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Tissue Testing Can Spot Zika at Birth: CDC

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 – Exposure to the Zika virus in pregnancy can wreak havoc on babies, but diagnosing the infection before birth remains a challenge. Now, there's some good news: U.S. health officials say testing placental and fetal tissue after a child is born can confirm or rule out infection. Such testing found that only 1 in 10 who were in danger of being infected actually were, and infection didn't automatically mean birth defects, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday. "Testing of placental tissues from live births can continue to be considered when results of maternal Zika virus testing are not definitive or testing is not performed within the optimal time," said the researchers led by Dr. Sarah Reagan-Steiner, of the CDC's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. Zika infection is most often spread by ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Infections, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Viral Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation, Insect Bites, Cesarean Section, Zika Virus Infection, Wound Infection

Most Mothers Have Been Victims of 'Mommy-Shaming,' Poll Finds

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 – "You're doing that wrong!" Sound familiar, Moms? It should: A new poll finds that six out of 10 American mothers say they've been criticized for their parenting skills. It's called mommy-shaming, and it goes viral when it happens to the famous. Actress Reese Witherspoon was shamed for giving her toddler cinnamon rolls for breakfast, and model Coco Rocho was judged for giving her baby formula. But a nationwide poll of 475 mothers finds it's a familiar experience for most with kids under age 5 – and the source of the shaming is most often a woman's own parents. Major areas of criticism include discipline (70 percent); diet and nutrition (52 percent); sleep (46 percent); breast- versus bottle-feeding (39 percent); safety (20 percent); and child care (16 percent). "Our findings tap into the tensions moms face when parenting advice leads to more stress than ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Higher Pregnancy Weight Tied to Raised Odds for Birth Defects

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – Women who are overweight or obese when they become pregnant face an elevated risk of having a baby with a major birth defect, new Swedish research warns. And the greater the excess pounds, the higher the apparent risk, the study authors said. The risk that a newborn will be found to have a major birth defect during the first year of life "progressively increases with a mother's overweight and degree of obesity," said lead investigator Dr. Martina Persson. She's a senior research fellow with the clinical epidemiology unit at Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. The research team concluded that while it's impossible to prove a direct cause-and-effect relationship, it does appear that there is an ever-increasing association between birth defect risk and rising maternal weight. But Persson added that the absolute risk for obesity-related birth defects is ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Opioids Over-Prescribed After C-Sections: Studies

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 8, 2017 – Women are routinely prescribed more opioid painkillers than they need after Cesarean sections, creating a high risk for misuse, a trio of new studies suggests. C-sections are the most common inpatient surgery in the United States, with 1.4 million procedures performed a year, according to the researchers. But there is little data on how much medicine patients actually need to manage their pain. To that end, how many pills are prescribed varies from provider to provider, the researchers added. More care is needed to limit the amount of leftover drugs that could wind up in the wrong hands, the studies concluded. Most people who use opioids for nonmedical reasons get them from friends and relatives who have unused medication. And patients may not lock their leftovers away, putting young children at risk. "We are the source of these excess opioids, and we need to ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Tramadol, Methadone, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Morphine, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Butrans, Ultram, Hydromorphone, Nucynta, Buprenorphine, Duragesic

Antidepressants During Pregnancy Safe for Baby: Study

Posted 7 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 – Expectant mothers, if you're taking an antidepressant it won't make your newborn cranky or at higher risk for other problems, researchers report. Northwestern University researchers divided 214 new moms into three groups: those with a mood disorder who were not using an antidepressant; those who were taking a serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) antidepressant; and those without a mood disorder who were not on an antidepressant. At two to four weeks after birth, babies in all three groups had similar rates of irritability, difficulty feeding, sleep disturbances and respiratory problems, the study found. The issues affected 3 out of 10 babies in each group. Instead, preterm birth was the major risk factor for what is known as Neonatal Discontinuation Syndrome (NDS). Babies with NDS get agitated, restless, cry excessively and may be rigid or have tremors. Many ... Read more

Related support groups: Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Venlafaxine, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR, Mirtazapine, Escitalopram, Savella, Remeron, Nortriptyline, Elavil

Pregnancy Weight Gain: Too Much or Too Little Is Unhealthy

Posted 6 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 6, 2017 – Gaining too much or too little weight during pregnancy can harm both baby and mom, researchers say. In a review of more than 1.3 million pregnancies, investigators found that 47 percent of women gained too much weight. And, 23 percent did not gain enough weight to meet recommended levels. "Healthy recommended pregnancy weight gain depends on a mother's starting weight, with women with a higher weight recommended to gain less in pregnancy," said lead researcher Dr. Helena Teede. "Regardless of a mother's starting weight, unhealthy weight gain in pregnancy is now very common and carries significant health risks for mothers and babies," said Teede, a professor of women's health at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. Weight gain below the recommended amount was associated with a higher risk of having a small baby and preterm delivery, the researchers found. ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Breast-Feeding May Reduce Pain From C-Section

Posted 4 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, June 3, 2017 – Breast-feeding for a longer time may help women reduce the risk of chronic pain after a cesarean delivery, a new study suggests. Researchers from Spain followed 185 women who had a C-section. Almost one-quarter (23 percent) of those who breast-fed for two months or less still had chronic pain in the surgical site four months after delivery. But just 8 percent of those who breast-fed for two months or longer reported chronic pain. "These preliminary results suggest that breast-feeding for more than two months protects against chronic post-cesarean pain, with a threefold increase in the risk of chronic pain if breast-feeding is only maintained for two months or less," wrote the researchers led by Dr. Carmen Alicia Vargas Berenjeno from Our Lady of Valme University Hospital in Seville. "Our study provides another good reason to encourage women to breast-feed," ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

Air Mattresses Linked to More Than 100 Infant Deaths

Posted 2 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 2, 2017 – An air mattress can be a dangerous place for babies, researchers warn. Air mattresses are becoming increasing popular among low-income, transient people due to their inexpensive cost and portability. But these beds carry significant risks for infants, including the possibility of death, according to the study authors. "Even when fully inflated, air mattresses can mold to the infant's face and obstruct the airway by forming an occlusive seal," wrote researchers Jennifer Doering, from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and Trina Salm Ward, from the University of Georgia. "The risk increases when air mattresses leak during use. Underinflation was a factor in some of the infant deaths reviewed," they added. There were 108 infant deaths involving air mattresses reported in 24 states between 2004 and 2015, according to the U.S. National Child Death Review Case ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Odds for C-Section May Depend on Hospital

Posted 16 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 – An expectant mother's biggest risk for undergoing an unnecessary C-section can be the hospital she chooses for the delivery, a new analysis contends. Hospital cesarean, or C-section, rates vary widely across the United States, from a low of 7 percent to a high of 64 percent, the Consumer Reports analysis found. "That kind of variation tells you there is not a standard agreement on how women should be handled during pregnancy," said Doris Peter, director of the Consumer Reports Health Ratings Center. Of more than 1,300 U.S. hospitals included in the analysis, 56 percent had C-section rates higher than the national goal, the researchers found. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has set a national C-section target of 23.9 percent for mothers with low-risk births. A woman's chances of a C-section can depend on which side of town she lives, Peter said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Fewer SIDS Deaths in U.S., But Gaps Among Racial Groups Remain

Posted 15 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 – Fewer U.S. babies are dying from SIDS, but certain minorities remain at greater risk, a new study finds. Researchers who tracked cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) from 1995 through 2013 found that American Indian/Alaska Natives and blacks had double the rate in 2013 compared to whites. That was so despite a significant decline in SIDS rates among blacks during the study period, the researchers found. Why these disparities exist isn't clear. Dr. Alessandro Acosta, a neonatologist at Nicklaus Children's Hospital in Miami, speculated that socioeconomic, cultural or even biological differences may be to blame. "This is a novel study," due to the breakdown in statistics from different groups, said Acosta, who wasn't involved in the research. The problem of SIDS has been known for years. In 1994, a national campaign urged parents to place infants on their ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Zika Risk May Be Lower Than Thought for Some Pregnant Women

Posted 9 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 – U.S. women traveling to areas where the Zika virus is circulating might be less likely to be infected than expected, but risk remains, a new study suggests. Only one out of 185 pregnant women at a Los Angeles clinic who visited an active Zika area between January and August 2016 wound up infected, researchers report. "Overall, for women who have had exposures to Zika virus, the risk of maternal infection is low," said lead researcher Dr. Rashmi Rao, an obstetrician and gynecologist with the University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center. But, the risk of Zika infection "isn't zero, and I want to make that very clear," Rao continued. "Our party line for women remains that we don't recommend they travel to these areas at all, particularly if they are considering pregnancy or are pregnant." The one woman who contracted Zika developed her infection during a ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Hydrocephalus, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Another Reason to Breast-Feed: It's Good for Baby's Belly

Posted 8 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 – Mothers have been told for years that breast-feeding is best. Now researchers say they've found a new way it helps babies – by planting good bacteria in their digestive system. For the study, the researchers assessed 107 breast-feeding mother-infant pairs. The investigators found that 30 percent of beneficial bacteria in a baby's intestinal tract comes directly from the mother's milk, and 10 percent comes from skin on the mother's breast. "Breast milk is this amazing liquid that, through millions of years of evolution, has evolved to make babies healthy, particularly their immune systems," said senior study author Grace Aldrovandi. She is a professor of pediatrics and chief of infectious diseases at UCLA's Mattel Children's Hospital. "Our research identifies a new mechanism that contributes to building stronger, healthier babies," she explained in a UCLA news ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Home Birth Safe for Some, But Not All, Women

Posted 21 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 21, 2017 – Some women really want to give birth at home, but for certain moms-to-be that choice can be risky, a new study suggests. There are women who have issues that can increase risks in pregnancy but are still likely to have good outcomes delivering at home or in a birth center. Those issues include being over 35, being overweight or having already had a vaginal birth after a cesarean delivery, the researchers said. Not so for women with other risk factors, such as breech presentation (when the baby is coming out feet first), as well as women attempting their first vaginal birth after cesarean, who may fare worse trying to deliver outside a hospital. In fact, the study found the risk of fetal death was eight to 10 times higher for a home delivery with these risk factors. "Families who are considering a home or birth center birth now have data to use in making ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Health Insurance a Key to IVF Success, Researchers Say

Posted 28 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 28, 2017 – Having health insurance that covers in vitro fertilization (IVF) boosts the odds the treatment will lead to childbirth, a new study finds. For women undergoing IVF, "the biggest hurdle may not be the fertility treatment, but the cost," said study lead author Dr. Emily Jungheim of Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. A single IVF treatment costs $12,000 to $17,000, according to the American Pregnancy Association. If the first treatment fails, many women can't afford to try again, Jungheim's team said. The study included nearly 1,600 IVF patients at the university's Fertility and Reproductive Medicine Center, between 2001 and 2010. Of those women, 56 percent had insurance that covered IVF. The others paid for the treatment themselves. Women with IVF coverage were slightly younger than those without. Seven out of 10 who had insurance coverage ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Female Infertility, Delivery, Ovulation Induction, Oligospermia, Primary Ovarian Failure, Follicle Stimulation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Study: Plenty of IV Fluids May Make Childbirth Safer, Easier

Posted 28 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 27, 2017 – Giving more intravenous (IV) fluids to women during childbirth seems to reduce the risk of cesarean section and shortens labor, researchers report. "The results are compelling and strongly argue for a change in practice," said study author Dr. Vincenzo Berghella, director of maternal fetal medicine at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. "We have already begun changing practice at Jefferson to give women more fluids in labor, to allow them to have the best chance of delivering vaginally," he added in a university news release. "We've known that it's important for women to stay well-hydrated during pregnancy and labor. This study suggests that IV fluids could help women maintain hydration at appropriate levels, reduce the likelihood of C-section, and decrease length of labor," Berghella said. In the study, his team reviewed seven small clinical trials ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

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