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Related terms: Aortic valve prolapse, Aortic Regurgitation, Aortic Valve Insufficiency

Mechanical Heart Valve Noise May Mean Sleepless Nights

Posted 19 May 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 – Nearly 1 in 4 people with a mechanical heart valve says the noise it makes disrupts their sleep, a new study finds. "For some patients the closing sound of their mechanical heart valve reduces their quality of life, disturbs their sleep, causes them to avoid social situations, and leads to depression and anxiety," said study lead author Kjersti Oterhals. She is a nurse researcher at Haukeland University Hospital in Bergen, Norway. The Norwegian researchers surveyed 245 patients with a mechanical aortic heart valve. The participants' average age was 60. Eighty-seven percent of men and 75 percent of women said that they were able to hear the valve. Twenty-three percent said the sound disturbed them during sleep and 9 percent said it disturbed them during the day. "Most of us need a quiet environment when we are going to sleep and these patients found it hard to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Dysthymia, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Mitral Stenosis, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease

Women Fare Better Than Men After a Heart Valve Replacement

Posted 19 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 – Women have a higher survival rate than men after a specific type of heart valve replacement procedure, a new study finds. The procedure is called a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Researchers looked at information from more than 23,000 heart patients. They all had TAVR between 2011 and 2014. The study included nearly an equal number of women and men. Even though women had more complications after the procedure, their chances of survival over the next year were higher than for men. The reasons for this aren't clear, the study authors said. The study was published Dec. 19 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. TAVR is a minimally invasive method used on high-risk patients with aortic valve disease. Patients with this condition can undergo one of three treatments: TAVR; surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR); or medical therapy, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Mitral Stenosis, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease

Study: Tissue Heart Valves Seem Best for Middle-Aged Patients

Posted 13 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 13, 2016 – Middle-aged heart valve replacement patients may have better outcomes if they receive valves made from animal tissue rather than metal, researchers report. The investigators analyzed 13 studies that compared metal and tissue valves in patients aged 40 to 70 who had aortic valve replacement. Heart valves are designed to allow blood to flow in only one direction through the heart. The two types of valves studied have different risks and benefits, the authors of the report explained. Metal (mechanical) valves last longer but are more likely to cause blood clots. So patients have to take blood-thinning drugs for the rest of their lives, which can increase the risk of major bleeding, the study authors said. Tissue (bioprosthetic) valves are less likely to cause blood clots, but they may need to be replaced at some point, the authors added. Fifteen years after ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Mitral Stenosis, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease

Heart Valve Patients Who Manage Their Own Blood Thinners May Do Better

Posted 10 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 – Patients with mechanical heart valves may benefit from managing their own blood thinners, a new study suggests. "There are several reasons that patients who self-manage treatment have better outcomes than those who follow standard management," said study leader Dr. Thomas Decker Christensen, from Aarhus University Hospital, in Denmark. "Self-management patients receive more detailed information about oral anticoagulation therapy; they also learn more about the influence that diet, infectious diseases, alcohol, and other drug interactions can have on their treatment than do patients receiving standard management," Christensen explained. "We believe that the majority of patients who have a mechanical heart valve inserted during surgery should be able to manage their oral anticoagulant therapy, and recommend this as the standard treatment approach for these ... Read more

Related support groups: Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease

Heart Doctors May Have Hard Time Spotting Valve Problems

Posted 1 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2015 – Heart specialists can't always identify heart valve problems through the sound of heart murmurs, but additional training improves their abilities, a new study shows. A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound that occurs during a heartbeat, according to the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Some murmurs don't indicate a problem, but others can signal heart valve problems, the NHLBI says. The study included nearly 1,100 cardiologists who had their skills assessed at American College of Cardiology meetings from 2011 to 2014. They were asked to diagnose heart valve problems after listening to recordings of heart murmurs. The doctors failed to identify half of basic problems and one-third of advanced problems, the study found. The cardiologists then did extra training for both basic and advanced heart valve problems (90 minutes each). They ... Read more

Related support groups: Prosthetic Heart Valves, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Mitral Stenosis, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease

Improved Artificial Heart Valve Approved

Posted 17 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 17, 2015 – The newest version of the Sapien 3 Transcatheter Heart Valve has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The artificial valve is designed for people with a narrowed aortic valve, a condition that restricts blood flow from the heart to the aorta, the body's main artery. The product is sanctioned for people who are at high risk for death or serious complications from open-heart surgery to repair the narrowed valve, the FDA said in a news release. The newly approved device is the third-generation Sapien 3, originally approved in 2011. The newest version includes changes designed to minimize leakage, the FDA said. In people with aortic stenosis, the heart must work harder to pump blood through the narrowed opening. Symptoms can include fainting, chest pain, heart failure, irregular heartbeat and cardiac arrest. Possible side effects of the device ... Read more

Related support groups: Prosthetic Heart Valves, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease, Cardiothoracic Surgery

FDA Expands Approval for 'Valve in Valve' Aortic Replacement

Posted 31 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 31, 2015 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Tuesday that use of the CoreValve "valve-in-valve" aortic replacement has been expanded to include people at extreme risk for serious complications of traditional open-heart surgery. The CoreValve System is designed for people who had a prior aortic valve replacement and are now in need of a second one, the FDA said in a news release. Some people whose own valves wear out have open-heart surgery to replace the original valve with one made of animal tissue. It's when that second valve needs replacing that the CoreValve product may be prescribed. The CoreValve valve is made of tissue from the heart of a pig. It's attached to a supportive metal frame of nickel-titanium alloy, the FDA said. Insertion is made via a catheter inserted into a leg artery, or via a small incision between the ribs. This removes the need for ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease

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