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Arteriosclerotic Dementia News

Related terms: Vascular Dementia, Multi-infarct Dementia

New Finding Hints at Clue to Dementia

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 3, 2017 – Inflammation in middle age may increase the risk for brain shrinkage and dementia in old age, a new study suggests. The researchers tested more than 1,600 people for five "biomarkers" of inflammation in their blood when they were, on average, 53 years old. About 24 years later, the participants were given brain scans and a memory test. Compared with people who had no elevated levels of the biomarkers, those with elevated levels for three or more biomarkers had an average of 5 percent lower volume in the hippocampus and other areas of the brain associated with Alzheimer's disease. They also had lower scores on the memory test. The study was published online Nov. 1 in the journal Neurology. "These results suggest that inflammation in midlife may be an early contributor to the brain changes that are associated with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia," ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Inflammatory Conditions, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Diagnosis and Investigation, Lewy Body Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features

America's Dementia Caregivers Cite Stresses, Rewards

Posted 25 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 25, 2017 – It's tough, often thankless work done by millions of Americans every day. And people who tend to a loved one with dementia say they're often overburdened, but the task has its rewards, too. Those are just some of the findings from a new University of Michigan survey, the National Poll on Healthy Aging, which tallied the experiences of dementia caregivers. About 5.5 million Americans are currently living with Alzheimer's disease, according to the Alzheimer's Association. It estimates that the bulk of their care – 83 percent – falls on unpaid family members. Alzheimer's is the most common form of dementia. It's no secret that family caregivers face heavy demands. However, the new survey turned up some surprises, said Erica Solway, of the University of Michigan's Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation. A striking finding, she said, was that 45 percent ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Drug-Induced Dementia

Dance Your Way to a Healthier Aging Brain

Posted 13 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 12, 2017 – Dance classes may beat traditional exercise when it comes to improving older adults' balance – and it might enhance brain areas related to memory and learning along the way. That's the finding of a small study that compared dance lessons against standard exercise – including brisk walking – among 52 healthy seniors. Over a year and a half, older adults who took weekly dance classes showed gains in their balancing ability. There were no such improvements in the traditional exercise group. Researchers also found hints that all those mambos and cha-chas had extra brain benefits. Seniors in both groups showed growth in the hippocampus – a brain structure that's involved in memory and learning. But the dancers showed changes in more areas of the hippocampus. Patrick Muller, one of the researchers on the study, suggested an explanation: The "multimodal" nature ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia

Health Tip: Identifying Vascular Dementia

Posted 12 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia, behind Alzheimer's disease. Vascular dementia typically occurs after a stroke, but it can occur for other reasons. The U.S. National Institute on Aging identifies three common forms: Multi-infarct dementia – This occurs after a series of small strokes that damage brain cells. Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) – This inherited form results in a thickening of the walls of small- and medium-sized blood vessels, eventually stemming the flow of blood to the brain. Subcortical vascular dementia, also calledBinswanger's disease – This rare form involves extensive damage to the small blood vessels and nerve fibers that make up white matter, the part of the brain believed critical for relaying messages between regions. Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features

One Type of Dementia Is Especially Costly

Posted 6 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 5, 2017 – A type of early onset dementia known as frontotemporal degeneration appears to take an even more punishing toll on family finances than Alzheimer's disease, a new report suggests. Frontotemporal degeneration (FTD) is the most common type of dementia to strike men and women under 60, the study team noted. The investigation revealed that families caring for a patient with FTD face an annual bill of nearly $120,000, on average. That's roughly twice the cost of caring for a senior with Alzheimer's, the researchers said. "For years, we have known about the extraordinary economic burden shouldered by FTD caregivers, but now we have the numbers to prove it," said Susan Dickinson, CEO for the Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration. "This study shows that the financial toll of FTD is even more devastating than we imagined." The study was led by Dr. James Galvin, of ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Diagnosis and Investigation, Lewy Body Dementia

Failing Sense of Smell Tied to Dementia Risk

Posted 29 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 – Older adults who've lost their sense of smell appear to have an increased risk of dementia, a new study suggests. The long-term study included nearly 3,000 participants, aged 57 to 85, who were tested on their ability to identify five common odors. At least four of the five odors were correctly identified by 78 percent of the participants, the researchers found. In addition, 14 percent identified three of the odors, 5 percent identified only two of the odors, 2 percent identified only one, and 1 percent could not identify any of the odors. Five years after the test, the participants who weren't able to identify at least four of the five odors were more than twice as likely to have dementia, compared to those with a normal sense of smell, the researchers said. Nearly all of the participants who couldn't identify a single odor had been diagnosed with dementia, ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Alcoholic Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia

Exercise, Not Vitamin D, Recommended to Prevent Falls

Posted 27 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27, 2017 – Falls and fractures are a major cause of disability in old age. An influential U.S. medical task force is recommending exercise and, in some cases, medical evaluation to help seniors stay on their feet. But the new draft recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) say there isn't enough evidence at this time to either endorse or advise against taking vitamin D or calcium supplements to prevent broken bones. And based on current evidence, the panel recommends against taking vitamin D solely to prevent falls. For Americans 65 and older, falls are the leading cause of injuries and injury-related deaths, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. On average, one older person falls every second in the United States, the CDC says. "Fortunately, there are things we can do to help prevent falls," said Dr. Alexander ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Vitamin D Deficiency, Fracture, bone, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Caltrate 600 with D, Calcium/Vitamin D, Citracal + D, Rickets, Citracal Petites, Prevention of Falls, Citracal Creamy Bites, Calcet, Oyster Shell Calcium, Calcarb with D, Calcium 600 D, Lewy Body Dementia, Dical-D, Oyster Shell Calcium with Vitamin D

High, Low Levels of Magnesium Linked to Dementia Risk

Posted 20 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 – Having magnesium levels that are too high or too low may put you at risk for Alzheimer's and other dementias, Dutch researchers report. In a study of more than 9,500 men and women, the highest or lowest levels of magnesium appeared to increase the chances for dementia by as much as 30 percent. "At this moment, magnesium levels are not routinely measured in daily clinical practice," said lead researcher Dr. Brenda Kieboom, of Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam. "If our study results are replicated, magnesium levels could be used to screen for dementia, especially in people at risk for low magnesium levels." But she cautioned that "we cannot prove that low or high magnesium causes dementia on the basis of our data. For that, we need studies to see if supplements will reduce the risk." Kieboom said she also wants to study whether low magnesium ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Diagnosis and Investigation, Lewy Body Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features

Heath Tip: Myths About the Aging Brain

Posted 11 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

-- Scientists are uncovering new information about the human brain every day. But misinformation still abounds. The Global Council on Brain Health recently examined and disproved these myths about the aging brain: MYTH: Older people can't learn new things. TRUTH: Something as simple as meeting new friends and remembering their names is enough to simulate the brain and keep it active. Going back to school or trying a new hobby are other ways to improve brain health. MYTH: You're stuck with the brain you were born with. TRUTH: While many pathways for learning are created before birth, new pathways can be created in the parts of the brain that handle memory and learning. MYTH: Experts don't have a clue about how the brain works. TRUTH: The brain is one of the human body's most complicated organs. But scientists are learning a tremendous amount about the brain all the time. New treatments ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Diagnosis and Investigation, Lewy Body Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features

Do Fewer Nightly Dreams Mean Higher Dementia Risk in Seniors?

Posted 23 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 23, 2017 – Seniors who spend less time each night in the dream stage of sleep may be more likely to succumb to dementia as they age, new research suggests. Known as rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, this critical phase "occurs in intervals throughout the night, and is characterized by more dreaming and rapid eye movements," explained study author Matthew Pase. He is a senior research fellow with Swinburne University of Technology in Australia, and a visiting researcher in the department of neurology at Boston University School of Medicine. "We found that persons experiencing less REM sleep over the course of a night displayed an increased risk of developing dementia in the future," Pase said. He noted that for every 1 percent drop in REM sleep, the seniors in his study saw their dementia and Alzheimer's disease risk go up by about 9 percent. While prior research has ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Fatigue, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Head Imaging

Dementia Care: A Huge Financial Burden for U.S. Families

Posted 22 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 22, 2017 – Caring for a family member with a neurological disorder such as dementia is vastly more expensive than caring for a senior who is dementia-free, a new study finds. The average yearly cost of caring for a dementia-free senior is roughly $137,000. But the price tag rises to $321,000 for care of those struggling with dementia. And about 70 percent of that yearly cost ultimately falls on the shoulders of the family members rather than insurance, the researchers said. The rest of the cost typically splits evenly between Medicare and Medicaid. "A lot of people, I think, believe that Medicare will pay for their long-term care," said lead author Eric Jutkowitz, an assistant professor at Brown University's School of Public Health. "That's not the case. Private long-term care insurance may help, but benefits can be exhausted and few families have policies. For a disease ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Alcoholic Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia

Traveling With Dementia: Tips for Family Caregivers

Posted 3 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 – Traveling with a loved one who has dementia requires special preparation. The Alzheimer's Foundation of America has some advice. "Traveling is a fun and enjoyable way to reenergize your body and mind. It can be beneficial to people living with dementia and their family caregivers under the proper circumstances," said Charles Fuschillo Jr., foundation president and CEO. "Before going on a trip, there are important steps family caregivers should take to ensure that their loved ones will be safe, comfortable and able to make the journey," he added in a foundation news release. First you should talk with the person's doctor to find out if travel is recommended or safe. In the early stages of dementia, travel may still be enjoyable. But it can become overwhelming as dementia progresses, the foundation said. When deciding how and where to travel, make choices that ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia, Head Imaging, Dementia with Depressive Features

Moving From 'Stroke Belt' Doesn't Undo Higher Dementia Risk

Posted 31 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 – Health problems for people born in the so-called Stroke Belt of the United States also include a higher risk of developing dementia – even if they move elsewhere, a new study suggests. Researchers who calculated data on thousands of adults living in northern California found dementia risk was roughly 26 percent higher for those born in nine states, nearly all in the Southeast. Blacks, in particular, were at an increased risk for dementia if they started life in: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee, South Carolina and West Virginia, said study author Paola Gilsanz. "We already know that living in certain states in the U.S. is associated with poorer health outcomes," said Gilsanz, a research fellow at Kaiser Permanente Northern California division of research in Oakland. "This study contributes to a growing body of evidence that ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Transient Ischemic Attack, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Dementia with Depressive Features, Alcoholic Dementia

Can Daily Crossword Protect You From Dementia?

Posted 17 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 – Doing a crossword puzzle every day may help keep your brain sharp as you age, researchers report. The British study of people aged 50 and older found the more often they did word puzzles, the higher they scored on attention, reasoning and memory tests. "We found direct relationships between the frequency of word puzzle use and the speed and accuracy of performance on nine cognitive tasks assessing a range of aspects of function including attention, reasoning and memory," said researcher Keith Wesnes. He's a professor of cognitive neuroscience at the University of Exeter in England. Performance was consistently better in those who reported engaging in puzzles, and generally improved incrementally with the frequency of puzzle use, he said. "For example, on test measures of grammatical reasoning speed and short-term memory accuracy, performing word puzzles was ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features, Drug-Induced Dementia

A Healthy Diet May Help Ward Off Dementia

Posted 17 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 – Eating right may help protect your brain health in old age, a group of new studies show, according to four new studies. In particular, the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet lowered people's risk of dementia, two studies concluded. The MIND diet is a hybrid of the Mediterranean diet and the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diets, both of which were originally designed to help improve heart health. Seniors who carefully followed the MIND diet had a 35 percent lower risk of declining brain function as they aged. Even people who halfheartedly adhered to a MIND diet reduced their risk of brain decline between 18 to 24 percent. "We've always been saying that a healthy heart is a healthy brain," said Dean Hartley, director of science initiatives for the Alzheimer's Association. "Your brain uses 20 percent of your ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia

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Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features, Dementia

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Hydergine, ergoloid mesylates, Hydergine LC, Gerimal