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Apnea of Prematurity News

More 'Extreme Preemies' Are Surviving

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – Babies born very early – between 22 and 24 weeks of pregnancy – are more likely to survive now than a decade or so ago, new research shows. These extremely premature infants are also slightly more likely to avoid serious health complications now. But it's still a rough road for these infants, who often weigh in at less than 2 pounds at birth. Just one in three survive, and many face challenges. In a study that looked at a 12-year span, "survival increased and more infants went on to not have signs of developmental delay when tested around age 2," said lead author Dr. Noelle Younge. She's a neonatologist and assistant professor of pediatrics at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. Yet much progress remains to be made, Younge acknowledged. Her research team reviewed the records of more than 4,200 infants born at 22 to 24 weeks of pregnancy, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – Extremely low birth weight babies may be at increased risk for mental health problems later in life, a new review suggests. Researchers examined 41 studies conducted from 1990 to 2016. The studies included more than 2,700 extremely low birth weight babies (less than 1,000 grams, or just over 2 pounds) and more than 11,000 normal birth weight babies in the United States, Canada and 10 other countries. The extremely low birth weight babies had a higher risk for certain mental health problems. As children, they were more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and as teens they had a greater risk of ADHD and social problems, the researchers found. Compared to adults who were born at a normal weight, those born at an extremely low weight had higher rates of anxiety, depression and shyness, and markedly lower levels of social functioning, ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Adderall, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Autism, Psychiatric Disorders, Dysthymia, Delivery, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

Preemies Bombarded With Noise in First Weeks of Life

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 – Hospitals are noisy – maybe too noisy for the tiniest patients, a new study suggests. Researchers found that premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are exposed to potentially harmful noise levels – sometimes twice the maximum levels recommended by a leading group of U.S. pediatricians. "Often the noise we measured was coming from medical equipment that is essential to the baby's survival. And this type of equipment is used in NICU units around the world," said study first author Bobbi Pineda. She's an assistant professor of occupational therapy and of pediatrics at Washington University in St. Louis. On the other hand, preemies in private rooms may miss out on beneficial sounds, such as language and music, that boost early learning, the study found. The researchers placed sound monitoring devices at the bedsides of 58 premature infants in ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Certain Bacteria May Affect Preterm Birth Risk

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Certain types of bacteria in a pregnant woman's cervix and vagina can affect her risk of preterm birth, a new study finds. The discovery could lead to new ways to prevent preterm birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) either by getting rid of bad bacteria or boosting protective bacteria, according to the researchers. For the study, the investigators analyzed vaginal swabs from 2,000 expectant mothers at three different points in pregnancy. The researchers found that specific types of bacteria – such as certain bifidobacterium and lactobacillus species – lowered the risk of preterm birth. They also found that other types of bacteria – specifically several anaerobic bacteria – greatly increased the risk. If further research confirms the findings, it could lead to new treatments to reduce the risk of preterm birth, the study authors suggested. "For the first time ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Should Pregnant Women Always Be Treated for Underactive Thyroid?

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Many women may be affected by an underactive thyroid gland, but new research suggests that treating it in pregnancy comes with benefits and potential harm. "Our findings lead us to believe that overtreatment could be possible," study co-author and Mayo Clinic endocrinologist Juan Brito Campana said in a Mayo news release. Campana and his colleagues advise a more nuanced approach when deciding whether or not to treat a pregnant woman for a mildly underactive thyroid. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces hormones vital to metabolism, growth and maturation. But the gland can produce too much hormone (hyperthyroidism) or two little (hypothyroidism), according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health. A mildly underactive thyroid gland – "subclinical hypothyroidism" – causes a slight rise in levels of thyroid stimulating hormone ... Read more

Related support groups: Levothyroxine, Synthroid, Hypothyroidism, Underactive Thyroid, Levoxyl, Delivery, Levothroid, Eltroxin, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Tirosint, Toxemia of pregnancy, Euthyrox, Oroxine, Labor Pain, Levothyrox, Apnea of Prematurity, Gestational Diabetes, Eutroxsig

Deportation Fears Tied to Poor Birth Outcomes for Hispanics

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – The threat of deportation from the United States may put pregnant Hispanic women and their babies at risk, researchers suggest. In their study, the researchers from the University of Michigan discovered that the chances of both preterm birth and having low birth weight babies went up for pregnant women affected by a large-scale federal immigration raid in Iowa in 2008. The finding comes as many Hispanics' deportation and discrimination fears mount in the United States. On Wednesday, President Donald Trump issued an executive order that calls for construction of the long-discussed border wall between America and Mexico. The Postville, Iowa, immigration raid was one of the largest single-site raids in U.S. history. Officials arrested 389 workers at a meat-processing plant. Ninety-eight percent of those arrested, handcuffed and held in detention centers were ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Pediatricians Say No to Wearable Smartphone Baby Monitors

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 – Parents should think twice before buying "smart" clothing with vital signs monitors to keep tabs on their baby's health, pediatricians recommend. A new class of home baby monitor has come to the market. Electronic sensors attached to socks, onesies, buttons and such continually check "vitals" like breathing, pulse rate and oxygen levels. They notify parents of any abnormalities via smartphone. But repeated false alarms from the monitors jangle parents' nerves and lead to unnecessary tests performed on babies, said Dr. Christopher Bonafide. Bonafide is a doctor with the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. He's also lead author of an editorial in the Jan. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). These baby vital signs monitors have not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and there's no evidence the devices prevent ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxygen, Delivery, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Body Imaging, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

MRIs Might Help Guide Preemies' Neurological Care

Posted 19 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 – MRI scans shortly after birth might help determine which premature babies have sustained a brain injury that will affect their development, a new study reports. It appears that doctors can predict which premature infants will suffer from future motor, thinking and language problems by using MRI scans to identify specific injuries to the white matter in their brain, said senior researcher Dr. Steven Miller. Miller is head of neurology at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada. Fluctuations in blood pressure that occur regularly in preemies might cause a lack of blood flow or oxygen to the brain, damaging the white matter, Miller explained. In addition, said Dr. Gregory Lodygensky, a clinical investigator at the University of Montreal, white matter injuries also occur due to inflammation and infection suffered by the very vulnerable infants. ... Read more

Related support groups: Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Head Imaging

Health Tip: Before Baby Arrives

Posted 26 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

-- There's so much to do before baby arrives. So if you find a little extra time before the big day, take care of a few necessary to-dos. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Create a list of people to whom you'll send birth announcements. Prepare several days' worth of meals and freeze them for after baby is born. Interview candidates for any needed help, such as housekeeping and child care services. Ask family members and friends if they can help. Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance

Baby Crib Ads Show Unsafe Practices, Study Says

Posted 20 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 – Baby crib advertisements and store displays often demonstrate unsafe sleep environments that increase an infant's risk of sudden infant death syndrome, a new study reports. About two of every five print ads show a crib setup that runs counter to safe sleep guidelines established by the American Academy of Pediatrics to protect babies against SIDS, the researchers found. The researchers also discovered half of nearly 1,800 crib displays from 11 nationwide chain stores would not be safe, said senior researcher Dr. Bradley Troxler. "Sleep is not being advertised in a safe fashion," said Troxler, director of the Pediatric Pulmonary Center at the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine. The ads show cribs equipped with soft mattresses, bumper pads, loose bedding, fluffy stuffed toys and significant gaps between the mattress and the side of the crib, ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Used Safely, Donor Breast Milk Can Help Preemie Babies

Posted 19 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 – Tiny preemies can benefit from donated breast milk – if it's given in the hospital with proper safety measures, a leading pediatricians' group says. However, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) also warned parents against informal "milk-sharing," or buying breast milk online. It's the first time the academy has issued a policy statement on donor breast milk, which is being used by a growing number of U.S. hospitals – mainly in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Specialists welcomed the report, saying it highlights an important measure for improving tiny preemies' health. It could serve as a "wake-up call" to hospitals that are not yet using donor breast milk, said Diane Spatz, director of the breast-feeding and lactation program at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Recent research has found that more NICUs are starting to offer donor milk. But ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

'Kangaroo Mother Care' May Improve Preemies' Lives Into Adulthood

Posted 12 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 12, 2016 – When Einat Zemach's son was born early at 32 weeks' gestation, she and her husband would snuggle him skin-to-skin upon their chests for two or three hours at a time. They did the same for their second born, a daughter delivered at 34 weeks' gestation. The Melbourne, Australia, stay-at-home mom was told "kangaroo care" would keep her premature babies warm, help them breathe better and promote bonding with mom and dad. "I could sit like that with them for hours," said the 37-year-old. Now, a new study suggests "kangaroo mother care" – a more intense version involving nearly round-the-clock skin-to-skin contact and exclusive or near-exclusive breast-feeding – may extend and enhance the lives of these vulnerable infants well into adulthood. Premature and low birth weight babies nursed and nestled on their mothers' bosoms were much more likely to live into their ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Just How Safe Is That Baby Teether?

Posted 7 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 – A chemical that's banned from baby bottles and children's drinking cups is still widely used in baby teethers, a new study finds. Researchers in the United States who tested five dozen baby teethers found all of them contained bisphenol-A (BPA) and other endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Studies in animals have shown that endocrine disruptors interfere with hormones and cause developmental, reproductive and neurological harm, according to the study authors. Although most of the teethers were labeled BPA-free or non-toxic, all of them contained BPA, the study found. BPA is banned from children's drinking utensils in the United States and much of Europe. The teethers also contained a range of parabens and the antimicrobial agents triclosan and triclocarban, which are also endocrine disruptors, the researchers said. "The findings could be used to develop ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Poisoning, Premature Labor, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Apnea of Prematurity, Triclosan, Cesarean Section, Lactation Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Digiclean E, Milk Ejection, Aktif, Gel-X, Triclotrex-B, Asept, Septi-Soft, Cadisept, Digiclean, Aquasept, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Premature Calcium Deposits May Trigger Premature Births: Study

Posted 9 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9, 2016 – A new potential risk factor for premature birth has been identified. Ten percent of infants are born prematurely (before 37 weeks of pregnancy), and many suffer long-term health problems. Knowing why preterm births occur might help prevent them, researchers said. A team at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, found that calcium deposits in the membrane surrounding the fetus can form early and may cause a mother's water to break too soon. The deposits, early markers of bone, make the membrane less elastic. The same kind of deposits have also been implicated in kidney stones and hardening of the arteries. But the new study did not prove that these early calcium deposits cause premature birth. "We do see calcium deposits in full term births as well, which is probably part of the normal breakdown of the membranes at the appropriate time," study senior ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Calcium Oxalate Calculi with Hyperuricosuria

Health Tip: Safer Sleep for Baby

Posted 8 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Exactly what do worried parents need to do to keep baby safer while the infant is asleep? The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends: Always put baby to sleep on the back, until baby turns a year old. If baby rolls over, you don't need to keep flipping the infant back. Just keep the crib clear of any objects, including pillows, bumper pads, toys and blankets. If baby falls asleep in a swing, or car seat, transfer baby to the crib as soon as possible. Make sure baby's crib mattress is firm. Don't let baby sleep in your bed. But for at least the first six months, put baby's crib in your bedroom. Never let baby sleep on a couch or chair. If you swaddle baby, make sure it's not too tight. Stop swaddling when baby tries to roll over. Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Labor Pain, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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