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Cotrim Pediatric News

Kids Can Beat 'Complex' Pneumonia Without IV Antibiotics: Study

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – Antibiotics taken orally are as effective – and doubtless much more welcome – than intravenous antibiotics for children recovering at home from complex pneumonia, a new study finds. Youngsters with complex pneumonia typically have to take antibiotics for one to three weeks after they leave the hospital, the researchers noted. To see if one medication method outperformed the other, the investigators looked at more than 2,100 children treated for complex pneumonia at 36 U.S. hospitals. Not only were oral antibiotics as effective as IV ones, they also avoided the risk of infection and other complications related to so-called peripherally inserted central venous catheters ("PICC lines"), which are used to administer intravenous antibiotics, the researchers said. "PICC line complications can be serious, resulting in hospital readmission, additional procedures and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Augmentin, Pneumonia, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Clavulanate, Bactrim DS, Cefdinir, Tetracycline, Biaxin

Health Tip: Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

Posted 9 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Antibiotic resistance applies when bacteria are no longer eliminated by a medicine that's supposed to kill them. Experts blame the problem on improper use of antibiotic medications. Here's what you can do to help, according to the World Health Organization: Only take antibiotics when prescribed by a health professional. Always finish the entire supply of antibiotics. Stopping too soon may allow the bacteria to continue living. Never save antibiotics for later use or use leftover antibiotics, and never share antibiotics with someone else. To help reduce the risk of infection in the first place, wash your hands often, get vaccinations and limit your contact with sick people. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin

CDC: Too Many Antibiotics Still Being Prescribed in U.S.

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – Despite growing concerns about creating drug-resistant bacteria, overprescribing of antibiotics in U.S. hospitals didn't drop between 2006 and 2012, according to a new federal report. Over that time period, 55 percent of patients received at least one dose of antibiotics during their hospital stay, whether it was needed or not, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. "Antibiotic use remains common, and use of the most powerful antibiotics is rising," said lead researcher James Baggs, a CDC epidemiologist. Although the use of antibiotics remained about the same during the study period, a significant increase was seen in the use of newer antibiotics, Baggs said. "Because inappropriate antibiotic use increases the risk of antibiotic resistance and other side effects, continued monitoring of antibiotic use is critical to future ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Minocycline, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin, Macrobid, Clavulanate, Bactrim DS, Tetracycline

Too Many People Still Take Unneeded Antibiotics: Study

Posted 3 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Nearly one-third of the antibiotics prescribed in the United States aren't appropriate for the conditions being treated, a new federal government study shows. "We were able to conclude that at least 30 percent of the antibiotics that are given in doctors' offices, emergency departments and hospital-based clinics are unnecessary, meaning that no antibiotics were needed at all," said lead researcher Dr. Katherine Fleming-Dutra. Such misuse has helped fuel the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which infect 2 million Americans and kill 23,000 every year, said Fleming-Dutra, a pediatrician and epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotics are most misused in the treatment of short-term respiratory conditions, such as colds, bronchitis, sore throats, and sinus and ear infections, the researchers reported. "About half of ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Sinusitis, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Cold Symptoms, Minocycline, Clarithromycin

Antibiotic Resistance Common in Kids' Urinary Tract Infections

Posted 16 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 – Many kids who develop urinary tract infections tied to the E. coli bacteria are now failing to respond to antibiotic treatment, a new review warns. The culprit, according to the British researchers: Drug resistance, following years of over-prescribing and misusing antibiotics. "Antimicrobial resistance is an internationally recognized threat to health," noted study author Ashley Bryce, a doctoral fellow at the Center for Academic Primary Care at the University of Bristol in the U.K. And that threat is of particular concern among young patients, the authors said, given that E. coli-driven urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common forms of pediatric bacterial infections. Young children are more vulnerable to complications including kidney scarring and kidney failure, so they require prompt, appropriate treatment, added Bryce and co-author ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Amoxicillin, Bactrim, Bladder Infection, Augmentin, Trimethoprim, Bactrim DS, Kidney Infections, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Prevention of Bladder infection, Amoxil, Septra, Prevpac, SMZ-TMP DS, Septra DS, Sulfatrim, Cotrimoxazole, Polytrim, Urinary Alkalinization

Study Sees Possible Link Between Antibiotics and Delirium in Patients

Posted 18 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 – Delirium in hospitalized patients might be linked to common antibiotics more often than once believed, according to new research. Delirium – mental confusion that may be paired with hallucinations and agitation – is often caused by medications. But, antibiotics are not typically the first type of drug suspected, said study lead author Dr. Shamik Bhattacharyya, a neurologist at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. Reviewing case reports going back seven decades on patients given antibiotics who later developed delirium and related issues, the scientists found that nearly half suffered delusions or hallucinations. Seven out of 10 were found to have abnormal electrical activity in the brain. "A key point in the study is that different antibiotics caused different types of confusion," Bhattacharyya said. "The fact that antibiotics can cause confusion has ... Read more

Related support groups: Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Sulfamethoxazole, Agitation, Bactrim DS, Psychosis, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Sulfasalazine, Sulfadiazine, Septra, Ciprodex, SMZ-TMP DS, Septra DS, Sulfatrim, Cotrimoxazole, Neurosis, Azulfidine

Drug Makers, Governments Sign Deal to Fight Drug-Resistant Infections

Posted 21 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

A groundbreaking agreement between the drug industry and governments to work together to fight drug-resistant "superbugs" is expected to be announced Thursday. Under the deal, 74 drug makers, 11 diagnostic test makers, and nine industry groups pledge to work with each other and 16 countries to prevent and improve treatment of drug-resistant infections, the Associated Press reported. These infections are a serious threat to millions of people worldwide and a number of factors contribute to the problem, including overuse of antibiotics, declining drug industry research, and few new medicines to combat bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi. The new deal – scheduled to be announced at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland – is the first to outline how the drug industry and governments should team up to prevent more drugs from becoming ineffective, to spur development of new ... Read more

Related support groups: Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Keflex, Sulfamethoxazole, Minocycline, Lamisil, Nystatin, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Cefdinir, Terbinafine, Tetracycline, Avelox, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Cefuroxime, Sulfasalazine

Patients Can Self-Administer IV Antibiotics at Home: Study

Posted 25 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 – Patients can be taught to safely self-administer long-term intravenous antibiotics at home, without the help of a health care worker, a new study suggests. The finding could have a significant impact on uninsured patients who might otherwise spend weeks in a hospital receiving IV care, according to researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. "This really taps into human potential, giving a voice to the uninsured at the same time that it offers an opportunity for enormous cost savings to hospitals," study first author Dr. Kavita Bhavan, assistant professor of internal medicine, said in a medical center news release. Some infections require treatment with IV antibiotics for six weeks or more. Patients with insurance typically go home or to a nursing home and have their antibiotics administered by a home health care worker or ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin

Health Tip: Understanding Antibiotics

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- By taking an antibiotic as prescribed, you can get well faster and help prevent germs from becoming resistant to your medication. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers these antibiotic guidelines: Never skip a dose of antibiotic. Always take it on schedule, as directed. Never stop taking an antibiotic early. Always take the entire prescription, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Never save any antibiotic medication for a future illness. Never take an antibiotic that was prescribed for another person. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Clindamycin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Keflex, Zithromax, Valtrex, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Acyclovir

Pediatricians' Group Urges Cuts in Antibiotic Use in Livestock

Posted 16 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 – Overuse of antibiotics in farm animals poses a real health risk to children, the American Academy of Pediatrics warns in a new report. This common practice is already contributing to bacterial resistance to medicines and affecting doctors' ability to treat life-threatening infections in kids, according to the paper published online Nov. 16 in the journal Pediatrics. One expert in the field supported the academy's stance. "The connection between production uses of antibiotics in the agricultural sector to antibiotic resistance is alarming," said Victoria Richards, an associate professor of medical sciences at the Quinnipiac University School of Medicine in Hamden, Conn. She believes the danger is "not only for infants and children but other vulnerable populations, such as the pregnant and the older individuals." As the academy explained in its warning, ... Read more

Related support groups: Metronidazole, Bactrim, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Xifaxan, Polymyxin B, Septra, Bacitracin, Rifaximin, Metro, SMZ-TMP DS, Septra DS, Sulfatrim, Chloramphenicol, Cotrimoxazole, Flagyl IV, Flagyl IV RTU, Daptomycin, Fosfomycin

Antibiotics May Not Help After 'Complicated' Appendectomy

Posted 2 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 – Antibiotics may not reduce the risk of infections in patients who undergo what's known as a "complicated" appendix removal, a new study finds. "The traditional teaching is that all patients with complicated appendicitis receive post-operative antibiotics to reduce the risk of wound infection or deep organ space infection," study lead author Dennis Kim, of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, explained in an institute news release. But is that advisory warranted? To find out, Kim's team tracked five-year outcomes for 410 patients. All of the patients had complicated appendectomies, meaning that their appendix was found to be perforated or gangrenous. About two-thirds of the patients received antibiotics after surgery. Those who received antibiotics had no fewer infections, Kim's team said, and they stayed in hospital an average of one day longer than ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Cefdinir, Vancomycin, Tetracycline, Avelox

New Antibiotic-Resistant 'Superbug' an Emerging Threat, CDC Says

Posted 5 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 – A relatively new antibiotic-resistant bacteria called CRE is making inroads in some major American cities, U.S. health officials report. Surveillance of seven U.S. metropolitan areas found higher-than-expected levels of CRE in Atlanta, Baltimore and New York City, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Lower-than-expected levels were found in Albuquerque, Denver and Portland, Ore., while the Minneapolis rate was what the agency anticipated. But CDC researchers were dismayed that they found active cases of CRE infection in every city they examined, said senior author Dr. Alexander Kallen, a CDC medical officer. The results support the CDC's decision to promote coordinated regional efforts to prevent the spread of CRE and other antibiotic-resistant germs, Kallen said. "Here we are with an opportunity to intervene on one of these ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Metronidazole, Bacterial Infection, Bactrim, Flagyl, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Bactrim DS, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Xifaxan, Polymyxin B, Skin and Structure Infection, Septra, Bacitracin, Rifaximin, Metro, SMZ-TMP DS, Septra DS, Sulfatrim, Chloramphenicol

New Antibiotics May One Day Beat Superbugs

Posted 18 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2015 – As concerns over antibiotic resistance grow around the world, researchers report they've discovered a promising new group of antibiotics. These new drugs contain iridium, a transition metal that doesn't break down easily. This may help the antibiotics treat superbugs, such as MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), the researchers said. "We are still at the beginning of developing and testing these antibiotics but, so far, our preliminary results show a new group of antibiotics that are effective and safe," said Joseph Falkinham, a professor of microbiology in the College of Science at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg and an affiliate of the Virginia Tech Center for Drug Discovery, in a university news release. "Within the next few years, we hope to identify various characteristics of these antibiotics, such as their stability, their distribution and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Metronidazole, Bactrim, Flagyl, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bactrim DS, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Xifaxan, Polymyxin B, Septra, Bacitracin, Rifaximin, Metro, SMZ-TMP DS, Septra DS, Sulfatrim, Chloramphenicol, Cotrimoxazole, Flagyl IV, Flagyl IV RTU

Better Control of Drug-Resistant Germs Could Save Thousands of Lives: CDC

Posted 4 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2015 – An immediate, focused effort to halt the spread of antibiotic-resistant germs could save tens of thousands of lives and prevent hundreds of thousands of new infections over the next five years, a new government report suggests. As many as 37,000 lives could be saved, and 619,000 new infections prevented, if community health departments and health care facilities form tight support networks to quickly identify and address emerging outbreaks of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, said report author Dr. John Jernigan. He directs the Office of HAI (Health care-Associated Infections) Prevention Research and Evaluation at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "When health care facilities and health departments in a community work together to share information about resistance, and then use that information to guide and target prevention efforts, then we ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin

Antibiotic May Lower Effect of Some Blood Thinners

Posted 21 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 21, 2015 – The antibiotic dicloxacillin may lessen the effects of some blood-thinning medications, new research shows. "The surprise in the study was just how much of an impact dicloxacillin had," said study author Anton Pottegard, a pharmacist and research fellow at the University of Southern Denmark, in Odense. "Often, the effects in these kinds of studies are quite small. But this was very pronounced: Six out of 10 patients dropped so much in their level of blood-thinning that they were no longer sufficiently protected against clotting and stroke," Pottegard said. Coumadin (warfarin) and similar blood thinners lower the risk of blood clots, a potential cause of strokes and heart attacks, by thinning the blood so blockages don't form in vessels, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Patients with irregular heart rhythms, such as atrial fibrillation, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Blood Disorders, Metronidazole, Warfarin, Bacterial Infection, Coumadin, Atrial Fibrillation, Bactrim, Ischemic Stroke, Flagyl, Bactrim DS, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Xifaxan, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Polymyxin B, Septra, Zyvox, Bacitracin, Rifaximin, Metro

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