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Can Dirty Diapers Offer Clues to the Infant Brain?

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 – Babies' diapers may hold clues to their brain development, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed fecal samples from dozens of 1-year-olds and assessed their thinking (cognitive) skills a year later. The results revealed a link between certain types of microbes in the infants' feces and higher levels of brain development at age 2. "The big story here is that we've got one group of kids with a particular community of bacteria that's performing better on these cognitive tests," said Rebecca Knickmeyer. She's an associate professor of psychiatry at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine at Chapel Hill. "Are the bacteria actually 'communicating' with the developing brain? That's something that we are working on now, so we're looking at some signaling pathways that might be involved," Knickmeyer said in a university news release. "Another possibility ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Good Diet, Exercise While Pregnant Could Cut C-section Risk

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 – Eating a healthy diet and exercising during pregnancy isn't just good for the developing baby. A new analysis of 36 studies including a total of more than 12,500 women suggests these behaviors can also lower a mom-to-be's chances of having a Cesarean-section delivery or developing diabetes while pregnant. Overall, healthy habits reduced the risk of needing a C-section by about 10 percent, said study author Shakila Thangaratinam. She's a professor of maternal and perinatal health at Queen Mary University of London. A healthy lifestyle also reduced a woman's risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy – known as gestational diabetes – by 24 percent, the findings showed. Not surprisingly, healthy habits also trimmed the possibility of excess weight gain during pregnancy. "Based on all the evidence to date, what we found was a healthy diet and moderate ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Can Fetal Alcohol Damage Be Undone?

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 – Animal research may have yielded a potential treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in children. Two common medications reversed memory and learning problems in rats exposed to alcohol while in the womb, according to researchers at Northwestern University in Chicago. "We've shown you can interfere after the damage from alcohol is done. That's huge," study senior author Eva Redei said in a university news release. Currently, there is no treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, added Redei, a professor of psychiatric diseases affecting children and adolescents. In the United States, 1 percent to 5 percent of children are born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. The condition is linked with low IQ; learning, memory and behavioral problems; high risk of depression; and heart and other health problems. For 10 days after birth, rat pups that were ... Read more

Related support groups: Metformin, Levothyroxine, Synthroid, Alcohol Dependence, Glucophage, Levoxyl, Janumet, Delivery, Levothroid, Alcoholism, Eltroxin, Glucophage XR, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Tirosint, ActoPlus Met, Euthyrox, Glumetza, Janumet XR, Glyburide/Metformin, Oroxine

Impaired Eyesight May Be First Sign of Zika Damage in Babies

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 – Infants exposed to the Zika virus in the womb should have their eyes examined for possible virus-related abnormalities, according to a new report. "All infants with potential Zika virus exposure should undergo screening eye examinations regardless of [central nervous system] abnormalities, timing of maternal infection during pregnancy, or laboratory confirmation," said Dr. Andrea Zin and colleagues. Zin is with the National Institute of Women's Health in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In some cases, evidence of Zika infection may only show up in the eyes, the study found. The results were published July 17 in the journal JAMA Pediatrics. "Eye abnormalities may be the only initial finding in congenital Zika virus infection," Zin said in a journal news release. Zika, a mosquito-borne virus, usually causes only mild symptoms in healthy adults. But fetal exposure during ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Eye Conditions, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Hydrocephalus, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Visual Defect/Disturbance, Zika Virus Infection

Big Baby, Heavier Kid?

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 – Those chubby baby cheeks that everyone loves to squeeze may signal an increased risk for childhood obesity, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at more than 10,000 children in the United States and found that those who were more than 10 pounds at birth were 69 percent more likely than average-weight babies to be obese by kindergarten. This risk continued at least until the second grade, when the study ended. By the second grade, about 23 percent of children with a high birth weight were obese, compared with about 14 percent of children with an average birth weight. The study could not prove that being a big baby caused obesity in children, however. The University of Virginia Children's Hospital study also included children born prematurely. Among premature infants born with a high weight for their gestational age, almost 28 percent were obese by second ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Gestational Diabetes, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Breast-Feeding May Lower Risk of MS, Study Says

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 – Women with a longer history of breast-feeding may be less likely to develop multiple sclerosis than mothers who skip breast-feeding or nurse for briefer periods, a new study suggests. Researchers compared nearly 400 women with MS or its precursor, known as clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), with a similar healthy group. They found that mothers who had breast-fed one or more children for a total of 15 months or longer were 53 percent less likely to develop MS or CIS than those with zero to four months of total breast-feeding. "No one has shown before that breast-feeding could have a prolonged benefit on the mother's immune system," said study author Dr. Annette Langer-Gould. She's a research scientist in neurology at Kaiser Permanente in Pasadena, Calif. "This is one more piece of evidence that women who want to breast-feed should be supported to do so," ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Multiple Sclerosis, Delivery, Chronic Spasticity, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Spasticity, Upper Limb Spasticity, Cesarean Section, Spinal Spasticity, Lower Limb Spasticity, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

Does Stress Intensify Harms Done By Chemical Exposure in Pregnancy?

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 – More evidence of stress's harmful effects comes from a pregnancy study. California researchers found that stress increases the risk that exposure to toxic chemicals in pregnancy will lead to a low birth weight baby. "It appears that stress may amplify the health effects of toxic chemical exposure, which means that for some people, toxic chemicals become more toxic," said senior author Tracey Woodruff, a professor of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive sciences at the University of California, San Francisco. Woodruff and colleagues at UC Berkeley reviewed 17 human and 22 animal studies that investigated the links between chemicals, stress and fetal development. The review found that several toxic chemicals commonly found in the environment had a much greater impact on pregnant women if they had high levels of stress. The researchers measured stress by ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Delivery, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Do Moms Who Smoke in Pregnancy Raise Their Odds for a Troubled Teen?

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 – Expectant mothers have been warned for years to avoid cigarettes. Now researchers report another reason to follow that advice: Teens and young adults whose mothers smoked during pregnancy may be more likely to break the law and be antisocial. The study included thousands of people in New England who were followed from birth into their 30s. The research wasn't designed to prove cause-and-effect. However, kids of women who smoked an extra pack of cigarettes a day had a 30 percent increased risk of three or more symptoms of conduct disorder as a teen, and a more than threefold increased risk of three or more symptoms of antisocial personality disorder as a young adult, the investigators found. These children also had a more than double increased risk of having a record of non-violent offenses as a teen and of committing a violent offense as a young adult, the ... Read more

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Pregnancy Complication Costs U.S. Billions

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 – Preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy complication, continues to increase in the United States, exacting a significant economic toll, a new study shows. The condition involves the sudden onset of high blood pressure and high levels of protein in the urine. It threatens both mothers and babies, and accounts for $2.2 billion in health care costs nationally in the first year after birth, the new analysis found. Analyzing U.S. data, the researchers also found that mothers with preeclampsia and their infants had roughly twice the risk of health complications compared to those without preeclampsia. The results were published July 11 in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. "Existing treatment options for preeclampsia and research into the disease have been limited despite the scale of the disease burden and its high growth rate," said senior investigator Dr. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Toxemia of pregnancy, Gestational Diabetes, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, HELLP Syndrome

Widening 'Race Gap' in U.S. Infant Deaths

Posted 3 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 3, 2017 – The death rate for black infants in the United States has risen in recent years, while the rate for white infants continues to decline, a new study finds. "The sustained progress in reducing infant mortality among black infants since 2005 has stalled in the past few years. This has led to increases in the absolute inequality in infant mortality between black and white infants during the past three years," said a team led by Corinne Riddell of McGill University in Montreal. One U.S. pediatrician who reviewed the findings said it's unclear why this racial gap in infant deaths is widening. "Infant mortality and racial disparities in this outcome are very complex phenomena, and seem to involve both medical care access and other social factors," said Dr. Michael Grosso, chair of pediatrics at Huntington Hospital in Huntington, N.Y. "We should also wonder whether the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Teen Birth Rate Drops Again to All-Time Low: CDC

Posted 30 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 30, 2017 – Teen births in the United States dropped to a record low last year, falling 9 percent from 2015, U.S. health officials reported Friday. The overall birth rate declined, too, dropping 1 percent between 2015 and 2016, according to preliminary data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The total number of births in 2016 was 3,941,109. Moreover, the fertility rate declined to 62 births per 1,000 among women of childbearing age – a record low for the nation, researchers found. Births among 15-to 19-year-olds have declined dramatically since 2007 – more than 50 percent, said lead researcher Brady Hamilton, a statistician at CDC's National Center for Health Statistics. "It's really quite astounding for a demographic rate in an age group to decline that much," he added. The teen birth rate was 20.3 births per 1,000 female teens in 2016, compared to ... Read more

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Tissue Testing Can Spot Zika at Birth: CDC

Posted 22 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 – Exposure to the Zika virus in pregnancy can wreak havoc on babies, but diagnosing the infection before birth remains a challenge. Now, there's some good news: U.S. health officials say testing placental and fetal tissue after a child is born can confirm or rule out infection. Such testing found that only 1 in 10 who were in danger of being infected actually were, and infection didn't automatically mean birth defects, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday. "Testing of placental tissues from live births can continue to be considered when results of maternal Zika virus testing are not definitive or testing is not performed within the optimal time," said the researchers led by Dr. Sarah Reagan-Steiner, of the CDC's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. Zika infection is most often spread by ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Infections, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Zika Virus Infection, Wound Infection

Most Mothers Have Been Victims of 'Mommy-Shaming,' Poll Finds

Posted 19 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 – "You're doing that wrong!" Sound familiar, Moms? It should: A new poll finds that six out of 10 American mothers say they've been criticized for their parenting skills. It's called mommy-shaming, and it goes viral when it happens to the famous. Actress Reese Witherspoon was shamed for giving her toddler cinnamon rolls for breakfast, and model Coco Rocho was judged for giving her baby formula. But a nationwide poll of 475 mothers finds it's a familiar experience for most with kids under age 5 – and the source of the shaming is most often a woman's own parents. Major areas of criticism include discipline (70 percent); diet and nutrition (52 percent); sleep (46 percent); breast- versus bottle-feeding (39 percent); safety (20 percent); and child care (16 percent). "Our findings tap into the tensions moms face when parenting advice leads to more stress than ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Higher Pregnancy Weight Tied to Raised Odds for Birth Defects

Posted 15 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – Women who are overweight or obese when they become pregnant face an elevated risk of having a baby with a major birth defect, new Swedish research warns. And the greater the excess pounds, the higher the apparent risk, the study authors said. The risk that a newborn will be found to have a major birth defect during the first year of life "progressively increases with a mother's overweight and degree of obesity," said lead investigator Dr. Martina Persson. She's a senior research fellow with the clinical epidemiology unit at Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. The research team concluded that while it's impossible to prove a direct cause-and-effect relationship, it does appear that there is an ever-increasing association between birth defect risk and rising maternal weight. But Persson added that the absolute risk for obesity-related birth defects is ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Opioids Over-Prescribed After C-Sections: Studies

Posted 9 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 8, 2017 – Women are routinely prescribed more opioid painkillers than they need after Cesarean sections, creating a high risk for misuse, a trio of new studies suggests. C-sections are the most common inpatient surgery in the United States, with 1.4 million procedures performed a year, according to the researchers. But there is little data on how much medicine patients actually need to manage their pain. To that end, how many pills are prescribed varies from provider to provider, the researchers added. More care is needed to limit the amount of leftover drugs that could wind up in the wrong hands, the studies concluded. Most people who use opioids for nonmedical reasons get them from friends and relatives who have unused medication. And patients may not lock their leftovers away, putting young children at risk. "We are the source of these excess opioids, and we need to ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Tramadol, Methadone, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Morphine, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Butrans, Ultram, Hydromorphone, Nucynta, Buprenorphine, Oxymorphone

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