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Cesarean Section News

Hospital Midwives, Lower C-Section Rates?

Posted 23 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 16, 2017 – Expectant mothers seeking to lower their risk of a cesarean delivery might want to consider getting a midwife involved, a new study suggests. In addition, midwives were tied to less need for a surgical incision called an episiotomy during childbirth, the researchers reported. "More midwife-attended births may correlate with fewer obstetric procedures, which could lower costs without lowering the quality of care," wrote study co-authors Laura Attanasio, of the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and Katy Kozhimannil of the University of Minnesota School of Public Health. The study findings are based on 126 hospitals in New York state. About 25 percent of those hospitals had no midwives. About half had midwives, but they attended less than 15 percent of births. At 7 percent of the hospitals, however, midwives attended more than four out of 10 births, according ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Health Tip: Supporting Breast-feeding Moms on the Job

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

-- There are a number of options available if businesses want to make it more convenient for mothers to express breast milk at work. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services suggests: Find a devoted space for nursing mothers. If a mother has a safe and private place to pump, she will not have to go elsewhere, such as a car or home. This space requires a comfortable chair, a place for a breast pump and an electrical outlet. If you do not have room for a dedicated area, consider sharing space with other nearby businesses. Many women have their own breast pumps, since insurance plans often cover them. But some businesses buy hospital-grade pumps for employees. These devices may speed up the pumping process and prevent the need for a mother to carry a pump back and forth from home. Ensure that there is adequate refrigeration for nursing mothers. Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

Even Partial Breast-Feeding for First Few Months Lowers SIDS Risk

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 31, 2017 – New research confirms that breast-feeding for two to four months of a newborn's life can significantly reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). But the study also found moms don't need to breast-feed exclusively to reap that benefit. Even partial breast-feeding will do, the 20-region study found. "What is, perhaps, surprising is that there does not appear to be any benefit of exclusive breast-feeding over partial breast-feeding in relation to SIDS, though there are many other benefits associated with exclusive breast-feeding," explained study author John Thompson, from New Zealand's University of Auckland. The analysis included research from eight major international studies. The researchers reviewed over 2,200 SIDS case patients and over 6,800 "control" infants. There was great variability in the rates of any breast-feeding and exclusive ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

Doctors Urged to Discuss Cord Blood Donations Early in Pregnancy

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 30, 2017 – A leading group of U.S. pediatricians is encouraging parents to donate to public cord blood banks after the birth of their children. The past decade has seen an increase in the use of umbilical cord blood for stem cell transplants that can save children with fatal or debilitating diseases, the American Academy of Pediatrics says in a new policy statement. "Most parents will never need cord blood for their own family's use, but they can donate this precious lifesaving gift to benefit others," said statement lead author Dr. William Shearer. He is a professor of pediatrics and immunology at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. "We expect the need for these therapies that rely on stem cell transplantation to grow, and would like families to understand the choices they have," he said in an academy news release. Cord blood is an excellent source of stem cells. It's ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Stem Cell Transplant Conditioning

Ob/Gyns Warn Against 'Vaginal Seeding' Trend for Newborns

Posted 25 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 25, 2017 – The U.S.'s leading group of obstetricians and gynecologists is warning against a new trend where babies born by C-section are "seeded" via cotton swabs with vaginal microbes from the mother. "Vaginal seeding" is growing in popularity because it's thought that babies born through Cesarean-section miss out on certain "helpful" vaginal microbes that might shield the infant from asthma, allergies and immune disorders. "Vaginal seeding has become a rising trend for patients," noted Dr. Jennifer Wu, an ob/gyn at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "Patients read about the benefits of a vaginal delivery and hope to replicate these benefits with vaginal seeding." As explained by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), it's thought that contact with healthy vaginal bacteria helps stimulate the infant immune system, prevents the growth of ... Read more

Related support groups: Herpes Simplex, Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Pain, Streptococcal Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

Breast Milk May Arrive Late for Obese New Moms

Posted 24 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 24, 2017 – While obesity in pregnancy has long been linked to a higher risk for complications during childbirth, there's now another reason to avoid it: a late start to breast milk production. That's the finding from a new study of more than 200 women with newborns who planned to breast-feed. The researchers found that delays in "lactogenesis" – the production of breast milk within three days of delivery – "occurred more frequently among women who were obese at the time of delivery." The study highlights an issue many new moms have to deal with, said one pediatrician who reviewed the new study. "Breast-feeding is hard for all mothers," said Dr. Sophia Jan, who directs pediatrics at Cohen Children's Medical Center in New Hyde Park, N.Y. "This study found that breast-feeding is even harder for mothers who were obese prior to pregnancy." There are potential consequences ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

Incision Length Linked to Pain After Cesarean

Posted 23 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Oct. 21, 2017 – How much pain a woman feels after cesarean delivery may depend on the length of the incision, a new study suggests. Researchers assessed pain in nearly 700 women who gave birth via elective C-sections. Both short and long surgical incisions were linked to greater pain. Based on their findings, the researchers concluded that the ideal length of a C-section incision is between roughly 4.5 and 6.5 inches. They said shorter and longer incisions should be avoided when possible. Women in the study were followed for up to 12 months. Those with short incisions were more likely to report higher pain scores immediately after delivery, which likely indicates intense tissue stretching during delivery, the researchers said. Women with long incisions were also more likely to report higher pain scores, including increased sensitivity to pain around the surgical incision. "To ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Delivery, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Health Tip: Avoid Baby Sleep Positioners

Posted 16 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

-- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is warning parents against the use of baby sleep positioners. While these products may purport to prevent an infant from rolling, the products can lead to suffocation, the FDA says. To help keep baby safe, the agency suggests: Avoid infant sleep positioners of any kind. Do not use pillows, blankets, sheets, or quilts in a crib. Dress babies for the season to stay warm without extra blankets and sheets. Keep cribs bare of objects and toys. Always put baby on his or her back in a crib. Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Study Debunks Notion That Epidurals Prolong Labor

Posted 11 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 10, 2017 – Epidurals are a popular form of pain control for women during labor, but they've long been blamed for hindering progress in the delivery room. However, new research challenges this widely held belief, suggesting that epidurals have no effect on how long labor lasts – or when babies are born. "We found that exchanging the epidural anesthetic with a [non-drug] saline placebo made no difference in the duration of the second stage of labor," said study lead researcher Dr. Philip Hess. He directs obstetric anesthesia at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. Dr. Jennifer Wu, an ob/gyn who reviewed the new findings, said there are "important aspects to this study." Use of "low-dose epidurals versus placebos during the pushing stage of labor did not increase duration of pushing" or the need for a C-section, said Wu, who works at Lenox Hill Hospital in New ... Read more

Related support groups: Anesthesia, Delivery, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

'Sleep Positioners' a Danger to Baby: FDA

Posted 4 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 4, 2017 – Infants should be put to sleep on their backs on a firm, empty surface and never placed on a sleep positioner, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) says. The agency warned parents and caregivers that these products, also known as "nests" or "anti-roll" supports, can prevent babies from breathing. The two most common sleep positioners include two raised pillows or "bolsters" attached to a mat. Babies younger than 6 months old are placed on the mat between the pillows to keep them in a specific position while they are sleeping. But putting babies to sleep on or near soft objects, such as positioners, toys, pillows and loose bedding, increases the risk for accidental suffocation and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), the American Academy of Pediatrics says. Some babies have been found in dangerous positions next to a positioner they had been placed in ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Study Questions Practice of Placenta Eating by New Moms

Posted 29 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 – You may have heard that some new mothers choose to eat their own placenta after childbirth. But there's no indication the trendy practice offers any health benefits, and some evidence it could prove dangerous, new research suggests. After reviewing dozens of studies from across the globe on so-called placentophagy, or placenta consumption, the researchers say they're advising obstetricians to discourage their patients from eating the placenta in any form. "As obstetricians, it's important to tell the truth. And the truth is it's potentially harmful and no evidence it's beneficial, so therefore, don't do it," said study author Dr. Amos Grunebaum. He's an obstetrician/gynecologist at New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York City. "Over the last few years, we've had an increasing demand from patients who wanted to take their placenta home ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Heart-Lung Fitness Challenged in Early Full-Term Babies

Posted 28 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 – Infants born early in a full-term pregnancy have a higher risk of poor heart-lung fitness later in life, a new study suggests. The study included nearly 800 people in Northern Ireland who were born at full-term (37 to 42 weeks) and had their cardiorespiratory fitness assessed at ages 12, 15 and 22. Those born at 37 to 38 weeks had a 57 percent higher risk of poor heart-lung fitness when they were teens and young adults compared to those born between 39 and 42 weeks. Each extra week of full-term pregnancy was associated with a 14 percent reduced risk, the Australian researchers reported. Diet, physical activity and smoking behavior did not affect the findings, according to the study published Sept. 27 in the Journal of the American Heart Association. "We believe that earlier births – even within the at-term range – may interrupt normal development and lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Delivery, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Premature Labor, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Labor Induction, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Respiratory Tract Disease, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Apnea of Prematurity

IUD Won't Interfere With Breast-Feeding

Posted 22 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 – Women who have a hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) implanted immediately after childbirth can still breast-feed, according to a new study. There's no reason for women to delay using this type of birth control after having a baby, researchers advised. "Bottom line: Early placement of a hormonal IUD is a safe, long-term birth control method that doesn't negatively affect women who want to breast-feed their baby," study first author Dr. David Turok said in a University of Utah news release. Turok is an associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology. For the study, researchers randomly divided more than 250 women into two groups. One group received a hormonal IUD within 30 minutes of giving birth. The other group received a hormonal IUD between four and 12 weeks after delivery. The study found that the hormones in the IUD did not delay lactation among the new ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Nexplanon, Mirena, Depo-Provera, NuvaRing, Provera, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Tri-Sprintec, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Mononessa, Lutera

Premature Births Cost Health Plans Billions

Posted 21 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 – Premature births cost U.S. employer-sponsored health plans billions of dollars a year, a new study claims. About 1 in 10 infants in the country are born prematurely (less than 37 weeks gestation), putting them at increased risk for birth defects and long-term health problems. Employer-sponsored health plans spent at least $6 billion extra on premature infants born in 2013, and a large part of that was for infants with major birth defects. Infants with major birth defects accounted for less than 6 percent of the premature births, but one-quarter of the costs. "The contribution of this study is to start to tweak out the contribution of birth defects to that overall cost burden so we can start to prioritize efforts at prevention of both preterm births and birth defects," said study co-lead author Norman Waitzman, chair of the department of economics at the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Health Tip: Design a Non-Toxic Nursery

Posted 18 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

-- After spending nine months making sure everything you eat is good for your growing baby, you'll want to create a nursery that's soothing and safe. Your baby typically will sleep for up to 16 hours a day for the first two years of life. The Environmental Working Group suggests how to make your nursery safer: Use low-volatile organic compounds (low-VOC) paint. VOCs are used to help paint dry, but they could affect your baby's health. Select true-wood furniture. Pressed wood, plywood, particleboard and chipboard are made from lumber scraps glued together under pressure. These ingredients may emit formaldehyde, an indoor air pollutant. Buy a safe crib mattress. It is safest to find one made of untreated natural fibers that have not been wrapped in polyvinyl chloride or treated with flame retardants. Keep floors wood. Carpets can entice dust mites and often contain flame retardants and ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Poisoning, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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