical trials, researchers found that the drug, called bezlotoxumab (Zinplava), cut the risk of a recurrent C. difficile infection by almost 40 percent. That's important, because the gut infection commonly comes back after treatment with antibiotics – around 20 percent of the time, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The infection can also make people seriously ill, with symptoms ranging from diarrhea to life-threatening inflammation of the colon, the CDC says. Zinplava has already been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and it should be available early this year, according to Merck, the drug's maker. That approval was based on the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Diarrhea, Bacterial Infection, Clostridial Infection, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea, Prevention of Clostridium Difficile Infection Recurrence, Zinplava, Bezlotoxumab

Antibiotic Overuse Behind 'Superbug' Outbreak in U.K. Hospitals

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Overuse of antibiotics triggered a severe diarrhea outbreak in British hospitals that began in 2006, a new study reports. Researchers analyzed hospital data related to the outbreak of Clostridium difficile, a "superbug" gut infection. The investigators concluded that reducing the use of fluoroquinolones – antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and levofloxacin (Levaquin) – curbed the outbreak. "These findings are of international importance because other regions, such as North America, where fluoroquinolone prescribing remains unrestricted, still suffer from epidemic numbers of C. difficile infections," said study co-author Derrick Crook. He is a professor of microbiology at the University of Oxford in England. Overuse of fluoroquinolones enabled antibiotic-resistant C. difficile to thrive because non-resistant bugs in the gut were killed off by the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Diarrhea, Bacterial Infection, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Diarrhea, Chronic, Ofloxacin, Ciprodex, Moxifloxacin, Clostridial Infection, Diarrhea, Acute, Gatifloxacin, Infectious Diarrhea, Gemifloxacin, Norfloxacin, Factive, Floxin

Trulance Approved for Chronic Constipation

Posted 22 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 – Trulance (plecanatide) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat persistent constipation of unknown (idiopathic) cause in adults. Some 42 million people in the United States are affected by constipation, according to the National Institutes of Health. Once-daily Trulance is designed to stimulate the upper gastrointestinal tract to secrete fluid and "support regular bowel function," the FDA said in a news release. The oral drug was evaluated in two 12-week clinical studies involving a total of 1,775 adults with chronic constipation. Diarrhea was the most common side effect. If diarrhea becomes severe, users should stop taking Trulance and contact a doctor, the FDA advised. Trulance is produced by New York City-based Synergy Pharmaceuticals. More information Visit the FDA to learn more about this approval. Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Constipation, Constipation - Chronic, Constipation - Drug Induced, Trulance, Diarrhea, Acute, Fecal Impaction, Plecanatide

Parents Have Mixed Views on When to Keep Sick Kids Out of School

Posted 16 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – American parents don't always agree when to keep their children home sick from school, a new poll reveals. The poll included almost 1,500 parents nationwide. All had at least one child aged 6 to 18. The research found that 75 percent had kept their child home sick from school at least once in the past year. The main reasons for keeping a child home were concerns their illness would get worse or spread to classmates. But the University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health found that parents have differing views about how sick is too sick. Or the importance of sick day consequences, such as parents missing work or kids missing tests. Parents of children aged 6 to 9 were more likely to say that health-related concerns were a very important factor in keeping children home from school. Among parents of high schoolers, 40 ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Cough, Diarrhea, Eye Conditions, Fever, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Eye Dryness/Redness, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Diarrhea, Chronic, Conjunctivitis, Viral Infection, Blepharitis, Diarrhea, Acute

Health Tip: Get the Facts About Antibiotics

Posted 29 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Antibiotics aren't always what you or your child needs to get well. The American Academy of Pediatrics explains: An antibiotic will not help the common cold, which is caused by a virus. Antibiotics only treat bacterial infections, not those caused by viruses or other germs. Overuse of an antibiotic could lead to bacteria that becomes resistant to that medication. That's why an antibiotic should never be used unless necessary. An antibiotic could cause mild side effects, such as diarrhea. Green or yellow mucus can signal a viral infection or a bacterial infection. Symptoms lasting longer than 10 days accompanied by fever may mean a bacterial infection. Not all ear infections need an antibiotic. Many will go away without treatment. Ask your doctor about this. Most sore throats are caused by a virus, but strep throat does need an antibiotic. An antibiotic usually starts working within ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Diarrhea, Bacterial Infection, Otitis Media, Sore Throat, Viral Infection, Diarrhea, Acute

The Scoop About Healthy Poop

Posted 25 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 25, 2016 – Your bowel movements can offer important clues about your health, a doctor says. If bowel movements feel comfortable, then it's likely all is well, said Dr. Gabriel Neal, a family medicine doctor and clinical assistant professor at Texas A&M College of Medicine. "Normal bowel movements are relatively soft but dense. They should be any shade of brown or green," Neal said in a college news release. Viruses and bacteria in the intestinal tract can cause stool discoloration, diarrhea or blood in the stool. The color of the blood can help your doctor pinpoint the location of the infection. "If an infection is in the lower intestines or colon, then the blood in your stool is going to be red. If you find black blood, then the blood has oxidized and is from higher up in your digestive tract, such as the stomach or upper intestines," Neal said. People with gallbladder ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Constipation, Crohn's Disease, Constipation - Chronic, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Gallbladder Disease, Constipation - Acute, Diarrhea, Chronic, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea

Connecticut Toddler Latest U.S. Case of 'Superbug'

Posted 11 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 9, 2016 – Scientists have identified a new patient who carried a type of bacteria that is resistant to an antibiotic of last resort, bringing the number of cases reported in the United States to four. All of the patients had E. coli with a gene called mcr-1, which makes the bacteria resistant to the antibiotic colistin, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The latest case, a 2-year-old Connecticut girl, was diagnosed in June after she returned from a trip to the Caribbean, said senior researcher Maroya Spalding Walters, a CDC epidemiologist. "The girl had an illness that caused diarrhea, which began in mid-June while she was traveling overseas. Her diarrhea was not caused by the bacteria that had the mcr-1 gene – the cause has not been definitively diagnosed," she said. Although the mcr-1 gene was found, it wasn't producing toxins. When the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Diarrhea, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea

Addicts Using Diarrhea Drug Imodium to Get High

Posted 5 May 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 – Searching for an alternative to opioid painkillers such as Oxycontin and Vicodin, some addicts are now turning to the diarrhea drug Imodium for a high, researchers say. This abuse of Imodium – with its key ingredient, loperamide – is a growing problem in the United States, according to the researchers. "People looking for either self-treatment of [opioid] withdrawal symptoms or euphoria are overdosing on loperamide with sometimes deadly consequences," said study author William Eggleston. "Loperamide is safe in therapeutic doses but extremely dangerous in high doses," Eggleston said in a news release from the Annals of Emergency Medicine. His team published its findings – case reports involving two patients – in the April 29 online edition of the journal. The two individuals each took massive doses of loperamide. Both overdosed and even though they received ... Read more

Related support groups: OxyContin, Vicodin, Diarrhea, Opiate Dependence, Drug Dependence, Imodium, Diarrhea, Chronic, Loperamide, Diarrhea, Acute, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Anti-Diarrheal, Imodium A-D, Kao-Paverin, Kaopectate II, Diamode, Imotil, Kaopectate 1-D, Kaopectate Caplet, Pepto Diarrhea Control, Diar-Aid

Health Tip: Taking an Antidiarrheal Drug?

Posted 3 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

-- An over-the-counter antidiarrheal drug can help clear a bout of diarrhea, but it's important to take the medication properly. The Academy of Family Physicians suggests: Following the label's instructions on how often to take the medication, and how much to take. Calling your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or are taking other medications. Taking no more than the suggested maximum. More medication does not work more effectively or quickly. Using only one antidiarrheal medication at a time, unless directed by your doctor. Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Imodium, Lomotil, Diarrhea, Chronic, Loperamide, Diarrhea, Acute, Infectious Diarrhea, Anti-Diarrheal, Lonox, Imodium A-D, Atropine/Diphenoxylate, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Salmonella Gastroenteritis, Vi-Atro, Kao-Paverin, Loperamide/Simethicone, Logen, Lomanate, Diamode, Kaopectate 1-D

Preventable Ills Cause Nearly 8 Million Childhood Deaths Globally

Posted 25 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 25, 2016 – Most of the nearly 8 million deaths of children and teens around the world in 2013 were avoidable, a new report says. More than 6 million children younger than 5 lost their lives because of treatable conditions like malaria, diarrhea and respiratory tract infections, according to pediatric researchers who've analyzed results of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. "The vast majority of deaths in children and adolescents are preventable," said the authors from the Global Burden of Disease Pediatrics Collaboration. "Proven interventions exist to prevent diarrheal and respiratory diseases, neonatal conditions, iron deficiency anemia and road injuries, which result in some of the highest burdens of unnecessary death and disability among children and adolescents." For the study, the researchers from around the world used data from a variety of sources to target ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Malaria, Diarrhea, Chronic, Malaria Prevention, Diarrhea, Acute, Malaria Prophylaxis, Infectious Diarrhea, Salmonella Enteric Fever, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Frozen as Good as Fresh for Fecal Transplant: Study

Posted 12 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 – Researchers say they have verified the effectiveness of a quicker way to rid people of recurring C. difficile bacterial infection. A new clinical trial has shown that frozen stool samples work just as well as freshly donated samples when treating a tough C. difficile infection through a procedure called fecal transplantation. Doctors have used frozen stool samples to treat C. difficile for a couple of years, because the prepackaged samples allow for much easier and swifter treatment than identifying and screening a fresh donor, said lead author Dr. Christine Lee, director of the microbiology residency program at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada. "Donor screening can take one to two weeks," Lee said. "If a person requires fecal transplant right away, then that's not possible." The clinical trial showed that patients do not pay a price for the convenience ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Bowel Preparation, Gastrointestinal Disorders, Diarrhea, Chronic, Clostridial Infection, Diarrhea, Acute, Diagnosis and Investigation, Fecal Incontinence

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Imodium, loperamide, Anti-Diarrheal, Imodium A-D, bilberry, atropine / difenoxin, loperamide / simethicone, Motofen, Pepto Diarrhea Control, view more... Imotil, Kao-Paverin, Diar-Aid, Diamode, Kaopectate 1-D, Kaopectate II, Neo-Diaral