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Home Birth Safe for Some, But Not All, Women

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 21, 2017 – Some women really want to give birth at home, but for certain moms-to-be that choice can be risky, a new study suggests. There are women who have issues that can increase risks in pregnancy but are still likely to have good outcomes delivering at home or in a birth center. Those issues include being over 35, being overweight or having already had a vaginal birth after a cesarean delivery, the researchers said. Not so for women with other risk factors, such as breech presentation (when the baby is coming out feet first), as well as women attempting their first vaginal birth after cesarean, who may fare worse trying to deliver outside a hospital. In fact, the study found the risk of fetal death was eight to 10 times higher for a home delivery with these risk factors. "Families who are considering a home or birth center birth now have data to use in making ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Study: Plenty of IV Fluids May Make Childbirth Safer, Easier

Posted 28 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 27, 2017 – Giving more intravenous (IV) fluids to women during childbirth seems to reduce the risk of cesarean section and shortens labor, researchers report. "The results are compelling and strongly argue for a change in practice," said study author Dr. Vincenzo Berghella, director of maternal fetal medicine at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. "We have already begun changing practice at Jefferson to give women more fluids in labor, to allow them to have the best chance of delivering vaginally," he added in a university news release. "We've known that it's important for women to stay well-hydrated during pregnancy and labor. This study suggests that IV fluids could help women maintain hydration at appropriate levels, reduce the likelihood of C-section, and decrease length of labor," Berghella said. In the study, his team reviewed seven small clinical trials ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Tests to Spot 'Preemie' Birth Risk Ineffective in First Pregnancies

Posted 14 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 14, 2017 – Two tests that screen for preterm birth risk rarely spot trouble in first-time pregnancies, a new study suggests. The tests' predictive powers were assessed for naturally occurring preterm deliveries only, and not for medical procedures such as cesarean surgery or induced labor. "These methods of assessing women in their first pregnancy do not identify most of those who will later go on to have a spontaneous preterm delivery," said senior study author Dr. Uma Reddy. She is with the Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch at the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. "There is a need to develop better screening tests that can be performed early in pregnancy," Reddy said in an institute news release. Preterm birth, defined as a birth before 37 weeks into pregnancy, is the leading cause of neonatal death or long-term disability, according to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Do Weekend Deliveries Pose Risks for Moms?

Posted 2 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – New research suggests that for pregnant women, a weekend delivery could mean a slightly increased risk of complications, including maternal death. While the rate of deaths was higher on weekends, the researchers stressed that any one woman's risk is quite small. Women don't need to think: "Oh gosh, I'm going into labor on Saturday, I'm going to die," said lead researcher Dr. Steven Clark. He's a professor of obstetrics and gynecology and maternal-fetal medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. "The actual differences in the risk of death are extremely small, and the majority of women are going to be fine no matter when they deliver," Clark said. For the study, researchers reviewed outcomes from more than 45 million pregnancies in the United States between 2004 and 2014. They found a slightly increased risk of death among mothers who delivered over the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Home Visits Can Help New Parents

Posted 27 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 26, 2016 – A home visit program for new parents helped reduce their use of medical services for their infants, a new study finds. The research included 244 first-time parents living in New Mexico. The parents were randomly assigned to either a control group that received no additional help, or were enrolled in a program in which health care workers and parent educators made home visits during the infant's first year. Compared to those in the control group, parents in the home visit group were a third less likely to take their infants to the emergency room. Parents who received home visits were also 41 percent less likely to take their infants to a primary care doctor nine or more times during the first year, the study found. Typically, an infant is expected to have seven well-child visits during the first year, according to American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations. ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Health Tip: Before Baby Arrives

Posted 26 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

-- There's so much to do before baby arrives. So if you find a little extra time before the big day, take care of a few necessary to-dos. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Create a list of people to whom you'll send birth announcements. Prepare several days' worth of meals and freeze them for after baby is born. Interview candidates for any needed help, such as housekeeping and child care services. Ask family members and friends if they can help. Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance

C-Sections May Be Causing Evolutionary Changes

Posted 5 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 – Why is it so difficult and painful for human females to give birth? Researchers have developed a new theory: Evolution favored small female pelvises and large newborns for good reasons. And, the researchers said, the rise of cesarean sections – the surgical delivery of a baby – in recent decades may be contributing to an even bigger gap between the size of newborns and their mothers' pelvises. In fact, the researchers estimate that the regular use of C-sections has led to a 10 to 20 percent increase in the gap between female pelvis width and babies' size. "Evolution is happening even in our modern society," said study lead author Philipp Mitteroecker, an assistant professor with the Department of Theoretical Biology at the University of Vienna, Austria. But, the human female pelvis has remained small, despite evolution, the researchers said. "The dimensions of ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Success of 'Cervical Stitch' May Depend on the Thread: Study

Posted 3 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 – The type of thread used in a procedure to prevent preterm labor may influence odds for stillbirth and preterm birth, researchers report. The procedure, called a cervical stitch, is performed on roughly 2 million women a year worldwide who are considered at high risk of miscarriage or premature birth. To delay labor, doctors place a stitch in the cervix to keep it closed. But researchers found the most commonly used suture – a braided thread – was associated with tripled odds of stillbirth compared to a single-strand suture. And risk of preterm birth was nearly doubled. "We don't have very good tools for determining who would and who would not benefit from that operation, and probably put cervical stitches in many women who don't really need them, so it's important that we first do no harm," said researcher Dr. Phillip Bennett, a professor of obstetrics and ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Pregnancy Problems More Likely With Baby Boys, Study Suggests

Posted 29 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 – Serious pregnancy complications are more likely when women are carrying baby boys, new research suggests. After analyzing more than half a million births in Australia, researchers said the baby's gender could be linked to the health of both mother and child. "The sex of the baby has a direct association with pregnancy complications," said study first author Dr. Petra Verburg, of the Robinson Research Institute at the University of Adelaide in Australia. Boy babies were more likely to be born early, which sets up infants for more health problems. Also, women carrying boys were slightly more likely to have diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes), and pre-eclampsia, a serious high blood pressure condition, when ready to deliver, the study authors said. Although it isn't totally clear why this is so, "there are likely to be genetic factors," Verburg said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Gestational Diabetes, Cesarean Section, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance

Induced Labor Won't Raise Autism Risk in Kids, Research Suggests

Posted 25 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 – Inducing labor won't raise a pregnant woman's risk of having a child with autism, a new study suggests. "These findings should provide reassurance to women who are about to give birth, that having their labor induced will not increase their child's risk of developing autism spectrum disorders," said senior researcher Dr. Brian Bateman. He's an anesthesiologist at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. One 2013 study had suggested a possible link between autism and induced labor using medication, such as oxytocin, the researchers noted. Labor induction is sometimes recommended when a woman's labor stalls and her health or the health of her baby are endangered. Since the 2013 study, many pregnant women may have had fears about being induced. So, Bateman's team of American and Swedish researchers, led by the Harvard T. H. Chan ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Delivery, Asperger Syndrome, Labor Induction, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

If 1st Baby's Early, 2nd Will Be Too: Study

Posted 13 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 – Women who give birth to their first child even a couple of weeks early are up to three times more likely to deliver their next baby prematurely, new research suggests. "The magnitude of the increased risk surprised us – it really is a potent factor," said senior study author Laura Jelliffe-Pawlowski. She is associate director of precision health with the University of California, San Francisco's Preterm Birth Initiative. For the study, researchers analyzed data from more than 160,000 women who gave birth in California between 2005 and 2011. The study authors defined "preterm" as birth at less than 37 weeks' gestation and "early term" birth at 37 to 38 weeks' gestation. Preterm birth is the leading cause of infant death and a major cause of life-long neurological issues, such as cerebral palsy, developmental delays, and vision and hearing loss, according to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance

Whooping Cough Shot Safe for Pregnant Women

Posted 23 May 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 – The whooping cough vaccine is safe for pregnant women, a new study indicates. The researchers also found the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine, which protects against whooping cough, is critical for the health of newborns that are particularly vulnerable to the illness. "Our study adds to the growing body of evidence that the Tdap vaccine is safe for pregnant women and their unborn children," said. Berenson. "It's important for women to get the Tdap vaccine while they are pregnant to protect their infants from pertussis [whooping cough]. Doctors can share the findings of our paper with their pregnant patients to let them know the vaccine is safe for them and their babies." The Tdap vaccine is currently recommended for all pregnant women in the United States. The study was published recently in Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics. For the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Pertussis, Cervical Ripening, Kinrix, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Daptacel (DTaP), Tripedia (DTaP), Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, Pediarix, Boostrix (Tdap), Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Pertussis, Acellular, Adacel (Tdap), Diphtheria Toxoid/hepatitis B Pediatric Vaccine/pertussis, Acellular/poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/tetanus Toxoid

Births of Triplets, Quadruplets on Decline in U.S.: Report

Posted 28 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 – Since 1998, births of three or more babies at once have fallen by more than 40 percent in the United States, new government statistics reveal. Moreover, declines of 50 percent or more were seen in certain states, and among women aged 25 and older, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The falloff appears to be connected to changes in infertility treatments, which result in multiple births far less often now compared with the 1980s and 1990s, experts said. "This is a very positive development because the risk for moms and babies will be lower," said Dr. Tomer Singer. He is director of reproductive endocrinology and infertility at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "We'll have healthier babies born closer to term and fewer health complications related to prematurity – ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Labor Induction, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Drug for Yeast Infections May Raise Miscarriage Risk, FDA Warns

Posted 26 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 – Doctors should use caution when prescribing the antifungal drug fluconazole during pregnancy because it may raise the risk of miscarriage, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns. Fluconazole (brand name Diflucan) is used to treat vaginal yeast infections. "Patients who are pregnant or actively trying to get pregnant should talk to their health care professionals about alternative treatment options for yeast infections," the FDA advised Tuesday. The agency said it is evaluating the results of a recent Danish study that suggested a link between fluconazole and miscarriage, along with additional data and will release final conclusions and recommendations when the review is completed. Current labeling information suggests that a single 150 milligram (mg) dose of oral fluconazole to treat vaginal yeast infection is safe to take during pregnancy. However, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Fluconazole, Postcoital Contraception, Diflucan, Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Music Might Give Babies' Language Skills a Boost

Posted 26 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 – Can listening to music boost your baby's brainpower? Maybe, at least in specific ways. A new study suggests that listening to music with a waltz-like rhythm – a difficult form of rhythm for infants to comprehend – and tapping out the beats with their parents improved babies' processing of music patterns and speech sounds. "Actively participating in music may be another important experience that can influence infants' brain development and help them learn," said study lead author T. Christina Zhao. She's a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Washington in Seattle. However, the researchers said that it's not clear how long the effect of listening to music may last or how much exposure to music is needed to make improvements in music- and speech-pattern processing. Previous research – known popularly as the "Mozart effect" – on how music in early ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

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