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Dementia News

Related terms: Chronic Brain Syndrome, DLB, Memory Loss

Deep Brain Stimulation Tested for Early Alzheimer's

Posted 1 day 22 hours ago by

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 – Deep brain stimulation appears safe for people with early Alzheimer's disease – and might even slow down memory loss in some, a preliminary study suggests. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is already used to treat some cases of Parkinson's disease and certain other brain-based disorders. It involves implanting electrodes in specific areas of the brain, then connecting them to a pulse generator placed under the skin of the chest. Once the generator is programmed, it delivers continual electrical pulses that alter the activity in specific brain "circuits." While it's far too early to know whether deep brain stimulation helps those with early Alzheimer's, the initial findings suggest the technique is worth further study, said lead researcher Dr. Andres Lozano. He is a neurosurgeon at Toronto Western Hospital, in Canada. In his small pilot study of people with early ... Read more

Related support groups: Parkinson's Disease, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Diagnosis and Investigation, Parkinsonism, Lewy Body Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia

2 in 10 Alzheimer's Cases May Be Misdiagnosed

Posted 4 days ago by

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 – Alzheimer's disease is often misdiagnosed, possibly causing undue stress for those who don't have the disease but are told they do, and delays in treatment for others, two new studies reveal. Although no cure or effective treatment for Alzheimer's disease exists, a correct diagnosis is essential because some drugs can delay its progress and help preserve quality of life for as long as possible. An early diagnosis also gives patients time to plan for their end-of-life care, experts say. "There are drugs that are beneficial for at least a short amount of time that can be given at a very early stage and possibly boost memory," said Dean Hartley, director of science initiatives, medical and scientific relations at the Alzheimer's Association. "Planning your care and finances is extremely important," he said. "With a correct diagnosis people can also be put into a ... Read more

Related support groups: Parkinson's Disease, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Diagnosis and Investigation, Lewy Body Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features, Drug-Induced Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features

Does Dementia Diagnosis Have Silver Lining for Some?

Posted 4 days ago by

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 – Is it possible that a diagnosis as devastating as dementia could have some positive effects? Yes, a small study suggests. Researchers asked 48 people with early dementia or mild cognitive impairment to complete a questionnaire that measured their quality of life and personal outlook after getting their diagnosis. The "Silver Lining Questionnaire" was designed to measure how much patients believe their illness has a positive impact in areas such as: relationships, appreciation for life, positive influence on others, inner strength and life philosophy. The questionnaire has been used before with cancer patients. But, this was the first time it was used with dementia/mild cognitive impairment patients, the researchers said. "The overall assumption is that this diagnosis would have a uniformly negative impact on a patient's outlook on life, but we were surprised to ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Diagnosis and Investigation, Dementia with Depressive Features, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features, Lewy Body Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia

'Managing' Elderly Patients Without Powerful Antipsychotics

Posted 5 days ago by

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 – About 25 percent of dementia patients in U.S. nursing homes are still quieted with risky antipsychotic medications. Now, a small study suggests that managing these difficult patients, instead of medicating them, could obtain better results. "Drugs have a place, but should not be first-line treatments. They don't work well, and there are side effects," said study author Dr. Henry Brodaty, a professor of aging and mental health at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. Antipsychotic drugs such as Risperdal (risperidone), Abilify (aripiprazole) and Seroquel (quetiapine) are approved to treat serious psychiatric conditions such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. But in seniors, they're often used to calm aggressive or violent behavior linked to dementia. "They're basically a sedative," said Dean Hartley, director of science initiatives with the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Seroquel, Abilify, Mania, Schizophrenia, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Schizoaffective Disorder, Risperidone, Saphris, Dementia, Geodon, Quetiapine, Seroquel XR, Alzheimer's Disease, Olanzapine, Invega, Compazine, Aripiprazole

1 in 10 Alzheimer's Patients at Risk for Avoidable Hospital Stays

Posted 5 days ago by

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 – Some people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias may often land in the hospital simply because of poor management of other health problems they have, a new study suggests. One in 10 people with Alzheimer's disease or dementia had at least one hospital stay in 2013 that may have been preventable, the researchers reported. "We found a lot of patients who go to the hospital for things that should not have happened, and this is costing a lot of money," said study first author Pei-Jung Lin, an assistant professor of medicine at Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston. More than 369,000 potentially avoidable hospitalizations involving patients with Alzheimer's or other dementias were recorded, costing Medicare upwards of $2.5 billion in 2013, the report found. The study doesn't pinpoint exactly what went wrong for these patients. Rather, the findings ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment

Behavior Changes May Be First Signs of Alzheimer's

Posted 5 days ago by

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 – Certain behavior changes may be a harbinger of Alzheimer's disease, and researchers say they've developed a symptom "checklist" that might aid earlier diagnosis. Experts have long focused on so-called mild cognitive impairment as an early warning sign of Alzheimer's disease. That refers to problems with memory and thinking that may or may not progress to full-blown dementia. But now some researchers are zeroing in on a new concept they call "mild behavioral impairment." The term is meant to describe persistent changes in an older person's normal behavior. The changes include problems like social withdrawal, angry outbursts, anxiety and obsessiveness. "We're not talking about a blip in someone's behavior," said Dr. Zahinoor Ismail, of the University of Calgary's Hotchkiss Brain Institute, in Canada. "It's a sustained change from their former ways of functioning." ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment

People-Oriented Jobs May Help Lower Alzheimer's Risk

Posted 6 days ago by

SUNDAY, July 24, 2016 – Brain-challenging jobs – especially ones focused on people – may help shield a person's mind against the ravages of age-related dementia, a new study finds. People who work in jobs that task the intellect are better able to withstand the effects of brain lesions commonly associated with Alzheimer's disease, report researchers from the University of Wisconsin's Alzheimer's Disease Research Center. That's particularly true if you have a job requiring complex social interactions, as opposed to working on your own analyzing data or working complicated apparatus, said lead researcher Elizabeth Boots. She's a research specialist and Ph.D. candidate at the center. "People are just more complex than data or things," Boots explained. So, she reasoned, "human interactions require much more brain power than working with data on a computer or working with machinery." The ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment

Women May Be More Resilient to Effects of Alzheimer's Genes

Posted 6 days ago by

SUNDAY, July 24, 2016 – Certain gene variants are known to raise a person's risk of Alzheimer's disease. But a new study finds that even in people carrying this DNA, factors such as gender and physical or mental activity can affect that risk. The study tracked dementia rates for 642 people aged 53 to 95 at the start of the study. All carried at least one of two types of DNA linked to higher Alzheimer's disease risk: the APOEe4 or CLU CC gene variants. Carrying the APOEe4 variant "confers a risk of developing Alzheimer's disease of up to 10 to 14 times compared to that of non-carriers," explained Dr. Luca Giliberto, who reviewed the new findings. He's an investigator in Alzheimer's disease at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research in Manhasset, N.Y. But Giliberto stressed that "having a [genetic] risk factor does not mean you will get the disease." And that's what the new study ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Diagnosis and Investigation, Lewy Body Dementia

Health Before a Stroke Is Big Predictor of Second Attack

Posted 15 days ago by

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 – Stroke survivors who had high blood pressure or other heart risk factors before their stroke may be at greater risk for another stroke and dementia years later, a new Dutch study finds. "We already know that stroke patients have an increased risk of recurrent stroke and dementia," explained study senior author Dr. M. Arfan Ikram. "What we didn't know was whether this increased risk persists for a long time after stroke, and whether heart disease risk factors present before the first stroke influenced the risk of recurrent strokes or dementia," he added. "Our study found these risk factors influence future stroke and dementia, and the risks persist for an extended period in some patients," Ikram said in an American Heart Association news release. He's associate professor in the department of epidemiology, neurology and radiology at Erasmus University Medical ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Transient Ischemic Attack, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Drug-Induced Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia

Alzheimer's Gene May Show Effects in Childhood

Posted 17 days ago by

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – A gene related to Alzheimer's disease may start to show effects on brain structure and mental sharpness as early as preschool, a new study suggests. Researchers have long known that a gene called APOE is related to the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. People who carry a variant of the gene known as e4 have a higher-than-average risk. The new study confirms what smaller studies have hinted: The gene's effects may be apparent even in early childhood. Brain scans revealed that young children with the e4 variant typically showed slower development in certain brain areas. These are the same brain regions that often atrophy in people with Alzheimer's disease, said Dr. Linda Chang, a neurologist at the University of Hawaii, who led the study. What's more, some children with e4 performed worse on tests of memory and thinking skills – though the gap ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment

Gene Test Might One Day Gauge Alzheimer's Risk in Younger Adults

Posted 9 Jul 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 – A gene test may one day be able to predict the risk for Alzheimer's disease in young adults, a new study suggests. People without any thinking impairments, but with a high number of gene mutations linked to Alzheimer's, developed worse memory over time and had a smaller hippocampus – the part of the brain associated with memory and emotion, the researchers found. "This implies that genetic risk of Alzheimer's disease may exert an effect on the hippocampus very early in life, which may make those individuals more likely to get Alzheimer's disease late in life," said lead researcher Elizabeth Mormino. She is an instructor in neurology at Massachusetts General Hospital, in Charlestown, Mass. Although the effects were small, they offer the possibility that genetic mutations may help spot people at risk of Alzheimer's disease decades before symptoms start, she ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Diagnosis and Investigation

Why Some Seniors Don't Take Their Meds

Posted 1 Jul 2016 by

THURSDAY, June 30, 2016 – Anyone who's helped care for an aging loved one knows that managing their daily medications can be a challenge. Now, new research suggests that the problem of missed pills rises with age and failing memory, especially for men. The problem can have serious consequences, the study's lead author noted. "Health conditions may worsen or not improve if older adults skip or don't take their medications properly," said Brenda Jamerson, of the Center on Biobehavioral Health Disparities Research at Duke University, in Durham, N.C. "Serious side effects may also occur from taking medications at the wrong time or in the wrong dose," Jamerson said in a news release from the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, which published the findings earlier this month. The research involved more than 4,100 North Carolina residents aged 65 and older. All had health conditions ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features, Dementia with Depressive Features

Memory Loss: Normal or a Sign of Trouble?

Posted 1 Jul 2016 by

THURSDAY, June 30, 2016 – Mild memory lapses such as forgetting where you put your keys or reading glasses, though worrisome, are normal, experts say. But certain memory problems – such as putting your car keys in the fridge – may indicate a more serious issue. So, what kind of memory issue suggests the need for a medical assessment? Some examples include: memory loss that disrupts daily activities such as balancing a checkbook, maintaining personal hygiene and driving; or frequent memory lapses such as regularly forgetting appointments or where you parked your car, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said in a news release. Other warning signs include forgetting whole conversations, forgetting the names of relatives or close friends, frequently repeating yourself, or asking the same questions in the same conversation. Another red flag is memory loss that's getting worse over ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Diagnosis and Investigation, Dementia with Depressive Features

Basketball Legend Pat Summitt's Death Points to Ravages of Early Alzheimer's

Posted 29 Jun 2016 by

TUESDAY, June 28, 2016 – Legendary coach Pat Summitt stared down myriad challenges as she thrust women's college basketball onto the world stage. But her greatest foe wasn't on the court – it was Alzheimer's disease. Summitt died Tuesday at age 64, after a remarkable coaching record, winning eight NCAA titles and nearly 1,100 games with the University of Tennessee Lady Vols. The diagnosis of Alzheimer's before her 60th birthday foretold the decline of her brilliant career and thrust Summitt into a new role: as chronicler of the ravages of this incurable brain disease. "Since 2011, my mother has battled her toughest opponent, early onset dementia, 'Alzheimer's Type,' and she did so with bravely fierce determination just as she did with every opponent she ever faced," said her son, Tyler Summitt, the Associated Press reported. "Even though it's incredibly difficult to come to terms that ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment

Old Drug Boosts Brain's Memory Centers

Posted 28 Jun 2016 by

TUESDAY, June 28, 2016 – A long-used drug called methylene blue may rev up activity in brain regions involved in short-term memory and attention, a small study suggests. Methylene blue has been used in medicine for more than a century, said Timothy Duong, the senior researcher on the study and a professor at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. These days, he said, it's used to manage a condition called methemoglobinemia, where the blood cannot deliver enough oxygen to the body's tissues. It's also used to treat poisoning by cyanide or carbon monoxide. But evidence dating back to the 1970s suggests the drug may also enhance memory, in animals and humans, Duong said. In the new study, his team found that a single dose of methylene blue improved memory test performances by 13 healthy adults in a small, placebo-based clinical trial. Based on MRI brain scans, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Prosed DS, Uribel, Urimax, Methylene Blue, Ustell, Urelle, Urogesic Blue, Hyophen, Prosed EC, Usept, Phosphasal, Phosenamine, Urised, Utira, UTICAP, Uta, Uritin

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Related Condition Support Groups

Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Lewy Body Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Alcoholic Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia, Central Nervous System Disorders

Related Drug Support Groups

Haldol, haloperidol, Haldol Decanoate, Hydergine, Cognex, tacrine, Gerimal, Hydergine LC, ergoloid mesylates