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Body Imaging News

Asian Women Less Likely to Get Follow-up After Abnormal Mammogram

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 12, 2017 – Asian women in the San Francisco area were less likely than white women to get follow-up tests following an abnormal mammogram result, researchers report. Women who receive suspicious mammogram results are urged to get checked in a timely manner to rule out breast cancer, which should be treated as early as possible to ensure the best possible outcomes, the study authors said. However, the researchers, led by Kim Hanh Nguyen and Dr. Leah Karliner of the University of California, San Francisco, explained that many population-based breast cancer studies don't include Asians or differentiate among individual groups of patients. "Rather than being a monolithic group, Asians are, in fact, very diverse in nationalities, language, immigration history, education, and economic background. Recognizing differences among Asians may help clinicians develop better rapport and ... Read more

Related support groups: Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Diagnosis and Investigation, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Osteolytic Bone Metastases of Breast Cancer, Body Imaging

More U.S. Women Living Longer With Advanced Breast Cancer

Posted 18 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 – The number of U.S. women living with the most advanced stage of breast cancer has been rising since the 1990s, a new study finds. Researchers say that treatment advances, allowing more breast cancer patients to survive longer, are one likely reason. The general aging of the U.S. population is another. Right now, the study estimated, close to 155,000 U.S. women are living with metastatic breast cancer – cancer that has spread beyond the breast to distant sites in the body. That is up from roughly 105,000 in 1990. Breast cancer experts said the figures are actually the first estimates of how many U.S. women are living with metastatic disease. A number has been hard to come by, they said, because there is no national system that tracks cancer recurrences: Since U.S. women are typically diagnosed with earlier-stage breast cancer, most metastatic cases would – ... Read more

Related support groups: Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Diagnosis and Investigation, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Osteolytic Bone Metastases of Breast Cancer, Body Imaging

Century-Old Technique May Help Infertile Couples Conceive Without IVF

Posted 18 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 – A 100-year-old medical treatment could help infertile women get pregnant without undergoing pricey in vitro fertilization (IVF), a new study suggests. The method was first used in 1917 and involves flushing a woman's fallopian tubes with an iodized poppy seed oil. "Over the past century, pregnancy rates among infertile women reportedly increased after their tubes had been flushed with either water or oil during" a dye test of the fallopian tubes under X-ray, explained study lead researcher Ben Mol. He's with the University of Adelaide in Australia. "Until now, it has been unclear whether the type of solution used in the procedure was influencing the change in fertility," Mol said in a university news release. "Our results have been even more exciting than we could have predicted, helping to confirm that an age-old medical technique still has an important place ... Read more

Related support groups: Female Infertility, Ovulation Induction, Diagnosis and Investigation, Primary Ovarian Failure, Follicle Stimulation, Body Imaging

Health Tip: Getting an X-Ray During Pregnancy

Posted 16 May 2017 by Drugs.com

-- X-rays provide important insight to doctors trying to diagnose a bone problem. But there are some risks associated with exposure to radiation. However, the risks of avoiding an X-ray are likely to be greater than the small risk of having one. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration suggests these ways to minimize your risk: Always tell your doctor if you are pregnant, or could be pregnant. If you are pregnant and an older sibling needs an X-ray, don't hold the child during the procedure. If your doctor orders an X-ray but you've had one recently, tell your doctor. You might not need another. Talk to your doctor about why you need an X-ray and your concerns about risks during pregnancy. Read more

Related support groups: Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging, History - Radiation Therapy, Radiographic Exam

Should Prostate Cancer Screening Start Earlier for Black Men?

Posted 24 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 24, 2017 – With black men at higher risk of developing – and dying from – prostate cancer, some researchers believe these men merit their own race-based screening guidelines. It's known that incidence of prostate cancer is 60 percent higher among black men in the United States than among white men, said Ruth Etzioni, senior author of a new study. Moreover, their death rate from prostate cancer is more than twice as high, said Etzioni, who's with the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center's division of public health sciences, in Seattle. The new study finds that prostate cancers in black men also tend to progress faster than in whites. Because of this, Etzioni and her colleagues believe black men should start discussing prostate cancer screening with their doctor in their 40s, rather than waiting until their 50s, which is what most guidelines recommend. "Screening ... Read more

Related support groups: Prostate Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging

Misunderstood Gene Tests May Lead to Unnecessary Mastectomies

Posted 13 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 12, 2017 – Close to half of breast cancer patients who chose to have a double mastectomy after genetic testing didn't actually have the gene mutations known to raise the risk of additional cancers, a new survey found. "That was a bit surprising, because we wouldn't typically expect that surgery to be conducted for women if they don't have a risk-causing gene mutation," said lead researcher Dr. Allison Kurian. She is an associate professor of medicine, health research and policy at Stanford University. The finding suggests that many women and their doctors aren't interpreting the results of genetic testing properly, she added. There are known genetic mutations that increase future risk of cancer, the most notorious of which are BRCA 1 and 2. But genetic tests also often detect mutations of uncertain significance, Kurian explained. The genes are not normal, but the ... Read more

Related support groups: Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Diagnosis and Investigation, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Body Imaging

Many Docs Don't Discuss Prostate Cancer Screening Pros and Cons

Posted 11 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 11, 2017 – Fewer than one in three men screened with the PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test for prostate cancer talked about the risks and benefits of the test with their doctor. Those findings come as an influential United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) panel on Tuesday decided to loosen its recommendations on the PSA test. Now, the panel says discussion between a man and his doctor should guide decisions around getting the test. But researchers at Brown University say these discussions are still uncommon. "That only about a third of patients [in the study] reported having a discussion of advantages and disadvantages is an alarming statistic," study author Dr. George Turini III said in a news release from the Rhode Island university. Turini is a clinical instructor in medical science at the university's Warren Alpert Medical School. His team said an ... Read more

Related support groups: Prostate Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging

Updated Prostate Cancer Test Guidelines Now Stress Patient Choice

Posted 11 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 11, 2017 – In a significant shift, a key health advisory panel plans to soften its recommendation against prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening for detecting prostate cancer. In 2012, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended that men no longer get their PSA tested. That recommendation was based on evidence that PSA screening resulted in overdiagnosis and unnecessary treatment that could leave men impotent and incontinent. Now, after reviewing follow-up evidence, the task force is recommending that men aged 55 to 69 have a discussion with their doctor about the pros and cons of PSA screening. For men aged 70 and older, the recommendation for no PSA screening remains in place. "There is probably a small benefit overall to screening," said task force chair Dr. Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo. She is a chair in medicine and a professor of medicine, epidemiology and ... Read more

Related support groups: Prostate Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging

Mammogram Guidelines Have Changed, But Are Doctors Listening?

Posted 10 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 10, 2017 – Four of five doctors still recommend annual mammograms for women in their early 40s, despite guideline changes that have pushed back the age for yearly breast cancer screening, a new survey shows. Overall, 81 percent of physicians surveyed said they suggest annual mammograms for women aged 40 to 44, while more than two-thirds recommend regular mammograms for women aged 75 or older. "Gynecologists were, in general, more likely to recommend routine mammograms," added lead researcher Dr. Archana Radhakrishnan, an internist with Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. These practices run counter to guidelines issued by the American Cancer Society, which recommends annual screening starting at 45 and screening every other year from age 55 onward, researchers said in background notes. The doctors also are ignoring the advice of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force ... Read more

Related support groups: Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Breast Cancer - Adjuvant, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Body Imaging

Blood Test May Spot Lung Cancer's Return, Even Before Scans

Posted 20 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 20, 2017 – A blood test can detect the return of lung cancer months before CT and PET scans, a new study suggests. The research included 48 adults with stage 2 or 3 locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The patients were aged 31 to 84. All were treated with chemotherapy and radiation. Blood samples were taken before treatment, during treatment, and at six different times during the two years following treatment. The blood samples were checked for increased levels of circulating tumor cells, the researchers said. The blood tests were able to detect lung cancer recurrence an average of six months before CT and PET scans, the investigators found. The study was presented March 16 at a meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology, in San Francisco. Research presented at meetings should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed ... Read more

Related support groups: Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging

Higher Spending by Docs May Not Buy Better Health

Posted 13 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 13, 2017 – Just because your doctor orders more – or more high-priced – tests and procedures when you're in the hospital doesn't mean that you get better care, a new study suggests. Medicare patients treated by higher-spending physicians are just as likely to be re-admitted or die within 30 days of being admitted to the hospital as patients treated by doctors who order fewer or less-expensive tests and treatments, the study revealed. "Spending more doesn't always mean you get better health," senior study author Dr. Anupam Jena, of Harvard Medical School, said in a statement. Health care spending in the United States varies widely from one region to the next, and even across hospitals within the same community, studies have shown. However, this new analysis is believed to be the first to assess spending differences between physicians within the same hospital, and patient ... Read more

Related support groups: Hip Replacement, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging, Head Imaging

Diagnostic Mammograms Find More Cancers, and More False-Positives

Posted 28 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 28, 2017 – Thanks to high-tech imaging, mammograms ordered when breast cancer is suspected are catching more tumors – but the percentage of false alarms is up, too, a new study finds. These so-called diagnostic mammograms are performed because of certain symptoms or other suspicious findings. They are not the same as routine screening mammograms, said the study's lead author, Brian Sprague. The new study found the breast cancer detection rate rose to nearly 35 per 1,000 diagnostic mammograms from 2007 to 2013. That's up from 25 per 1,000 noted in a 2005 report from the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium. This higher detection rate probably reflects the switch from film to digital technology, which permits identification of smaller lesions, said Sprague. He is associate professor of surgery at the University of Vermont College of Medicine. "About 99 percent" of exams ... Read more

Related support groups: Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer - Adjuvant, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging

MRIs Can Be Safe for People With Heart Devices …

Posted 23 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 22, 2017 – People with pacemakers or implantable defibrillators have long been told they can't undergo MRI scans. But a new study suggests that it can be safely done – under the right conditions. The study, published in the Feb. 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, focused on patients with standard heart devices not designed to be MRI-compatible. The study found that even for them, an MRI can be safely performed, when a specific protocol is followed. "I think this really opens a door for these patients to have an MRI when medically indicated," said lead researcher Dr. Robert Russo, of the Scripps Research Institute, in La Jolla, Calif. The big caveat, though, is that patients in the study were all screened and went through a specific protocol. An expert in cardiac devices – a doctor, physician's assistant or nurse practitioner – had to be present during ... Read more

Related support groups: Cardiac Arrhythmia, Heart Block, Ischemic Heart Disease, Body Imaging

Experimental Test Can Spot Autism in Infancy

Posted 15 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – In what they call a first, researchers say they can predict whether some infants under the age of 1 will actually develop autism in their second year. The new experimental technique, using standard brain screening, is designed to focus solely on newborns known to be at high risk for autism because they have an older sibling who has it. But the diagnostic breakthrough addresses a key problem that has confounded efforts to effectively screen for autism as quickly as possible: Babies typically don't show clear outward signs of the disorder until nearly the end of their second year of life. By using scans to peek into the shifting size, surface area and thickness of certain parts of a baby's cerebral cortex as a baby hits the 6-month and 12-month mark, investigators found that they could forecast autism risk with 90 percent accuracy. "These findings suggest a ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging, Head Imaging

Many Women Skip Mammograms After False-Positive Result

Posted 9 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 – The trauma of receiving a false-positive result from a mammogram may lead many women to delay or skip their next screening, a new study finds. A false-positive result means that an aberration on a mammogram looks like it might be cancer. But after tests – such as added imaging or biopsy – it turns out to be benign. In the meantime, however, the patient may go through distress and various procedures, and decide to delay or skip her next mammogram. That's a potentially fatal mistake, breast cancer experts said, because detecting tumors early can save lives. "Unfortunately, for women over age 50, just skipping a mammogram every other year would miss up to 30 percent of cancers," said Dr. Stefanie Zalasin, a breast imaging specialist who reviewed the new findings. "Reassuring a patient that the overwhelming majority of mammograms and even biopsies are normal can ... Read more

Related support groups: Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Diagnosis and Investigation, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Osteolytic Bone Metastases of Breast Cancer, Body Imaging

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