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Cardiothoracic Surgery News

Vitamin D3 May Benefit Heart Surgery Patients

Posted 10 days ago by

MONDAY, March 12, 2018 – Many patients have low vitamin D levels before and after open heart surgery, but those levels can be restored to normal with supplementation, a new study suggests. It included 150 patients who had elective open heart surgery. They generally had low levels of vitamin D before their operation, and the stress of surgery caused those levels to fall even more. But patients ...

Mechanical Heart Valve Approved for Newborns

Posted 16 days ago by

TUESDAY, March 6, 2018 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the world's smallest mechanical heart valve, designed to be used in newborns and other younger infants with heart defects. In a news release Tuesday, the agency said it approved a 15 mm version of the Masters Series Mechanical Heart Valve with Hemodynamic Plus Sewing Cuff. "While larger replacement heart valves have been ...

Poorer Kids May Fare Worse After Heart Surgery

Posted 23 Feb 2018 by

FRIDAY, Feb. 23, 2018 – Children who've had surgery to repair defective hearts are more likely to die or require longer hospitalizations if they live in poorer neighborhoods, a new study suggests. The disparities between affluent and poor children persisted even though all were treated at the same major hospitals, the researchers said. And those disparities were only partially explained by ...

Even Hidden Flu May Trigger Trouble After Heart Surgery

Posted 21 Feb 2018 by

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 21, 2018 – The flu virus – even if it doesn't cause symptoms – can lead to serious complications after heart surgery, a new study by Dutch researchers suggests. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a potentially deadly infection in which fluid fills the lungs and makes it difficult to breathe, appears more common among heart surgery patients during flu season, the ...

'Hole in Heart' Defect May Raise Stroke Risk After Surgery

Posted 6 Feb 2018 by

TUESDAY, Feb. 6, 2018 – People born with a hole in their heart face an increased risk for stroke after surgery, a new study finds. This common type of birth defect – known as patent foramen ovale (PFO) – is a hole between the upper chambers of the heart that does not close after birth. "We already knew that a PFO increases the risk of a second stroke in people who have previously had a ...

Is Surgery Riskier for Black Children?

Posted 10 Jan 2018 by

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 10, 2018 – Black children are more than twice as likely as white kids to die from surgery complications in the United States, a new study suggests. Researchers found that black kids more often had risk factors that raised their odds of dying within 30 days of surgery. They were more likely, for example, to need blood transfusions or to be placed on ventilators to help them ...

MRIs Safe With Older Pacemakers, Study Finds

Posted 29 Dec 2017 by

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 27, 2017 – Powerful magnetic fields created during an MRI scan were thought to play havoc with some pacemakers, but a new study says these scans are safe for people with the heart devices. Researchers tested the safety of MRIs on more than 1,500 people who had older pacemakers or implantable defibrillators – called legacy devices – that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ...

People Tend to Overestimate Pain From Surgery

Posted 4 Nov 2017 by

FRIDAY, Nov. 3, 2017 – Many patients overestimate the amount of pain they'll experience after surgery, resulting in needless anxiety, a new study reports. "We believe providers need to do a better job of counseling patients on realistic pain expectations," said study co-author Dr. Jaime Baratta, director of regional anesthesia at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia. The research ...

Are Stents Really Useless After Chest Pain? Cardiologists Not Sure

Posted 3 Nov 2017 by

FRIDAY, Nov. 3, 2017 – Heart experts are cautiously embracing the results of a new, landmark clinical trial that questions the value of opening blocked arteries to relieve chest pain. Chest pain sufferers who received a stent – a tiny wire mesh tube – to reopen an obstructed artery did not show any more improvement than people who only took medicine to improve their condition, the British ...

Are Artery-Opening Stents for Chest Pain a Waste of Time?

Posted 2 Nov 2017 by

THURSDAY, Nov. 2, 2017 – With findings that some experts believe could change cardiovascular care, a new study suggests that the placebo effect of stents in heart patients with chest pain may be far more pronounced than thought. That could mean that drug therapy alone, rather than the pricey, artery-opening devices, is all that's needed for certain patients, the researchers said. "The most ...

Is Successful Heart Surgery All in the Timing?

Posted 27 Oct 2017 by

THURSDAY, Oct. 26, 2017 – Planning to have open heart surgery anytime soon? You might want to ask your cardiologist to book an afternoon slot in the OR. New research shows that heart operations performed in the afternoon produced better outcomes than those done in the morning. Because afternoon heart surgery syncs with the body's circadian clock (the internal body clock that controls when people ...

Are Women Surgeons Better Than Men?

Posted 11 Oct 2017 by

TUESDAY, Oct. 10, 2017 – The gender of a surgeon appears to have little to do with the outcome of an operation. A Canadian study found that patients operated on by women had no more complications or problems after surgery than did patients whose surgeons were men. "Our findings have important implications for supporting sex equality and diversity in a traditionally male-dominated profession," ...

Which Heart Bypass Surgery Works Best?

Posted 17 Aug 2017 by

THURSDAY, Aug. 17, 2017 – Five years after heart bypass surgery, patients whose operation was done using a heart-lung pump lived longer than those whose surgeons didn't use the device, a new study finds. Since the 1990s, two different approaches have been commonly used by heart surgeons to perform coronary artery bypass graft operations. Coronary artery bypass creates new routes for blood to ...

Obesity Slows Recovery for Heart Surgery Patients: Study

Posted 10 Aug 2017 by

THURSDAY, Aug. 10, 2017 – Obese heart surgery patients spend more time in intensive care and take longer to recover than those who aren't obese, a new Canadian study finds. Researchers examined data from nearly 5,400 patients who had heart surgery at the New Brunswick Heart Center between January 2006 and December 2013. Of those, 36 percent were obese. After heart surgery, obese patients were ...

Angioplasty Outcomes Almost Equal Among Hospitals

Posted 7 Aug 2017 by

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 – Patients who have an artery-opening procedure called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have similar outcomes whether they're treated at so-called safety-net or non-safety-net hospitals, researchers say. Safety-net hospitals, which provide care to low-income Americans who are uninsured or underinsured, tend to have fewer resources than other hospitals, the ...

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