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'Love Hormone' Helps Dads and Babies Bond

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – The "love hormone" oxytocin may program fathers to bond with their young children, a new study suggests. "Our findings add to the evidence that fathers, and not just mothers, undergo hormonal changes that are likely to facilitate increased empathy and motivation to care for their children," said study lead author James Rilling of Emory University in Atlanta. Oxytocin is a naturally occurring hormone. MRI brain scans revealed that dads who received boosts of the hormone through a nasal spray had increased activity in brain areas associated with reward and empathy when looking at pictures of their toddlers, Rilling's team said. The findings also "suggest that oxytocin, known to play a role in social bonding, might someday be used to normalize deficits in paternal motivation, such as in men suffering from post-partum depression," Rilling said in a university news ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Oxytocin, Premature Labor, Pitocin, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Syntocinon, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Lingering Baby Weight? Don't Blame the Pregnancy

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – Women have long blamed pregnancy for weight gains that linger after their babies are born, but a new study suggests the demands of motherhood might be to blame. "We found that by one or two years after birth, women who had children were very similar [in weight gain] to those who did not," said lead researcher Olga Yakusheva. She is an associate professor of nursing at the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor. However, "from that time on, women with children were gaining weight at a faster rate than women without," she added. Yakusheva has a theory, which wasn't tested or proven in the study, about why. "Mothers tend to put the needs of their children first, so they might not be exercising or taking care of themselves," she said in a statement. "It might also be little things like finishing the food on their child's plate or spending more time sitting with their ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Pregnancy-Linked Diabetes Poses Risks for Mom, Baby

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 – Diabetes that develops during pregnancy – known as gestational diabetes – carries health risks for both the mom-to-be and her baby, new research confirms. A team of French researchers analyzed data from more than 700,000 births in France occurring after 28 weeks of pregnancy in 2012. Compared to other pregnant women, those with gestational diabetes were 30 percent more likely to experience preterm birth, 40 percent more likely to require a C-section, and 70 percent more likely to have preeclampsia/eclampsia, a dangerous spike in blood pressure. Risks weren't confined to the mother, however. Babies born to women with gestational diabetes were 80 percent more likely to be of significantly larger-than-average size at birth; 10 percent more likely to suffer respiratory issues; 30 percent more likely to experience a traumatic birth, and 30 percent more likely to ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Insulin, Insulin Resistance, Delivery, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Premature Labor, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Gestational Diabetes, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

More 'Extreme Preemies' Are Surviving

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – Babies born very early – between 22 and 24 weeks of pregnancy – are more likely to survive now than a decade or so ago, new research shows. These extremely premature infants are also slightly more likely to avoid serious health complications now. But it's still a rough road for these infants, who often weigh in at less than 2 pounds at birth. Just one in three survive, and many face challenges. In a study that looked at a 12-year span, "survival increased and more infants went on to not have signs of developmental delay when tested around age 2," said lead author Dr. Noelle Younge. She's a neonatologist and assistant professor of pediatrics at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. Yet much progress remains to be made, Younge acknowledged. Her research team reviewed the records of more than 4,200 infants born at 22 to 24 weeks of pregnancy, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Cesarean Section, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Does a Baby's Sex Affect Mom's Immunity During Pregnancy?

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 14, 2017 – A baby's gender might affect a pregnant woman's immune system, a new study suggests. For the study, researchers checked levels of immune markers called cytokines in the blood of 80 pregnant women. The researchers found no differences in cytokine levels based on fetal sex. But they did find that "the immune cells of women carrying female fetuses produced more pro-inflammatory cytokines when exposed to bacteria," said principal investigator Amanda Mitchell. "This means that women carrying female fetuses exhibited a heightened inflammatory response when their immune system was challenged, compared to women carrying male fetuses," she explained. Mitchell is a postdoctoral researcher at Ohio State University's Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research. The researchers explained that inflammation is critical in the body's response to viruses, bacteria and chronic ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Female Infertility, Delivery, Ovulation Induction, Premature Labor, Primary Ovarian Failure, Follicle Stimulation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

The Motherlode of 'Mother Love' Chemicals

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – The feel-good brain chemical dopamine appears to play a role in the development of a healthy bond between a mother and baby, a new study suggests. Dopamine may motivate moms to do more for their children because it makes mothers feel better, researchers said. And this may not end when babies get older. "It is very likely that the processes we observed between mothers and their infants continues through the life span as their children grow," said study co-author Lisa Feldman Barrett. She's a psychology professor at Northeastern University in Boston. "It may also be the case that this process supports people as they provide care and nurture to one another in close relationships," she added. Previously, research has linked mother-baby bonding to the hormone oxytocin. In this study, the researchers wanted to learn more about what goes on in the brain that helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Daily Aspirin May Help Prevent Some Recurrent Miscarriages

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 – Miscarriage is an often unexpected and traumatic event for a woman and her partner. But new research suggests that something as simple as taking a daily low-dose aspirin could help prevent a recurrence. The intervention appears to help boost live births in women with high levels of inflammation who previously lost a pregnancy, according to a research team from the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). One obstetrician-gynecologist said the practice is already in use in cases involving women who've miscarried in the past. "Doctors have often used baby aspirin in these patients to help achieve a healthy pregnancy," said Dr. Jennifer Wu, an ob/gyn at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City who reviewed the new findings. "This study upholds a scientific theory to this treatment." The research was led by Lindsey Sjaarda, a staff ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Excedrin, Delivery, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Ecotrin, Arthritis Pain, Premature Labor, Fiorinal with Codeine, Labor Induction, Arthritis Pain Formula, Bayer Aspirin, Soma Compound, Norgesic, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte, Percodan, Anacin

Obstetric Complications Tied to Slightly Upped Risk for Autism

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Complications that occur late in pregnancy or during delivery may slightly raise a child's risk for autism, a new study suggests. Researchers found that infants who were exposed to maternal high blood pressure during pregnancy – a condition called pre-eclampsia – were at higher odds for developing an autism disorder. So were children who experienced oxygen deprivation at birth (asphyxia), or those who faced other problems around the time of delivery. However, the study wasn't able to prove cause-and-effect, and one autism expert stressed that the findings shouldn't unduly worry most women. In absolute terms, "the risk of an autism spectrum disorder was still exceedingly low among women who had one or more pregnancy complications," said Dr. Andrew Adesman. He's chief of developmental and behavioral pediatrics at Cohen Children's Medical Center in New Hyde Park, ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Delivery, Asperger Syndrome, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Can Pregnancy Harm Your Heart?

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 2, 2017 – Pregnancy might affect a woman's risk of future heart problems, two new studies suggest. A woman's risk of atrial fibrillation – an abnormal heart rhythm – rises with each pregnancy, up to a nearly 50 percent increased risk with six or more pregnancies, according to the results from one study. "There's something about pregnancy itself that predisposes women toward this risk," said lead author Dr. Jorge Wong. He's a cardiologist with the Population Health Research Institute at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. Meanwhile, a second study reports that women who experience a preterm delivery have a 40 percent higher increased risk of heart attack or stroke later in life. Neither of these studies proves a direct cause-and-effect relationship between pregnancy and heart problems, both teams of researchers noted. For the heart rhythm report, researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Heart Disease, Postcoital Contraception, Angina, Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Ischemic Heart Disease, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Do Weekend Deliveries Pose Risks for Moms?

Posted 2 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – New research suggests that for pregnant women, a weekend delivery could mean a slightly increased risk of complications, including maternal death. While the rate of deaths was higher on weekends, the researchers stressed that any one woman's risk is quite small. Women don't need to think: "Oh gosh, I'm going into labor on Saturday, I'm going to die," said lead researcher Dr. Steven Clark. He's a professor of obstetrics and gynecology and maternal-fetal medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. "The actual differences in the risk of death are extremely small, and the majority of women are going to be fine no matter when they deliver," Clark said. For the study, researchers reviewed outcomes from more than 45 million pregnancies in the United States between 2004 and 2014. They found a slightly increased risk of death among mothers who delivered over the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Teach Your Kids to Use Media in Healthy Ways

Posted 30 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 – Some pediatric health experts may have loosened the reins a bit on "screen time" for the youngest of children, but that doesn't mean parents should rely on electronic devices as babysitters, one pediatrician says. "Most of us use media every day. It's how we interact with the world and it's how we learn new ideas," said Dr. Sara Lee, who's with University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital in Cleveland. "Children will need to know how to use these forms in healthy, effective ways," Lee said in a hospital news release. New guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) "give parents a lot more guidance on how to use media with their kids at home," she added. In the new screen-time guidelines for children, the AAP admitted there are notable benefits associated with educational shows or apps, and connecting with friends and loved ones ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Delivery, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section

Risk of Death Due to Birth Defects Higher If Baby Covered by Medicaid

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 – Severe birth defects cause about one in every five infant deaths in the United States. Now, new research finds that the odds for one of these tragic events rise if a newborn is covered by Medicaid rather than private insurance. For babies born at term, deaths due to birth defects "were approximately 45 percent higher for deliveries covered by Medicaid than those covered by private insurance," said a team led by Lynn Almli. She's from the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, part of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Medicaid is the publicly funded insurance program for the poor. Severe birth defects are rare, but can include heart defects; central nervous system defects such as spina bifida; or chromosomal abnormalities that can result in severe mental and/or physical disabilities. The new study sought to determine ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Hydrocephalus, Spina bifida, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Deportation Fears Tied to Poor Birth Outcomes for Hispanics

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – The threat of deportation from the United States may put pregnant Hispanic women and their babies at risk, researchers suggest. In their study, the researchers from the University of Michigan discovered that the chances of both preterm birth and having low birth weight babies went up for pregnant women affected by a large-scale federal immigration raid in Iowa in 2008. The finding comes as many Hispanics' deportation and discrimination fears mount in the United States. On Wednesday, President Donald Trump issued an executive order that calls for construction of the long-discussed border wall between America and Mexico. The Postville, Iowa, immigration raid was one of the largest single-site raids in U.S. history. Officials arrested 389 workers at a meat-processing plant. Ninety-eight percent of those arrested, handcuffed and held in detention centers were ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Pediatricians Say No to Wearable Smartphone Baby Monitors

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 – Parents should think twice before buying "smart" clothing with vital signs monitors to keep tabs on their baby's health, pediatricians recommend. A new class of home baby monitor has come to the market. Electronic sensors attached to socks, onesies, buttons and such continually check "vitals" like breathing, pulse rate and oxygen levels. They notify parents of any abnormalities via smartphone. But repeated false alarms from the monitors jangle parents' nerves and lead to unnecessary tests performed on babies, said Dr. Christopher Bonafide. Bonafide is a doctor with the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. He's also lead author of an editorial in the Jan. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). These baby vital signs monitors have not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and there's no evidence the devices prevent ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxygen, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Body Imaging, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Study Counters Link Between Excess Pregnancy Weight and Overweight Kids

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 – Kids whose moms were overweight during pregnancy have increased odds of being overweight themselves – but the connection may be largely genetic, a new study suggests. The implication, researchers said, is that overweight women are unlikely to influence their kids' future weight by shedding pounds before pregnancy. But they also stressed that more research is needed to confirm their findings. And no one is suggesting that a woman's weight before and during pregnancy is unimportant. There are plenty of reasons to go into pregnancy at the healthiest weight possible, said Rebecca Richmond, the lead researcher on the study. A high body mass index (BMI) raises the risk of pregnancy complications such pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes, explained Richmond, a senior research associate at the University of Bristol in England. Plus, she said, those extra pounds ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, Nexplanon, Sprintec, Provera, NuvaRing, Depo-Provera, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step, Heart Disease

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