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Coronary Arteriography News

Take Meds as Directed to Boost Survival After Heart Procedures

Posted 24 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 – Taking medications as prescribed improves outcomes for heart procedure patients, a new study finds. Researchers looked at 973 heart bypass patients and 2,255 patients who underwent angioplasty and stenting to reopen clogged heart arteries. Heart bypass surgery is when surgeons take a piece of blood vessel from somewhere else in the body to bypass a blocked portion of the heart's artery. Angioplasty is performed using a thin catheter that's threaded through the blood vessels to the heart. A balloon on the end of the catheter is inflated to open the narrowed blood vessel. Sometimes a stent (a mesh or wire tube) will be left in the blood vessel to keep it open. Prescribed medications in the study included cholesterol-lowering statins, blood thinners and beta blockers. Follow-up information was collected 12 to 18 months after the heart procedures. Overall, ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Aspirin, Metoprolol, Atenolol, Lipitor, Propranolol, Simvastatin, Crestor, Bystolic, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Carvedilol, Excedrin, Bisoprolol, Coreg, Inderal, Sotalol, Zocor, Lovastatin, Toprol-XL

Depression Can Fuel Heart Disease in Midlife Women: Study

Posted 6 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 6, 2016 – Women in midlife with a history of depression appear at markedly greater risk of suffering from heart disease, new research suggests. The finding seems to reinforce the well-known link between depression and heart troubles, but it doesn't prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Tracking about 1,100 women over 10 years, researchers found that depression was the only significant risk factor for coronary artery disease in women younger than 65 who had no history of heart ailments at the beginning of the study. In women over age 65, however, age was identified as the only significant predictor for heart disease, the investigators found. Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both women and men in the United States, responsible for one in four deaths each year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Once we added depression... ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Heart Disease, Angina, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Coronary Arteriography

Drug-Coated Stents Don't Improve Patient Survival, Large Study Reports

Posted 31 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 – The largest trial ever conducted on stents – tiny tubes that help keep heart arteries open – suggests that pricey drug-coated (or eluting) versions may perform no better for patients over the long-term, in terms of patient survival, compared to cheaper, "bare metal" versions. "The evidence in favor of contemporary drug-eluting stents over bare-metal stents may not be as strong as has been thought," said study author Dr. Kaare Harald Bonaa. He's from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim, Norway. Bare-metal stents were used in the early days of stenting. But, arteries sometimes re-closed around the stent. That meant surgeons often had to go back in and re-open the vessel – a procedure called revascularization. Then came drug-eluting stents. These devices were coated with drugs to prevent the vessel re-closure that plagued so many ... Read more

Related support groups: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Revascularization Procedures - Prophylaxis, Vascular Surgery, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Revascularization Procedures, Coronary Arteriography

FDA Approves First Fully Dissolvable Stent

Posted 5 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 – The first coronary stent to be gradually absorbed by the body has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The Absorb GT1 Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold System (BVS) is absorbed within about three years, the agency said Tuesday in a news release. The stent, a hollow mesh tube designed to prop open a formerly clogged artery, also releases the drug everolimus to limit the growth of scar tissue. Coronary artery disease leads to some 370,000 deaths annually in the United States, the FDA said. It occurs when cholesterol-laden deposits build up and narrow blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the heart. Symptoms commonly include chest pain, shortness of breath and fatigue. The condition is frequently treated using a procedure called angioplasty, in which a balloon-like device is expanded within an artery to open the vessel. But scar tissue can then ... Read more

Related support groups: High Cholesterol, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Revascularization Procedures - Prophylaxis, Coronary Arteriography, Revascularization Procedures

PTSD May Stiffen Veterans' Arteries, Boosting Heart Risks

Posted 24 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 – Veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may have blood vessels that don't expand normally, a new study suggests. If vessels don't widen as they should, the risk of heart attack and stroke goes up, the researchers noted. The researchers also found that risk factors usually associated with blood vessel problems – such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and smoking – didn't seem to account for why people with PTSD were more likely to have blood vessels that didn't dilate properly. The researchers suspect that stress may be to blame. "We believe that we should try to gain a better understanding of the relationship between mental illness and cardiovascular health," said lead researcher Dr. Marlene Grenon. She's an associate professor of surgery at the University of California, San Francisco, and the Veterans Affairs Medical ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Heart Disease, Angina, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Atherosclerosis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Coronary Arteriography

MS Patients May Be Prone to Other Chronic Illnesses, Study Finds

Posted 9 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 – People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are more likely to have other chronic health problems than those without the nervous system disorder, a new study indicates. Researchers looked at how common several chronic conditions – high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, chronic lung disease, epilepsy, fibromyalgia, inflammatory bowel disease, depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia – were in nearly 23,400 people newly diagnosed with MS and more than 116,600 people without MS. The MS patients had higher rates of all the conditions, with high cholesterol being the exception. Their rates of mental illness, particularly depression, were also high. Nineteen percent of MS patients and 9 percent of those without MS had depression, the study found. For many of the chronic conditions, there were significant gender differences. High ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Seizures, Hypertension, Asthma, Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Heart Disease, Epilepsy, Heart Attack, High Cholesterol, Mania, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Seizure Prevention, Angina, Diabetic Neuropathy, Insulin Resistance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Diabetic Nerve Damage

Younger Female Heart Patients More Likely to Need Follow-Up Care

Posted 24 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 – Women under 50 who've been treated once for heart disease seem to fare worse than similarly treated men, a new report shows. Younger women who'd already had a procedure known as angioplasty to open their heart arteries were significantly more likely to need additional procedures to keep those arteries open and functioning well than men were, the study said. Angioplasty is a procedure in which a tiny balloon is inflated inside an artery to widen the vessel and clear partial blockages. The researchers pointed out that even though young women's arteries appeared to be healthier and less blocked than those of their male counterparts, they were still more likely to need more treatment. "Although women tended to have less heart disease than men, they had generally worse outcomes over one year and five years compared to men," said lead researcher Dr. Robert Wilensky, ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, High Risk Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty, Coronary Arteriography

Angioplasty May Not Boost Survival for Some Heart Disease Patients

Posted 11 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 – Angioplasty – the procedure used to open narrowed or blocked arteries – doesn't seem to lengthen life for people with stable heart disease and chest pain, a new study finds. After 15 years of follow-up, the study found that people who had angioplasty fared no better than those who had their heart disease treated with medication and lifestyle changes alone. "[Angioplasty and] stenting is effective and improves survival when performed early in the course of a heart attack," said lead researcher Dr. Steven Sedlis, an associate professor of medicine at NYU Medical School in New York City. "But the benefits of routine [angioplasty and] stenting for patients with stable heart disease have been uncertain and highly controversial." During the angioplasty procedure, a small tube may be placed in the blood vessel to keep it open. This is called stenting. Routine ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Angina, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Angina Pectoris Prophylaxis, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Ischemic Heart Disease, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome, High Risk Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty, Coronary Arteriography

1 in 6 Americans Too Far From Lifesaving Heart Centers

Posted 13 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 13, 2015 – Tens of millions of rural, poor and Hispanic Americans do not have timely access to a lifesaving heart procedure, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed the driving times for 306 million people to reach the closest angioplasty centers across the continental United States. Angioplasty is used to open blocked heart arteries. A catheter is used to insert a deflated balloon into the artery. The balloon is then inflated to open the artery and restore blood flow to the heart. There are more than 1,700 angioplasty centers in the United States, the researchers said. The median time to an angioplasty center was 33 minutes, they found. However, the median travel time for more than 16 percent of the population – about 50 million people – was 81 minutes, according to the study. Results were published July 13 in the journal Health Services Research. It shouldn't take ... Read more

Related support groups: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Peripheral Arterial Disease, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, High Risk Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty, Coronary Arteriography

Calcium Scan Can Predict Premature Death Risk, Study Says

Posted 6 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 6, 2015 – A scan of calcium deposits inside your arteries can help doctors deduce how long you're likely to live, a new study has found. The test, called a coronary calcium scan, uses a regular CT scan to look for calcium deposits in the three major arteries that carry blood away from the heart, said lead author Leslee Shaw, a professor of cardiology at Emory University in Atlanta. People with the largest amounts of calcium in their arteries carry an early death risk that's six times greater than those with no calcium deposits, researchers found in a 15-year study of nearly 10,000 patients. "If you had no calcium or very small amounts, we were able to track over a very long time that you actually had a very outstanding survival," Shaw said. Calcium deposits develop as a response to plaque formation along the artery walls, Shaw said. These plaques, which are caused by blood ... Read more

Related support groups: High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Pravachol, Livalo, Red Yeast Rice, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Lescol, Hyperlipoproteinemia, Lescol XL, Mevacor, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Altoprev

Seeing Their Clogged Arteries Can Spur Healthy Changes in Patients

Posted 15 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 15, 2015 – Seeing images of their narrowed heart arteries may convince some heart disease patients to adopt a healthier lifestyle and take prescribed medications, a new study suggests. "Seeing their calcified coronary arteries on the CT image was clearly an eye-opener for patients. We received comments such as, 'It is my coronary artery and my coronary artery calcification and I am facing a real risk and challenge,' " said study author Rikke Elmose Mols, a nurse and Ph.D. student at Aarhus University Hospital-Skejby in Denmark. "This may be the wake-up call patients need to take their medication and modify their behaviors to reduce their risk of having a coronary artery event," Mols said in a European Society of Cardiology news release. The research included 189 people recently diagnosed with early stage heart disease. Half were shown a CT image of calcium buildup on the ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Angina, Zocor, Lovastatin, Myocardial Infarction, Rosuvastatin, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Pravachol, Livalo, Red Yeast Rice, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Lescol, Ischemic Heart Disease, Lescol XL

Stenting Outcomes Vary Widely Among U.S. Hospitals

Posted 18 May 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 18, 2015 – The risk of death or stroke after carotid artery stenting varies widely among U.S. hospitals, with the odds four times higher at some medical centers than others, new research suggests. The carotid arteries in the neck supply blood to the brain. After opening a blocked carotid artery, physicians often use a mesh "stent" to keep it open. Researchers looked at medical records regarding more than 19,000 of these procedures from 188 hospitals between 2005 and 2013. Overall, they found that an average of 2.4 percent of patients died or suffered a stroke after the procedure, with rates ranging from zero to nearly 19 percent. Since some hospitals treat sicker patients than others, the researchers adjusted their figures to account for various factors that could throw them off, such as age or prior stroke. Even then, the rate of stroke or death ranged from 1.2 percent to ... Read more

Related support groups: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Vascular Surgery, Coronary Arteriography

Smokers Fare Worse After Heart Procedures, Study Finds

Posted 16 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 16, 2015 – Heart patients who continue to smoke after undergoing artery-opening procedures have a much higher long-term risk of heart attack, stroke and premature death than those who quit smoking or never smoked, a new study finds. The study included nearly 1,800 people with severe coronary artery disease – narrowing in two or more of their heart's arteries – who had either angioplasty or bypass surgery. Compared to nonsmokers or those who quit smoking, patients who continued to smoke after the procedures were nearly twice as likely to have a heart attack within five years, an 80 percent higher combined risk of heart attack/stroke or premature death. They also faced a much greater risk of needing a repeat procedure, the investigators found. The findings challenge some previous studies suggesting that patients with heart disease who continue to smoke after an ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Coronary Arteriography

Some Older Heart Patients Might Benefit From Aggressive Treatments

Posted 16 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 16, 2015 – Older people with certain types of heart problems might benefit from aggressive treatment they might otherwise not receive because of their age, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at 458 patients, aged 80 and older, in Norway who had a type of heart attack that is initially mild but leads to poor outcomes after six months or longer, or a closely related condition called unstable angina. Both conditions – called acute coronary syndromes – are caused by plaque buildup in the heart's arteries. The patients were randomly assigned to receive either conservative treatment – which included medications but no invasive procedures – or to undergo coronary angiography, in which a catheter is threaded into the heart's arteries to assess them. Of the patients who had coronary angiography, 48 percent later had balloon angioplasty and/or stenting to widen narrowed ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Coronary Arteriography

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