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Success of 'Cervical Stitch' May Depend on the Thread: Study

Posted 3 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 – The type of thread used in a procedure to prevent preterm labor may influence odds for stillbirth and preterm birth, researchers report. The procedure, called a cervical stitch, is performed on roughly 2 million women a year worldwide who are considered at high risk of miscarriage or premature birth. To delay labor, doctors place a stitch in the cervix to keep it closed. But researchers found the most commonly used suture – a braided thread – was associated with tripled odds of stillbirth compared to a single-strand suture. And risk of preterm birth was nearly doubled. "We don't have very good tools for determining who would and who would not benefit from that operation, and probably put cervical stitches in many women who don't really need them, so it's important that we first do no harm," said researcher Dr. Phillip Bennett, a professor of obstetrics and ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Pregnancy Problems More Likely With Baby Boys, Study Suggests

Posted 29 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 – Serious pregnancy complications are more likely when women are carrying baby boys, new research suggests. After analyzing more than half a million births in Australia, researchers said the baby's gender could be linked to the health of both mother and child. "The sex of the baby has a direct association with pregnancy complications," said study first author Dr. Petra Verburg, of the Robinson Research Institute at the University of Adelaide in Australia. Boy babies were more likely to be born early, which sets up infants for more health problems. Also, women carrying boys were slightly more likely to have diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes), and pre-eclampsia, a serious high blood pressure condition, when ready to deliver, the study authors said. Although it isn't totally clear why this is so, "there are likely to be genetic factors," Verburg said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Gestational Diabetes, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance

Induced Labor Won't Raise Autism Risk in Kids, Research Suggests

Posted 25 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 – Inducing labor won't raise a pregnant woman's risk of having a child with autism, a new study suggests. "These findings should provide reassurance to women who are about to give birth, that having their labor induced will not increase their child's risk of developing autism spectrum disorders," said senior researcher Dr. Brian Bateman. He's an anesthesiologist at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. One 2013 study had suggested a possible link between autism and induced labor using medication, such as oxytocin, the researchers noted. Labor induction is sometimes recommended when a woman's labor stalls and her health or the health of her baby are endangered. Since the 2013 study, many pregnant women may have had fears about being induced. So, Bateman's team of American and Swedish researchers, led by the Harvard T. H. Chan ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Delivery, Asperger Syndrome, Labor Induction, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

If 1st Baby's Early, 2nd Will Be Too: Study

Posted 13 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 – Women who give birth to their first child even a couple of weeks early are up to three times more likely to deliver their next baby prematurely, new research suggests. "The magnitude of the increased risk surprised us – it really is a potent factor," said senior study author Laura Jelliffe-Pawlowski. She is associate director of precision health with the University of California, San Francisco's Preterm Birth Initiative. For the study, researchers analyzed data from more than 160,000 women who gave birth in California between 2005 and 2011. The study authors defined "preterm" as birth at less than 37 weeks' gestation and "early term" birth at 37 to 38 weeks' gestation. Preterm birth is the leading cause of infant death and a major cause of life-long neurological issues, such as cerebral palsy, developmental delays, and vision and hearing loss, according to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Whooping Cough Shot Safe for Pregnant Women

Posted 23 May 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 – The whooping cough vaccine is safe for pregnant women, a new study indicates. The researchers also found the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine, which protects against whooping cough, is critical for the health of newborns that are particularly vulnerable to the illness. "Our study adds to the growing body of evidence that the Tdap vaccine is safe for pregnant women and their unborn children," said. Berenson. "It's important for women to get the Tdap vaccine while they are pregnant to protect their infants from pertussis [whooping cough]. Doctors can share the findings of our paper with their pregnant patients to let them know the vaccine is safe for them and their babies." The Tdap vaccine is currently recommended for all pregnant women in the United States. The study was published recently in Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics. For the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Pertussis, Kinrix, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Pertussis, Acellular, Daptacel (DTaP), Tripedia (DTaP), Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Pediarix, Boostrix (Tdap), Diphtheria Toxoid/Haemophilus B Conjugate (Prp-T) Vaccine/Pertussis, Acellular/Tetanus Toxoid, Trihibit, DTP Vaccine

Births of Triplets, Quadruplets on Decline in U.S.: Report

Posted 28 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 – Since 1998, births of three or more babies at once have fallen by more than 40 percent in the United States, new government statistics reveal. Moreover, declines of 50 percent or more were seen in certain states, and among women aged 25 and older, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The falloff appears to be connected to changes in infertility treatments, which result in multiple births far less often now compared with the 1980s and 1990s, experts said. "This is a very positive development because the risk for moms and babies will be lower," said Dr. Tomer Singer. He is director of reproductive endocrinology and infertility at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "We'll have healthier babies born closer to term and fewer health complications related to prematurity – ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Labor Induction, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Drug for Yeast Infections May Raise Miscarriage Risk, FDA Warns

Posted 26 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 – Doctors should use caution when prescribing the antifungal drug fluconazole during pregnancy because it may raise the risk of miscarriage, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns. Fluconazole (brand name Diflucan) is used to treat vaginal yeast infections. "Patients who are pregnant or actively trying to get pregnant should talk to their health care professionals about alternative treatment options for yeast infections," the FDA advised Tuesday. The agency said it is evaluating the results of a recent Danish study that suggested a link between fluconazole and miscarriage, along with additional data and will release final conclusions and recommendations when the review is completed. Current labeling information suggests that a single 150 milligram (mg) dose of oral fluconazole to treat vaginal yeast infection is safe to take during pregnancy. However, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Fluconazole, Diflucan, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Music Might Give Babies' Language Skills a Boost

Posted 26 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 – Can listening to music boost your baby's brainpower? Maybe, at least in specific ways. A new study suggests that listening to music with a waltz-like rhythm – a difficult form of rhythm for infants to comprehend – and tapping out the beats with their parents improved babies' processing of music patterns and speech sounds. "Actively participating in music may be another important experience that can influence infants' brain development and help them learn," said study lead author T. Christina Zhao. She's a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Washington in Seattle. However, the researchers said that it's not clear how long the effect of listening to music may last or how much exposure to music is needed to make improvements in music- and speech-pattern processing. Previous research – known popularly as the "Mozart effect" – on how music in early ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Female Pelvis Widens, Then Shrinks Over a Lifetime, Study Finds

Posted 26 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 – A woman's pelvic structure keeps adapting over her lifetime – first widening to accommodate childbirth, then later narrowing, a new study suggests. The researchers said their findings challenge the idea that a woman's pelvis is set in stone. Some scientists have proposed that the female pelvis was "programmed by evolution for childbirth," explained lead researcher Marcia Ponce de Leon. At the same time, it was thought that the male pelvis may change its developmental course starting around puberty, in response to rising testosterone levels. "Our study shows the contrary," said Ponce de Leon, a researcher at the University of Zurich, in Switzerland. The male pelvis, she explained, seems to take on a genetically determined path in its development. Meanwhile, the female pelvis adapts over a lifetime – possibly in response to estrogen. The researchers based their ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Health Tip: Why Are Some Babies Born Bigger?

Posted 13 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

-- No two babies seem exactly the same size when born. So what causes some babies to be born much larger than others? The American Academy of Pediatrics says contributing factors include: Having a pregnancy that lasts longer or shorter than the normal 40 weeks. Overstimulated growth in the uterus during gestation. Genetic differences. The mother's weight during pregnancy. The ethnic background of the mother. The number of previous pregnancies. Alcohol use or substance abuse during pregnancy. Health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease or high blood pressure. Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Smoking During Pregnancy Seems to Alter Fetal DNA, Study Finds

Posted 31 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 31, 2016 – When a pregnant woman smokes, the fetus' DNA is altered in ways also seen in adult smokers, researchers say. The researchers were also able to pinpoint new development-related genes that were affected by a mother-to-be's smoking. The findings may help improve understanding about the connection between smoking during pregnancy and children's health problems, the study authors said. For the study, researchers collected blood samples from newborns, mainly from the umbilical cord. Compared to babies of nonsmokers, those born to regular smokers had over 6,000 spots where DNA was chemically modified. About half of those locations could be linked to specific genes, including those involved in lung and nervous system development, birth defects such as cleft lip and palate, and smoking-related cancers. The investigators also found that many of these DNA changes were ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

'Love Hormone' Levels in Pregnancy May Point to Risk for Postpartum Depression

Posted 24 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 – Higher levels of the mother-child bonding hormone oxytocin during pregnancy may be associated with increased risk of postpartum depression in some women, researchers say. The findings suggest it may eventually be possible to develop a test to predict postpartum depression and provide preventive treatment during pregnancy. The study results are "not ready to become a new blood test yet," said lead investigator Dr. Suena Massey, an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine, in Chicago. "But it tells us that we are on the track to identifying biomarkers to help predict postpartum depression," she said. According to background notes with the study, oxytocin is a hormone that plays a role in aiding delivery and lactation, social bonding and stress management. The study included 66 healthy ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Postpartum Depression, Delivery, Oxytocin, Labor Induction, Pitocin, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Syntocinon, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance

More U.S. Women Delivering Babies at Home or Birth Centers

Posted 24 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 – More women in the United States are choosing to deliver their babies at home or in birth centers, a new study indicates. In 2014, nearly 60,000 babies were born outside a hospital, the researchers said. While that is still a small minority of all births, the trend has been gathering steam in the last decade, the study authors added. In 2004, less than 1 percent of U.S. births occurred out of hospitals, said report author Marian MacDorman. She is a research professor at the Maryland Population Research Center at the University of Maryland, in College Park. By 2014, the number of out-of-hospital births had increased to 1.5 percent, the study found. Women who opted for home or birth centers to deliver their babies tended to have low-risk pregnancies, MacDorman said. The researchers looked at birth certificate data over the years from 47 states and the District ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Severe Migraines Linked to Complications During Pregnancy, Childbirth

Posted 11 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 11, 2016 – Severe migraines are associated with an increased risk of complications during pregnancy and childbirth, especially among older women, new research suggests. "The results of this study were of particular interest because more than half of the pregnant women with migraine experienced some type of adverse birth outcome, suggesting that these pregnancies should be considered high risk," study author Dr. Matthew Robbins, said in a Montefiore Medical Center news release. Robbins is director of inpatient services at Montefiore Headache Center. He's also chief of neurology at the Jack D. Weiler Hospital of Montefiore in New York City. It's important to note that the study only found a link between women with severe migraines and pregnancy and delivery complications. The study wasn't designed to prove that having or treating migraines caused these problems. The study ... Read more

Related support groups: Migraine, Migraine Prevention, Migraine Prophylaxis, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Lack of Stem Cells May Be Key to Repeat Miscarriages

Posted 8 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 – A lack of stem cells in the lining of the uterus may cause recurrent miscarriages, a new study suggests. "We have discovered that the lining of the womb in the recurrent miscarriage patients we studied is already defective before pregnancy," said research team leader Jan Brosens, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Warwick in England. Brosens said the researchers will use the findings to begin seeking solutions to the problem. "I can envisage that we will be able to correct these defects before the patient tries to achieve another pregnancy. In fact, this may be the only way to really prevent miscarriages in these cases," Brosens said in a university news release. Between 15 percent and 25 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage. And one in 100 women trying to have children suffers recurrent miscarriages, defined as the loss of three ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Female Infertility, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cervical Ripening, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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