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Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders News

Bystander CPR Not Only Saves Lives, It Lessens Disability: Study

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 – When someone goes into cardiac arrest, quick action from bystanders can have a long-lasting impact, researchers say. Not only were the patients more likely to survive, they were also significantly less likely to sustain brain damage or enter a nursing home in the following year, a new study found. It's well known that cardiac arrest victims have a better shot at surviving if witnesses jump into action, said lead researcher Dr. Kristian Kragholm. That means performing chest compressions or, if possible, using an automated external defibrillator (AED) – a layperson-friendly device that can "shock" a stopped heart back into rhythm. The new study findings, Kragholm noted, show those actions have long-term benefits, too. "Our study findings underscore the importance of learning how to recognize cardiac arrest, how to do chest compressions, and how to employ an AED," ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Cardiac Arrest, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiogenic Shock, Post MI Syndrome

Heart Devices 101: Guide to the Tools That Keep You Ticking

Posted 3 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, April 2, 2017 – Pacemakers, defibrillators and other medical devices have saved the lives of millions of people worldwide. Someone you know probably has received one of these heart-health enhancers, although not all have become household words. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration evaluates and regulates these and other medical devices in the United States. Below, the agency provides a brief glossary of terms that might come in handy when a doctor recommends a cardiac tool: Heart pacemakers: These small, battery-powered devices are implanted in the body. They deliver an electric shock to restore normal heart rhythm when the heart beats too slowly. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators: These deliver a shock to restore normal heart rhythm when the heart beats too fast. Automated external defibrillators: These portable, automatic devices are found in many public locations. ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Tachyarrhythmia, Angina, Supraventricular Tachycardia, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiac Arrhythmia, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Ventricular Tachycardia, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Atrial Flutter, Mitral Insufficiency

Just 17 U.S. States Require Defibrillators in Some Schools

Posted 27 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 27, 2017 – Automated external defibrillators in schools save lives, but only about one-third of U.S. states require the devices in at least some schools, a new study reveals. As of February 2016, researchers found that 33 states had no legislation requiring automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) in schools. The portable devices treat sudden cardiac arrest – the abrupt, unexpected loss of heart function. They deliver a shock meant to restore normal heart rhythm. Defibrillators are easy to use by bystanders, but time is crucial. The chances of survival decrease 10 percent for every minute a shock is not applied, research has shown. "This review should be used to inform the debate about expanding community-access AEDs into schools," said study lead author Dr. Mark Sherrid. Of the 17 states with AED requirements, only one requires them in public and private grade schools ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiac Arrest, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Cardiogenic Shock

Fewer Successful Malpractice Claims in U.S., But Higher Payouts

Posted 27 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 27, 2017 – The rate of paid medical malpractice claims in the United States has declined significantly, dropping nearly 56 percent between 1992 and 2014, researchers report. At the same time, the average payout for successful malpractice claims rose about 23 percent – topping $353,000 in 2009-2014, up from about $287,000 during the 1992-1996 period, the study found. These two trends could reflect the influence of tort reform on malpractice lawsuits, said lead author Dr. Adam Schaffer, an instructor at Harvard Medical School. Laws that limit, or cap, damage claims could make it tough to find an attorney to take on your case, resulting in fewer claims filed, Schaffer said. "Fewer attorneys could be interested in taking claims if there's going to be a smaller potential payout, given that most attorneys are paid on a contingency basis," he explained. Tort reform also has ... Read more

Related support groups: Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

House Republicans Unveil Their Rx for Obamacare

Posted 8 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 7, 2017 – House Republicans have unveiled their long-anticipated plan to repeal the Affordable Care Act and replace it with a stripped-down system of individual tax credits. The proposed legislation would preserve some of the most popular features of the controversial health reform law sometimes called Obamacare, while eliminating some aspects that never caught on with the public. Young adults could still stay on their parents' health plans until age 26, and insurers still could not deny coverage or charge more to people with pre-existing conditions, according to a summary released Monday evening by the House Ways and Means Committee. House Republican leaders also have said they would maintain the Affordable Care Act's ban on lifetime insurance coverage caps, according to The New York Times. The proposed legislation would eliminate two of the Affordable Care Act's most ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Heart Disease, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

For Elderly Needing Home Medical Care, Are Nurse Practitioners the Answer?

Posted 6 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 6, 2017 – Nurse practitioners could meet the growing need for house calls to frail, elderly Americans, but restrictions in some states may get in the way, researchers say. An analysis of Medicare data showed that in 2013, nurse practitioners made more than 1 million home visits nationwide, compared with 925,000 visits a year earlier. Doctors made 1 million home visits both years, the new study finds. The total number of home visits made by all types of health care providers increased from 4.9 million in 2012 to 5.2 million in 2013, the researchers found. The findings have "implications for both house-call providers and nursing education," said lead researcher Nengliang Yao. "If we want to take care of our geriatric population, we really need more providers to do so," added Yao, an assistant professor in the University of Virginia Medical School's department of public ... Read more

Related support groups: Osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Fracture, bone, Prevention of Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Compression Fracture of Vertebral Column, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Prevention of Falls, Prevention of Fractures

Hospitalizations for Common Heart Rhythm Problem on the Rise

Posted 6 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 6, 2017 – U.S. patients with a common heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation (AFib) are ending up in the hospital more often than before, a new study says. The good news is that they're surviving more, too. "The more intensive and costly inpatient care that we're providing for AFib recently is associated with decreasing rates of readmission and both short- and longer-term death rates," study first author Dr. James Freeman said in a Yale University news release. He is an assistant professor of medicine (cardiology) at the school. Freeman noted that use of several newer treatments increased during the study period, including catheter ablation and medications. The use of ablation, which involves burning or freezing specific areas of the heart, rose along with improvements in hospitalizations and death rates. Atrial fibrillation – marked by electrical irregularities ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Heart Disease, Arrhythmia, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Cardiothoracic Surgery

Snowstorms May Bring Blizzard of Heart Troubles

Posted 31 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 – Snowstorms may leave more than a big mess in their wake: New research shows a sharp spike in hospital admissions for heart trouble two days after these weather events. Hospital admissions for heart attacks, chest pain and stroke actually fell on the day of the storm, the study found, possibly because people can't get out for care. But they rebounded again within the next 48 hours. The reasons for the trends aren't clear, the researchers said. "We're not talking to people and asking them, 'Why did you go to the hospital on this day and not that day?' " said study lead author Jennifer Bobb. Bobb was a postdoctoral researcher at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health when she worked on the study. She's now an assistant investigator at the Group Health Research Institute in Seattle. With emergency travel bans in place during major snowstorms, "maybe people ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Prevention of Falls

More Than Half of Americans Have Chronic Health Problem: Study

Posted 3 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 – More than half of Americans have at least one chronic disease, mental illness or problem with drugs or alcohol, according to a new study. "The health of individuals in the U.S.A. is increasingly being defined by complexity and multimorbidity, the co-occurrence of two or more chronic medical conditions," said the study authors, Elizabeth Lee Reisinger Walker and Dr. Benjamin Druss. They emphasized that people with multiple health issues need more access to care and better coordination among their health care providers. The Emory University researchers examined public health records to find out what percentage of U.S. adults have chronic medical conditions, mental illness or substance abuse problems, and how many were also living in poverty. Chronic medical conditions looked at in the study included asthma, cirrhosis, diabetes, heart disease, hepatitis, high ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Smoking, Heart Disease, Schizophrenia, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Angina, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Hangover, Ischemic Heart Disease, Drug Psychosis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Are Vegetarian Diets Heart-Healthier?

Posted 18 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 18, 2016 – Vegetarians are assumed to be healthier than carnivores, but a new study questions that assumption. It found meat eaters had no significantly greater risk of heart disease over 10 years compared to those who favored no-meat diets. "I wouldn't say a vegetarian diet is useless for preventing cardiovascular risk," said study leader Dr. Hyunseok Kim. However, the heart benefits on a population level may be less than some believe, said Kim, an internal medicine resident at Rutgers New Jersey School of Medicine in Newark. The study findings puzzleded one nutritionist who said previous research has indicated that a vegetarian diet is good for the heart. The study used U.S. national survey data to compare adult vegetarians to thousands of meat eaters. While vegetarians were thinner, their overall heart risk wasn't actually different, according to the study. "Followers ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Dietary Supplementation, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease

Nearly 1 in 4 U.S. Seniors Has Some Form of Disability

Posted 3 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2016 – A new U.S. government report on aging finds that close to a quarter of Americans over 65 have some form of disability. "Many Americans enjoy longer lives, though with some functional limitations," according to a news release from the Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics, which authored the report. The Forum found that in 2014, "22 percent of the population age 65 and over say they have at least one limitation in vision, hearing, mobility, communication, cognition, or self-care." That finding means millions of Americans – often spouses or children – are becoming caregivers for disabled, aging loved ones. The report found that, in most cases, the burden isn't excessive. Overall, "about 86 percent reported that informal caregiving gives them satisfaction that the care recipient is well cared for," the Forum said. Caregivers often reported a ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Cancer, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

Are Omega-3s Linked to Lower Risk for Fatal Heart Attack?

Posted 27 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 27, 2016 – Regularly eating fish and other foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids may lower your risk of fatal heart disease, a new research review suggests. "Our results lend support to the importance of fish and omega-3 consumption as part of a healthy diet," said senior study author Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian, dean of the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University, in Boston. "At a time when some but not other trials of fish oil supplementation have shown benefits, there is uncertainty about cardiovascular effects of omega-3s," Mozaffarian said in a university news release. Fish are the main dietary sources of omega-3 fatty acids. Fatty fish, such as salmon, trout, anchovies, sardines and herring, are the richest source of these nutrients. Walnuts, flaxseed oil, canola oil and some other seeds and nuts contain the plant-based omega-3 known as ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Fish Oil, Lovaza, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Omega-3, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Omacor, Ischemic Heart Disease, Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, MaxEPA, Marine Lipid Concentrate, EPA Fish Oil, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Omega 3-6-9 Complex, Animi-3, Restora, Prenatal DHA, Vascazen

Building Muscle Could Boost the Body's Most Important Muscle

Posted 29 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 – Having more muscle and less fat reduces the risk of early death in people with heart disease, a new study suggests. Doctors should encourage patients to do resistance exercises as part of a healthy lifestyle, rather than emphasizing and monitoring weight loss, the study authors advised. For the study, Dr. Preethi Srikanthan of the University of California, Los Angeles, and colleagues analyzed data gathered from more than 6,400 Americans with heart disease. The investigators found that people with higher amounts of muscle and lower levels of body fat were less likely to die of heart problems or any other causes than those in three other groups based on body composition. The groups were: low muscle/high fat; low muscle/low fat; or high muscle/high fat. Because people with more muscle were more likely to have a high body mass index (BMI, a measurement based on ... Read more

Related support groups: Muscle Pain, Heart Disease, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Health Tip: Exercise for a Healthier Heart

Posted 11 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

-- It's common knowledge that exercise helps you shed pounds. But it also can help your heart. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute says exercise: Boosts lung function and makes your heart stronger, allowing more oxygen-rich blood to be pumped throughout your body. Reduces the risk of plaque formation inside your arteries, which can lead to coronary heart disease and heart attack. Lowers blood pressure and blood fats, and helps regulate blood sugar. Helps reduce inflammation, control weight and boost healthy HDL cholesterol. Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

Fruit Every Day Might Help Your Heart, Researchers Say

Posted 6 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 6, 2016 – Eating fresh fruit regularly may help prevent heart attacks and strokes, a large study out of China suggests. Adults who ate fresh fruit, such as apples and oranges, every day had about a one-third reduced risk of dying from a heart attack or stroke, compared to those who rarely or never ate fruit, researchers found. "Fruit consumption is important for your cardiovascular health," said lead researcher Dr. Liming Li, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, in Beijing. Study participants who ate fruit most often had lower blood pressure and blood sugar than less frequent fruit eaters, which may account for the reduced risk for heart attacks and strokes, Li said. Due to the nature of the study, however, it could not prove that fruit consumption caused the lower risk of heart attack and stroke, just that there was an association, Li said. For ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

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