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FDA Bans Use of Opioid-Containing Cough Meds by Kids

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 11, 2018 – Trying to put a dent in the ongoing opioid addiction crisis, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Thursday slapped strict new restrictions on the use of opioid-containing cold and cough products by kids. These prescription medicines involve any that include codeine or oxycodone, the FDA said. "After safety labeling changes are made, these products will no longer be indicated for use to treat cough in any pediatric population and will be labeled for use only in adults aged 18 years and older," the FDA said in a news release. The newly updated Boxed Warning on these medicines will also warn adult users "about the risks of misuse, abuse, addiction, overdose and death, and slowed or difficult breathing that can result from exposure to codeine or hydrocodone," the agency added. "Given the epidemic of opioid addiction, we're concerned about unnecessary exposure ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Cough, Codeine, Roxicodone, Endocet, Percocet 10/325, Tylenol with Codeine, Cheratussin AC, Tylenol with Codeine 3, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Roxicet, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Codeine/Promethazine, Statuss, Percocet 5/325, Fiorinal with Codeine, Fioricet with Codeine, Acetaminophen/Codeine

Acetaminophen in Pregnancy Tied to Language Delays -- in Baby Girls

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 10, 2018 – Toddlers whose mothers used acetaminophen – best known as Tylenol – early in pregnancy may have a heightened risk of language delays, a new study suggests. Researchers found that when moms-to-be used the painkiller during the first trimester, their daughters were more likely to have language delays at age 2.5 years. No such link was seen among boys, however. A "language delay" meant the child was using fewer than 50 words, according to the report. The study is the latest to link prenatal acetaminophen to developmental issues. Experts, however, said the findings do not prove the blame lies with acetaminophen. But they also said pregnant women should use the drug only when necessary – to bring down a fever, for example, since a high temperature can be dangerous for the fetus. "This medication should probably be used only with caution, and limited to absolute ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Tylenol, Lortab, Acetaminophen, Paracetamol, Fioricet, Excedrin, Endocet, Tylenol PM, Darvocet-N 100, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Delivery, Percocet 10/325, Tylenol with Codeine, DayQuil, Tylenol with Codeine 3

Patients OK With Fewer Opioids After Gallbladder Surgery

Posted 6 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 6, 2017 – Far fewer opioid painkillers are needed than thought for people who have their gallbladder removed, a new study suggests. Not only was pain still controlled in these patients following surgery, but the conservative prescribing strategy could help combat the opioid crisis in the United States, the researchers noted. Prescription opioid painkillers include drugs such as OxyContin, Percocet and Vicodin. "For a long time, there has been no rhyme or reason to surgical opioid prescribing, compared with all the other efforts that have been made to improve surgical care," said study first author Dr. Ryan Howard. He's a resident in the University of Michigan's department of surgery. "We've been overprescribing because no one had ever really asked what's the right amount. We knew we could do better," Howard said in a university news release. In the study, Howard's team ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Tylenol, Lortab, Ibuprofen, Acetaminophen, Advil, Roxicodone, Paracetamol, Motrin, Fioricet, Excedrin, Endocet, Tylenol PM, Darvocet-N 100, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone

Kids Still Getting Risky Painkiller Codeine After Tonsillectomy

Posted 16 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 16, 2017 – Despite safety warnings from drug regulators, some U.S. children are still being given a risky painkiller after having their tonsils removed, a new study finds. At issue is the opioid painkiller codeine. In 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a "black box" warning, advising doctors against prescribing codeine to children to control tonsillectomy pain. That came after an investigation into reports of children overdosing on codeine prescriptions – including some who died from respiratory distress. The new study, published online Nov. 15 in Pediatrics, looked at how well U.S. doctors are following the FDA warning. The good news, the researchers said, is that post-tonsillectomy codeine prescriptions have declined. However, by December 2015 – almost three years after the black box warning was issued – 5 percent of kids were still getting the drug. ... Read more

Related support groups: Codeine, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Tylenol with Codeine, Cheratussin AC, Tylenol with Codeine 3, Codeine/Promethazine, Statuss, Fiorinal with Codeine, Fioricet with Codeine, Acetaminophen/Codeine, Head & Neck Surgery, Codeine/Guaifenesin, Robitussin-AC, Tylenol with Codeine 4, Fiorinal with Codeine III, Iophen-C NR, Iophen, Promethazine VC with Codeine, Poly-Histine CS, Codeine/Phenylephrine/Promethazine

Opioids Not the Only Answer for Pain Relief in the ER

Posted 7 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 7, 2017 – As the opioid epidemic continues to sweep across the United States, a new study suggests that a combination of Motrin and Tylenol may work as well as narcotic painkillers for ER patients who suffer sprains or fractures. "Although this study focused on treatment while in the emergency department, if we can successfully treat acute extremity pain with a non-opioid combination painkiller in there, then we might be able to send these patients home without an opioid prescription," said lead researcher Dr. Andrew Chang. He is a professor of emergency medicine at Albany Medical Center, in Albany, N.Y. "We know that some patients who are given an opioid prescription will become addicted, so if we can decrease the number of people being sent home with an opioid prescription, then we can prevent people from becoming addicted in the first place," Chang suggested. Ibuprofen ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Surgery, Tramadol, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Codeine, Tylenol, Lortab, Ibuprofen, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid

Acetaminophen in Pregnancy Tied to ADHD Risk in Kids

Posted 30 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 30, 2017 – Acetaminophen is considered the go-to pain medication during pregnancy. But a new study adds to evidence linking the drug to an increased risk of behavioral issues in kids. Researchers in Norway found that among nearly 113,000 children, those whose mothers used acetaminophen during pregnancy were slightly more likely to be diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The link was, however, confined to longer-term use – particularly a month or longer. When moms used acetaminophen for 29 days or more during pregnancy, their kids were twice as likely to be diagnosed with ADHD, versus women who did not use the drug. On the other hand, when expectant moms used the drug for a week or less, their kids showed a slightly decreased risk of ADHD. Acetaminophen is best known by the brand name Tylenol, but it's an active ingredient in many pain relievers. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Tylenol, Lortab, Acetaminophen, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Paracetamol, Fioricet, Excedrin, Endocet, Tylenol PM, Darvocet-N 100, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Delivery, Percocet 10/325, Tylenol with Codeine

Easy Fix for Post-Op Shivers?

Posted 23 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Oct. 21, 2017 – Giving patients acetaminophen during surgery may reduce their risk of shivering when they wake up, according to a small study. Up to half of patients have shivers and chills when they regain consciousness after surgery. The cause is unknown, but may be linked to the body cooling down, according to the study authors. "Postoperative shivering is a frequent complication in patients recovering from general anesthesia. It causes significant pain and discomfort," said lead researcher Dr. Takahiro Tadokoro. He's a physician anesthesiologist at the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa, Japan. "Postoperative shivering can also put a strain on the cardiovascular system. Therefore, we need to prevent it, especially in patients with cardiopulmonary risk," Tadokoro added in a news release from the American Society of Anesthesiologists. The study included 37 gynecologic ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Tylenol, Lortab, Acetaminophen, Paracetamol, Fioricet, Excedrin, Endocet, Tylenol PM, Darvocet-N 100, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Tylenol with Codeine, DayQuil, Tylenol with Codeine 3, Daytime, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone

What You Can Do to Help Fight the Opioid Epidemic

Posted 13 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 – Proper disposal of prescription painkillers and use of safe alternatives to manage pain could help combat America's opioid abuse epidemic, doctors say. "Today, we are in the midst of an opioid crisis," said Dr. David Ring, chairman of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons' (AAOS) Committee on Patient Safety. In 2015, about 12.5 million Americans misused prescription opioids (such as OxyContin and Vicodin) and more than 15,000 overdose deaths were attributed to the drugs, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. "Orthopaedic surgeons, along with other physicians and health care professionals, are working diligently and collectively to reduce the strength and number of opioid pills prescribed for patients, and to change the patient-doctor conversation regarding pain: how pain can be safely managed with non-opioid medications, ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Tramadol, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Opiate Withdrawal, Codeine, Tylenol, Lortab, Ibuprofen, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid

Many Migraine Sufferers Given Unecessary Opioids, Study Finds

Posted 25 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 25, 2017 – Too many people with migraines are prescribed potentially addictive opiate painkillers, while too few may be getting recommended medications, a new study suggests. Researchers found that of nearly 2,900 Americans who visited the doctor for migraine relief, 15 percent were prescribed opioids such as oxycodone (OxyContin or Percocet) or hydrocodone (Norco, Vicoprofen). That's despite the fact that the drugs should really be used only as a "last resort," said study lead researcher Dr. Larry Charleston IV. Opioids are not only less effective than recommended migraine drugs, they're also risky, said Charleston, an assistant professor of neurology at the University of Michigan Medical School. Repeated opioid use, he explained, can actually lead to more frequent, or even chronic, migraines. And by now, it's no secret that the drugs have the potential for abuse and ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Tramadol, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Metoprolol, Codeine, Tylenol, Lortab, Ibuprofen, Topamax, Opana, Naproxen

Hernia Patients May Need Fewer Opioids After Surgery, Study Finds

Posted 21 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 – Hernia surgery patients may require far fewer opioid painkillers than they're prescribed, new research suggests. The study included 186 adult patients who had elective inguinal ("groin") hernia repair surgery under local anesthesia with intravenous sedation. Each patient received a prescription for 10 tablets of the opioid painkiller Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen) to ease their post-surgery pain. But they were also encouraged to use non-opioid medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) to manage their pain whenever possible. The researchers found that 86 percent of the patients used less than half of their prescribed Vicodin. Almost two-thirds used no Vicodin at all, relying totally on non-opioid pain medications. "The implication of our study is that, even though surgeons have been careful to limit the number of opioid tablets ... Read more

Related support groups: Hydrocodone, Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Tylenol, Lortab, Ibuprofen, Acetaminophen, Advil, Paracetamol, Motrin, Fioricet, Excedrin, Endocet, Tylenol PM, Darvocet-N 100, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Tylenol with Codeine, Tylenol with Codeine 3

'12-Step' Strategy Boosts Success of Teen Drug Abuse Program

Posted 8 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 – Drug and alcohol abuse treatment for teens and young adults may be more effective when it includes a 12-step program similar to that used by Alcoholics Anonymous, a new report suggests. The study at Massachusetts General Hospital's Center for Addiction Medicine in Boston lasted nine months, and included 59 people aged 14 to 21. The researchers found that combining the 12-step approach with standard care led to more successful outcomes than current standard methods alone. While a well-designed drug and alcohol abuse program can benefit all adolescents, "we showed that adding a 12-step component to standard cognitive-behavioral and motivational strategies produced significantly greater reductions in substance-related consequences during and in the months following treatment," said study leader John Kelly. He directs the Recovery Research Institute at the hospital. ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Codeine, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Endocet, Percocet 10/325, Tylenol with Codeine, Cheratussin AC, Substance Abuse, Tylenol with Codeine 3, Alcoholism, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Roxicet, Hangover, Codeine/Promethazine

When Is an Opioid Safe to Take?

Posted 26 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 26, 2017 – Many people in pain are apprehensive about taking an opioid painkiller to ease their suffering, and rightfully so. Widespread use of opioids for pain has led to an epidemic of addiction in the United States. Forty lives are lost to prescription drug overdose every day, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But an opioid painkiller, such as oxycodone (Oxycontin, Percocet) or hydrocodone (Vicoprofen) can sometimes be the best option for treating pain in the short term, particularly right after surgery or during a severe pain flare-up, pain experts say. In those instances, patients and doctors need to work together to make sure a patient's pain is treated while managing their risk of addiction and overdose. "You have to individualize care," said Dr. Edward Michna, an anesthesiologist and pain specialist at Brigham and Women's Hospital in ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Suboxone, Oxycodone, Tramadol, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Morphine, Chronic Pain, Codeine, Tylenol, Lortab, Ibuprofen, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid

FDA Medwatch Alert: Codeine and Tramadol Medicines: Drug Safety Communication - Restricting Use in Children, Recommending Against Use in Breastfeeding Women

Posted 20 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: FDA is restricting the use of codeine and tramadol medicines in children. These medicines carry serious risks, including slowed or difficult breathing and death, which appear to be a greater risk in children younger than 12 years, and should not be used in these children. These medicines should also be limited in some older children. Single-ingredient codeine and all tramadol-containing products are FDA-approved only for use in adults. FDA is also recommending against the use of codeine and tramadol medicines in breastfeeding mothers due to possible harm to their infants. As a result, FDA is requiring several changes to the labels of all prescription medicines containing these drugs. These new actions further limit the use of these medicines beyond the 2013 FDA restriction of codeine use in children younger than 18 years to treat pain after surgery to remove the tonsils and/or ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Tramadol, Codeine, Ultram, Tylenol with Codeine, Cheratussin AC, Tylenol with Codeine 3, Dromadol SR, Codeine/Promethazine, Ultracet, Statuss, Fiorinal with Codeine, Fioricet with Codeine, Acetaminophen/Codeine, Ultram ER, Codeine/Guaifenesin, Zydol, Ryzolt, Robitussin-AC, Tramal

Don't Give Kids Medicines With Codeine, Tramadol: FDA

Posted 20 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 20, 2017 – Parents shouldn't give their children any medications containing the narcotics codeine or tramadol, because they can cause life-threatening breathing problems, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned Thursday. Warning labels on medications with codeine or tramadol will be strengthened to reflect these potential dangers, the FDA said in a statement. Nursing mothers should also avoid using these drugs, since they can pass unsafe levels of opioids to their babies through their breast milk, the agency said. Children's bodies tend to process opioids more quickly than most adults, due to their smaller size. That can cause the level of narcotics in their bloodstream to rise too high and too quickly, risking overdose, the agency explained. Tramadol is a prescription drug that is only approved for adults to treat pain, the agency noted. Codeine products are ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Surgery, Obesity, Tramadol, Hydrocodone, Methadone, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Morphine, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, MS Contin, Roxicodone, Butrans, Hydromorphone, Ultram, Nucynta

Don't Let Bugs Dampen Your Outdoor Fun

Posted 17 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, April 15, 2017 – If you've spent any time outdoors recently, you may have found yourself swatting away a fly or mosquito – and that means it's time to bone up on bug avoidance. "Although most bug bites are harmless, some can spread dangerous diseases like Zika virus, dengue, Lyme disease and malaria," said Dr. Lindsay Strowd, an assistant professor of dermatology at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, N.C. "Particularly if you're visiting areas with known insect-borne diseases, it's important to take steps to reduce your risk," Strowd said in an American Academy of Dermatology news release. Here are Strowd's tips to avoid unwanted bites. Your best defense against insect bites is to cover yourself – with bug spray and clothes. Apply insect repellent with 20 to 30 percent DEET. If you're also wearing sunscreen, apply your sunscreen first, let it dry, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Tylenol, Lortab, Ibuprofen, Benadryl, Acetaminophen, Advil, Hydroxyzine, Zyrtec, Promethazine, Claritin, Loratadine, Diphenhydramine, Allegra, Paracetamol, Motrin, Phenergan, Fioricet

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