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Using Cocaine? Fingerprints Might Tell

Posted 27 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 27, 2017 – An experimental fingerprint test could confirm within seconds if someone has used cocaine, according to a new study. The screening might pave the way for fingerprint-detection of other dangerous drugs such as heroin and ecstasy, said scientists at the University of Surrey in England. "This is a real breakthrough in our work to bring a real-time, noninvasive drug-testing method to the market that will provide a definitive result in a matter of minutes. We are already working on a 30-second method," said study co-leader Melanie Bailey, a chemistry lecturer. When people take cocaine, they excrete trace amounts of benzoylecgonine and methylecgonine. These chemicals can be detected in fingerprint residue even after hand-washing, the researchers explained. For the study, 239 sets of fingerprints were taken from patients seeking treatment at drug rehab centers and from ... Read more

Related support groups: Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Diagnosis and Investigation, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, C-Topical Solution

App to Help Treat Substance Abuse Approved

Posted 14 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved its first mobile app to help treat substance abuse, the agency said Thursday in a news release. The Reset application is designed to help treat abuse of alcohol, cocaine, marijuana and stimulant medications. But the app is not intended for opioid dependence, the FDA said. Citing the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the FDA said criteria for Substance Use Disorders (SUD) are met when chronic use of these substances causes "significant impairment, such as health problems, disability and failure to meet major responsibilities at work, school or home." The newly-approved app delivers behavioral therapy that's designed to "increase abstinence from substance abuse and increase [participation] in outpatient therapy programs," the FDA said. "This is an example of how innovative digital ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Hangover, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, C-Topical Solution

Cocaine, Other Drugs Detected in Carrie Fisher's System After Her Death

Posted 20 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 20, 2017 – Autopsy results reveal that a cocktail of illicit drugs was in actress Carrie Fisher's system after her death on Dec. 27, but it remains unclear what role they may have played in her death. The autopsy report released Monday says Fisher, who died at 60, may have taken cocaine on Dec. 20, three days before she became ill on a Dec. 23 flight from London to Los Angeles, the Associated Press reported. Fisher died four days later at UCLA Medical Center, in Los Angeles. According to the autopsy results, traces of other illicit drugs – including heroin, other opiates and MDMA (ecstasy) – were found in Fisher's system, but it wasn't clear when they had been ingested. The findings were based on toxicology tests done when the actress was first admitted to a Los Angeles hospital, the AP said. As for the official cause of death, the report says the "Star Wars" actress ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, C-Topical Solution

Addicts Try to Avoid Deadly Fentanyl, But Many Tragically Fail

Posted 16 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 16, 2017 – New research suggests that more than half of all drug overdose deaths may be caused by the potent synthetic opioid fentanyl. But most opioid addicts are not actively seeking out the potentially lethal painkiller. Instead, they're terrified by the increasing contamination of the illicit drug supply by fentanyl, investigators said. "I never found the idea that fentanyl was some sort of honeypot that people were scrambling to get hold of very compelling," said study author Jennifer Carroll, a medical anthropologist at Brown University's Warren Alpert Medical School in Providence, R.I. "I hope we can begin chipping away at the narrative that the opioid crisis is driven by people chasing some sort of ultimate high. That's an idea that has never matched reality." Opioids are a class of drugs that include the illicit drug heroin as well as prescription pain relievers ... Read more

Related support groups: Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Duragesic, Substance Abuse, Poisoning, Actiq, Fentora, Subsys, Duragesic-100, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Fentanyl Transdermal, Duragesic-25, Fentanyl/Ropivacaine, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Duragesic-12, Duragesic-50, Lazanda

Nasal 'Nerve Block' May Help Ease Kids' Migraines

Posted 5 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, March 5, 2017 – Kids and teens who suffer with migraines may find relief from a nasal "nerve block" that's commonly used in adults with the debilitating headaches, a new study suggests. During the procedure, a catheter is placed in each nostril and inserted until it reaches a bundle of nerves at the back of the nose. At that point, an anesthetic is released that deadens those nerves, thus relieving the headache pain. "The treatment does not require needles and often gives relief in just minutes, and relief can last for up to months," said lead researcher Dr. Robin Kaye, from Phoenix Children's Hospital. "Migraine headaches are really common in the pediatric population, and affect up to 12 percent of kids over the age of 12," she noted. These headaches can be debilitating for kids, and especially for teenagers, Kaye said. "When kids have these, it prevents them from ... Read more

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When Cocaine's in the Mix, Safe Sex May Not Be

Posted 16 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 – The long list of health woes linked to cocaine abuse includes risky sexual behavior, a small, new study suggests. The drug not only increases sexual arousal but also makes people impatient and more likely to have sex without a condom. This could increase their risk for sexually transmitted infections, according to researchers from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore. "Our study affirms and may help explain why people who regularly use cocaine are more willing to partake in risky sex when under the influence of cocaine," said study author Matthew Johnson in a university news release. He's an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. Public health officials and physicians should be ensuring that cocaine users are supplied with condoms to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted disease, Johnson said. Cocaine is a ... Read more

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Health Tip: Getting Your Child Vaccinated

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Vaccinations are a necessary part of keeping your child healthy, but the pain and fear may be difficult to endure. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Talk to the pediatrician about ways to manage your child's pain. Distract a young child during the shot by singing a song, blowing bubbles or playing a game. Act the doctor about using a numbing spray or cream. Breast-feed or offer a pacifier to babies during vaccination. Stay calm and reassure your child that everything is OK. Read more

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Amphetamines Polluting Some Urban Streams: Study

Posted 25 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 – Medications and illegal drugs are polluting streams in and around at least one major U.S. city, new research reveals. Scientists say this pollution comes with ecological consequences – areas in some streams have high enough concentrations of the stimulant amphetamine to alter the bottom of the aquatic food web. "Around the world, treated and untreated wastewater entering surface waters contains pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs that originate from human consumption and excretion, manufacturing processes, or improper disposal," study author Sylvia Lee said in a Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies news release. "We were interested in revealing how amphetamine exposure influences the small plants and animals that play a large role in regulating the health of streams," said Lee. She conducted the research when she was a postdoctoral researcher at the Cary ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methamphetamine, Desoxyn, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Desoxyn Gradumet, Executive Function Disorder, C-Topical Solution

U.S. DEA Denies Request to Ease Federal Pot Rules

Posted 11 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 – The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration has refused the request of two former state governors to ease marijuana's restrictive classification under current drug laws. The DEA said it based its decision largely on information from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The FDA previously concluded that marijuana has "no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States," according to National Public Radio (NPR). "This decision isn't based on danger. This decision is based on whether marijuana, as determined by the FDA, is a safe and effective medicine, and it's not," DEA chief Chuck Rosenberg said in the NPR report. The request – initially proposed in 2011 – sought to have marijuana reclassified from a Schedule I drug to a Schedule II drug. Schedule I drugs are considered drugs "with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for ... Read more

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What a Change in DEA's Pot Rules Might Mean for Medical Research

Posted 11 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 – Most doctors approach medical marijuana with a great deal of uncertainty, because drug laws have hindered researchers' ability to figure out what pot can and can't do for sick patients. That could soon change. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is weighing whether to loosen its classification of marijuana, which would remove many restrictions on its use in medical research. If that occurs, doctors could start getting answers to the questions they regularly receive from patients regarding marijuana's clinical benefits. "I am asked as a practicing doctor even in a rural area about medical marijuana use, and I want to make sure I can give patients advice that's evidence-based," said Dr. Robert Wergin, board chair of the American Academy of Family Physicians. "We need those kinds of studies to help us give informed advice to our patients who ask about it ... Read more

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Mouse Study Shows Cocaine Ravages Brain Cells

Posted 19 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 – In mice, high doses of cocaine cause brain cells to eat themselves, researchers report. The Johns Hopkins University scientists also found such destruction in the brain cells of mice whose mothers were given cocaine while pregnant. However, they also identified a possible antidote to this process. In their laboratory work, the investigators found that high doses of cocaine – the powerful and addictive stimulant – trigger out-of-control autophagy, a process in which cells digest their own insides. Autophagy is typically a normal and vital process that helps keep cells clean. "We performed 'autopsies' to find out how cells die from high doses of cocaine," said Dr. Solomon Snyder, a professor of neuroscience at John Hopkins' School of Medicine in Baltimore. "That information gave us immediate insight into how we might use a known compound to interfere with that ... Read more

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Not Enough Needle Exchange Programs Outside Cities: Study

Posted 10 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 10, 2015 – Injection drug users in rural and suburban areas have less access to needle exchange programs than those in cities do, even though addiction rates are rising in non-urban areas, a new study shows. Providing injection drug users with new, sterile needles and syringes in exchange for used ones reduces their risk of contracting or spreading infections such as HIV and hepatitis C, the researchers explained. Many needle exchange programs also provide naloxone, a medication that can reverse overdoses from heroin and narcotic painkillers. The researchers found that 69 percent of needle exchange programs in the United States were in cities, with only 20 percent in rural areas and 9 percent in suburban areas. The range of services provided by the programs in different locations also varied. For example, only 37 percent in rural areas offered naloxone, compared with 61 ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Opiate Adjunct, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, C-Topical Solution

Magnetic Brain Stimulation Might Treat Cocaine Addiction

Posted 4 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 3, 2015 – Stimulating part of the brain with magnetic pulses may offer the first therapeutic treatment for cocaine addiction, a small new study suggests. Though the findings are preliminary, patients addicted to cocaine reportedly experienced fewer cravings for the drug after undergoing eight sessions of the experimental treatment over a month. The findings were published Dec. 3 in the journal European Neuropsychopharmacology. An estimated 1.4 million Americans suffer from cocaine addiction, according to the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Unlike smoking, alcoholism and other addictions, however, cocaine addiction has no approved treatments, said study co-author Dr. Lorenzo Leggio, chief of clinical psychoneuroendocrinology and neuropsychopharmacology at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. "Addiction is a brain disease, not so different from schizophrenia and ... Read more

Related support groups: Diagnosis and Investigation, C-Topical Solution

Retail Prices of Dermatology Drugs Skyrocket

Posted 25 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 – Patients using prescription creams, gels, sprays and pills for skin conditions may shell out substantially more at the pharmacy than they did just six years ago, a new study suggests. Between 2009 and 2015, retail prices of brand-name dermatologic drugs rose 401 percent, on average, study authors reported Nov. 25 in JAMA Dermatology. Even generics have succumbed to price inflation, up 279 percent between 2011 and 2014, based on the drugs surveyed. Price increases for skin treatments far outpaced the general inflation rate of 11 percent during the six-year study period, the researchers said. "Cancer drugs were the worst in terms of the numbers" – up 1,240 percent or nearly $11,000 over the six-year study period – primarily because of two medicines, said Dr. Steven Rosenberg, voluntary professor of dermatology at the University of Miami Miller School of ... Read more

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