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Zika May Persist for Months in Newborns, Study Shows

Posted 2 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 24, 2016 – There's more bad news when it comes to Zika's effect on infants: A case study suggests the virus can live and cause damage in newborns for at least two months after birth. The report, published online Aug. 24 in the New England Journal of Medicine, involves a baby boy born in January to a woman in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Zika is typically transmitted via mosquito bites, but sexual transmission can also occur. The mother developed symptoms of Zika illness – rash, fever, headache, swollen joints – in week 26 of her pregnancy. The doctors suspect she got the infection through sexual contact with the baby's father, who had recently traveled to a Zika-endemic region. Zika is most known for its link to a devastating birth defect called microcephaly, where babies are born with a smaller than normal head and underdeveloped brains. However, the Sao Paulo baby appeared ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Breast-Feeding Rates Climb, But Many Moms Quit Early: CDC

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – Even though most new moms in the United States begin breast-feeding their babies at birth, many stop sooner than recommended, a new study finds. In 2013, eight out of 10 newborns started out breast-feeding, which shows most mothers want to breast-feed and try to do so, according to the 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But only about half of infants are still breast-feeding at 6 months of age. And fewer than one-third (30.7 percent) are breast-fed at 12 months, the CDC reports. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends breast-feeding exclusively for the first 6 months of life, followed by breast-feeding along with other foods until at least 12 months of age. After that, the academy says breast-feeding can continue as long as mother and baby wish. There are a number of reasons pediatricians say breast is ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Lactation Suppression, Cesarean Section, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Zika Linked to Deformed Limbs in Newborns

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 – The Zika virus has already been linked to serious birth defects in the brain, and now it looks as if the virus may also cause deformities of joints in the arms and legs of newborns, a new Brazilian study suggests. The condition – called arthrogryposis – causes multiple joints to be contracted or curved. This condition hadn't previously been linked to Zika, although two previous reports suggested there might be an association with the virus, researchers said. The study authors still can't say for sure that Zika caused the arthrogryposis. But all of the babies had the pattern of abnormalities on their brain scans that would be expected with a congenital Zika syndrome, said lead researcher Dr. Vanessa van der Linden. She's with the Association for Assistance of Disabled Children in Recife, Brazil. The researchers don't know exactly how Zika might cause these ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Delivery, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Zika Virus Infection

What Mom-to-Be Eats Determines Bugs in Baby's Gut: Study

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 – The amount of fat in a pregnant woman's diet may influence the mix of microbes in her baby's gut, a new study suggests. The community of gut microbes – known as the microbiome – can affect the development of a baby's immune system and the ability to extract energy from food, the researchers said. The study included more than 150 women who provided a record of their eating habits during pregnancy. The amount of fat in their diets ranged from 14 percent to 55 percent, with an average of 33 percent. The U.S. Institute of Medicine recommends 20 percent to 35 percent. The gut microbiomes of babies born to mothers who ate a high-fat diet during pregnancy were different from those of babies whose mothers who did not. Specifically, babies whose mothers ate a high-fat diet had fewer Bacteroides microbes in their guts, both at birth and several weeks after. Having fewer ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Obesity, Delivery, Acidophilus, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Florastor, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Lactinex, Flora-Q, Floranex, Cesarean Section, VSL#3, Probiotic Formula, Florajen3, Flora-Q 2, Saccharomyces Boulardii Lyo, Bio-K+

U.S. Maternal Death Rate Is Rising

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 – The number of U.S. women who die during or soon after pregnancy may be higher than previously thought – and it's on the rise, according to a new study. Between 2000 and 2014, the nation's maternal death rate rose by almost 27 percent, researchers found. However, over that time, reporting methods changed, the study authors noted. For every 100,000 live births, nearly 24 women died during, or within 42 days after pregnancy in 2014. That was up from nearly 19 per 100,000 in 2000. The numbers, published online Aug. 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology, are worse than previous estimates. Federal health officials have already reported a spike in the nation's maternal mortality figures, but they estimated a rate of 16 per 100,000 as recently as 2010. The new findings give a clearer picture of where the United States really stands, according to lead researcher Marian MacDorman, ... Read more

Related support groups: Bleeding Disorder, Abnormal Uterine Bleeding, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Half of U.S. Women Weigh Too Much Before Getting Pregnant

Posted 5 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 – More women are starting their pregnancies heavier than ever before, U.S. health officials report. In fact, in 2014, more than 50 percent of women were either overweight or obese at prepregnancy, a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found. "This is the first report to focus on prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and unfortunately, it doesn't look so great," said lead researcher Amy Branum. She's a statistician with the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics. All states, with the exception of Connecticut, New Jersey and Rhode Island, were included in the report, giving the biggest picture to date of what prepregnancy BMI looks like in the nation, she said. Body mass index is a measure of body fat based on height and weight. Increased prepregnancy overweight and obesity contribute to the obesity epidemic in the United States, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Obesity, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Newer Treatments Can Make Scars Less Scary

Posted 3 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 – Scars can alter your appearance and remind you of a difficult time, potentially diminishing your quality of life, a skin specialist says. "While some may consider scarring to be a cosmetic concern, it can really affect patients' psychosocial health," Dr. Joseph Sobanko said in an American Academy of Dermatology news release. "Physical appearance plays a major role in how people relate to others, so scarring that alters physical appearance – even if some would characterize it as minor – can have a negative impact on patients' quality of life," Sobanko explained. He's an assistant professor of dermatology at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Sobanko's research found that some people are more bothered than others by scarring. Young people are more bothered than most, he said. People who have scars in highly visible locations such as ... Read more

Related support groups: Sunburn, Burns - External, Keloids, Scrapes, Cesarean Section, Minor Burns, Minor Skin Conditions

Breast-Fed Preemies Do Better on Skills Tests: Study

Posted 3 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 – Breast milk gives a boost to premature babies' mental and physical development, a new study finds. "Our data support current recommendations for using mother's milk to feed preterm babies during their neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization," said study author Dr. Mandy Brown Belfort. She is a researcher and pediatrician from Brigham and Women's Hospital. The study included 180 babies who were born before 30 weeks gestation and followed until age 7. Babies who were mostly fed breast milk during the first 28 days of life did better in IQ, math, working memory and tests of motor skills at age 7 than those who received less breast milk. Belfort said hospitals, employers, friends and relatives need to support new mothers during this time when they are under stress and producing milk for their newborns. "Many mothers of preterm babies have difficulty ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Babies' Sleep 'Twitching' May Aid Their Development

Posted 2 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 – When parents watch babies sleep, they often assume that the tiny twitches they see are a response to a dream. But researchers believe that twitching may actually be part of a baby's motor skills development. When a baby's body twitches during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, it's triggering circuits throughout the brain to teach newborns about their limbs and how to use them, University of Iowa researchers believe. Along with increasing knowledge about early development, learning more about early sensory and motor (sensorimotor) skills development could help improve understanding of certain developmental disorders, such as autism and schizophrenia, the researchers said. "Although often overlooked, there is a substantial problem with the sensorimotor system in these disorders," Mark Blumberg, a professor in the department of psychological and brain sciences, said ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Pregnancy Problems More Likely With Baby Boys, Study Suggests

Posted 29 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 – Serious pregnancy complications are more likely when women are carrying baby boys, new research suggests. After analyzing more than half a million births in Australia, researchers said the baby's gender could be linked to the health of both mother and child. "The sex of the baby has a direct association with pregnancy complications," said study first author Dr. Petra Verburg, of the Robinson Research Institute at the University of Adelaide in Australia. Boy babies were more likely to be born early, which sets up infants for more health problems. Also, women carrying boys were slightly more likely to have diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes), and pre-eclampsia, a serious high blood pressure condition, when ready to deliver, the study authors said. Although it isn't totally clear why this is so, "there are likely to be genetic factors," Verburg said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Gestational Diabetes, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

If 1st Baby's Early, 2nd Will Be Too: Study

Posted 13 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 – Women who give birth to their first child even a couple of weeks early are up to three times more likely to deliver their next baby prematurely, new research suggests. "The magnitude of the increased risk surprised us – it really is a potent factor," said senior study author Laura Jelliffe-Pawlowski. She is associate director of precision health with the University of California, San Francisco's Preterm Birth Initiative. For the study, researchers analyzed data from more than 160,000 women who gave birth in California between 2005 and 2011. The study authors defined "preterm" as birth at less than 37 weeks' gestation and "early term" birth at 37 to 38 weeks' gestation. Preterm birth is the leading cause of infant death and a major cause of life-long neurological issues, such as cerebral palsy, developmental delays, and vision and hearing loss, according to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

CDC Reports Six Cases of Birth Defects Caused by Zika

Posted 16 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 16, 2016 – In the first reporting of Zika-related birth defects in the United States, federal health officials said Thursday that three babies have been born with these birth defects while three pregnancies have been lost because of brain damage caused by the virus. Those six cases will likely not be the last, as 234 pregnant women in the United States have already been diagnosed with Zika infection, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Many of those pregnancies are continuing, and the new statistics don't include any Zika infections in U.S. territories such as Puerto Rico. While most adults report only mild symptoms with the mosquito-borne disease, infection with the virus during early pregnancy can be far more threatening. Zika has been definitively linked to a devastating birth defect known as microcephaly – a condition where an infant is ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Hydrocephalus, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Zika Virus Infection

Timing of Zika Infection in Pregnancy May Be Key to Birth Defect Risk

Posted 15 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 15, 2016 – The danger of Zika-related birth defects may be confined to maternal infections that occur during the first two trimesters of a pregnancy, a new study suggests. Colombian and U.S. researchers studied almost 12,000 pregnancies occurring in 2015 among women in Colombia, a country that is endemic for the mosquito that spreads the Zika virus. The study detected no cases of infant abnormalities among women who contracted Zika during the last three months of their pregnancy, the researchers said. They stressed that at the time of the study's publication, 10 percent of the 1,850 women infected late in pregnancy had not yet given birth – so the data remains incomplete and "preliminary." Still, data on the other 90 percent of women suggest that "maternal infection with the Zika virus during the third trimester of pregnancy is not linked to structural abnormalities in ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Antibiotics, Formula Feeding Might Change Baby's 'Microbiome'

Posted 15 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 15, 2016 – When babies are born, the birth process covers their bodies with countless microbes that play crucial roles in their future health. But a new study suggests that these "microbiomes" are altered by cesarean births, antibiotics and formula feeding. "The microbiome is really important in how a baby develops normally. We are doing things that are disrupting them," said Dr. Martin Blaser, director of the Human Microbiome Program at New York University Langone Medical Center. What do these microbiomes do? Microbiomes evolved with humans and are mostly helpful, explained Annie Gatewood Hoen. She's an assistant professor of epidemiology and biomedical data science at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, in New Hampshire. "These organisms help digest our food, train our immune system and out-compete disease-causing microbes," she said. But, there's still a lot ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Antibiotics May Blunt Breast-Feeding's Benefits

Posted 13 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 13, 2016 – Early use of antibiotics may dampen some of the benefits of breast-feeding, a new study suggests. Researchers found that babies who were prescribed antibiotics while they were breast-feeding or shortly afterward were prone to infections and obesity. "In breast milk, unlike in formula milk, the infant receives bacteria from the mother and specific sugar components that promote the growth of certain [gut] bacteria," explained lead researcher Katri Korpela, from the immunobiology research program at the University of Helsinki in Finland. The finding indicates that the health benefits of breast-feeding are largely due to how it helps a baby develop intestinal bacteria (microbiota), and that antibiotics disturb that development, she said. However, the study could not prove a cause-and-effect relationship between early antibiotic use and infections and obesity, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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