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Men Face Greater Risk of Cardiac Arrest: Study

Posted 30 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 30, 2016 – Men are significantly more likely to have their heart stop suddenly than women are, a new study finds. About one in nine men will suffer a cardiac arrest before the age of 70, compared to about one in 30 women. At age 45, men have nearly an 11 percent lifetime risk of sudden cardiac death, compared with a 3 percent risk among women of the same age, researchers report. "Most of these deaths are occurring prematurely – before age 70 – which means that this is a very important and largely preventable cause of death that's really affecting families in a devastating way," said lead researcher Dr. Donald Lloyd-Jones. He is chair of preventive medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, in Chicago. About 450,000 Americans die from sudden cardiac death each year, and most never have any symptoms of a heart problem, he said. Men are especially at ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Asystole, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

CPR Help as Near as Your Phone

Posted 4 May 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 – A stranger or someone you love suddenly collapses with cardiac arrest, but you don't know CPR. New research shows that help – and CPR instruction – may be just a cellphone call away. This is "a real-world approach that the majority of communities can adopt to help improve survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest," said one expert, emergency room physician Dr. Robert Glatter. The new study was led by Dr. Bentley Bobrow of the Arizona Department of Health Services in Phoenix. His team noted that fewer than half of Americans who suffer cardiac arrest in public places receive CPR – cardiopulmonary resuscitation – from bystanders, and survival rates are very low. When cardiac arrest strikes, "time is cardiac muscle," said Glatter, of Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "The sooner we can initiate effective chest compressions and defibrillation ... the better ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Tachyarrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiac Arrhythmia, Ventricular Tachycardia, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Bradyarrhythmia, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ventricular Arrhythmia, AV Heart Block, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Asystole, Atrial Tachycardia, Post MI Syndrome

Sudden Cardiac Arrest May Not Be So Sudden

Posted 22 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 – Sudden cardiac arrest may not be as sudden as doctors have thought, researchers report. Roughly half of cardiac arrest patients experience telltale warning signs that their heart is in danger of stopping in the month preceding their attack, new study findings suggest. Those symptoms can include any combination of chest pain and pressure, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, and flu-like sensations (such as nausea, back pain and/or abdominal pain), the researchers said. The problem: less than one in five of those who experience symptoms actually reach out for potentially lifesaving emergency medical assistance, the investigators found. "Most people who have a sudden cardiac arrest will not make it out alive," warned study co-author Dr. Sumeet Chugh, associate director of the Heart Institute and director of the Heart Rhythm Center at Cedars-Sinai Medical ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Heart Block, Ischemic Heart Disease, Asystole, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Many Critically Ill Patients Lack 'Do Not Resuscitate' Orders

Posted 22 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2015 – Most people who've survived a cardiac arrest in the hospital don't have "do not resuscitate" (DNR) orders, even if they have a poor prognosis, a new study reports. Fewer than one in four of all cardiac arrest patients had a DNR order prepared within 12 hours of their cardiac arrest, the study found. The numbers were only somewhat higher in patients with the worst prognosis even though their likelihood of recovery was very poor. A cardiac arrest "is a serious and life-altering event that should prompt adequate and informed decisions about prognosis and goals of care," said study lead author Dr. Timothy Fendler, a cardiology fellow at Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute in Kansas City, Mo. "These results imply that there could be better alignment between prognosis and decisions that place the patient's wishes, safety and quality of life at the forefront." ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Cardiogenic Shock, Asystole

When Bystanders Give CPR Right Away, Lives Are Saved, Study Shows

Posted 21 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 21, 2015 – Many lives could be saved if more people performed CPR immediately after seeing someone go into cardiac arrest, a new study contends. To come to that conclusion, the researchers looked at the results of a four-year program in North Carolina that promoted bystander CPR. "During that time, survival with good brain function increased from 7 to 10 percent for those who received bystander CPR," said lead researcher Dr. Carolina Malta Hansen, of the Duke Clinical Research Institute in Durham, N.C. In addition, patients who received CPR or defibrillation from bystanders, or defibrillation from first responders – such as police or firefighters – were more likely to survive, she said. "Early intervention, whether it's by bystanders or first responders, is associated with increased survival compared to EMS [emergency medical services]," Hansen said. Hansen pointed out ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Asystole, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Blacks at Higher Risk of Sudden Cardiac Arrest Than Whites: Study

Posted 20 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 20, 2015 – Black Americans are more likely than whites to experience sudden cardiac arrest, according to a new study. The study also found that sudden cardiac arrest often occurs at an earlier age in blacks than in whites. Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the electrical system of the heart malfunctions. This causes the heart to beat erratically or to stop beating. As a result, blood isn't pumped throughout the body. "Sudden cardiac arrest is significantly higher in black Americans compared to whites, at least twofold higher," said study researcher Dr. Sumeet Chugh, associate director of the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute in Los Angeles. Blacks in the United States tend to have sudden cardiac arrest an average of six years earlier than whites, Chugh said. In his study, he found other major differences as well. "Blacks, in addition to being younger, tended to have more ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease, Asystole, Cardiogenic Shock, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Make CPR, Defibrillator Training Mandatory for High School Graduation: Experts

Posted 30 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 30, 2015 – Far too few Americans are surviving cardiac arrest, and a new report issued Tuesday by a federally appointed panel of experts sets out ways to boost survival rates. One recommendation: Make a working knowledge of CPR and the use of an automated electronic defibrillator (AED) a graduation requirement for all middle- and high-school students. One expert in emergency care applauded the proposal. "By teaching laypersons in public settings the proper use of such devices, we may be able to effectively increase survival rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. According to the new Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, less than 6 percent of the 395,000 Americans who suffer cardiac arrest outside a hospital each year will survive. And even in a hospital setting, cardiac arrest ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Heart Block, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease, Asystole, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Heart Drug Digoxin May Not Be Best for Some Heart Patients

Posted 5 May 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 5, 2015 – Taking the heart drug digoxin may increase the risk of premature death in patients with an irregular heartbeat and in those suffering from heart failure, German researchers report. In the review of published studies on the subject, patients treated with digoxin had a 21 percent increased risk of early death overall from any cause, compared with patients not taking the drug. Among patients with the irregular heart rhythm known as atrial fibrillation, researchers found a 29 percent greater risk of premature death, while the increased risk was 14 percent among heart failure patients. "Digoxin should be used with great caution," said lead researcher Dr. Stefan Hohnloser, a professor of cardiology at the J.W. Goethe University in Frankfurt. "There are better drugs for many patients, for instance in those who receive the drug for atrial fibrillation," he said, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Arrhythmia, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Digoxin, Multaq, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Lanoxin, Dronedarone, Digitek, Asystole, Digox, Cardoxin, Lanoxicaps

2-Minute Walk Every Hour May Help Offset Effects of Sitting

Posted 30 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 30, 2015 – Getting up and walking for two minutes every hour could help reverse the negative health effects from prolonged sitting, new research suggests. Previous studies have shown that sitting for extended periods of time every day can increase the risk of a number of health issues, such as heart disease, diabetes and premature death. Current exercise recommendations advise adults to get at least 2.5 hours of moderate physical activity each week. But 80 percent of Americans don't meet this goal. The new findings – if confirmed – suggest that even small periods of light activity offer health benefits. "Exercise is great, but the reality is that the practical amount of vigorous exercise that can be achieved is limited. Our study suggests that even small changes can have a big impact," said senior study author Tom Greene. He is director of the Study Design and ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Pre-Diabetes, Myocardial Infarction, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Heart Disease, Asystole, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

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