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Kids Can Beat 'Complex' Pneumonia Without IV Antibiotics: Study

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – Antibiotics taken orally are as effective – and doubtless much more welcome – than intravenous antibiotics for children recovering at home from complex pneumonia, a new study finds. Youngsters with complex pneumonia typically have to take antibiotics for one to three weeks after they leave the hospital, the researchers noted. To see if one medication method outperformed the other, the investigators looked at more than 2,100 children treated for complex pneumonia at 36 U.S. hospitals. Not only were oral antibiotics as effective as IV ones, they also avoided the risk of infection and other complications related to so-called peripherally inserted central venous catheters ("PICC lines"), which are used to administer intravenous antibiotics, the researchers said. "PICC line complications can be serious, resulting in hospital readmission, additional procedures and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Augmentin, Pneumonia, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Bactrim DS, Clavulanate, Cefdinir, Tetracycline, Biaxin

CDC: Too Many Antibiotics Still Being Prescribed in U.S.

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – Despite growing concerns about creating drug-resistant bacteria, overprescribing of antibiotics in U.S. hospitals didn't drop between 2006 and 2012, according to a new federal report. Over that time period, 55 percent of patients received at least one dose of antibiotics during their hospital stay, whether it was needed or not, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. "Antibiotic use remains common, and use of the most powerful antibiotics is rising," said lead researcher James Baggs, a CDC epidemiologist. Although the use of antibiotics remained about the same during the study period, a significant increase was seen in the use of newer antibiotics, Baggs said. "Because inappropriate antibiotic use increases the risk of antibiotic resistance and other side effects, continued monitoring of antibiotic use is critical to future ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Minocycline, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Levofloxacin, Macrobid, Clavulanate, Bactrim DS, Tetracycline

Too Many People Still Take Unneeded Antibiotics: Study

Posted 3 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Nearly one-third of the antibiotics prescribed in the United States aren't appropriate for the conditions being treated, a new federal government study shows. "We were able to conclude that at least 30 percent of the antibiotics that are given in doctors' offices, emergency departments and hospital-based clinics are unnecessary, meaning that no antibiotics were needed at all," said lead researcher Dr. Katherine Fleming-Dutra. Such misuse has helped fuel the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which infect 2 million Americans and kill 23,000 every year, said Fleming-Dutra, a pediatrician and epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotics are most misused in the treatment of short-term respiratory conditions, such as colds, bronchitis, sore throats, and sinus and ear infections, the researchers reported. "About half of ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Sinusitis, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Cold Symptoms, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin

Antibiotic Resistance Common in Kids' Urinary Tract Infections

Posted 16 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 – Many kids who develop urinary tract infections tied to the E. coli bacteria are now failing to respond to antibiotic treatment, a new review warns. The culprit, according to the British researchers: Drug resistance, following years of over-prescribing and misusing antibiotics. "Antimicrobial resistance is an internationally recognized threat to health," noted study author Ashley Bryce, a doctoral fellow at the Center for Academic Primary Care at the University of Bristol in the U.K. And that threat is of particular concern among young patients, the authors said, given that E. coli-driven urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common forms of pediatric bacterial infections. Young children are more vulnerable to complications including kidney scarring and kidney failure, so they require prompt, appropriate treatment, added Bryce and co-author ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Amoxicillin, Bactrim, Bladder Infection, Augmentin, Trimethoprim, Bactrim DS, Kidney Infections, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, Prevention of Bladder infection, Amoxil, Septra, Prevpac, SMZ-TMP DS, Septra DS, Sulfatrim, Cotrimoxazole, Polytrim, Cystitis Prophylaxis

Patients Can Self-Administer IV Antibiotics at Home: Study

Posted 25 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 – Patients can be taught to safely self-administer long-term intravenous antibiotics at home, without the help of a health care worker, a new study suggests. The finding could have a significant impact on uninsured patients who might otherwise spend weeks in a hospital receiving IV care, according to researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. "This really taps into human potential, giving a voice to the uninsured at the same time that it offers an opportunity for enormous cost savings to hospitals," study first author Dr. Kavita Bhavan, assistant professor of internal medicine, said in a medical center news release. Some infections require treatment with IV antibiotics for six weeks or more. Patients with insurance typically go home or to a nursing home and have their antibiotics administered by a home health care worker or ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin

Antibiotics Often Enough for Kids' Appendicitis

Posted 16 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 16, 2015 – Treatment with antibiotics alone can be a safe and effective alternative to surgery for children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis, according to a new study. The study was led by Dr. Peter Minneci and Dr. Katherine Deans, co-directors of the Center for Surgical Outcomes Research at The Research Institute, part of Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. "Surgery has long been the 'gold standard' of care for treating appendicitis because by removing the appendix we eliminate the chance that the appendicitis will ever come back," Deans said in a hospital news release. "However, early in our careers we noticed that patients with appendicitis who were placed on antibiotics overnight until their surgery the following morning felt better the next day," she added. "So, Pete and I asked ourselves: do they really need to have surgery?" Minneci agreed. ... Read more

Related support groups: Metronidazole, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Flagyl, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Metro, Appendicitis, Flagyl IV, Flagyl IV RTU, Amoclan, Augmentin XR, Flagyl ER, Augmentin ES-600, Cipro XR, Cipro IV, Protostat, Cipro Cystitis Pack, Metro IV, Proquin XR

Health Tip: Understanding Antibiotics

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- By taking an antibiotic as prescribed, you can get well faster and help prevent germs from becoming resistant to your medication. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers these antibiotic guidelines: Never skip a dose of antibiotic. Always take it on schedule, as directed. Never stop taking an antibiotic early. Always take the entire prescription, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Never save any antibiotic medication for a future illness. Never take an antibiotic that was prescribed for another person. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Clindamycin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Keflex, Zithromax, Valtrex, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Acyclovir

Scarlet Fever Resurfacing in Some Parts of the World

Posted 5 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 – Scarlet fever, a childhood disease that had been largely relegated to the history books, is reappearing in some parts of the world, researchers warn. Outbreaks have been reported in the United Kingdom and Asia, said scientists at the Australian Infectious Diseases Center at the University of Queensland. "We have not yet had an outbreak in Australia, but over the past five years there have been more than 5,000 cases in Hong Kong [a 10-fold increase] and more than 100,000 cases in China," Mark Walker, a professor in the School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, said in a university news release. "An outbreak in the U.K. has resulted in 12,000 cases since last year," he added. The research team used genetic sequencing to investigate the rise in scarlet fever-causing bacteria and its increasing resistance to antibiotics. The study was published online Nov. 2 ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Augmentin, Strep Throat, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Amoxil, Penicillin VK, Prevpac, Penicillin V Potassium, Rheumatic Fever, Amoxicillin/Clarithromycin/Lansoprazole, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Amoclan, Augmentin XR, Rheumatic Heart Disease, Omeclamox-Pak, Biomox, Trimox, Augmentin ES-600, Moxatag, Rheumatic Fever Prophylaxis

Better Control of Drug-Resistant Germs Could Save Thousands of Lives: CDC

Posted 4 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2015 – An immediate, focused effort to halt the spread of antibiotic-resistant germs could save tens of thousands of lives and prevent hundreds of thousands of new infections over the next five years, a new government report suggests. As many as 37,000 lives could be saved, and 619,000 new infections prevented, if community health departments and health care facilities form tight support networks to quickly identify and address emerging outbreaks of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, said report author Dr. John Jernigan. He directs the Office of HAI (Health care-Associated Infections) Prevention Research and Evaluation at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "When health care facilities and health departments in a community work together to share information about resistance, and then use that information to guide and target prevention efforts, then we ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin

Tobacco Smoke Strengthens 'Superbug,' Lab Research Finds

Posted 6 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 6, 2015 – Cigarette smoke appears to strengthen a dreaded "superbug," new research in mice shows. Exposure to tobacco smoke prompts methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria to become even more aggressive, and makes it harder for the immune system to fight off the infection, researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine found. "We already know that smoking cigarettes harms human respiratory and immune cells, and now we've shown that, on the flipside, smoke can also stress out invasive bacteria and make them more aggressive," study senior author Dr. Laura Crotty Alexander, an assistant clinical professor of medicine at UC San Diego, said in a university news release. However, it's important to note that the results of animal and laboratory experiments don't necessarily hold in humans. MRSA infection is caused by a ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Augmentin, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin, Methicillin, Amoclan, Zosyn, Augmentin XR, Unasyn, Nafcillin, Oxacillin, Augmentin ES-600, Timentin, Nallpen, Piperacillin/Tazobactam, Unipen, Pathocil

Think You're Allergic to Penicillin? Maybe Not

Posted 7 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 7, 2014 – Many Americans may check the box "allergic to penicillin" on medical forms, but new research suggests that most of them are mistaken. Follow-up testing revealed that most people who believed they were allergic to penicillin were actually not allergic to the antibiotic, according to two new studies. In one study, 94 percent of 384 people who believed they were allergic to penicillin tested negative for penicillin allergy. And in the second study, penicillin skin testing was performed on 38 people who believed they were allergic to the antibiotic, and all of them tested negative for such an allergy. The studies were to be presented Friday at the annual meeting of American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), in Atlanta. "A large number of people in our study who had a history of penicillin allergy were actually not allergic," Dr. Thanai Pongdee, lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergies, Amoxicillin, Penicillin, Augmentin, Clavulanate, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Ampicillin, Amoxil, Penicillin VK, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin, Methicillin, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Amoclan, Zosyn, Nafcillin, Augmentin XR, Unasyn, Oxacillin, Biomox

Medicines Are Biggest Culprit in Fatal Allergic Reactions: Study

Posted 10 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 – Although food allergies have garnered a lot of attention lately, a new study reports that medications are actually the biggest cause of sudden deaths related to allergy. Over a little more than a decade, nearly 60 percent of the allergy-related deaths were caused by medications, while less than 7 percent were caused by food allergies, the study found. "Medications can be dangerous," said study researcher Dr. Elina Jerschow, director of the Drug Allergy Center at Montefiore Medical Center and assistant professor of medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, in New York City. While research from other countries has reported medications as a major culprit in anaphylaxis-related deaths, Jerschow said, the problem has been less defined in the United States. One reason is that there is no national registry for anaphylaxis deaths, she said. The study was ... Read more

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Study Finds Many Flu Patients Not Treated Appropriately

Posted 18 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 17, 2014 – Antiviral drugs aren't prescribed often enough for patients at high risk for flu complications, while too many of them receive unneeded antibiotics, a new study says. The findings show that doctors require more training about the proper use of antiviral and antibiotic drugs in treating flu patients, the researchers said. Unnecessary use of antibiotics contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance. "Our results suggest that during 2012-13, antiviral medications were underprescribed and antibiotics may have been inappropriately prescribed to a large proportion of outpatients with influenza," wrote Dr. Fiona Havers and colleagues from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control Prevention and several other institutions. The researchers analyzed data from about 6,800 patients with flu symptoms seen at five outpatient care centers in Michigan, Pennsylvania, ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Influenza, Azithromycin, Augmentin, Zithromax, Tamiflu, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Amoxil, Zithromax Z-Pak, Z-Pak, Oseltamivir, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Amoclan, Augmentin XR, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Zithromax IV, Augmentin ES-600, Biomox, Trimox

Probiotics Not Warranted for Seniors Taking Antibiotics: Study

Posted 8 Aug 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 8 – Giving probiotics to older adults who are prescribed antibiotics does not reduce their risk of diarrhea, a new study finds. Diarrhea is a common and sometimes life-threatening side effect of antibiotics in elderly patients. Some previous research has suggested that giving these patients probiotic supplements might lower the risk of diarrhea, and the practice has become routine in some hospitals. This study included nearly 3,000 hospital patients, aged 65 and older, in Great Britain who had been prescribed one or more antibiotics. About half of the patients took one probiotic capsule a day for 21 days, while the other patients took a placebo. Both groups of patients had similar rates of diarrhea (about one in 10), and its frequency and severity were similar in both groups, according to the study, which was published Aug. 7 in the journal The Lancet. It is believed ... Read more

Related support groups: Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Clindamycin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin, Macrobid, Clavulanate

Antibiotic Prescribing Rates Vary by Region: Report

Posted 10 Apr 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 10 – The chances that your doctor will give you antibiotics when you're sick may be influenced by geography, new research reveals. It's tough to know exactly what factors contributed to the regional variations the research team found in antibiotic prescription rates, said study author Lauri Hicks, medical director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Why is West Virginia more than double compared to Alaska? I imagine there are provider factors, patient factors and cultural factors that are all shaping the impact," Hicks said. Some patients may pressure physicians to give them what they perceive as a "quick fix" so they can get back to work sooner or return their sick child to day care, Hicks added. Unfortunately, that contributes to the growing problem of antibiotic resistance, she said. "We should be thinking of antibiotics not as a magic bullet, ... Read more

Related support groups: Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Penicillin, Azithromycin, Bactrim, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin, Bactrim DS, Clavulanate, Tetracycline

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