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City Tax on Cars Cut Pollution, Kids' Asthma Risk

Posted 7 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 7, 2017 – A tax designed to reduce mid-city traffic in Stockholm, Sweden, was tied to a reduction in asthma attacks in children, a new study suggests. "The key takeaways of this paper are that health gains can be realized through efforts to lower air pollution, and that we need to be patient in waiting for the complete picture to emerge," said study author Emilia Simeonova, an assistant professor at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. After Stockholm introduced the "congestion tax" as an experiment in 2006 to discourage people from driving in the center of the city, traffic flow got better and air pollution levels fell by 5 to 10 percent. The tax was made into law in 2007. The tax costs drivers the U.S. equivalent of $2.60 when they drive in certain areas of the city at congested times of the workday. The tax is collected through scanners that gather license plate ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Bronchitis, Asthma - Maintenance, Asthma - Acute, Bronchiectasis, Bronchospasm Prophylaxis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Allergic Asthma, Croup, Reversible Airways Disease, Bronchospastic Disease

Air Pollution May Raise Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 10 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 10, 2017 – High levels of air pollution may increase some Hispanic children's risk of type 2 diabetes, a new study suggests. "Exposure to heightened air pollution during childhood increases the risk for Hispanic children to become obese and, independent of that, to also develop type 2 diabetes," said study corresponding author Michael Goran. He is co-director of the University of Southern California's Diabetes and Obesity Research Institute. "Poor air quality appears to be a catalyst for obesity and diabetes in children, but the conditions probably are forged via different pathways," Goran said in a university news release. For the study, researchers followed 314 overweight or obese Hispanic children in Los Angeles County. The children were between 8 and 15 years old when the study started. None had diabetes. By the time children who lived in areas with high levels of air ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Cough, Asthma, Insulin, Bronchitis, Lantus, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Glipizide, Novolog, Glucophage, Dyspnea, Humalog, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Glyburide, Lantus Solostar, Levemir, Glimepiride, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Novolin R

How to Exercise Safely in Smog

Posted 11 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 – Scientists say they have figured out the ideal speeds for cyclists and pedestrians to move in order to limit their inhalation of air pollution and still get the full benefits of exercise. "The faster you move, the harder you breathe and the more pollution you could potentially inhale, but you also are exposed to traffic for a shorter period of time. This analysis shows where the sweet spot is," study author Alex Bigazzi, a transportation expert at the University of British Columbia, said in a school news release. The researchers used a computer model of 10,000 people. The investigators found that cyclists should ride between 7.5 to 12.4 miles per hour on city roads. And, pedestrians should walk between 1.2 and 3.7 miles per hour. There are different recommended speeds depending on gender, age and road grades. For example, on flat roads the ideal speeds are: 7.8 ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cough, Asthma, Weight Loss, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Dyspnea, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Sore Throat, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Bronchiectasis, Bronchospasm Prophylaxis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Bronchospastic Disease, Reversible Airways Disease

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