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Apnea of Prematurity News

Home Birth Safe for Some, But Not All, Women

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 21, 2017 – Some women really want to give birth at home, but for certain moms-to-be that choice can be risky, a new study suggests. There are women who have issues that can increase risks in pregnancy but are still likely to have good outcomes delivering at home or in a birth center. Those issues include being over 35, being overweight or having already had a vaginal birth after a cesarean delivery, the researchers said. Not so for women with other risk factors, such as breech presentation (when the baby is coming out feet first), as well as women attempting their first vaginal birth after cesarean, who may fare worse trying to deliver outside a hospital. In fact, the study found the risk of fetal death was eight to 10 times higher for a home delivery with these risk factors. "Families who are considering a home or birth center birth now have data to use in making ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

For 'Preemies,' Human Touch May Be a Brain Booster

Posted 16 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 16, 2017 – Underscoring the link between brain development and touch, new research suggests premature babies face a disadvantage compared to their full-term peers in their brain's sensitivity to gentle touch. Analyzing 125 preterm and full-term infants, scientists also found that preemies experienced lowered brain response to gentle touch in the aftermath of painful medical procedures. "We all know in our daily lives how important touch is, but for babies ... it's also a scaffold to building their brains," said study author Dr. Nathalie Maitre. She's director of the NICU follow-up clinic at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. "Pain and touch don't go through the same nerves," Maitre added. "We didn't expect how the painful procedures and experience of pain would have an effect on how babies would process gentle touch." About 15 million babies around the ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Tests to Spot 'Preemie' Birth Risk Ineffective in First Pregnancies

Posted 14 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 14, 2017 – Two tests that screen for preterm birth risk rarely spot trouble in first-time pregnancies, a new study suggests. The tests' predictive powers were assessed for naturally occurring preterm deliveries only, and not for medical procedures such as cesarean surgery or induced labor. "These methods of assessing women in their first pregnancy do not identify most of those who will later go on to have a spontaneous preterm delivery," said senior study author Dr. Uma Reddy. She is with the Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch at the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. "There is a need to develop better screening tests that can be performed early in pregnancy," Reddy said in an institute news release. Preterm birth, defined as a birth before 37 weeks into pregnancy, is the leading cause of neonatal death or long-term disability, according to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Diagnosis and Investigation, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Antiviral Flu Drugs Safe in Mid-to-Late Pregnancy: Study

Posted 1 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 1, 2017 – Taking antiviral drugs to prevent or treat flu during pregnancy doesn't appear to put the health of the fetus at risk, a new study finds. Researchers reviewed information from nearly 6,000 pregnant women who were given a prescription for antiviral drugs to treat flu. The prescriptions were for either oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza). The study didn't include women who took the drugs before 22 weeks of pregnancy. The researchers compared these women to nearly 700,000 expectant mothers who didn't take the drugs during pregnancy. Babies born to mothers prescribed the antiviral drugs didn't have higher rates of complications. The researchers looked at problems such as low birth weight, preterm birth, stillbirth and birth defects. The findings support previous studies showing that these drugs don't put babies at risk, according to study author Dr. ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Tamiflu, Delivery, Swine Influenza, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Oseltamivir, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Relenza, Zanamivir, Influenza with Pneumonia

More 'Extreme Preemies' Are Surviving

Posted 16 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – Babies born very early – between 22 and 24 weeks of pregnancy – are more likely to survive now than a decade or so ago, new research shows. These extremely premature infants are also slightly more likely to avoid serious health complications now. But it's still a rough road for these infants, who often weigh in at less than 2 pounds at birth. Just one in three survive, and many face challenges. In a study that looked at a 12-year span, "survival increased and more infants went on to not have signs of developmental delay when tested around age 2," said lead author Dr. Noelle Younge. She's a neonatologist and assistant professor of pediatrics at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. Yet much progress remains to be made, Younge acknowledged. Her research team reviewed the records of more than 4,200 infants born at 22 to 24 weeks of pregnancy, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later

Posted 13 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – Extremely low birth weight babies may be at increased risk for mental health problems later in life, a new review suggests. Researchers examined 41 studies conducted from 1990 to 2016. The studies included more than 2,700 extremely low birth weight babies (less than 1,000 grams, or just over 2 pounds) and more than 11,000 normal birth weight babies in the United States, Canada and 10 other countries. The extremely low birth weight babies had a higher risk for certain mental health problems. As children, they were more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and as teens they had a greater risk of ADHD and social problems, the researchers found. Compared to adults who were born at a normal weight, those born at an extremely low weight had higher rates of anxiety, depression and shyness, and markedly lower levels of social functioning, ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Autism, Dysthymia, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Asperger Syndrome

Preemies Bombarded With Noise in First Weeks of Life

Posted 9 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 – Hospitals are noisy – maybe too noisy for the tiniest patients, a new study suggests. Researchers found that premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are exposed to potentially harmful noise levels – sometimes twice the maximum levels recommended by a leading group of U.S. pediatricians. "Often the noise we measured was coming from medical equipment that is essential to the baby's survival. And this type of equipment is used in NICU units around the world," said study first author Bobbi Pineda. She's an assistant professor of occupational therapy and of pediatrics at Washington University in St. Louis. On the other hand, preemies in private rooms may miss out on beneficial sounds, such as language and music, that boost early learning, the study found. The researchers placed sound monitoring devices at the bedsides of 58 premature infants in ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Certain Bacteria May Affect Preterm Birth Risk

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Certain types of bacteria in a pregnant woman's cervix and vagina can affect her risk of preterm birth, a new study finds. The discovery could lead to new ways to prevent preterm birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) either by getting rid of bad bacteria or boosting protective bacteria, according to the researchers. For the study, the investigators analyzed vaginal swabs from 2,000 expectant mothers at three different points in pregnancy. The researchers found that specific types of bacteria – such as certain bifidobacterium and lactobacillus species – lowered the risk of preterm birth. They also found that other types of bacteria – specifically several anaerobic bacteria – greatly increased the risk. If further research confirms the findings, it could lead to new treatments to reduce the risk of preterm birth, the study authors suggested. "For the first time ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Should Pregnant Women Always Be Treated for Underactive Thyroid?

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Many women may be affected by an underactive thyroid gland, but new research suggests that treating it in pregnancy comes with benefits and potential harm. "Our findings lead us to believe that overtreatment could be possible," study co-author and Mayo Clinic endocrinologist Juan Brito Campana said in a Mayo news release. Campana and his colleagues advise a more nuanced approach when deciding whether or not to treat a pregnant woman for a mildly underactive thyroid. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces hormones vital to metabolism, growth and maturation. But the gland can produce too much hormone (hyperthyroidism) or two little (hypothyroidism), according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health. A mildly underactive thyroid gland – "subclinical hypothyroidism" – causes a slight rise in levels of thyroid stimulating hormone ... Read more

Related support groups: Levothyroxine, Synthroid, Hypothyroidism, Underactive Thyroid, Levoxyl, Delivery, Levothroid, Eltroxin, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Tirosint, Toxemia of pregnancy, Euthyrox, Oroxine, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Gestational Diabetes, Levothyrox, Unithroid

Deportation Fears Tied to Poor Birth Outcomes for Hispanics

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – The threat of deportation from the United States may put pregnant Hispanic women and their babies at risk, researchers suggest. In their study, the researchers from the University of Michigan discovered that the chances of both preterm birth and having low birth weight babies went up for pregnant women affected by a large-scale federal immigration raid in Iowa in 2008. The finding comes as many Hispanics' deportation and discrimination fears mount in the United States. On Wednesday, President Donald Trump issued an executive order that calls for construction of the long-discussed border wall between America and Mexico. The Postville, Iowa, immigration raid was one of the largest single-site raids in U.S. history. Officials arrested 389 workers at a meat-processing plant. Ninety-eight percent of those arrested, handcuffed and held in detention centers were ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Pediatricians Say No to Wearable Smartphone Baby Monitors

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 – Parents should think twice before buying "smart" clothing with vital signs monitors to keep tabs on their baby's health, pediatricians recommend. A new class of home baby monitor has come to the market. Electronic sensors attached to socks, onesies, buttons and such continually check "vitals" like breathing, pulse rate and oxygen levels. They notify parents of any abnormalities via smartphone. But repeated false alarms from the monitors jangle parents' nerves and lead to unnecessary tests performed on babies, said Dr. Christopher Bonafide. Bonafide is a doctor with the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. He's also lead author of an editorial in the Jan. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). These baby vital signs monitors have not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and there's no evidence the devices prevent ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxygen, Delivery, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Body Imaging, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

MRIs Might Help Guide Preemies' Neurological Care

Posted 19 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 – MRI scans shortly after birth might help determine which premature babies have sustained a brain injury that will affect their development, a new study reports. It appears that doctors can predict which premature infants will suffer from future motor, thinking and language problems by using MRI scans to identify specific injuries to the white matter in their brain, said senior researcher Dr. Steven Miller. Miller is head of neurology at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada. Fluctuations in blood pressure that occur regularly in preemies might cause a lack of blood flow or oxygen to the brain, damaging the white matter, Miller explained. In addition, said Dr. Gregory Lodygensky, a clinical investigator at the University of Montreal, white matter injuries also occur due to inflammation and infection suffered by the very vulnerable infants. ... Read more

Related support groups: Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Apnea of Prematurity, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Head Imaging

Health Tip: Before Baby Arrives

Posted 26 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

-- There's so much to do before baby arrives. So if you find a little extra time before the big day, take care of a few necessary to-dos. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Create a list of people to whom you'll send birth announcements. Prepare several days' worth of meals and freeze them for after baby is born. Interview candidates for any needed help, such as housekeeping and child care services. Ask family members and friends if they can help. Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance

Baby Crib Ads Show Unsafe Practices, Study Says

Posted 20 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 – Baby crib advertisements and store displays often demonstrate unsafe sleep environments that increase an infant's risk of sudden infant death syndrome, a new study reports. About two of every five print ads show a crib setup that runs counter to safe sleep guidelines established by the American Academy of Pediatrics to protect babies against SIDS, the researchers found. The researchers also discovered half of nearly 1,800 crib displays from 11 nationwide chain stores would not be safe, said senior researcher Dr. Bradley Troxler. "Sleep is not being advertised in a safe fashion," said Troxler, director of the Pediatric Pulmonary Center at the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine. The ads show cribs equipped with soft mattresses, bumper pads, loose bedding, fluffy stuffed toys and significant gaps between the mattress and the side of the crib, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Used Safely, Donor Breast Milk Can Help Preemie Babies

Posted 19 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 – Tiny preemies can benefit from donated breast milk – if it's given in the hospital with proper safety measures, a leading pediatricians' group says. However, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) also warned parents against informal "milk-sharing," or buying breast milk online. It's the first time the academy has issued a policy statement on donor breast milk, which is being used by a growing number of U.S. hospitals – mainly in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Specialists welcomed the report, saying it highlights an important measure for improving tiny preemies' health. It could serve as a "wake-up call" to hospitals that are not yet using donor breast milk, said Diane Spatz, director of the breast-feeding and lactation program at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Recent research has found that more NICUs are starting to offer donor milk. But ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Lactation Augmentation

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