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Penicillin Misconceptions May Raise Post-Op Infection Risk

Posted 9 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 9, 2017 – Surgical patients who report having a penicillin allergy face a 50 percent higher risk for a post-op infection compared to patients who report no drug allergy, new research finds. Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital attributed the higher surgical-site infection rate to the use of alternative antibiotics. Since many people erroneously believe they're allergic to penicillin, the findings suggest this common misconception may put some patients in harm's way. "This study has direct clinical significance," said study lead author Dr. Kimberly Blumenthal, who is in the division of rheumatology, allergy and immunology. "We already know that more than 95 percent of patients who believe they have penicillin allergy can actually tolerate the drug," she added. The study results indicate that a preoperative penicillin evaluation could effectively reduce surgical ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Amoxicillin, Allergies, Augmentin, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Angioedema, Anaphylaxis, Ampicillin, Amoxil, Penicillin VK, Dicloxacillin, Cloxacillin, Methicillin, Amoclan, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Penicillin V Potassium, Zosyn, Augmentin XR, Unasyn

Is Your Child's 'Penicillin Allergy' Real?

Posted 3 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 3, 2017 – Many children suspected of being allergic to the inexpensive, first-line antibiotic penicillin actually aren't, new research indicates. The findings – which echo similar research earlier this year in adults – mean many patients are instead prescribed more expensive broad-spectrum antibiotics, experts said. These alternatives can come with greater side effects and contribute to a rise in antibiotic-resistant infections. "It's important to question this because it leads to a substantial increase in costs, for both families and the health care system, when we have to switch to a more broad-spectrum antibiotic," said study author Dr. David Vyles. He's an attending pediatric emergency medicine physician at Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. "We think many cases aren't a true allergic reaction," he added. "It substantially limits the type of antibiotics that ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergic Reactions, Amoxicillin, Allergies, Augmentin, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Anaphylaxis, Ampicillin, Amoxil, Penicillin VK, Dicloxacillin, Cloxacillin, Methicillin, Amoclan, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Penicillin V Potassium, Zosyn, Augmentin XR, Nafcillin, Unasyn

U.S. Hospitals Still Prescribe Too Many Antibiotics: Study

Posted 15 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – About 20 percent of U.S. hospital patients who receive antibiotics experience side effects from the drugs, researchers report. The new study included nearly 1,500 hospitalized adults who were prescribed antibiotics. The findings revealed that one-fifth of those who experienced antibiotic-related side effects didn't require the drugs in the first place. The results add to growing evidence that antibiotics are overused, according to the Johns Hopkins Hospital researchers. "Too often, clinicians prescribe antibiotics even if they have a low suspicion for a bacterial infection, thinking that even if antibiotics may not be necessary, they are probably not harmful. But that is not always the case," said Dr. Pranita Tamma. She is director of the hospital's Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Program. Antibiotics can cause real harm and doctors should always consider ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Macrobid, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim

Skip the Antibiotics for Mild Eczema in Kids

Posted 14 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 14, 2017 – Despite widespread use, antibiotics are not an effective treatment for milder cases of the skin condition eczema in children, a new study contends. One pediatrician who reviewed the findings called them "terribly important" for eczema care. "This is a good example of a common situation in medicine," said Dr. Michael Grosso. "A particular intervention 'makes sense,' becomes common practice – and often becomes the so-called 'standard of care' – only to be proved ineffective when the therapy is subjected to scientific investigation." Grosso is chair of pediatrics at Northwell Health's Huntington Hospital in Huntington, N.Y. Eczema is an immunological condition affecting both children and adults, where patches of skin become inflamed, red and itchy. Dr. Craig Osleeb explained that "children with eczema have an overabundance of the bacteria normally found on ... Read more

Related support groups: Eczema, Penicillin VK, Dicloxacillin, Cloxacillin, Methicillin, Penicillin V Potassium, Nafcillin, Oxacillin, Pen-V, Penicillin G Benzathine, Beepen-VK, V-Cillin K, Minor Skin Irritation, Procaine Penicillin, Bicillin L-A, Wycillin, Penicillin G Benzathine/procaine Penicillin, Pathocil, Dycill, Staphcillin

Government Funding Could Save Canadians $4 Billion on Medicines

Posted 27 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 – A new report suggests that Canada would reap savings of more than $4 billion a year if the government funded nearly 120 types of "essential" medications. "Adding an essential medicines list is a pragmatic step toward universal pharmacare," said Steven Morgan, in a news release from the Canadian Medical Association. "It would ensure all Canadians have access to the most commonly required medicines while saving patients and private drug plan sponsors over $4 billion per year," Morgan said. He's a professor at the University of British Columbia. The report authors listed 117 drugs as essential medications. This list included antibiotics, insulin, birth control and antidepressants. These drugs made up 44 percent of all prescriptions filled at Canadian retail pharmacies in 2015. When "therapeutically similar" drugs were included in the list, that figure was as high ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Plan B, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Mirena, NuvaRing, Provera, Sprintec, Celexa, Citalopram, Implanon, Paxil, Sertraline, Bacterial Infection, Pristiq

Kids Can Beat 'Complex' Pneumonia Without IV Antibiotics: Study

Posted 17 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – Antibiotics taken orally are as effective – and doubtless much more welcome – than intravenous antibiotics for children recovering at home from complex pneumonia, a new study finds. Youngsters with complex pneumonia typically have to take antibiotics for one to three weeks after they leave the hospital, the researchers noted. To see if one medication method outperformed the other, the investigators looked at more than 2,100 children treated for complex pneumonia at 36 U.S. hospitals. Not only were oral antibiotics as effective as IV ones, they also avoided the risk of infection and other complications related to so-called peripherally inserted central venous catheters ("PICC lines"), which are used to administer intravenous antibiotics, the researchers said. "PICC line complications can be serious, resulting in hospital readmission, additional procedures and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Pneumonia, Augmentin, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Cefdinir, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Tetracycline

Health Tip: Prevent Antibiotic Resistance

Posted 9 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Antibiotic resistance applies when bacteria are no longer eliminated by a medicine that's supposed to kill them. Experts blame the problem on improper use of antibiotic medications. Here's what you can do to help, according to the World Health Organization: Only take antibiotics when prescribed by a health professional. Always finish the entire supply of antibiotics. Stopping too soon may allow the bacteria to continue living. Never save antibiotics for later use or use leftover antibiotics, and never share antibiotics with someone else. To help reduce the risk of infection in the first place, wash your hands often, get vaccinations and limit your contact with sick people. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Macrobid, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin

CDC: Too Many Antibiotics Still Being Prescribed in U.S.

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – Despite growing concerns about creating drug-resistant bacteria, overprescribing of antibiotics in U.S. hospitals didn't drop between 2006 and 2012, according to a new federal report. Over that time period, 55 percent of patients received at least one dose of antibiotics during their hospital stay, whether it was needed or not, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. "Antibiotic use remains common, and use of the most powerful antibiotics is rising," said lead researcher James Baggs, a CDC epidemiologist. Although the use of antibiotics remained about the same during the study period, a significant increase was seen in the use of newer antibiotics, Baggs said. "Because inappropriate antibiotic use increases the risk of antibiotic resistance and other side effects, continued monitoring of antibiotic use is critical to future ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Macrobid, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin, Minocycline, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bactrim DS, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate

Too Many People Still Take Unneeded Antibiotics: Study

Posted 3 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Nearly one-third of the antibiotics prescribed in the United States aren't appropriate for the conditions being treated, a new federal government study shows. "We were able to conclude that at least 30 percent of the antibiotics that are given in doctors' offices, emergency departments and hospital-based clinics are unnecessary, meaning that no antibiotics were needed at all," said lead researcher Dr. Katherine Fleming-Dutra. Such misuse has helped fuel the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which infect 2 million Americans and kill 23,000 every year, said Fleming-Dutra, a pediatrician and epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotics are most misused in the treatment of short-term respiratory conditions, such as colds, bronchitis, sore throats, and sinus and ear infections, the researchers reported. "About half of ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Sinusitis, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Cold Symptoms, Clarithromycin, Bacterial Skin Infection

Drug Makers, Governments Sign Deal to Fight Drug-Resistant Infections

Posted 21 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

A groundbreaking agreement between the drug industry and governments to work together to fight drug-resistant "superbugs" is expected to be announced Thursday. Under the deal, 74 drug makers, 11 diagnostic test makers, and nine industry groups pledge to work with each other and 16 countries to prevent and improve treatment of drug-resistant infections, the Associated Press reported. These infections are a serious threat to millions of people worldwide and a number of factors contribute to the problem, including overuse of antibiotics, declining drug industry research, and few new medicines to combat bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi. The new deal – scheduled to be announced at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland – is the first to outline how the drug industry and governments should team up to prevent more drugs from becoming ineffective, to spur development of new ... Read more

Related support groups: Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Keflex, Sulfamethoxazole, Nystatin, Minocycline, Levofloxacin, Cefdinir, Bactrim DS, Lamisil, Terbinafine, Tetracycline, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Avelox, Cefuroxime, Omnicef

Patients Can Self-Administer IV Antibiotics at Home: Study

Posted 25 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 – Patients can be taught to safely self-administer long-term intravenous antibiotics at home, without the help of a health care worker, a new study suggests. The finding could have a significant impact on uninsured patients who might otherwise spend weeks in a hospital receiving IV care, according to researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. "This really taps into human potential, giving a voice to the uninsured at the same time that it offers an opportunity for enormous cost savings to hospitals," study first author Dr. Kavita Bhavan, assistant professor of internal medicine, said in a medical center news release. Some infections require treatment with IV antibiotics for six weeks or more. Patients with insurance typically go home or to a nursing home and have their antibiotics administered by a home health care worker or ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Macrobid, Minocycline

Health Tip: Understanding Antibiotics

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- By taking an antibiotic as prescribed, you can get well faster and help prevent germs from becoming resistant to your medication. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers these antibiotic guidelines: Never skip a dose of antibiotic. Always take it on schedule, as directed. Never stop taking an antibiotic early. Always take the entire prescription, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Never save any antibiotic medication for a future illness. Never take an antibiotic that was prescribed for another person. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Flagyl, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin

Better Control of Drug-Resistant Germs Could Save Thousands of Lives: CDC

Posted 4 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2015 – An immediate, focused effort to halt the spread of antibiotic-resistant germs could save tens of thousands of lives and prevent hundreds of thousands of new infections over the next five years, a new government report suggests. As many as 37,000 lives could be saved, and 619,000 new infections prevented, if community health departments and health care facilities form tight support networks to quickly identify and address emerging outbreaks of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, said report author Dr. John Jernigan. He directs the Office of HAI (Health care-Associated Infections) Prevention Research and Evaluation at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "When health care facilities and health departments in a community work together to share information about resistance, and then use that information to guide and target prevention efforts, then we ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Clindamycin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Flagyl, Augmentin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Nystatin, Clarithromycin

Kids' Penicillin Allergy May Not Signal Other Drug Reactions

Posted 7 Mar 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 7 – Children who are allergic to penicillin are not more likely than other kids to develop additional drug allergies, new research suggests. Pediatric patients who need antibiotics are often prescribed penicillin, the study authors noted. Prior research in adults has suggested that allergies to penicillin could be a signal for additional allergies to other medications. But in the new study, which included an analysis of 778 medical records from patients under the age of 18, of the 8 percent of children who had a positive skin test for penicillin allergy, just 21 percent were found to have allergies to additional drugs. In comparison, 23 percent of those with negative penicillin skin tests displayed multiple drug allergies. The findings were presented this week at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI), in Orlando, Fla. "I ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Penicillin, Augmentin, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Ampicillin, Amoxil, Penicillin VK, Dicloxacillin, Cloxacillin, Methicillin, Amoclan, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Zosyn, Augmentin XR, Nafcillin, Bicillin LA, Unasyn, Tazobactam, Biomox

Health Tip: Why Antibiotic Resistance Is Serious

Posted 16 Nov 2011 by Drugs.com

-- Antibiotic resistance occurs when a bacterium mutates and becomes immune to the effects of a specific antibiotic. You can help prevent antibiotic resistance by taking an antibiotic regimen only when necessary. Remember that antibiotics don't work against viral infections such as a cold or the flu. If you do begin taking an antibiotic, you should never skip a dose. Also, you should finish the entire amount that your doctor has prescribed, despite the fact that you might be feeling better. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says antibiotic-resistant bacteria are dangerous because: It may be difficult to find a medication that kills the bacteria. Resistant bacteria tend to spread more quickly between families and within communities. Infections become more difficult and more expensive to treat. People may die from a resistant infection before it can be treated ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Bacterial Infection, Doxycycline, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Penicillin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Flagyl, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Nitrofurantoin, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin

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