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Related terms: Insulin Dependent Diabetes, Juvenile onset diabetes, Type 1 Diabetes, Type One, Type 1

Artificial Sweeteners Trick the Brain: Study

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2017 – New research may help explain the reported link between the use of artificial sweeteners and diabetes, scientists say. Researchers at Yale University School of Medicine say that in nature the intensity of sweetness reflects the amount of energy present. But in modern-day life, the body's metabolism is fooled when a beverage is either too sweet or not sweet enough for the amount of calories it contains. That means that a sweet-tasting, lower-calorie drink can trigger a greater metabolic response than a drink with higher calories, they said. "A calorie is not a calorie," explained senior author Dana Small, a professor of psychiatry. "The assumption that more calories trigger greater metabolic and brain response is wrong. Calories are only half of the equation; sweet taste perception is the other half," Small said in a university news release. When a "mismatch" ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Metformin, Insulin, Diabetes, Type 1, Glipizide, Glucophage, Insulin Resistance, Glyburide, Glimepiride, Pre-Diabetes, Amaryl, Diabetes Mellitus, Glucophage XR, GlipiZIDE XL, Glucotrol, Glumetza, Glucotrol XL, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, DiaBeta

Immunotherapy Shown Safe in Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Trial

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 9, 2017 – A small clinical trial showed an immune system therapy was safe for people with type 1 diabetes, British researchers report. The immunotherapy also showed signs of helping to keep insulin production steady in people newly diagnosed with the disease, the study authors said. However, because this was a placebo-controlled safety trial, there weren't enough people included to know for sure how well the treatment works. The therapy is similar to an allergy shot in the way it works, the researchers explained. "Type 1 diabetes comes about when the immune system inadvertently and irreparably damages beta cells that make insulin," said one of the study's authors, Dr. Mark Peakman. He's a professor of clinical immunology at King's College London in England. Insulin is a naturally occurring hormone that helps usher the sugar from foods into the body's cells to be used as ... Read more

Related support groups: Insulin, Diabetes, Type 1, Diagnosis and Investigation

Online Game Helps Those With Diabetes Control Blood Sugar

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 – Here's another example of technology's evolving impact on health care. A new study found that playing an online game can help those with diabetes get better control of their blood sugar. The study included 456 U.S. Veterans Affairs diabetes patients with poor blood sugar control while on oral medications. Half played a specially designed, team-based online diabetes education game for six months. The others were assigned to a control group that played a civics education game. "This [diabetes control] game represents a small time commitment for patients, but potentially a big impact for their health," corresponding author Dr. B. Price Kerfoot said in a news release from Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. He is an associate professor of surgery at the hospital. The diabetes game features multiple choice questions about blood sugar control, exercise, long-term ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Victoza, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Januvia, Saxenda, Glipizide, Glucophage, Novolog, Humalog, Insulin Resistance, Bydureon, Hypoglycemia, Janumet, Invokana, Glyburide, Byetta, Levemir

Low Blood Sugar in Newborns Tied to Brain Problems Later

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 – Low blood sugar affects about one in six newborns, and new research suggests it could lead to brain difficulties in childhood. Babies who experience low blood sugar at or near birth are at least two to three times more likely to face problems with planning, memory, attention, problem-solving and visual-motor coordination by the age of 4.5, New Zealand researchers said. The low blood sugar (glucose) did not affect general thinking function or IQ, but it did affect problem-solving and other skills known as "executive functioning," and also eye-hand coordination, the findings showed. These are crucial for many tasks, said study leader Chris McKinlay. He is a neonatologist at the Liggins Institute at the University of Auckland. "We don't know fully what this means for learning," McKinlay said. "We think this may have an effect on educational achievement." Low blood ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Diabetes, Type 1, Hypoglycemia, Delivery, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Diabetes Mellitus, Gestational Diabetes, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Instagram Shows How Diabetics Really Wear a Glucose Monitor

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 – Many people with diabetes experiment with placement of their continuous glucose monitors and get good results, a new study finds. A continuous glucose monitor is a sensor inserted under the skin that tracks blood sugar levels. People with type 1 diabetes – and some with type 2 diabetes – can use this near-constant stream of information to make decisions about eating, exercising and insulin dosing. (People with type 1 diabetes need synthetic insulin in order to use the sugar in food as fuel.) To see where monitors were actually being worn, researchers culled social media posts for images of people using continuous glucose monitors made by Dexcom. "This study identified that 64 percent of individuals in our sample were not wearing their Dexcom in an FDA-approved location," said Michelle Litchman, the study's lead author. She's an assistant professor at the ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Glipizide, Glucophage, Novolog, Humalog, Insulin Resistance, Glyburide, Levemir, Lantus Solostar, Actos, Glimepiride, Pre-Diabetes, Novolin R, Amaryl, Novolin N, Pioglitazone

The Fine Print on Medication Expiration Dates

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 4, 2017 – The expiration dates on over-the-counter and prescription medications seem pretty black and white, but there's some question about whether drugs last even longer. Expiration dates typically range from 12 to 60 months after production. But manufacturers aren't required to determine how long they'll remain potent after that, enabling them to set their own expiration dates and possibly shortchange consumers. Testing reported in JAMA Internal Medicine showed that eight medications with 15 different active ingredients were still potent decades beyond their expiration dates. The U.S. government's own Shelf Life Extension Program extends the dates on some drugs in federal stockpiles to save the military from the cost of replacing them. Its own study found that 90 percent of more than 100 drugs were perfectly good even 15 years after expiration. But what about the meds ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Aspirin, Insulin, Diabetes, Type 1, Excedrin, Nitroglycerin, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Arthritis Pain, Diabetes Mellitus, Ecotrin, Nitrostat, Fiorinal with Codeine, Soma Compound, Norgesic, Arthritis Pain Formula, Bayer Aspirin, Nitro-Bid

Blame Diabetes: Rates of 2 Nerve Conditions on the Rise

Posted 21 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 – Two particular types of nerve damage (neuropathy) have been increasing as more and more people develop diabetes in the United States, an expert says. Autonomic and small fiber neuropathy were once rare conditions. Both occur when small blood vessels supplying the nerves are damaged by diabetes because they don't get enough oxygen and nutrients, said Dr. Divpreet Kaur, a neurologist at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. Diabetes is one of the main causes of neuropathy, and about 30 million Americans currently have diabetes, Kaur said. More commonly, people with diabetes have nerve damage that causes numbness in the feet and toes. This is called peripheral neuropathy, according to the American Diabetes Association. Autonomic neuropathy affects involuntary bodily functions such as blood pressure, digestion, sexual function, urination, temperature ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Peripheral Neuropathy, Insulin, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Diabetic Neuropathy, Glipizide, Glucophage, Novolog, Humalog, Insulin Resistance, Janumet, Diabetic Nerve Damage, Invokana, Glyburide, Levemir, Lantus Solostar, Actos, Glimepiride

New Diabetes Treatment Teaches Rogue Immune Cells to Behave

Posted 14 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 – A treatment targeting wayward immune cells in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes may help even years later, a new study finds. For the treatment, researchers take blood from a person with diabetes and separate out the immune system cells (lymphocytes). They briefly expose those cells to stem cells from umbilical cord blood from an unrelated infant. Then they return the lymphocytes to the patient's body. The researchers have dubbed this treatment "stem cell educator therapy," because when exposed to the stem cells, the errant lymphocytes seem to re-learn how they should behave. "Stem cell educator therapy is a safe approach" with long-term effectiveness, said the study's lead author, Dr. Yong Zhao. He's an associate scientist at Hackensack University Medical Center in New Jersey. Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease, occurs when the body's immune system ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Glipizide, Glucophage, Novolog, Humalog, Insulin Resistance, Glyburide, Levemir, Lantus Solostar, Actos, Glimepiride, Pre-Diabetes, Novolin R, Amaryl, Novolin N, Pioglitazone

FDA Medwatch Alert: Novopen Echo Insulin Delivery Device by Novo Nordisk: Recall - May Crack or Break If Exposed To Certain Chemicals

Posted 9 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

[Posted 07/06/2017] ISSUE: Novo Nordisk is initiating a recall of insulin cartridge holders used in a small number of NovoPen Echo batches because they may crack or break if exposed to certain chemicals, like certain cleaning agents. Using a device with a cracked/broken cartridge holder may result in the device delivering a reduced dose of insulin which could potentially lead to high blood sugar. Novo Nordisk has received numerous complaints of damaged cartridge holders and has received some reports of adverse events to date. The affected batches were distributed between 8/1/2016 – 6/22/2017 to distributors, sales representatives and replacement programs for further distribution to pharmacies, healthcare providers and patients nationwide. BACKGROUND: The warning signs of high blood sugar (also known as hyperglycemia) typically appear gradually and might include flushed, dry skin; f ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 1

Many People With Type 1 Diabetes Still Make Some Insulin

Posted 30 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 30, 2017 – Almost half of people with type 1 diabetes are still producing some insulin more than a decade after being diagnosed with the disease. The new findings challenge previous assumptions that people with type 1 diabetes lose the ability to produce any insulin – a hormone that helps usher sugar to cells to be used as fuel – over time. Researchers at Sweden's Uppsala University, led by post-doctoral researcher Daniel Espes, reached their conclusions after studying more than 100 patients with type 1 diabetes. The investigators found that people who still produced insulin despite their long-standing type 1 diabetes had higher levels of a protein called interleukin-35. This protein appears to play an important role in the immune system. Past research had shown that both newly diagnosed people with type 1 diabetes and those who've had the disease for some time had lower ... Read more

Related support groups: Insulin, Diabetes, Type 1

FDA Warns Diabetics Against Use of Secondhand Test Strips

Posted 20 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 20, 2017 – Millions of Americans with diabetes use glucose meters and test strips to monitor their blood sugar, but affording those supplies can be a challenge. And that leads some people to use secondhand test strips to save money. It's legal for people to sell unused secondhand test strips. But the U.S. Food and Drug Administration advises against buying or selling pre-owned test strips because they may give incorrect results and may not be safe to use with a glucose meter. "Test strips should be properly stored to give accurate results," according to the FDA. "If you buy pre-owned strips, it is hard to know whether the strips were stored properly. Test strips also could be expired. A lack of proper storage or using expired strips could put you at risk for getting incorrect results from your glucose meter. And incorrect results can put you at risk for serious health ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Insulin, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Novolog, Humalog, Insulin Resistance, Levemir, Lantus Solostar, Pre-Diabetes, Novolin R, Novolin N, Diabetes Mellitus, Humulin N, Lantus Solostar Pen, Humulin R, NovoLog FlexPen, Toujeo, Humalog KwikPen, Apidra

For Diabetics, Nasal Powder Fixed Severe Low Blood Sugar

Posted 13 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 – For many people with diabetes, low blood sugar levels are a serious health risk, but researchers report that a new nasal powder quickly reverses the effects of this dangerous condition. Better yet, it can be administered even when someone is unconscious, the researchers added. The nasal powder contains the hormone glucagon. This hormone tells the body to release stored sugar, which will generally reverse a low blood sugar episode. Glucagon is currently only available in an injectable form that has to be mixed before it is injected. "Family members can be terrified to use the injectable form. But 95 percent of caregivers found nasal glucagon very easy to use," said study leader Dr. Elizabeth Seaquist. She's directs the University of Minnesota's division of diabetes, endocrinology and metabolism. Seaquist is also a consultant for Eli Lilly and Co., which plans to ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Diabetes, Type 1, Insulin Resistance, Hypoglycemia, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Glucagon, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, GlucaGen, Diabetic Coma, Diabetic Coma (in DM Type I), Diabetic Coma (in DM Type II)

Study Confirms Link Between SGLT2 inhibitors and Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Posted 7 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 – A new class of type 2 diabetes drugs called SGLT2 inhibitors could increase the risk of a rare, life-threatening complication of the disease called ketoacidosis, a new study warns. SGLT2 inhibitors include prescription medications such as canagliflozin, dapagliflozin and empagliflozin. Brand names are Invokana, Invokamet, Farxiga, Xigduo XR, Jardiance and Glyxambi. These drugs first became available in 2013, but in 2015 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a warning about an increased risk for diabetic ketoacidosis when SGLT2 inhibitors are used. The condition typically occurs in people with type 1 diabetes. And while it is uncommon in people with type 2 diabetes, case reports have shown it can occur with type 2 disease, according to the study authors. Ketoacidosis can cause vomiting, abdominal pain, shortness of breath and swelling in the brain. Left ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Diabetes, Type 1, Insulin Resistance, Invokana, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Farxiga, Jardiance, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Glyxambi, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Canagliflozin, Xigduo XR, Synjardy, Qtern, Invokamet, Dapagliflozin, Synjardy XR, Dapagliflozin/metformin, Empagliflozin/metformin

Health Tip: What's My Target Blood Glucose?

Posted 6 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Monitoring your blood glucose helps keep diabetes in check and complications at bay. But what's your target range? The American Diabetes Association mentions these factors that affect your target: How long you have had diabetes. Your age and life expectancy. Any other chronic health conditions, including cardivascular disease. Being unaware of when you have low blood glucose. Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Diabetes, Type 1, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

Transplant of Insulin-Producing Cells Offers Hope Against Type 1 Diabetes

Posted 10 May 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 – Scientists report a step forward in the plan to create a truly artificial pancreas, offering new hope to people with type 1 diabetes. A 43-year-old single mother with dangerously difficult-to-control diabetes had insulin-producing islet cells transplanted into her omentum – a fatty membrane in the belly. The cells began producing insulin faster than expected, and after one year she is doing well and doesn't need insulin injections, the University of Miami researchers said. "We're exploring a way to optimize islet cell therapy to a larger population. This study gives us hope for a different transplant approach," said the study's lead author, Dr. David Baidal. He's an assistant professor in the university's Diabetes Research Institute. Others voiced optimism as well. "This study was a good start at evaluating a novel site for transplant," said Julia Greenstein, ... Read more

Related support groups: Insulin, Diabetes, Type 1, Diagnosis and Investigation, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (in DM Type I), Diabetic Coma (in DM Type I)

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