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Related terms: Vascular Dementia, Multi-infarct Dementia

Aerobic Exercise May Help Guard Against Dementia

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 – Aerobic exercise may strengthen memory and thinking skills in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a small study suggests. People with mild cognitive impairment are at increased risk for Alzheimer's disease. The study included 16 people, average age 63, who did aerobic workouts such as on a treadmill, stationary bike or elliptical training. They worked out four times a week for six months. There was also a control group of 19 people, average age 67, who did stretching exercises four times a week for six months but no aerobic activity. All of the participants had mild cognitive impairment. After six months, brain scans revealed that those in the aerobic exercise group had greater increases in brain volume than those in the stretching group, the researchers said. Those in the exercise group also showed significant improvement in thinking and ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Drug-Induced Dementia

Can Occupational Therapy Slow Alzheimer's Decline?

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 – Home-based occupational therapy may not slow down the physical decline that comes with Alzheimer's disease, a new clinical trial suggests. The study looked at whether home visits from occupational therapists could put the brakes on Alzheimer's patients' "functional decline." As the brain disorder progresses, it's not only memory that fades, but also day-to-day functioning. People gradually lose their ability to perform routine tasks – such as making meals, using household items and bathing and dressing. The goal of occupational therapy is to help family caregivers manage those difficulties. Sessions might address safe bathing or helping a loved one in and out of a car, for instance. In the two-year study, the hope was that weaving occupational therapy into Alzheimer's patients' primary care would slow down their functional decline. But that did not happen, said ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia

Brain Scans May Improve Dementia Diagnosis, Treatment

Posted 8 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 – Tens of millions of people worldwide suffer from memory loss and mental impairment due to dementia. While there's no cure, medication may temporarily improve some symptoms. Proper treatment, however, depends on identifying the type of dementia and early detection. A new study shows that MRI brain scans can help doctors tell which people with certain thinking and memory problems might go on to develop dementia with Lewy bodies rather than Alzheimer's disease. The researchers found that scans from people who eventually developed Lewy body dementia showed a lack of shrinkage in a portion of the brain related to memory, known as the hippocampus. "Identifying people with mild cognitive impairment at risk for dementia with Lewy bodies is critical for early interventions with the potential treatments emerging in the field," said study author Dr. Kejal Kantarci. She's a ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Head Imaging, Dementia with Depressive Features, Lewy Body Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia

Even a Little Exercise May Help Stave Off Dementia

Posted 26 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 – Couch potatoes have a higher risk of developing dementia in old age, a new study reports. Seniors who get little to no exercise have a 50 percent greater risk of dementia compared with those who regularly take part in moderate or heavy amounts of physical activity, the researchers found. Moderate physical activity can include walking briskly, bicycling slower than 10 miles an hour, ballroom dancing or gardening, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "It doesn't require intensive physical activity to decrease risk of dementia," said senior researcher Dr. Zaldy Tan. He is medical director of the Alzheimer's and Dementia Care Program at University of California, Los Angeles. "Even moderate amounts are fine." Study participants aged 75 or older gained the most protective benefit from exercise against the onset of dementia, the findings ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Drug-Induced Dementia

Fewer Advanced Alzheimer's Patients on Feeding Tubes

Posted 16 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 – The use of feeding tubes for nursing home patients with advanced dementia – a practice increasingly discouraged by some national organizations – is declining, a new study finds. One Alzheimer's expert who reviewed the new findings was heartened by the news. "When we are looking at someone in the advanced stages of a terminal illness, a feeding tube doesn't make a lot of sense for families," said Beth Kallmyer, a social worker and the vice president for constituent services at the Alzheimer's Association. Between 2000 and 2014, the proportion of residents in U.S. nursing homes with advanced dementia and feeding tubes declined from 12 percent to 6 percent, said study leader Dr. Susan Mitchell. She's a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and a senior scientist at Hebrew Senior Life Institute for Aging Research. Although the study doesn't delve into ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia

Acupuncture May Slow Pre-Dementia Memory Loss: Study

Posted 5 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 – Acupuncture may benefit people who have memory loss, but don't yet have dementia, suggests a review by Chinese researchers of five earlier studies. Nothing has yet been proven to halt the progression to dementia in those who are destined to progress. But, acupuncture used alone or along with another treatment, such as the medication nimodipine, might help retain some memory function, the researchers said. But several doctors not involved with the review said it was too soon to say that acupuncture might be effective against dementia. For the study, Min Deng and Xu-Feng Wang, from Wuhan University in China, reviewed five previously published studies done in 2012 and 2013. The trials included nearly 600 people with mild cognitive impairment, a type of memory loss that's considered pre-dementia. About 5 percent to 10 percent of people with mild cognitive ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Lewy Body Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features

2 in 10 Alzheimer's Cases May Be Misdiagnosed

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 – Alzheimer's disease is often misdiagnosed, possibly causing undue stress for those who don't have the disease but are told they do, and delays in treatment for others, two new studies reveal. Although no cure or effective treatment for Alzheimer's disease exists, a correct diagnosis is essential because some drugs can delay its progress and help preserve quality of life for as long as possible. An early diagnosis also gives patients time to plan for their end-of-life care, experts say. "There are drugs that are beneficial for at least a short amount of time that can be given at a very early stage and possibly boost memory," said Dean Hartley, director of science initiatives, medical and scientific relations at the Alzheimer's Association. "Planning your care and finances is extremely important," he said. "With a correct diagnosis people can also be put into a ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Parkinson's Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Diagnosis and Investigation, Drug-Induced Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Lewy Body Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features

Does Dementia Diagnosis Have Silver Lining for Some?

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 – Is it possible that a diagnosis as devastating as dementia could have some positive effects? Yes, a small study suggests. Researchers asked 48 people with early dementia or mild cognitive impairment to complete a questionnaire that measured their quality of life and personal outlook after getting their diagnosis. The "Silver Lining Questionnaire" was designed to measure how much patients believe their illness has a positive impact in areas such as: relationships, appreciation for life, positive influence on others, inner strength and life philosophy. The questionnaire has been used before with cancer patients. But, this was the first time it was used with dementia/mild cognitive impairment patients, the researchers said. "The overall assumption is that this diagnosis would have a uniformly negative impact on a patient's outlook on life, but we were surprised to ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Diagnosis and Investigation, Lewy Body Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features

'Managing' Elderly Patients Without Powerful Antipsychotics

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 – About 25 percent of dementia patients in U.S. nursing homes are still quieted with risky antipsychotic medications. Now, a small study suggests that managing these difficult patients, instead of medicating them, could obtain better results. "Drugs have a place, but should not be first-line treatments. They don't work well, and there are side effects," said study author Dr. Henry Brodaty, a professor of aging and mental health at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. Antipsychotic drugs such as Risperdal (risperidone), Abilify (aripiprazole) and Seroquel (quetiapine) are approved to treat serious psychiatric conditions such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. But in seniors, they're often used to calm aggressive or violent behavior linked to dementia. "They're basically a sedative," said Dean Hartley, director of science initiatives with the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Seroquel, Abilify, Schizophrenia, Mania, Latuda, Dementia, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Risperidone, Schizoaffective Disorder, Geodon, Saphris, Quetiapine, Seroquel XR, Alzheimer's Disease, Olanzapine, Invega, Clozapine, Rexulti

Health Before a Stroke Is Big Predictor of Second Attack

Posted 15 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 – Stroke survivors who had high blood pressure or other heart risk factors before their stroke may be at greater risk for another stroke and dementia years later, a new Dutch study finds. "We already know that stroke patients have an increased risk of recurrent stroke and dementia," explained study senior author Dr. M. Arfan Ikram. "What we didn't know was whether this increased risk persists for a long time after stroke, and whether heart disease risk factors present before the first stroke influenced the risk of recurrent strokes or dementia," he added. "Our study found these risk factors influence future stroke and dementia, and the risks persist for an extended period in some patients," Ikram said in an American Heart Association news release. He's associate professor in the department of epidemiology, neurology and radiology at Erasmus University Medical ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Transient Ischemic Attack, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Drug-Induced Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia

Why Some Seniors Don't Take Their Meds

Posted 1 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 30, 2016 – Anyone who's helped care for an aging loved one knows that managing their daily medications can be a challenge. Now, new research suggests that the problem of missed pills rises with age and failing memory, especially for men. The problem can have serious consequences, the study's lead author noted. "Health conditions may worsen or not improve if older adults skip or don't take their medications properly," said Brenda Jamerson, of the Center on Biobehavioral Health Disparities Research at Duke University, in Durham, N.C. "Serious side effects may also occur from taking medications at the wrong time or in the wrong dose," Jamerson said in a news release from the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, which published the findings earlier this month. The research involved more than 4,100 North Carolina residents aged 65 and older. All had health conditions ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Lewy Body Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features

Delays in Spotting Dementia Can Bring Dangers

Posted 2 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 2, 2016 – A delay in diagnosing dementia can put people at risk, a new study suggests. People who have signs of probable dementia but haven't yet been formally diagnosed are nearly twice as likely as those who've been diagnosed to be performing potentially unsafe activities such as cooking, driving, and managing their medications and finances. The study included information from more than 7,600 Americans. All were 65 or older. The findings showed: About 17 percent of people diagnosed with dementia and 28 percent of undiagnosed people were still driving. Twelve percent of diagnosed people and 29 percent of undiagnosed people kept handling their finances. Seventeen percent of diagnosed people and 42 percent of undiagnosed people continued to cook meals for themselves. Nearly 22 percent of diagnosed people and 50 percent of undiagnosed people were still handling their own ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Diagnosis and Investigation, Lewy Body Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features, Drug-Induced Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features

Blood Pressure Swings Linked to Faster Decline in Mental Skills

Posted 23 May 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 – Fluctuations in blood pressure may be linked to faster declines in thinking skills among seniors, a new study suggests. Among older patients, those whose systolic blood pressure – the top number in a blood pressure reading – varied between doctor's visits showed more rapid mental deterioration and loss of verbal memory than those whose blood pressure stayed within normal ranges, researchers found. Variability in the bottom number – diastolic blood pressure – was also associated with faster decline of mental ability among those aged 55 to 64, but not among people aged 65 and older, the study authors added. "The relevance of blood pressure variability between doctor's visits has been dismissed until recently," said study author Bo Qin, a postdoctoral associate at Rutgers Cancer Institute, in New Brunswick, N.J. "However, over the past six years, evidence has ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Hypertensive Emergency, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features, Lewy Body Dementia

Why Pleasant Mealtimes Could Be Key to Alzheimer's Care

Posted 17 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 – Making meals more enjoyable for people with dementia might reduce their risk of malnutrition and dehydration, researchers report. Family-style meals and music, in particular, showed promise for improving eating and drinking habits, British researchers found. "It is probably not just what people with dementia eat and drink that is important for their nutritional well-being and quality of life – but a holistic mix of where they eat and drink, the atmosphere, physical and social support offered, the understanding of formal caregivers, and levels of physical activity enjoyed," said lead researcher Lee Hooper, of the University of East Anglia. The researchers assessed various ways of improving food and fluid intake among more than 2,200 people with dementia. "The risk of dehydration and malnutrition are high in older people, but even higher in those with dementia," ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features

Meditation May Sharpen Memory

Posted 10 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 – A regular meditation practice might benefit older adults beginning to notice memory problems, a small pilot study finds. The study focused on 25 older adults deemed to have mild cognitive impairment – problems with memory and thinking that may, in some cases, progress to dementia. Researchers randomly assigned them to either 12 weeks of meditation and other yoga practices, or 12 weeks of memory enhancement training – which taught strategies for improving forgetfulness. In the end, the study found, both groups did a little better on tests of verbal memory – the kind involved in remembering names or lists of words, for example. But the meditation group showed a bigger change, on average, in tests of visual-spatial memory – which is needed for navigating while walking or driving, or trying to recall a location. The meditators also showed fewer symptoms of ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia w/ Depressive Features

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